Foundations of Orthodox Spirituality:

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Foundations of Orthodox Spirituality:"

Transcription

1 Foundations of Orthodox Spirituality:

2 Question Why Join the Church? I believe in Jesus Christ and desire to surrender and follow the Teachings of His Church Why Orthodox Church? I desire to know the full truth and follow what the Apostles taught without modification.

3 Orthodox Church Maintains Fullness of Apostolic Faith 1. Unbroken historical continuity. 2. Maintained the Faith as Taught by the Apostles. 3. Maintained the Tradition initiated by the Apostles with worship directed toward Trinitarian God. 4. Acceptance of fullness of Human Nature. See Timeline

4 Fullness of Apostolic Faith History begins with beginning of Time - Christ before time Creation of cosmos Fall of Man Prophets Incarnation of God - Birth of Jesus Christ Crucifixion & Resurrection - Victory over Death Establishment of Earthly Church for healing

5 Historical Jesus Existence historical fact! Roman historian Tactius 100AD and Jewish historian Josephus born in AD 37 describes Him as follows: Now there was about this time, Jesus, a wise man, if it be lawful to call him a man, for he was a doer of wonderful works, teacher of such men as receive the truth with pleasure. He drew over to Him both many of the Jews, and many of the Gentiles. He is Christ;

6 Historical Jesus When Pilate, at the suggestion of the principal men amongst us, had condemned him to the cross, those that loved him at first did not forsake him, for he appeared to them alive again the third day, as the divine prophets had foretold these and ten thousand other wonderful things concerning him; and the tribe of Christians so named after him, are not extinct to this day.

7 Historical Jesus Bible contains most of what we know about Jesus. Contains eye witness accounts Where did the Bible come from? The Church in 4th century produced canon of NT and still uses it in the original Greek.

8 Historical Jesus What do we Know about Him from the Bible: From seed of Holy Spirit born from a virgin, Mary. Was Christ, the Son of God, fully divine and human. Fulfilled over 300 O T prophecies. Showed his mercy - performed many miracles. Came for our healing of our created nature. Transformed human nature and showed how to live in union with God - to love God and our neighbor. Suffered and was crucified and then Resurrected - victorious over death. Thomas verifies. Ascended into Heaven opening the gates of Paradise. Sent the Holy Spirit, transforming His Apostles who began converting thousands establishing the Orthodox Church.

9 Historical Jesus What did Jesus bring and leave with us? He didn t write anything, so he did not come to leave us a book. Path to Salvation - return to Paradise - union with God - Theosis. What did he establish? Church where we heal our brokenness and work out our salvation. Orthodox Christianity is not based solely on a Book but primarily on Jesus Christ and His Church.

10 The Beginnings What happened at Pentecost and Why is it seen as the Beginning of the Church? Christ sent the Holy Spirit and commissioned the Apostles. (Acts 2)

11 Early Church (Acts) Many Baptized Devoted themselves to the apostles teaching and fellowship, to the breaking of bread, and to the prayers. (Acts 2:42) Daily worship Shared all with each other Praised God and were held in esteem by all the people. Members were added each day.

12 The Beginnings The Early Church - Foundation Where was first Church? They healed in the name of Jesus - led to their persecution. They were filled with the Holy Sprit and proclaimed the word of God with boldness (Acts 4:31) Persecutions led to spread of Faith - Saint Stephen the 1st of many martyrs. Jews and Gentiles became Christians Persecutor Saul converted - Paul Paul & Apostles head missions in far lands & face Martyrdom.

13

14 The Ecclesia Ec cle si a means to Gather Images of Church from New Testament Vineyard (John 15:1-8) Shepherd and the flock (John 10:1-16) Head and the Body of Christ (Eph 1:22-23) A building under construction (Eph 2:19-22) A house or family (1Tim 3:15) Church is not a human-made institution. Not a building. Not a set of rules. A living relationship in union with Christ.

15 Church Hierarchy Established by Christ Through His Apostles All are equal before the judgment of God. This hierarchy was established by Jesus Christ. He gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers; for the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the Body of Christ: till we all come in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the fullness of Christ (Eph 4:11-13)

16 Apostolic Succession No one can take upon himself the hierarchal ministry Only one who is called and lawfully placed through the Mystery of Ordination. No man taketh this honor unto himself, but that is called of God, as was Aaron. (Heb 5:4) Apostolic succession

17 Hierarchy Ecumenical Council Bishop Deacons Presbyters

18 Hierarchy The Apostles placed Bishops as their immediate successors Presbyters (elders - priests) from Apostolic times the second degree of the hierarchy - helpers of the bishops. Apostle James tells us that presbyters perform the Church s sacred rites, and that in the early church there could by several presbyters in each community. Is any sick among you? Let him call for the presbyters of the Church, and let them pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord. (James 5:14) Metropolitan Alexios Metropolis of Atlanta Father Tom Pistolis Presbyter

19 Hierarchy Third hierarchal degree is the deacon. Seven in number where chosen by the community in Jerusalem and ordained by the Apostles. To help the Apostles in practical, secondary activity: entrusted to serve tables to give out food, and be concerned for the widows. Appointed by bishops (1 Tim 3:8-13) Justin Martyr (150A.D.) writes: Those called deacons among us give to each of those present communion of the Bread upon which has been performed the Thanksgiving (Eucharist) and of the Wine and the Water, and they carry them out to those who are absent. Saint Stephen

20 Councils of the Church How did Apostles resolve their disputes? To resolve dispute about circumcision of Gentiles, Apostles gathered in Council in Jerusalem (Acts 15) In Council the Holy Spirit gave them direction. The decrees of this Council were acknowledged as obligatory for the whole church. And as they went through the cities, they delivered them the decrees for to keep, that were ordained of the apostles and elders which were at Jerusalem. And so were the churches established in the faith, and increased in number daily (Acts 16:4-5). They established example of conciliar resolution of important questions in the Church for all times.

21 Liberation from Persecution A Time Line of Church History Apostalic Age LIBERATIO ONE HOLY N CATHOLIC AND APOSTOLIC CHURCH & CREED 1095 Byzantine Empire CRUSADES 1291 Luther s 95 Theses. Reformation begins 1517 Church of England 1529 The Roman Catholic Church The Eastern Orthodox Church Dogma of Dogma of Immaculate Papal Infalibility conception 33 Pentecost 69 Bishop Ignatius consecrated in Antioch 150 Justin Martyr describes liturgy 325 1st Ecumenical Council and the Nicene Creed Synod of Council of Carthage Chalcedon ratifies Biblical Canon 4th Century 589 Filioque added to Nicene creed by Synod in Spain and later adopted by Roman Church 787 Icons approved at seventh Ecumenical council 880 The Photian Schism 988 Conversion of Russia begins 1054 Great Schism 1204 Sack of Constantinople by Crusaders 1333 Gregory Palamas defends Orthodox spirituality 1453 Turks overrun Constantinople 1768 Arrival of the first Greeks in US Rusian Missionaries arrive at Kodiak Island Alaska 1832 Greece recognized a Free Country - Treaty of Constantinople st Greek Orthodox church established in New Orleans Greek Construction Orthodox archdiocese begins on established Cathedral in US. in Greenville. Ecumenical Councils Byzantine period

22 Constantine's Great Accomplishments Liberated Christians from Persecutions Edict of Milan (313) Constantine and Licinius Toleration of Faith Establishment of Constantinople as 2nd capital Inauguration of city No pagan rites - Center of Orthodoxy Calling the 1st Ecumenical Council of the Church

23 The Church of Seven Councils Centers of Church at Time of Constantine

24 Principle of Conciliarity Early Church - Decisions 1st Council - Acts AD Now the apostles and elders came together to consider this matter. (Acts 15:6) The Councils - Conciliar Neither Dictatorship nor Individualism

25 Significance of Ecumenical Councils Defend and clarify the Teachings of Apostles: Purpose: aid spiritual healing and protect from heresy. Affirm the Basic Faith of Christianity - To restore proper relationship between man and God, broken by sin. God sends His Son who redeems man from sin and death for the purpose of deification - theosis. Each Council protected the doctrine of Incarnation - Christ as fully God and fully Human.

26 Church of Seven Councils 1st Ecumenical Council Nicea Arius condemned - taught that Son of God was not true God but a created being. Affirmed Christ is one in essence with the Father. Fully human and fully God. Canons - Established the Patriarchates.

27 Church of Seven Councils 2nd Ecumenical Council Constantinople Doctrine of the Trinity affirmed - Holy Spirit proceeds from Father. Athanasius & Cappadocians - Gregory Nazianzus, Basil the Great, Gregory of Nyssa supported the Orthodox Doctrine. 3rd Canon - Constantinople 2nd in honor after Old Rome.

28 Nicene Creed Outcome of the first two Ecumenical Councils Review Creed

29 Church of Seven Councils 3rd Ecumenical Council Ephesus Mary confirmed as The Mother of God - Theotokos Church of Mary in Ephesus Theotokos is a compound of Greek Θεός (God) and τόκος (childbirth). Patriarch Nestorius argued Mary should be called Christotokos, meaning "Birth-giver of Christ"

30 Church of Seven Councils 4th Ecumenical Council Calcedon Tome of Leo the Great - affirming the divine and human nature of Christ. Confirmed Constantinople 2nd in honor. Pentarchy of Patriarchates - division of Christianity into spheres of jurisdiction. All bishops equal Bishop of Rome - primacy of honor, not supremacy in external power and jurisdiction St. Leo I, was Bishop of Rome from the years 440 to 461 A.D.

31 Church of Seven Councils 5th Ecumenical Council Constantinople Reaffirmation of Chalcedon

32 Church of Seven Councils 6th Ecumenical Council Constantinople Condemned Monotheleticism - Christ, having two natures, but being one person has only one will, the divine. Since Christ has two natures He has two wills. This, so that full humanity and full divinity is not impaired. Why would this be important?

33 Church of Seven Councils Iconoclastic Controversy Iconoclasts (icon-breakers) sought destruction of icons as latent idolatry - strong in Asia Minor. Iconodules (icon-servers) saw icons dogmatic as well as liturgical issues. Began by Emperor Leo III th Ecumenical Council - Nicea 787, taught honor and reverence for icons.

34 Church of Seven Councils Councils keep Christians on track Defended the original teachings of the Apostles. Not defining God but clarifying who God was not. Constantly defending the incarnate God as both fully man and fully God. Important for the salvific nature of Christ.

35 Great Schism A Time Line of Church History Apostalic Age CRUSADES 1095 Byzantine Empire GREAT SCHISM ONE HOLY LIBERATION CATHOLIC AND APOSTOLIC CHURCH 1291 Luther s 95 Theses. Reformation begins 1517 Church of England 1529 The Roman Catholic Church The Eastern Orthodox Church Dogma of Dogma of Immaculate Papal Infalibility conception 33 Pentecost 69 Bishop Ignatius consecrated in Antioch 150 Justin Martyr describes liturgy 325 1st Ecumenical Council and the Nicene Creed Synod of Council of Carthage Chalcedon ratifies Biblical Canon 589 Filioque added to Nicene creed by Synod in Spain and later adopted by Roman Church 787 Icons approved at seventh Ecumenical council 880 The Photian Schism 988 Conversion of Russia begins 1054 Great Schism 1204 Sack of Constantinople by Crusaders 1333 Gregory Palamas defends Orthodox spirituality 1453 Turks overrun Constantinople 1768 Arrival of the first Greeks in US Rusian Missionaries arrive at Kodiak Island Alaska 1832 Greece recognized a Free Country - Treaty of Constantinople st Greek Orthodox church established in New Orleans Greek Construction Orthodox archdiocese begins on established Cathedral in US. in Greenville. 1054

36 Schism of 1054 What caused the split of the Church between east and West? Many causes but doctrinal was primary A long period of estrangement preceded

37 Schism of 1054 Christianity first spread in the Roman Empire of East and West Many groups but one Empire Broad Greco-Roman civilization Greek common language.

38 Schism of 1054 Cultural unity was slowly lost. Political unity first lost - Old versus New Rome Barbarian invasions beginning in 5th century Rise of Islam - Mediterranean was largely under their control. Greek forgotten in West & Scholars used different sources. Holy Roman Empire re-established in the West 800AD under Charlemagne. Western Roman Empire anti-greek - led to development of separate Christian culture, with little in common.

39 Schism of 1054 Non Theological causes of division Charlemagne accused East of heresy - not using the filioque and rejected the 7th Ecumenical Council making East enemy. Church government ideas differed reflecting civil status. East held equality of Bishops, many Apostolic sees, conciliar character West - Rome Church seen in feudal terms with Pope supreme and other Bishops subordinate. Rise of Political authority of Popes as consequence of dissolution of political authority in West as result of barbarian invasions. West - only clergy educated: Class divisions between clergy and laity. East - Education widespread, clergy and laity; no sharp division. Theological misunderstanding because of a lack of common tongue.

40 Schism of 1054 Theological Tensions Latin approach to doctrine - practical, legal concepts, unity in Trinity, Christ as victim, man s brokenness deserving punishment, redemption rational. Greek approach to doctrine - emphasis on liturgy, threeness of the Trinity, Christ as Victor over death, man s goodness and deification, mystical.

41 Schism 0f 1054 Direct Theological Conflict - Papal Claims Papal claims in West did not concern the East. As soon as Popes sought to extend them to the East, conflict arose. For the East, Pope had primacy of honor, not a universal supremacy; authority not in one See, but in the Church as a whole Council - Conciliarlity.

42 Schism of 1054 Direct Theological Conflict - Filioque Filioque ( and the Son ) added to the creed regarding the procession of the Holy Spirit began in Spain officially at Council of Toledo Leo III had Creed without Filioque inscribed at Saint Peter s Cathedral. Support for use grew in West. Charlemagne made it political. Orthodox Objections: Innovative arbitrary change breaking Church unity - no one party has right to change Creed. Filioque is technically unsound - heretical - Destroys correct relationship of the Trinity Leads to false understanding of Spirit and Church.

43 Schism of 1054 Other issues of conflict Celibacy of clergy in west - married Priests in East Different rules and understanding of Fasting Unleavened bread in communion in West; leavened bread in East.

44 Schism of Pope Leo IX sent delegation to Constantinople to work out differences. Negotiations break down Delegation places bull of excommunication on altar at Saint Sofia based on omission of filioque. Friendly relations remained. Average Christian was not aware of the separation.

45 Estrangement to Schism Crusades - Frank Invasions First Crusade bloody success militarily. Antioch 1098: Jerusalem 1099 Latin Patriarchs set up. This left two Patriarchs in Jerusalem and Antioch. Fourth Crusade Crusaders originally bound for Egypt turned aside, sacked Constantinople; Systematic acts of sacrilege.

46 Reformation A Time Line of Church History CRUSADES 1095 Apostalic Age Byzantine Empire ONE HOLY LIBERATION CATHOLIC AND APOSTOLIC CHURCH GREAT SCHISM 1291 Luther s 95 Theses. Reformation begins 1517 Church of England 1529 REFORMATION The Roman Catholic Church The Eastern Orthodox Church Dogma of Dogma of Immaculate Papal Infalibility conception 33 Pentecost 69 Bishop Ignatius consecrated in Antioch 150 Justin Martyr describes liturgy 325 1st Ecumenical Council and the Nicene Creed Synod of Council of Carthage Chalcedon ratifies Biblical Canon 589 Filioque added to Nicene creed by Synod in Spain and later adopted by Roman Church 787 Icons approved at seventh Ecumenical council 880 The Photian Schism 988 Conversion of Russia begins 1054 Great Schism 1204 Sack of Constantinople by Crusaders 1333 Gregory Palamas defends Orthodox spirituality 1453 Turks overrun Constantinople 1768 Arrival of the first Greeks in US Rusian Missionaries arrive at Kodiak Island Alaska 1832 Greece recognized a Free Country - Treaty of Constantinople st Greek Orthodox church established in New Orleans Greek Construction Orthodox archdiocese begins on established Cathedral in US. in Greenville.

47 Reformation - 16th Century Orthodox Church NOT involved in the issues surrounding the Reformation. Initiated due to indulgences as penance & and appointment of individuals to positions in Church based on financial contributions. Led to rejection of Tradition and reliance only on Scripture Sola Scriptura (1500 years of Tradition rejected). Innovative doctrines introduced such as salvation by faith only. Led to thousands of branches due to different individual interpretations of Scripture. Tradition no longer used.

48 Fullness of Apostolic Faith Church faithfully maintained the Apostolic Faith Apostolic succession - Saint Andrew Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew - 270th Church of the Seven Councils Roman Church introduced numerous innovations Filioque Clause Immaculate conception of Mary Infallibility of Pope Protestant churches regularly change teachings Now over 38,000 Christian denominations

49 Fullness of Apostolic Faith Faithfully maintains the Tradition with worship directed toward Trinitarian God Early Church adopted Jewish Liturgical Day with set times of prayer and a yearly calendar of fasts and feasts. Worship is a sacrifice directed towards God. Not congregation centered where clergy minister to the people rather lead them to God. Liturgical form can be traced back to 2nd century. All Sacraments maintained

50 Fullness of Apostolic Faith Maintained mystical nature of faith and worship. Rejected scholasticism Maintain understanding that man can know God directly through soul, the heart. Accept a spiritual way of knowing that is greater than reason.

51 Fullness of Apostolic Faith Christ historical figure fulfilling OT prophecies. Orthodox Church has historical Apostolic continuity. Sound unchanging doctrine - Church of 7 Councils. Withstood Islamic occupation and Communist oppression - Cannot be suppressed. Church is Body of Christ & as members we become part of Him. Church and its Sacraments and ascetic teachings are for our healing. Church honored and trusted as a most precious gift.

52 Knowing God

A Pilgrim People The Story of Our Church Presented by:

A Pilgrim People The Story of Our Church Presented by: A Pilgrim People The Story of Our Church Presented by: www.cainaweb.org Early Church Growth & Threats Patristic Period & Great Councils Rise of Christendom High Medieval Church Renaissance to Reformation

More information

KNOW YOUR CHURCH HISTORY (6) The Imperial Church (AD ) Councils

KNOW YOUR CHURCH HISTORY (6) The Imperial Church (AD ) Councils KNOW YOUR CHURCH HISTORY (6) The Imperial Church (AD313-476) Councils A. Introduction 1. The Imperial Church was the period of church history between these two significant events: The Edict of Milan in

More information

The Second Church Schism

The Second Church Schism The Second Church Schism Outline Review: First Schism Chalcedonian Orthodox Churches Second Schism Eastern Orthodox Churches Unity Between the 2 Orthodox Families The First Schism Eutychus heresy: One

More information

The Bishop as Servant of Catholic Renewal

The Bishop as Servant of Catholic Renewal The Bishop as Servant of Catholic Renewal A Pastoral Letter to the People of the Ecumenical Catholic Communion from Peter Elder Hickman, Presiding Bishop Where the Bishop is, there let the multitude of

More information

Option E. Ecumenical and Interreligious Issues

Option E. Ecumenical and Interreligious Issues Option E. Ecumenical and Interreligious Issues I. Revelation and the Catholic Church A. Tracing Divine Revelation through the history of salvation. 1. Divine Revelation in the Old Testament times. a. The

More information

Turning Points The Great Schism. Week 6: March 8, 2015

Turning Points The Great Schism. Week 6: March 8, 2015 Turning Points The Great Schism Week 6: March 8, 2015 Creed by Rich Mullins I Believe what I Believe Is what Makes Me what I Am I did not Make It, No It is Making Me. It is the Very Truth of God and Not

More information

History of Christianity

History of Christianity History of Christianity Christian history begins with Jesus of Nazareth, a Jew who was born in a small corner of the Roman Empire. Little is known of his early life, but around the age of 30, Jesus was

More information

Christian Denominations

Christian Denominations Apostolic Succession Topic Coptic Orthodox Protestant Roman Catholic This is an important part of Orthodox belief and ensures continuity with the church that Christ founded. Bible - Composition of Accept

More information

The Great Schism 1054

The Great Schism 1054 22 The Great Schism 1054 A S noted earlier, there were growing tensions between Greek Orthodox in the east and Latin Catholics in the west. For centuries the relations between the two branches of Christianity

More information

CHURCH HISTORY UNTIL 1054 A.D. Taken from Church History by Dennis Mock. Primary impact of the era on the Christian Church in history

CHURCH HISTORY UNTIL 1054 A.D. Taken from Church History by Dennis Mock. Primary impact of the era on the Christian Church in history CHURCH HISTORY UNTIL 1054 A.D. Taken from Church History by Dennis Mock Primary impact of the era on the Christian Church in history What happened from 100 A.D. 312 A.D. unfortunately laid the foundation

More information

A Pilgrim People The Story of Our Church Presented by:

A Pilgrim People The Story of Our Church Presented by: A Pilgrim People The Story of Our Church Presented by: www.cainaweb.org Early Church Growth & Threats (49-312 AD) Patristic Period & Great Councils Rise of Christendom High Medieval Church Renaissance

More information

ISSUES IN PERSPECTIVE Dr. James P. Eckman, President Grace University, Omaha, Nebraska August 2011

ISSUES IN PERSPECTIVE Dr. James P. Eckman, President Grace University, Omaha, Nebraska August 2011 PERSPECTIVE NUMBER ONE ISSUES IN PERSPECTIVE Dr. James P. Eckman, President Grace University, Omaha, Nebraska 20-21 August 2011 The Historical Development of Christianity: Roman Catholicism, Eastern Orthodoxy

More information

We Believe: The Creeds and the Soul The Rev. Tom Pumphrey, 10/24/10 Part One: We Believe: Origins and functions

We Believe: The Creeds and the Soul The Rev. Tom Pumphrey, 10/24/10 Part One: We Believe: Origins and functions We Believe: The Creeds and the Soul The Rev. Tom Pumphrey, 10/24/10 Part One: We Believe: Origins and functions The Apostles and Nicene Creeds are important elements in our regular worship of God. We stand

More information

Mahragan El-Keraza 2017 NYNE Regional Level Grades 9-12 THE COPTIC ORTHODOX DIOCESE OF NEW YORK AND NEW ENGLAND MAHRAGAN EL-KERAZA 2017

Mahragan El-Keraza 2017 NYNE Regional Level Grades 9-12 THE COPTIC ORTHODOX DIOCESE OF NEW YORK AND NEW ENGLAND MAHRAGAN EL-KERAZA 2017 THE COPTIC ORTHODOX DIOCESE OF NEW YORK AND NEW ENGLAND MAHRAGAN EL-KERAZA 2017 Regional Level Grades 9-12 Name: Church: ID: ID: Page 1 of 20 DIRECTIONS: Please read ALL directions given before answering

More information

NAME DATE CLASS. Black Sea. Constantinople ASIA MINOR GREECE Tarsus Sicily. Antioch Aegean Sea. Mediterranean Sea. Jerusalem. Alexandria JUDAEA EGYPT

NAME DATE CLASS. Black Sea. Constantinople ASIA MINOR GREECE Tarsus Sicily. Antioch Aegean Sea. Mediterranean Sea. Jerusalem. Alexandria JUDAEA EGYPT Lesson 1 Early Christianity ESSENTIAL QUESTION What are the characteristics of a leader? GUIDING QUESTIONS 1. How did the Jews respond to Roman rule? 2. Why were the life and death of Jesus of Nazareth

More information

CHRISTIANITY. text in purple for notes. Voorhees

CHRISTIANITY. text in purple for notes. Voorhees CHRISTIANITY text in purple for notes Voorhees The student will apply social science skills to understand the development of Christianity by a) describing the origins, beliefs, traditions, customs, and

More information

HISTORY OF THE CHURCH - LESSON 1: BEGINNINGS OF APOSTASY (A.D )

HISTORY OF THE CHURCH - LESSON 1: BEGINNINGS OF APOSTASY (A.D ) HISTORY OF THE CHURCH - LESSON 1: BEGINNINGS OF APOSTASY (A.D. 30-325) INTRODUCTION: For the next three months, we will study the history of the church. Such a study has the following worthwhile goals:

More information

HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 2 Lesson 2: WHO IS JESUS? Randy Broberg, Maranatha School of Ministry Fall 2010

HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 2 Lesson 2: WHO IS JESUS? Randy Broberg, Maranatha School of Ministry Fall 2010 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 2 Lesson 2: WHO IS JESUS? Randy Broberg, Maranatha School of Ministry Fall 2010 Da Vinci Code Attacks Divinity of Christ The notion that Jesus was divine was first proposed by Emperor

More information

ORTHODOX BRETHREN 209

ORTHODOX BRETHREN 209 ORTHODOX BRETHREN "Let God see and judge!" The shout resounded in the ears of the dumbfounded congregation as it watched him shake the dust from his feet and leave the church. The man who uttered this

More information

What happened to the Roman Empire by 500 A.D.?

What happened to the Roman Empire by 500 A.D.? What happened to the Roman Empire by 500 A.D.? After the Pax Romana, the Roman Empire entered an era of decline The Roman Empire had a series of weak emperors The Fall of the Roman Empire Romans had a

More information

Epochs of Early Church History

Epochs of Early Church History Epochs of Early Church History I. Constantine A. Early Life 1. Constantine s birth was ca. 273, and he died in 337. 2. Constantine s father was Constantius I Chlorus, who, under Diocletian (245-313; emperor,

More information

This article is also available in Spanish.

This article is also available in Spanish. The Council of Nicea Introduction This article is also available in Spanish. The doctrine of the Trinity is central to the uniqueness of Christianity. It holds that the Bible teaches that God eternally

More information

The Eastern Orthodox Church

The Eastern Orthodox Church The Eastern Orthodox Church Collected and Edited by Scott Shifferd Jr. History: The Orthodox Church states, Sometimes the Orthodox Church is also called the Eastern Orthodox Church, or the Oriental Church,

More information

Early Christian Church Councils

Early Christian Church Councils The First Seven Christian Church Councils Goodnews Christian Ministry http://goodnewspirit.com Early Christian Church Councils The first Council of the Christian Church took place in Jerusalem and included

More information

ORTHODOX SYRIAN SUNDAY SCHOOL ASSOCIATION OF THE EAST DIOCESE OF SOUTH WEST AMERICA. Centralized Examination Grade 12 Diploma Model Question Paper

ORTHODOX SYRIAN SUNDAY SCHOOL ASSOCIATION OF THE EAST DIOCESE OF SOUTH WEST AMERICA. Centralized Examination Grade 12 Diploma Model Question Paper ORTHODOX SYRIAN SUNDAY SCHOOL ASSOCIATION OF THE EAST DIOCESE OF SOUTH WEST AMERICA Centralized Examination Grade 12 Diploma Model Question Paper Reg. No.: Examination Rules Examination Rules 1. Total

More information

Kindergarten Vocabulary

Kindergarten Vocabulary Kindergarten Vocabulary Advent a time to get ready to celebrate the coming of the Son of God. (CCC #522-524) Alleluia: means praise God. Sung or recited before the Gospel except during Lent. Altar: the

More information

Roman Catholic Church A Brief History part 2

Roman Catholic Church A Brief History part 2 Roman Catholic Church A Brief History part 2 The Growing Power of the Papacy Pope Gregory the Great 590-604 First monk to become a pope Under his reign, the power of the Roman Church and it s wealth grew

More information

Christianity. The Basics I

Christianity. The Basics I Christianity The Basics I Goals Basic Background Story of John the Baptist Jewish Society Story of Jesus The Birth and Spread of Christianity Christianity Splits Background 2 billion followers 1 billion

More information

World Religions and the History of Christianity: Christianity Orthodoxy and Orthopraxy. The History of the Church Orthodoxy and Orthopraxy

World Religions and the History of Christianity: Christianity Orthodoxy and Orthopraxy. The History of the Church Orthodoxy and Orthopraxy The History of the Church Orthodoxy and Orthopraxy I. Numerical AND theological growth/change. Our tendency is to see theology as static rather then dynamic. The Bible tells a single Story written over

More information

A. Remember (Things we have already learned)

A. Remember (Things we have already learned) A. Remember (Things we have already learned) 1. Rome began as a small city-state in 509 BCE as a Republic 2. Rome became an imperialistic empire and conquered lands around the Mediterranean 3. bread and

More information

ORTHODOX SYRIAN SUNDAY SCHOOL ASSOCIATION OF THE EAST DIOCESE OF SOUTH WEST AMERICA. Centralized Examination Grade 12 Diploma JUNE Reg. No.

ORTHODOX SYRIAN SUNDAY SCHOOL ASSOCIATION OF THE EAST DIOCESE OF SOUTH WEST AMERICA. Centralized Examination Grade 12 Diploma JUNE Reg. No. ORTHODOX SYRIAN SUNDAY SCHOOL ASSOCIATION OF THE EAST DIOCESE OF SOUTH WEST AMERICA Centralized Examination Grade 12 Diploma JUNE 2012 Reg. No.: Examination Rules Examination Rules 1. Total time limit

More information

Church History 11 th Bible. Chapter 5: From Multiplication to Division (AD )

Church History 11 th Bible. Chapter 5: From Multiplication to Division (AD ) Church History 11 th Bible Chapter 5: From Multiplication to Division (AD 496 1291) I. The Wobbling West (the Middle Ages arrive in the West) A. Middle Ages (Medieval times) 1. Former Western Empire B.

More information

Eastern Orthodoxy By Tim Warner Copyright Pristine Faith Restoration Society

Eastern Orthodoxy By Tim Warner Copyright Pristine Faith Restoration Society Eastern Orthodoxy By Tim Warner Copyright Pristine Faith Restoration Society The position of the Pristine Faith Restoration Society should not be confused with the views of the Eastern Orthodox Church.

More information

2016 Summer SBC 02. Who was Manaen in Acts chapter 13? (Howard Bunch) The Nicene Creed and the Filioque Clause (Tom Raymond)

2016 Summer SBC 02. Who was Manaen in Acts chapter 13? (Howard Bunch) The Nicene Creed and the Filioque Clause (Tom Raymond) 2016 Summer SBC 02 Who was Manaen in Acts chapter 13? (Howard Bunch) The Nicene Creed and the Filioque Clause (Tom Who was Manaen of Acts 13? (Howard Bunch) Acts 13:1 [ESV] Now there were in the church

More information

THE RISE OF CHRISTIANITY

THE RISE OF CHRISTIANITY THE RISE OF CHRISTIANITY Christianity was the First ancient religion to become recognized as the one officially state supported religion. It became the most vital force in the barbarian West. The Historic

More information

Chapter 8 Lesson Reviews

Chapter 8 Lesson Reviews Chapter 8 Lesson Reviews Question 1. How do you think the division of the Christian church into clergy and laity in response to Roman persecution helped them spread their beliefs? 2. Use your notes to

More information

Chapter 13. The Commonwealth of Byzantium. Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies Inc. Permission Required for Reproduction or Display.

Chapter 13. The Commonwealth of Byzantium. Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies Inc. Permission Required for Reproduction or Display. Chapter 13 The Commonwealth of Byzantium 1 The Early Byzantine Empire n Capital: Byzantium n On the Bosporus n Commercial, strategic value of location n Constantine names capital after himself (Constantinople),

More information

Short History of the Church

Short History of the Church Short History of the Church And I tell you, you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the powers of death shall not prevail against it. (Matt. 16:18) At the great outpouring of the Holy

More information

Introduction to Eastern Catholicism and the Byzantine Catholic Church

Introduction to Eastern Catholicism and the Byzantine Catholic Church Introduction to Eastern Catholicism and the Byzantine Catholic Church Deacon Mark Koscinski Eastern Catholicism 1 In the Beginning Alexander the Great (356-323 B.C) consciously sought to Hellenize the

More information

Chapter 10: Judaism and Christianity! Introduction!

Chapter 10: Judaism and Christianity! Introduction! Chapter 10: Judaism and Christianity! Introduction!! Hebrews introduce monotheism into a world of polytheism in the form of a god above nature and free from compulsion and fate!! Hebrews took name Judaism

More information

The Family Tree of Christianity Session 3: Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy ( AD)

The Family Tree of Christianity Session 3: Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy ( AD) The Family Tree of Christianity Session 3: Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy (700 1300 AD) Overview of this Series 1) Unity & Diversity in the Early Church (30 300) 2) Councils, Creeds, and Schisms

More information

Survey of Church History Part 1: A.D Table of Contents

Survey of Church History Part 1: A.D Table of Contents Survey of Church History Part 1: A.D. 30-1517 Table of Contents The Apostolic Church... Lesson 1 Why Study Church History? Principles for Studying Church History From Jerusalem to the Ends of the Earth

More information

April 26, 2013 Persecutions, Heresies & the Book Lecture Lakeside Institute of Theology Ross Arnold, Spring 2013

April 26, 2013 Persecutions, Heresies & the Book Lecture Lakeside Institute of Theology Ross Arnold, Spring 2013 April 26, 2013 Persecutions, Heresies & the Book Lecture Lakeside Institute of Theology Ross Arnold, Spring 2013 Church History 1 (TH1) 1. Introduction to Church History 2. Apostles to Catholic Christianity

More information

A Brief History of the Christian Church. Jason Collins, MA

A Brief History of the Christian Church. Jason Collins, MA A Brief History of the Christian Church Jason Collins, MA History Does Not Have To Be Boring History has fun stuff like empires, interesting people, cool events that build on one another We learn the

More information

One, Holy, Constantine s and Paul s Church

One, Holy, Constantine s and Paul s Church The Histories Volume 3 Issue 1 Article 12 2016 One, Holy, Constantine s and Paul s Church Jacques Linder La Salle University, linderj1@student.lasalle.edu Follow this and additional works at: http://digitalcommons.lasalle.edu/the_histories

More information

12 TH GRADE FIRST SEMESTER THE CHURCH

12 TH GRADE FIRST SEMESTER THE CHURCH 12 TH GRADE FIRST SEMESTER THE CHURCH Christ is the light of humanity; and it is, accordingly, the heart-felt desire of this sacred Council, being gathered together in the Holy Spirit, that, by proclaiming

More information

Chapter Three Assessment. Name Date. Multiple Choice

Chapter Three Assessment. Name Date. Multiple Choice Chapter Three Assessment Name Date Multiple Choice 1. Emperor Constantine moved the capital of the empire to A. Antioch B. Byzantium C. Rome D. Capernaum 2. Demonstrating that he retained non-christian

More information

The Church. Part I. A.The Church. Chapter 1. B.The Marks of the Church. The Marks of the. Church. Church History - Mr.

The Church. Part I. A.The Church. Chapter 1. B.The Marks of the Church. The Marks of the. Church. Church History - Mr. Foundation of the Church Chapter 1 Part I The Church A.The Church 1. Scripture teaches us that the Church is the Body of Christ & Temple of the Holy Spirit. 2. It is through the Church that God carries

More information

2. What are the catholic Creeds Note: catholic with a small c means the world church not Roman Catholic which is denoted with a large C.

2. What are the catholic Creeds Note: catholic with a small c means the world church not Roman Catholic which is denoted with a large C. Moot Exploration of Doctrine 1: The catholic Creeds Why are the Creeds important to us trying to be church on the 21 st century? 1. Anglican Declaration of Assent As Moot is a fresh expression of church

More information

2- Comparative Theology Differences between the Catholic and Orthodox Churches

2- Comparative Theology Differences between the Catholic and Orthodox Churches 2- Comparative Theology Differences between the Catholic and Orthodox Churches Objective: To learn the history of the separation of the Catholic Church from the rest of the churches. To understand the

More information

TRADITION AND TRADITIONALISM PLESTED, Marcus (Dr.) Syndesmos Festival, St-Maurin, France, 26 th August 2001

TRADITION AND TRADITIONALISM PLESTED, Marcus (Dr.) Syndesmos Festival, St-Maurin, France, 26 th August 2001 1 TRADITION AND TRADITIONALISM PLESTED, Marcus (Dr.) Syndesmos Festival, St-Maurin, France, 26 th August 2001 What is tradition? What does it mean to be traditional? These are questions, which the Orthodox,

More information

Vatican II and the Church today

Vatican II and the Church today Vatican II and the Church today How is the Catholic Church Organized? Equal not Same A Rite represents an ecclesiastical, or church, tradition about how the sacraments are to be celebrated. Each of the

More information

THE INCARNATION OF JESUS CHRIST (Latin for in and caro, stem carn, meaning flesh )

THE INCARNATION OF JESUS CHRIST (Latin for in and caro, stem carn, meaning flesh ) LECTURE 5 THE INCARNATION OF JESUS CHRIST (Latin for in and caro, stem carn, meaning flesh ) The Incarnation of the Lord Jesus Christ is the central fact of Christianity. Upon it the whole superstructure

More information

Society, Religion and Arts

Society, Religion and Arts Society, Religion and Arts Despite the collapse of the Western Roman Empire, the Eastern Empire continued to thrive in Constantinople. It would endure for nearly 1,000 years after the Fall of Rome, largely

More information

Sacrament of Holy Orders

Sacrament of Holy Orders Sacrament of Holy Orders Sacrament of Holy Orders 1/16/2015 1:33:28 PM 1 What is the sacrament of Holy Orders? Holy Orders is a Sacrament by which bishops, priests, and other ministers of the Church are

More information

What is Church? Who is Church?

What is Church? Who is Church? What is Church? Who is Church? The church is a sign of the mystery of God s love. In the church, we share a journey of faith. God has made known to us the mystery of his will to gather up all things in

More information

1. Canon Law is. 2. Goal of Canon Law is. 3. Types of Canon Law

1. Canon Law is. 2. Goal of Canon Law is. 3. Types of Canon Law Canon Law Code Life Canon Law: A Code for Life Part 2 Canon Law 1. Canon Law is A group of laws established by the Apostles and their successors to govern the Church and the life of Believer 2. Goal of

More information

Our Catholic Faith: Living What We Believe Directed Reading Guide Chapter 4, The Church: The Body of Christ

Our Catholic Faith: Living What We Believe Directed Reading Guide Chapter 4, The Church: The Body of Christ Name Period Date Our Catholic Faith: Living What We Believe Directed Reading Guide Chapter 4, The Church: The Body of Christ Directions: Read carefully through Chapter 4 and then use the text as a reference

More information

The Great Schism. The Estrangement of Eastern and Western Christendom -Bishop Kallistos Ware from his book, The Orthodox Church

The Great Schism. The Estrangement of Eastern and Western Christendom -Bishop Kallistos Ware from his book, The Orthodox Church The Great Schism The Estrangement of Eastern and Western Christendom -Bishop Kallistos Ware from his book, The Orthodox Church One summer afternoon in the year 1054, as a service was about to begin in

More information

The History of Canonization. How the Saints came to be honored in the Church

The History of Canonization. How the Saints came to be honored in the Church The History of Canonization How the Saints came to be honored in the Church The Early Martyrs Reverence was naturally shown to the bodies of the martyrs. The disciples [of John the Baptist] came and took

More information

8 th GRADE Alive in Christ

8 th GRADE Alive in Christ 8 th GRADE Alive in Christ Begin 8 th grade with the Opening Lesson - an Introduction to the year The church year feasts and seasons can be found in the beginning of the text. These can be done throughout

More information

Creeds and Heretics The Church Defines and Disciplines Randy Broberg

Creeds and Heretics The Church Defines and Disciplines Randy Broberg Creeds and Heretics The Church Defines and Disciplines Randy Broberg Early Theology More Sophisticated Than We Realize Chap 8: "He Himself took on Him the burden of our iniquities, He gave His own Son

More information

Apostles and Nicene Creeds

Apostles and Nicene Creeds Apostles and Nicene Creeds If one wants to know what we believe as Catholic Christians, they need to look no further than the Nicene Creed, the definitive statement of Christian orthodoxy (correct teaching).

More information

A Brief History of Catholicism (Excerpts from Catholicism for Dummies)

A Brief History of Catholicism (Excerpts from Catholicism for Dummies) Ancient Times (A.D. 33-741) Non-Christian Rome (33-312) A Brief (Excerpts from Catholicism for Dummies) o The early Christians (mostly Jews who maintained their Jewish traditions) o Jerusalem s religious

More information

Valley Bible Church Sermon Transcript

Valley Bible Church Sermon Transcript The Confession of Church Doctrine 1 Timothy 3:14-16 Part 1 Please turn to 1 Timothy 3:14-16 and we will read this together. I ll read it from the New American Standard. Paul writes to Timothy, 1 Timothy

More information

BIBLIOLOGY. Class 05: Authority. Maranatha Bible College Spring Semester, 2015

BIBLIOLOGY. Class 05: Authority. Maranatha Bible College Spring Semester, 2015 BIBLIOLOGY Class 05: Authority Maranatha Bible College Spring Semester, 2015 Doctrines of Bibliology Summary DOCTRINE Revelation Inspiration Inerrancy Authority MEANING God has revealed Himself to all

More information

Church History I Age of Unification

Church History I Age of Unification IV. CHRISTOLOGICAL CONTROVERSIES A. Arianism 1. Basic issue was the nature of the Godhead 2. Sometimes called the Trinitarian controversy 3. Lasted for several centuries 4. Named for Arius (250-336), a

More information

During this class, we will look at

During this class, we will look at The Creed The inside of St. John Lateran Basilica in Rome is lined with enormous statues of the Apostles, visually showing visitors the men who brought the Gospel to the world. These things are wri/en

More information

Church History I Age of Unification. Church History ANCIENT PERIOD AGE OF UNIFICATION 325AD-590AD

Church History I Age of Unification. Church History ANCIENT PERIOD AGE OF UNIFICATION 325AD-590AD Church History ANCIENT PERIOD AGE OF UNIFICATION 325AD-590AD I. THE COUNCIL OF NICEA (325) A. The Part of Constantine in the Council 1. Constantine the Great (306-337) a. Converted in 312 b. Published

More information

Ensuring Unity of Faith

Ensuring Unity of Faith Ensuring Unity of Faith What to Believe? St. Paul: All members of the Church should inwardly believe the truths of faith proposed by the apostles and their successors, and outwardly confess what they believe:

More information

THE TRINITARIAN CONTROVERSY IN THE FOURTH CENTURY

THE TRINITARIAN CONTROVERSY IN THE FOURTH CENTURY THE TRINITARIAN CONTROVERSY IN THE FOURTH CENTURY THE TRINITARIAN CONTROVERSY IN THE FOURTH CENTURY BY DAVID BERNARD The Trinitarian Controversy In the Fourth Century by David K. Bernard 1993, David K.

More information

Christianity, Islam, and Judaism UNIVERSAL RELIGION

Christianity, Islam, and Judaism UNIVERSAL RELIGION Christianity, Islam, and Judaism UNIVERSAL RELIGION Branch a large & fundamental division within a religion RELIGION Denomination a division of a branch that unites local congregations BRANCH BRANCH BRANCH

More information

HOLY ORDERS: Sacrament of Ministerial Service to God s People (CCC )

HOLY ORDERS: Sacrament of Ministerial Service to God s People (CCC ) HOLY ORDERS: Sacrament of Ministerial Service to God s People (CCC 1536-1600) In the Church s sacramental system, Baptism, Confirmation and Eucharist are called sacraments of initiation; and Reconciliation

More information

THE HOLY EUCHARIST WE GATHER IN THE PRESENCE AND IN THE NAME OF THE LORD. Bishop: Blessed be God, Father, Son and Holy Spirit.

THE HOLY EUCHARIST WE GATHER IN THE PRESENCE AND IN THE NAME OF THE LORD. Bishop: Blessed be God, Father, Son and Holy Spirit. THE HOLY EUCHARIST The Liturgy for the Proclamation of the Word of God, the Ordination of a Priest and Celebration of the Holy Communion. WE GATHER IN THE PRESENCE AND IN THE NAME OF THE LORD The Processional

More information

Vocabulary List for Grade 1

Vocabulary List for Grade 1 Vocabulary List for Grade 1 Word altar apostles Baptism Bible Blessed Trinity Christmas Church commandments creation Easter Sunday gospel reading grace Holy Family Lord's Prayer Mass parish pastor peacemaker

More information

DOGMATIC CONSTITUTION ON THE CHURCH LUMEN GENTIUM SOLEMNLY PROMULGATED BY HIS HOLINESS POPE PAUL VI ON NOVEMBER 21, 1964 CHAPTER I

DOGMATIC CONSTITUTION ON THE CHURCH LUMEN GENTIUM SOLEMNLY PROMULGATED BY HIS HOLINESS POPE PAUL VI ON NOVEMBER 21, 1964 CHAPTER I DOGMATIC CONSTITUTION ON THE CHURCH LUMEN GENTIUM SOLEMNLY PROMULGATED BY HIS HOLINESS POPE PAUL VI ON NOVEMBER 21, 1964 CHAPTER I THE MYSTERY OF THE CHURCH 1. Christ is the Light of nations. Because this

More information

Kindergarten Grade 4. Key Element I: Knowledge of the Faith

Kindergarten Grade 4. Key Element I: Knowledge of the Faith Key Element I: Knowledge of the Faith Standard 1 CREED: Understand, believe and proclaim the Triune and redeeming God as revealed in creation and human experience, in Apostolic Tradition and Sacred Scripture,

More information

HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 2 Lesson 3: Birth of Roman Catholicism. Randy Broberg, Maranatha School of Ministry Fall 2010

HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 2 Lesson 3: Birth of Roman Catholicism. Randy Broberg, Maranatha School of Ministry Fall 2010 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 2 Lesson 3: Birth of Roman Catholicism Randy Broberg, Maranatha School of Ministry Fall 2010 Virtual Classroom http://randybroberg.wordpress.com/ Trends to look for From Pastor to

More information

A Defense of Sola Scriptura Against the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Views of Authority

A Defense of Sola Scriptura Against the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Views of Authority A Defense of Sola Scriptura Against the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Views of Authority By Rand Wagner And that from childhood you have known the sacred writings which are able to give you the wisdom

More information

The History of the Liturgy

The History of the Liturgy The History of the Liturgy THE FIRST FOUR CENTURIES Introduction: +The Liturgy and its rites were delivered by the Apostles to the churches, which they had established. (Mark 14:22-23) (1cor 11:23-26)

More information

Religion, Art and Ethics

Religion, Art and Ethics Religion, Art and Ethics The historical Jesus of Nazareth was a rabbi from Galilee with humble beginnings. He never wrote anything personally. All information we have is eye witness or second hand information

More information

The Byzantine Empire

The Byzantine Empire The Byzantine Empire Preview This preview is designed to show students how the city of Constantinople thrived as a trading hub. This will help you understand why Constantinople became the capital of the

More information

Grade OCEC GOA GENERAL SUMMARY, NOTES

Grade OCEC GOA GENERAL SUMMARY, NOTES [Task 3a] Conversion in Orthodox Curricula, page 1 Conversion in OCEC Scope and Sequence Chart, and the GOA Document, What Your Child Should Know [Task 3a] Concepts included: believing God loves us unconditionally;

More information

10. Are we called too? Are some today still called to serve Christ in Holy Orders?

10. Are we called too? Are some today still called to serve Christ in Holy Orders? Simon was a married man, a fisherman by trade. He lived an ordinary life fishing with his brother Andrew daily to provide food and supplies for his family. It had been a long day, and they hadn t caught

More information

Christianity in the World Today. Largest religion [2.18 billion]

Christianity in the World Today. Largest religion [2.18 billion] Christianity in the World Today Largest religion [2.18 billion] History of Sects What is important to know about Jesus? Fulfillment of Hebrew prophets Teacher/healer Tenets of forgiveness & redemption

More information

Pastor Charles R. Biggs

Pastor Charles R. Biggs Ancient Church History Christological Heresies and the Council of Chalcedon (451) Pastor Charles R. Biggs Ancient Church Christological Heresies Heresy Major Proponents Summary Apollinarianism Apollinarius

More information

The Gospel According to Rome. Study Guide

The Gospel According to Rome. Study Guide The Gospel According to Rome Study Guide James G. McCarthy (c) 2000 Lesson 1 Infant Justification Reading Assignment Prologue, The Focus, pages 11-18 Chapter 1, Infant Justification, pages 19-34 Appendix

More information

Instructing us to preserve firmly in every respect all that the Orthodox. The Thyateira Confession*

Instructing us to preserve firmly in every respect all that the Orthodox. The Thyateira Confession* The Ever-Memorable Confessor Metropolitan Philaret, First Hierarch of the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad ( 1985) Text III The Thyateira Confession* An Appeal by Metropolitan Philaret to the Primates of

More information

Liturgical Vestments and Clergy Dress: Thoughts on Appropriate Forms and Variety in Western Europe and America

Liturgical Vestments and Clergy Dress: Thoughts on Appropriate Forms and Variety in Western Europe and America Liturgical Vestments and Clergy Dress: Thoughts on Appropriate Forms and Variety in Western Europe and America Rev Patrick (John) Ramsey Initially I will look at some background issues of Orthodox Faith

More information

PREP 7 THEOLOGY. Textbook: Faith and Life: Following Christ, Ignatius Press, 2012.

PREP 7 THEOLOGY. Textbook: Faith and Life: Following Christ, Ignatius Press, 2012. PREP 7 THEOLOGY Textbook: Faith and Life: Following Christ, Ignatius Press, 2012. Prerequisites: none Course Description: The course will emphasize how to follow Christ, the Incarnate Son of God. What

More information

Sunday Sermon. Fr Ambrose Young Entrance of the Theotokos Skete

Sunday Sermon. Fr Ambrose Young Entrance of the Theotokos Skete Sunday, December 11, 2011 For or Against? In the Name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Amen. Dear Brothers and Sisters: it is two weeks until the Feast of the Nativity of our Lord Jesus Christ.

More information

The Canadian Journal of Orthodox Christianity Volume XI, Number 3, Fall The Holy Trinity:

The Canadian Journal of Orthodox Christianity Volume XI, Number 3, Fall The Holy Trinity: The Holy Trinity: Source of Unity in the Church, the Core of the Church s Life, and the Fountain of the Church s Mission Fr. Anthony (Spencer) Estabrooks I have chosen Matthew 28:18-20, the Nicene Creed,

More information

Bishops. And Priests: A Changing Relationship

Bishops. And Priests: A Changing Relationship Bishops And Priests: A Changing Relationship by Jeffrey S. Tunnicliff TRS 641B Eucharist and Ordained Ministries Rev. Paul McPartlan December 1, 2006 I. The Historical Roots To properly understand the

More information

Made martyrs, Many new converts, Strength of faith Constantine Civil wars between tetrarchs after Diocletian s reign Constantine was son of one of the

Made martyrs, Many new converts, Strength of faith Constantine Civil wars between tetrarchs after Diocletian s reign Constantine was son of one of the Christianity Early Christianity The Late Roman Empire Spread to Rome early in the first century Brought by nameless individuals Benefited from freedom of travel during Pax Romana Diocletian One of two

More information

Reformation & Modern Church History Lesson 37, Page 1

Reformation & Modern Church History Lesson 37, Page 1 Reformation & Modern Church History Lesson 37, Page 1 Heaven and Earth are Filled with Thy Glory: Eastern Orthodoxy I was asked to name my top 10 favorite theologians. I thought this would be easy, but

More information

CHURCH VICTORIOUS. t h e a g e o f t h e f a t h e r s. Empire. explore the role of the Fathers of the Church

CHURCH VICTORIOUS. t h e a g e o f t h e f a t h e r s. Empire. explore the role of the Fathers of the Church 3 Chapter CHURCH VICTORIOUS t h e a g e o f t h e f a t h e r s a.d. 300 500 Chapter Overview Chapter Goals In this chapter, you will help the students: learn that under Emperor Constantine * Christianity

More information

Parents Guide to Diocesan Faith Formation Curriculum Grade 5

Parents Guide to Diocesan Faith Formation Curriculum Grade 5 God s love is communicated to infants and young children primarily through parents. Parents have shared the gift of human life with their children, and through Baptism have enriched them with a share in

More information

(Most probably not written by Peter Peter died by 67 AD) 2 Peter AD? Stay faithful, reject false teaching, delay of the Parousia.

(Most probably not written by Peter Peter died by 67 AD) 2 Peter AD? Stay faithful, reject false teaching, delay of the Parousia. Letters to young Churches The New Testament Epistles The Pauline Letters (Most probably written by Paul): Letter: Written: From: Deals with: 1 Thessalonians 51AD Corinth Thanksgiving, warnings about the

More information

HOW WELL DO YOU KNOW THE HISTORY OF THE N.T. CHURCH

HOW WELL DO YOU KNOW THE HISTORY OF THE N.T. CHURCH HOW WELL DO YOU KNOW THE HISTORY OF THE N.T. CHURCH - Lesson Three - The Years Following AD 96 - The Falling Away and Apostasy Intro: A. We Have Noted In Lesson One: 1. What we mean by the term church.

More information