KHALSA PANTH. The first Eye witness report on Operation Blue Star released on 14th of June 1984 in New Delhi at Hotel taj by

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "KHALSA PANTH. The first Eye witness report on Operation Blue Star released on 14th of June 1984 in New Delhi at Hotel taj by"

Transcription

1 TO KHALSA PANTH The first Eye witness report on Operation Blue Star released on 14th of June 1984 in New Delhi at Hotel taj by ATINDER PAL SINGH ACTING PRESIDENT ALL INDIA SIKH STUDENT'S FEDERATION SRI AMRITSAR (THIS DOCUMENT IS COLLECTED FROM THE DELHI HIGH COURT RECORD ATTESTED BY ITS REGISTRAR. GOVT. OF INDIA USE IT AS A EVIDENCE AGAINST ATINDER PAL SINGH IN SEDITION CASE. CASE WIN BY A.P.S.) MESSASE FOR KHALSA PANTH The humble servant of the Khalsa Panth, Sardar Atinder pal Singh, Senior Vice-President of the All India Sikh Student's Federation, who has assumed the responsibilities as President after the heroic To Khalsa Panth by Atinder Pal Singh 1 of 11

2 martyrdom of his President, Bhai Amrik Singh, has issued the following statements- 1. In the holocaust of June 1984, Sant Jarnail Singh, Khalsa Bhinderanwala, Bhai Amrik Singh, Baba Thara Singh, General Subheg Singh and thousands of Sikhs laid down their lives to achieve the objective of Raj Karega Khalsa. I, on behalf of all the 60,000 members of the All India Sikh Student's Federation (founded in the year, 1944) pay rich tributes to their memory and we, today take pledge that we shall continue the struggle to achieve our objective namely, to create environments for the fulfillment of our national aspirations. We shall feel honoured if our lives are spent in emulation of the examples of Sikh national heroes. 2. The Sikhs are today facing the biggest crisis since the last 400 years. The Hindu government and its people have declared a war on the Khalsa Panth by attacking the holy precincts of the Darbar Sahib, about a hundred and seventy Gurdwaras in the Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Jammu and Kashmir, and Chandigarh and also the Sikh masses in villages, towns and cities. Since 1947, we have been struggling hard to convince the Hindu government in India to ensure our identity, freedom of religion and culture but have reached a point of no-return, when no democratic method can ensure us the freedom of our religion and culture and our very existence is threatened in Hindu India. We are war with a government whis is bereft of civility, human dignity and respectability. 3. The barbaric military attack was begun on 30th May, 1984 and was planned to be a surgical operation to be carried out on 3rd June, 1984 the martyrdo day of Guru Arjan Dev, our fifth Guru, so that the loss of lives would be maximum. However, as destiny would have it, on 2nd. June 1984 Major General Jaunswal of the 15th. Division refused to carry out a massacre of the Sikhs, as according to him this was sinister action of the government against its own people. This saddened the government a great deal. It took two days for the military to arrange a fresh attack and thus the death toll was to some extent reduced. You the members of the fourth estate, may kindly recollect that Mrs. Indira Gandhi had to telecast was delayed because of cabinet discussions on these new developments. 4. The Indian Army with a strength of four corps (11 corp, 10 corp 1 corp and 2 corp) was deployed and was supported by the Navy and the Air Force. The entire state of the Punjab became a prison for the Sikhs. To Khalsa Panth by Atinder Pal Singh 2 of 11

3 On the 1st of June, the holy precincts of Darbar Sahib were attacked by the B.S.F. and the C.R.P.F. to incite and instigate the Sikhs, but the Sikh national soldiers showed extreme caution and twenty of our youth were killed without a bullet being fired by them. On the 5th of June, 1984, the Indian Army of the secular government of India, stormed the holiest of holy, Sri Darbar Sahib & Sri Akal Takht Sahib. In the first attack, the military suffered heavy losses and had retreat. Further reinforcements were deployed. I would like to expose the government and its false claims regarding the use of weapons by the military. The Indian Army was equipped with the following variety of Russian weapons : mm artillery guns 2. Armored cars 3. Forty-two tanks Rocket launchers 5. Laser Beams Lbs. field bombs 7. Lethal poisonous gasses. 5. The Sikhs are known for their valor and this was best explified by the resistance shown by the Sikh national soldiers. These Sikh freedom fighters showed exemplary courage in protecting the sanctity of the holy precincts. The Sikh youth in the age group of eight and sixteen, wrapped themselves with explosives and destroyed the armored cars and tanks, and not by using rocket launchers for they did not possess any : The Sikh sangat, numbering 6,000 (out of which only 1,200 surrendered; which according to official details were mostly employees of the S.G.P.C. and the Akali Dal lied down before the tanks to stop their entry, but the barbaric Hindu military had no qualms in overriding them to enable them to storm the Akal Takht with 27 lbs. field bombs and 3.7 rocket launchers. Our brave Sikh liberators killed more than 5,000 Indian military men, which fact can be verified from the number of wounded soldiers recovering in the various army and navy hospitals all over the country. Though the government has suppressed these details it is common knowledge of every Sikh and others living in Amritsar that three commando units and three battalions- the Garwahlis, the Biharis and the Dogras were totally wiped out. The three hundred and fifty Sikh freedom fighters fought till the last man, and with such huge military mite the Indian forces could gain entry an area of about one lakh square feet only after three days. To Khalsa Panth by Atinder Pal Singh 3 of 11

4 We salute our brave brethren and pray that we get inspiration from them to continue the struggle. Here, I also want to note that more than a hundred children within the age group of eight to twelve years were individually asked by army officers whether they still wanted Khalistan. As each one of them answered in the affirmative they were shot dead by the swans of the Indian Army. They all died upholding the glorious traditions of the Khalsa Panth. 6. The sanctum sanctorum has also been desecrated. There are more than 400 bullet marks on the Golden Temple. The historic body of Sri Guru Granth Sahib has been wounded. The Granthi Sahib (Priest) Bhai Ram Singh was severely wounded. The revered Ragi Jatha of Bhai Amrik Singh was killed in the sanum sanctorum of the Golden Temple. The holy sarovar, which is the source of inspiration to the Sikh community was filled with the dead bodies of the Sikh martyrs who were mercilessly killed by the Indian Army. The Thadha Sahib and the Deodi in front of the Thadha Sahib has been completely destroyed. Thousands of priceless manuscripts, including historical handwritten bodies of Sri Guru Granth Sahib ji, lying in the Sikh Research library have been reduced to ashes by the army. The records of the S.G.P.C., and Darbar Sahib were set ablaze and destroyed. The Guru Nanak Niwas has also been set ablaze. Darshani Deodi has been completely destroyed and the Toshakhana looted. From the Toshakhana, silver and golden Palki Sahibs have been destroyed & priceless covers of Guru Granth Sahib have looted and destroyed. After looting the jewels and emerald from the Chandni Sahib and other treasures, the military set it ablaze. These jewels are now adorning the necklaces of the wives of military officers and jawans engaged in the actions, Priceless treasures and traditional arms belonging to our Great Gurus and erstwhile Sikh generals like Baba Deep Singh were looted by the army and are now being exhibited as war trophies by the military. The area in front of the Darshani Deodi and Sri Akal Takht, was a virtual bloodbath with about a horse's hoof length of blood. 7. The vandalism at Sri Akal Takht by the government of India will be remembered by the Sikhs in the same way as the Chinese remember the vandalism of the Forbidden City by the Europeans in According to the government of India's official version, the government wanted to arrest twenty seven alleged extremists, who were supposed to be hiding in the precincts of the Golden Temple and the Operation Bluestar was planned for it. But in reality the government To Khalsa Panth by Atinder Pal Singh 4 of 11

5 declared every Sikh as an enemy and the statement of the Prime Minister on the eve of the attack was a like a head of state addressing her people before the state forces are sent for war against an enemy. 9. The Golden Temple Complex is still occupied and so are 37 other prominent historical Gurdwaras which include the Takht Sri Damdama Sahib, Gurdwara Mukatsar, Gurdwara Dukh Niwaran in Patiala, Gurdwara Moga, the martyrdom places of Baba Ajit Singh Baba Jujhar Singh at Chamkaur and the martyrdom places of Baba Zorawar Singh and Fateh Singh at Sirhind. The whole of Punjab has been occupied as an enemy country as the government of India is not satisfied with the loot it has made from it during the last 37 year of colonial rule, Khalsa ji, historians and members of the fourth estate, may you kindly remember in this context that the army was withdrawn from Bangladesh within a month, but the Sikhs are worst enemies of India and occupation of their territories continues. The government of India has declared pension benefits of Rupees One lakh to the next of kin of the soldiers who lost their lives in the action. Such benefits were denied to those killed in the wars of 1962, 1965 and What a great vengeance against the Sikhs. 10. The whole of Punjab, the countryside in particular is groaning under the so-called mopping operations during which innocent Sikh are being killed mercilessly, Young Sikhs-boys and girls are removed from their homes, their turbans removed, hand tied at their backs Keshas (Hair) untied in order to block their vision and then shot at point-blank range in front of the entire rural folk. More than 20,000 Sikhs have been killed and the whereabouts of another 50,000 is not known. It is feared that they have been killed in fake encounters and concentration camps at Ladha Kothi in Sangrur District, Chandi, Mandir in Chandigarh, Patiala fort in Patiala, Meerut-Cantt. and Agra Cantt. in Uttar Pardesh, 3EME Center, Bairagarh in Bhopal, Babina, Mhow and Gwalior in Madhya Pradesh, N.D.A. Khadakvasla in Pune and Jaipur in Rajasthan, About 260 young girls are also being tortured in these centres. The above reminds the Sikhs of the cruel deeds of General Cowan ICS, who, at Malerkotla, tied hundreds of Kuka Sikhs to the mouths of tanks and blew them into smithereens. As we have not forgotten that incident even after a hundred years, we shall never forget this holocaust for centuries to come. about 40,000 Sikh homes have been raided by the army in retaliation (as more than 5,000 man of the Indian army have so far been To Khalsa Panth by Atinder Pal Singh 5 of 11

6 killed by the Sikh liberation soldiers). All these have been mercilessly looted by the army in celebration of their victory. 11. Now let me give you the role of the Hindu community After the occupation of the Golden Temple Complex on the 6th, of June, 1984 the bodies of Sant Jarnail Singh Khalsa Bhindaranwala, Bhai Amrik Singh Baba Thara Singh and General Subheg Singh were pleased in front of the Darshani Deodi and displayed to the Hindu population whose happiness know no hounds. How did the Hindus enter the Golden Temple Complex? 240 representatives of the Durgiana Temple committee, the Hindu Mahasabha and the Hindu Suraksha Samiti were given special passes by the government of India. Rupees Seven and a half Lakh Rupees was given (by the army) Durgiana management to kill Sant Jarnail Singh Khalsa Bhinderanwala. These members were too willing to celebrate the victory of the Hindu kingdom. To that on sweets, sweetmeats, cigarettes, mutton, drinks, etc. were distributed amongst the army within the holy precincts of the Golden Temple Complex. May it be put on record that on 9th, June, 1984, two Sikh soldiers of the Indian army who were stationed at the Akal Takht, killed thirty-five of their cosoldiers who were merry-making there. My community and the Panth shall remember them as martyrs. Not only in the Punjab but all over the country the Hindus celebrated this victory and ridiculed the at the allghtest pretext. Also during the mopping up operations supposedly to find out extremists, the Hindus lent and are lending full support covertly in Identifying Sikh homes, for the military to shoot and loot. 12. I, the humble servant of the Khalsa Panth emphatically point out that the military has looted more than 500 crores in cash & kind from the Akal Takht, Sri Darbar Sahib and a hundred and seventy of the other Gurdwaras This money and treasure is the property of the Khalsa Panth given at the Akal Takht Sahib to enable the Sikh freedom fighters to liberate the community from the Indian yolk. We will endeavor and recover this loot with Interest from the Indian army and the government of India. The traditional weapons which were given as Darshan Bhet by devout Sikhs to their Gurus and which were looted after gaining control of the Akal Takht will be forcibly recovered from the Hindu Indian army. 13. I, the humble servant of the Sikh nation would like to caution the Sikh world and plead to every Sikh to keep his eyes open and be alert to the designs of traitors within the community. Especially those who surrendered before the army action and also those who later on preferred to enjoy the To Khalsa Panth by Atinder Pal Singh 6 of 11

7 comforts of luxurious rest houses (called jails by the government) than to organise and lead the community in this hour of grave crisis. The Akal Dal which is an organisation of brave Shaheeds should strive & persevere to get their body rid of such leaders and pseudojathedars who have used their martyrdom for petty ministries and positions. The members of the Akali Dal and the Sikh world at alarge should be aware that these very men may through secret parleys the government try and deceive the community to satisfy their love for kursi. It is not only my conviction and that of my organisation, but he voice of the entire Sikh nation that the khalsa panth will not allow any Sikh to enter political offices under the Indian constitution anywhere in the country. It is time that the body politic of the Akali Dal must come forward to renounce the agreement made by it with the Hindu leaders in 1946, for the government of India has lost its right to represent us, and that agreement is no longer binding on the Sikh community. 14. Unlike other religious groups in Indian and the world, the Sikhs are the only people who are enjoined upon to carry weapons on their body as a means of protection of oneself and readiness to offer protection to the needy. The Sikh Gurdwaras are not mere places of worship and congregation but a center which always offers protection and safety to all those who need it from the tyranny of the state and anti-social elements. The Sikh way of life is to hail the saints and to destroy the demons. As such all Gurdwaras must have arms and the tradition of maintaining the best of sophisticated weaponry is perfectly in order & according to the tenets of the Sikh Gurus. History bears testimony to the fact that Guru Gobind Singh possessed ninety - three types of weapons including a Cheh-mukhi a sophisticated weapon of those times, which was not in the possession of the then Delhi Darbar. Also according to a Hukamnama (order) of the tenth Guru only those Sikhs should come to seek his Darahan who were the best of weapons and brought sophisticated weapons as an offering. Today, all those who are questioning the storing of arms at the Akal Takht Harmandir Sahib and other Gurdwaras are in fact questioning the wisdom of Guru Hargobind Sahib and Guru Gobind Singh Ji. It is an indirect method of condemning the Sikh way of life, the Hukamnamas of our Gurus and the Sikh concepts of Miri-Piri and Sant-Sipahi All those- Sikhs and non Sikhs: who are indulging in this compaign of vilification will have to face the consequences. 15. The Sikh outside the punjab are under a very wrong notion that the struggle in punjab is a regional problem and the Sikh in the other states of To Khalsa Panth by Atinder Pal Singh 7 of 11

8 India are not concerned. This is a big folly, let it be known to all that they are soon going to be the victims of this policy of genocide of the Hindu Indian government. It is in their interest that they should see the writing on the well and without losing-time make adequate arrangements and preparation for the protection of their families and protection of the sanctity of their Gurdwaras. Sikhs all over India should rise above local politics and see the whole situation in a broader perspective. They should actively participate in this war of liberation by spending time, money and efforts. In their own self interest, they and their organisations should desist from oppsoing and condemining the Sikh liberation struggle. The panth knows its traitors will deal with accordingly. A large number of Sikh- men women are facing mocktrials tortures (so far the government of India has used fifteen different in human methods of torture in the jails and concentration camps) and privations at Ladha Kothi in Sangrur district and other places mentioned above. Four to six bodies are thrown out of the Chandi Mandir concentration camp at Chandigarh every day which fact can be verified by those who can get these so for, fifteen Sikhs have been killed at the camp in 3EME, Bairagarh, Bhopal. This sad story continues unabated. May I humbly request the Sikhs out of Punjab to endeavor their maximum to liberate these heroes or else a whole generation will be wiped out. It is also the bounding duty of the Sikhs in India to come forward and assist with all their mite the rehabilitation of the families who are the victim of the wanton aggression of the Indian government. 16. I, the humble servant of the Khalsa Panth, personally and on behalf of my organisation and its members commend the unique services rendered by the Sikhs living abroad in the furtherance of our liberation movement. My brethren. You have rightly held demonstrations against the barbaric actions of the government of India in front of Indian embassies and missions. I appeal to all Sikhs living abroad, to stage such demonstrations on the 6th of very month so that the western world can understand the enormity against of cruelty Sikhs in India. The Sikhs, wherever, they are should expose the hallowness and felsehood of the Indian government visa-vis Sikhs. A case should be prepared and presented to world bodies like the U.N.O. Human Rights Commission and Amnesty International. on all occasions, when world leaders meet efforts must be made to familarise them with the fate of Sikhs in secular, socialist India. I appeal to Sikhs in all corners of the globe to unite under the present leadership which is already voicing the Sikhs viewpoint to the To Khalsa Panth by Atinder Pal Singh 8 of 11

9 various governments Unity the need of the hour. we must desist from organising new factions and function as a disciplined people under the canopy of the Sri Akal Takht Sahib. 17. The Sri Akal Takht Sahib embodies our sovereign indestructible will for freedom. The Khalsa Panth will get it erected when the Sikhs are a free people and that too through the hands of Ammritdhari Sikhs Particularly the members of the families of all those martyrs whose children laid down their live to maintain its sanctity and glory. Let it be clear to the government and the traitors of the Panth that the Akal Takht erected by them and other repair work done would be dismantled. The cronies of the government - in the garb of Nihanga and pseudo-saints and factional leaders of breakaway Akali Dal groups (without any membership) are too well-known to the Khalsa Panth. The Sikhs must offer almost residence to the designs of the government. As the need has arisen, we shall forcibly stop these paid laborers and stooges of the Congress, whatever the price we may have to pay. 18. I and sixty thousand members of my organisation and their parents are in the throes of pain and agony in pointing out that while thousands of the youth of Punjab are languishing in jails, the government is manipulating to hold a mockery of examinations under the control of the military. We will ensure that no examination will be allowed to be held till all those who have been detained are released and the army is completely withdrawn from the Punjab. I, the humble servant of the Sikh nation, hereby sternly warn the teachers, professors, supervisors and university employees that they should not participate in the conduction of the exams. If they do, they shall be doing it at their own risk. 19. The Khalsa Panth extends a hearty welcome the 15,000 soldiers who have spontaneously left their barracks in sympathy to our liberation struggle. They are the true saint-soldiers who have offend themselves at the altar of Indian bigotry. Every Sikh - particularly those living in states other than Punjab must strive to get them released, as they are likely to be shot dead at the hands of the Hindu military. We also welcome all those IAS, IFA, IPS and other officials who have resigned from Indian posts and have expressed their solidarity with the Panth. The panth will not tolerate the compulsory retirement of police officers and administrators, for it is yet another example of gross indiscrimination by the Hindu government. All those who have resigned and those who have been discriminated will be looked after taken care of by the Khalsa Panth. To Khalsa Panth by Atinder Pal Singh 9 of 11

10 20. According to official sources the Indian Army was to assist the civil administration but instead without declaring martial law, the army is in control of the civil administration. All executive power is exercised by the army generals The sixth and seventh floors of the Punjab Secretariat at Chandigarh are the headquarters of the army, R.S. Dayal with assistance from military officers controls the state affairs from the sixth floor The IAS, IPS officers have been divested of their powers and are mere clerks of the military. According to secret notification of the government of India the army intends to stay atleast till 31st. Dec. 84 provided the conditions are restored to normalcy which means that the government is likely to extend occupation of Punjab thereafter took. The latest ordinance proves that the government is determined to destroy the Sikhs root and branch. These dark deeds of the government of Indira Gandhi is reminiscent of the Mac Aothian occupation of Japan after the Second world war. I, the humble servant of the Khalsa Panth appeal to Sikhs all over the world to understand the implications of this attitude of the Hindu kingdom. It is possible that like Assam the government may hold elections under the duress of the army and foist upon us a puppet government of Nazis in France in I, voice the conviction of all Sikhs that we will not allow our Gurdwaras to be converted into mandirs by the government which is hell bent on installing mahants and touts ot manage all Sikhs institutions. The effort of the government to divide the Sikh community by raising vital fundamental Issue like, karsewa storing and wearing of arms sonic political base of Sikhim will be thwarted by the Khalsa panth we will run our institutions and manage our Gurdwaras in accordance with the tenets of the Sikh religion. 22. I, also declare that all police officials, military men administrators, members of the Congress cabinet the Prime Minister and president of India who all in unieon prepared a conspiracy to annihilate the Sikhs would be given an opportunity to seek Justice after Nuremberg trials at the Akal Takht. 23. On behalf of the Sikh nation, I wish to add that our struggle for liberation is not merely limited to Punjab but has wider international implications when we succeed in our objectives it would ensure the freedom of Kashmir stability in Pakistan and the designs of nec-imperialists like USSR would be foiled. It would also ensure the freedom of Afghans, who are reeling under the hordes of Russian bears. To Khalsa Panth by Atinder Pal Singh 10 of 11

11 We will soon establish diplomatic relations with all countries especially our neighboring countries. we also deem fit to emphasize here that hence forth Sikh no longer accepts the Sikhs citizens. 24. very humbly, the All India Sikh Student's Federation submits a five-point Charter. which every member of the Khalsa Panth should entrain on their hearts : (1) We are no longer Indian and India no longer exists for us now our one & only destination is a sovereign and independent state duly recognised by public law. (2) We have no demands to make and no compromises to discuss. (3) No Sikh in India, hereafter will participate in any election under the Indian constitution, Including the elections of the SGPC and the DGPC. we shall frame our own laws at the Akal Takht for the management of our Gurdwaras & other institution all over the world (4) We are Royal devotees of Waheguru and we shall hereafter seek his favor and shall endeavor to work towards the realisation of our being, SOVEREIGN SUI GENERIES. (5) Every Sikh family must send atleast one son or daughter for the Sikh liberation movement. They should organise themselves into Shaheedi jathas and be ready to fight and dle. 14 TH OF JUNE 1984 Atinder Pal Singh ACTING PRESIDENT ALL INDIA SIKH STUDENT'S FEDERATION SRI AMRITSAR To Khalsa Panth by Atinder Pal Singh 11 of 11

Chapter-VI CONCLUSION

Chapter-VI CONCLUSION Chapter-VI CONCLUSION The Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhik Committee (hereafter SGPC) was constituted in the midst of the religious 'reform movement, having strong political moorings, popularly known as the

More information

By Dabinderjit Singh. facebook.com/sikh Federation UK

By Dabinderjit Singh.  facebook.com/sikh Federation UK As reports emerge that the UK may have colluded in a merciless 1984 raid on the Golden Temple in Amritsar, we look back at one of the most painful and important moments in Sikh history. By Dabinderjit

More information

Gurdwara Gazette Assu (September 2016) English Section Gurdwara Gazette Editor : Diljit Singh 'Bedi'

Gurdwara Gazette Assu (September 2016) English Section Gurdwara Gazette Editor : Diljit Singh 'Bedi' 97 English Section Gurdwara Gazette Editor : Diljit Singh 'Bedi' 98 DAYS COMMEMORATING HISTORICAL EVENTS (16 th September to 15 th October) 16 Sep. (a) Assassination of S. Ajit Singh and S. Lehna Singh

More information

Sikhism. Gurus. Founding of the Religion The word Sikh

Sikhism. Gurus. Founding of the Religion The word Sikh Sikhism SLMS/10 Sikhism is a religion that originated in northern India during the late 1400s in the waning years of the Delhi Sultanate. By world history standards, the religion is a young one. Sikhism

More information

Strategy for the Sikh community to manage Narendra Modi s visit to the UK November 2015

Strategy for the Sikh community to manage Narendra Modi s visit to the UK November 2015 Strategy for the Sikh community to manage Narendra Modi s visit to the UK 12-14 November 2015 Federation of Sikh Organisations (FSO) Supported by UK Gurdwaras Meeting held at Sri Guru Singh Sabha, Southall

More information

How did India s Punjab crisis arise and how has it been resolved?

How did India s Punjab crisis arise and how has it been resolved? How did India s Punjab crisis arise and how has it been resolved? The storming of the Golden Temple in Amritsar by the Indian Army during Operation Bluestar has been described as a disastrous political

More information

Current Sikh Issues-Sikh Historical Perspective

Current Sikh Issues-Sikh Historical Perspective Current Sikh Issues-Sikh Historical Perspective Chapter 4-6 Derawad and Apostacy in Sikhs-Causes and Solution Derawad is in total contradiction to the Divine thought of Sikh religion. Guru Granth Sahib

More information

Review Committee constituted By SGPC who submitted the Report to Sri Akal Takhat

Review Committee constituted By SGPC who submitted the Report to Sri Akal Takhat Review Committee constituted By SGPC who submitted the Report to Sri Akal Takhat A Committee was constituted by S.G.P.C to review the writings of Dr. Pashura Singh under the command of Akal Takhat (Temporal

More information

Sikhism Test your knowledge

Sikhism Test your knowledge Sikhism Test your knowledge Match up the informa9on 'learner' or 'disciple' Sikhism comes from India teacher Guru Nanak about 500 years ago Guru means Sikhism started Sikhism means was the founder of Sikhism

More information

The Sikh Monuments in Pakistan, conservation and preservation: Can Monument of Kartarpur Sahib bring peace between India and Pakistan?

The Sikh Monuments in Pakistan, conservation and preservation: Can Monument of Kartarpur Sahib bring peace between India and Pakistan? Journal of the Punjab University Historical Society Volume No. 03, Issue No. 2, July - December 2017 B. S. Goraya * The Sikh Monuments in Pakistan, conservation and preservation: Can Monument of Kartarpur

More information

25% Area of Study: Area of Study: God. Central Concepts. The Nature of God God as Creator God s relationship with human life

25% Area of Study: Area of Study: God. Central Concepts. The Nature of God God as Creator God s relationship with human life Explain how and why Sikhs might show equality to others.(8 marks) Explain how and why Sikhs might show equality to others.(8 marks) Candidates are expected to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of

More information

Decline of Mughal. Fill in the blanks: True/False. 1. Nadir Shah invaded Bengal. Answer: False 2. Sawai Raja Jai Singh was the ruler of Indore.

Decline of Mughal. Fill in the blanks: True/False. 1. Nadir Shah invaded Bengal. Answer: False 2. Sawai Raja Jai Singh was the ruler of Indore. Decline of Mughal True/False 1. Nadir Shah invaded Bengal. Answer: False 2. Sawai Raja Jai Singh was the ruler of Indore. Answer: False 3. Guru Gobind Singh was the tenth guru of the Sikhs. Answer: True

More information

POSITION OF WOMEN IN SIKHISM

POSITION OF WOMEN IN SIKHISM KAAV INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ARTS,HUMANITIES & SOCIAL SCIENCES POSITION OF WOMEN IN SIKHISM JASPREET KAUR Assistant Professor Khalsa College for Women Civil Lines, Ludhiana In Indian history, medivial

More information

UNITED SIKHS 5th Global Sikh Civil and Human Rights Conference Highlights

UNITED SIKHS 5th Global Sikh Civil and Human Rights Conference Highlights UNITED SIKHS 5th Global Sikh Civil and Human Rights Conference Highlights Click here for Photos Click here for Video UNITEDSIKHS TV The Global Sikh Civil and Human Rights Conference serves as a platform

More information

CHAPTER 1 (Part II) MAKING OF SIKH RELIGION

CHAPTER 1 (Part II) MAKING OF SIKH RELIGION CHAPTER 1 (Part II) MAKING OF SIKH RELIGION Guru Nanak Dev, founder of Sikh religion, was deputed by God, the Almighty, as a rophet to enlighten and protect the disturbed mankind with his message of Truth,

More information

Guru Gobind Singh ji

Guru Gobind Singh ji Guru Gobind Singh ji When & where was the Khalsa Panth created? It was created on the day of Vaisakhi (March 30) of the year 1699 at Kesgarh Saheb, Anandpur by Guru Gobind Singh Ji. What name did Guru

More information

(The Golden Temple Amritsar)

(The Golden Temple Amritsar) Travel Guide of (The Golden Temple Amritsar) October 2011 Edition www.idea-ads.com Complimentary Copy, Not for Sale www.goldentempleamritsar.org Harmandir Sahib Daily Routine of Sri Harmandir Sahib...

More information

Can a 'Sehajdhari Sikh Continue to Shave? An In-depth Analysis Gurcharanjit Singh Lamba

Can a 'Sehajdhari Sikh Continue to Shave? An In-depth Analysis Gurcharanjit Singh Lamba Can a 'Sehajdhari Sikh Continue to Shave? An In-depth Analysis Gurcharanjit Singh Lamba A person cannot claim to be a Sehajdhari Sikh by trimming/cutting his/her hair, beard or eyebrows in any manner.

More information

Honoring the life and contributions of Yogi Bhajan, 109TH CONGRESS 1ST SESSION CONCURRENT RESOLUTION H. CON. RES. 34

Honoring the life and contributions of Yogi Bhajan, 109TH CONGRESS 1ST SESSION CONCURRENT RESOLUTION H. CON. RES. 34 109TH CONGRESS 1ST SESSION H. CON. RES. 34 CONCURRENT RESOLUTION Honoring the life and contributions of Yogi Bhajan, a leader of Sikhs, and expressing condolences to the Sikh community on his passing.

More information

Current Sikh issues Sikh historical perspective

Current Sikh issues Sikh historical perspective Current Sikh issues Sikh historical perspective chapter 4-7 Dasam Granth dispute-solution DASAM GRANTH, CONTAINS THE COMPOSITIONS JAAP SAHIB, AKAL USTAT, BACHITTER NATAK,CoNTAINING-:" CHANDI CHARITER 1

More information

Current Sikh Issues-Sikh Historical Perspective ( part 4-19)

Current Sikh Issues-Sikh Historical Perspective ( part 4-19) Current Sikh Issues-Sikh Historical Perspective ( part 4-19) The elements inimical to Sikhs led by some of the Brahmanical cult who were exposed the most in Sikhism for the exploitation of the innocent

More information

Diaspora Polling Brief

Diaspora Polling Brief INSPIRING SIKHS TO BECOME A GLOBAL COLLECTIVE MODELLING GLOBAL SIKH SELF-GOVERNANCE Diaspora Polling Brief 7 NOVEMBER 2016 WWW.FREEAKALTAKHT.ORG @FREEAKALTAKHT #FREEAKALTAKHT CONTENTS WHAT THIS DOCUMENT

More information

Amarjit Chandan. Today is 23 rd June, 2014, and we are in London. Anne Murphy and I, Amarjit Chandan, at my house.

Amarjit Chandan. Today is 23 rd June, 2014, and we are in London. Anne Murphy and I, Amarjit Chandan, at my house. Amarjit Chandan Today is 23 rd June, 2014, and we are in London. Anne Murphy and I, Amarjit Chandan, at my house. I was born in Nairobi, Kenya in November, 1946. My father first went there in the year

More information

THE GATEWAY OF INDIA BECOMES A GATEWAY OF DEATH. By Nick Gier. For all my columns on Muslims and Islamic culture see

THE GATEWAY OF INDIA BECOMES A GATEWAY OF DEATH. By Nick Gier. For all my columns on Muslims and Islamic culture see THE GATEWAY OF INDIA BECOMES A GATEWAY OF DEATH By Nick Gier For all my columns on Muslims and Islamic culture see www.class.uidaho.edu/ngier/islampage.htm Draft chapters of a book "The Origins of Religious

More information

Schedule of Interview of Medical Officer (Psychiatry) Dated : 04/12/2008

Schedule of Interview of Medical Officer (Psychiatry) Dated : 04/12/2008 Schedule of of Medical Officer (Psychiatry) Dated : 04/12/2008 Venue of 1 Dr. Vikrant Bajaj S/o Sh. Mohan Lal 2 Ranju Dutta D/o Late Sh. Rajinder K. Dutta 3 Dr. Pawan Kumar Barnwal S/o Sri Harinarayan

More information

*X213/201* X213/201 RELIGIOUS, MORAL AND PHILOSOPHICAL STUDIES INTERMEDIATE 2. There are four Sections in this paper.

*X213/201* X213/201 RELIGIOUS, MORAL AND PHILOSOPHICAL STUDIES INTERMEDIATE 2. There are four Sections in this paper. X213/201 NATIONAL QUALIFICATIONS 2008 WEDNESDAY, 28 MAY 9.00 AM 11.00 AM RELIGIOUS, MORAL AND PHILOSOPHICAL STUDIES INTERMEDIATE 2 There are four Sections in this paper. Section 1 World Religions: This

More information

Brother, Why was all this Kala Afgana rubbish needed in our country.

Brother, Why was all this Kala Afgana rubbish needed in our country. 19 Feb 2018 To the Sikh brother who is complaining about our comments on Jagir. Our answer is very simple : The proof is in the pudding! The fighting, hatred, disunity and chaos that has been let loose

More information

FREEDOM CONCERNS RELIGIOUS. OSCE Human Dimension STATEMENT BY THE EUROPEAN ASSOCIATION OF JEHOVAH S CHRISTIAN WITNESSES

FREEDOM CONCERNS RELIGIOUS. OSCE Human Dimension STATEMENT BY THE EUROPEAN ASSOCIATION OF JEHOVAH S CHRISTIAN WITNESSES R U S S I A RELIGIOUS FREEDOM CONCERNS STATEMENT BY THE EUROPEAN ASSOCIATION OF JEHOVAH S CHRISTIAN WITNESSES OFFICE OF GENERAL COUNSEL WORLD HEADQUARTERS OF JEHOVAH S WITNESSES OSCE Human Dimension Implementation

More information

THE SILENT SUMMER OF Carthusian monks in Italy opened their doors, saving many from death camps; their reward: martyrdom

THE SILENT SUMMER OF Carthusian monks in Italy opened their doors, saving many from death camps; their reward: martyrdom THE SILENT SUMMER OF 1944 Carthusian monks in Italy opened their doors, saving many from death camps; their reward: martyrdom Charterhouse of the Transfiguration 2006 CARTHUSIAN BOOKLETS SERIES, N 10 THE

More information

Letter of Bhai Sukha Jinda to President of India "EK ONKAR" "Rastrapati Ji",

Letter of Bhai Sukha Jinda to President of India EK ONKAR Rastrapati Ji, Letter of Bhai Sukha Jinda to President of India "EK ONKAR" "Rastrapati Ji", Kindly accept Sat Sri Akal (Salute to the Revered Timeless) by the two Singhs (Sikhs) on their way to martyrdom. Theoretically,

More information

Soldiers and their Uniforms in Indian Art with special reference to the Punjab

Soldiers and their Uniforms in Indian Art with special reference to the Punjab Research Paper Soldiers and their Uniforms in Indian Art with special reference to the Punjab Paper ID IJIFR/ V2/ E1/ 042 Page No 155-161 Subject Area Art History And Visual Arts Key Words Indian Art,

More information

Part III: Imperialism in Asia

Part III: Imperialism in Asia Imperialism Use the map on the previous slide to answer the following questions. 1. What European country owned most of India? 2. What did Japan own (other than its own islands)? 3. What did the US own?

More information

13. Who is the spiritual father of the Khalsa? 1. Name the ten Gurus of the Sikhs in the right order. 14. Who is the spiritual mother of the Khalsa?

13. Who is the spiritual father of the Khalsa? 1. Name the ten Gurus of the Sikhs in the right order. 14. Who is the spiritual mother of the Khalsa? 1. Name the ten Gurus of the Sikhs in the right order. (i) Guru Nanak Dev Ji (1469-1539) (ii) Guru Angad Dev Ji (1504-1552) (iii) Guru Amardas Ji (1479-1574) (iv) Guru Ramdas Ji (1534-1581) (v) Guru Arjan

More information

DESTINATION Pushkar. Location: It is located 135 kilometers of the state capital, Jaipur, 385 kilometers from Delhi.

DESTINATION Pushkar. Location: It is located 135 kilometers of the state capital, Jaipur, 385 kilometers from Delhi. DESTINATION Pushkar Location: It is located 135 kilometers of the state capital, Jaipur, 385 kilometers from Delhi. Pushkar is a sacred town for the Hindus, situated 11 kms. To the North-West of Ajmer.

More information

BIRTH-PLACE OF GANDHIJI Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born at Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi s home at Porbandar in Gujarat on 2 nd October 1869.

BIRTH-PLACE OF GANDHIJI Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born at Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi s home at Porbandar in Gujarat on 2 nd October 1869. 1 BIRTH-PLACE OF GANDHIJI Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born at Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi s home at Porbandar in Gujarat on 2 nd October 1869. 2 TRUTHFULLNESS A) Once Mohan stole a bit of Gold, but

More information

The Unitarian Universalist Church in Meriden Building a New Way. Kayla Parker, Ministerial Intern November 9, 2014

The Unitarian Universalist Church in Meriden Building a New Way. Kayla Parker, Ministerial Intern November 9, 2014 The Unitarian Universalist Church in Meriden Building a New Way Kayla Parker, Ministerial Intern November 9, 2014 Yes. Indeed there is more hope somewhere Often times we look to the future for this hope

More information

31st May 1984 Satwant could feel her clothes sticking to her, the heat was unbearable, she had spent the night tossing and turning trying to get a goo

31st May 1984 Satwant could feel her clothes sticking to her, the heat was unbearable, she had spent the night tossing and turning trying to get a goo Amritsar 1984 31st May 1984 Satwant could feel her clothes sticking to her, the heat was unbearable, she had spent the night tossing and turning trying to get a goodnights sleep. She glanced at her watch,

More information

SAMPLE TOUR INDIA. Perform in the. Golden Triangle. Delhi Agra Jaipur. Your World of Music

SAMPLE TOUR INDIA. Perform in the. Golden Triangle. Delhi Agra Jaipur.  Your World of Music SAMPLE TOUR INDIA Perform in the Golden Triangle Delhi Agra Jaipur Your World of Music DELHI/AGRA/JAIPUR Day 1 Depart U.S.A Day 2 Arrive into Delhi airport and be welcomed to India - a country where hospitality

More information

Documents on Smuggling of artifacts from India and depositing into an account in Cayman Islands.

Documents on Smuggling of artifacts from India and depositing into an account in Cayman Islands. Documents on Smuggling of artifacts from India and depositing into an account in Cayman Islands. The documents show the letters to Central Govt Minister as well as court documents directing CBI (Central

More information

Sikh Religion Initiation-Amrit and Sikh code of conduct

Sikh Religion Initiation-Amrit and Sikh code of conduct 1 Sikh Religion Initiation-Amrit and Sikh code of conduct (Mandatory for Sikhs) By- Mewa Singh (Ret) Judge,california Sikh religion believes in, Fatherhood of God, Brotherhood of mankind and Truthful living.

More information

Descriptions of the Dasam Granth from the Sketch of the Sikhs in view of Sikh History

Descriptions of the Dasam Granth from the Sketch of the Sikhs in view of Sikh History Descriptions of the Dasam Granth from the Sketch of the Sikhs in view of Sikh History Gurinder Singh Mann* In this paper we are going to look at the descriptions of the Dasam Granth or Granth of the Tenth

More information

Do we still have universal values?

Do we still have universal values? Third Global Ethic Lecture Do we still have universal values? By the Secretary General of the United Nations Kofi Annan at the University of Tübingen on December 12, 2003 Excellencies, Ladies and Gentlemen,

More information

SACRED SPACES IN PROFANE BUILDINGS

SACRED SPACES IN PROFANE BUILDINGS SACRED SPACES IN PROFANE BUILDINGS A project by: Matilde Cassani Book editor: Demian Bern EXP. Edition www.matildecassani.com www.sacredspacesinprofanebuildings.com The quality and form of the sacred space

More information

Your World of Music INDIA. Perform in the. Golden Triangle. Delhi Agra Jaipur. Your World of Music

Your World of Music INDIA. Perform in the. Golden Triangle. Delhi Agra Jaipur.  Your World of Music Your World of Music INDIA Perform in the Golden Triangle Delhi Agra Jaipur www.kiconcerts.com Your World of Music DELHI/AGRA/JAIPUR Day 1 Arrive into Delhi airport and be welcomed to India - a country

More information

(turn over--keep reading!)

(turn over--keep reading!) Passages adapted from Wikipedia (https://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/death_penalty) Directions: Read and annotate the passage below then answer the questions on the next page. The Death Penalty The death

More information

OGCF 2016 in various States/UTs

OGCF 2016 in various States/UTs Glimpses of Inaugural Function of OGCF 2016 in various States/UTs Andaman & Nicobar Islands Shri Bishnu Pada Ray, Hon'ble Member of Parliament, Andaman & Nicobar Islands delivering OGCF inaugural address

More information

Q: Was the lack of unity amongst the Indians the most important cause of the failure of the war of Independence 1857? Explain your answer.

Q: Was the lack of unity amongst the Indians the most important cause of the failure of the war of Independence 1857? Explain your answer. Q: Was the lack of unity amongst the Indians the most important cause of the failure of the war of Independence 1857? Explain your answer. [14] ANS: The attempt to overthrow the British and expel them

More information

Toussaint Louverture's 'Dictatorial Proclamation' The L Ouverture Project (1801)

Toussaint Louverture's 'Dictatorial Proclamation' The L Ouverture Project (1801) Toussaint Louverture's 'Dictatorial Proclamation' The L Ouverture Project (1801) It was Victor Schoelcher, Toussaint s biographer, who labeled this proclamation, dictatorial. It contains almost all the

More information

Nehemiah s s Route: Susa (Persia) to Jerusalem (Judah) approximately 1300 km

Nehemiah s s Route: Susa (Persia) to Jerusalem (Judah) approximately 1300 km Nehemiah s s Route: Susa (Persia) to Jerusalem (Judah) approximately 1300 km Nehemiah 1-8 A blueprint for projects undertaken for the Kingdom of God Chapter 1 2 Hanani,, one of my brothers, came from Judah

More information

Unit 2: Judaism The Torah The composition and copying of the Torah (e,g. laws, history, poetry and stories)

Unit 2: Judaism The Torah The composition and copying of the Torah (e,g. laws, history, poetry and stories) Topic chart Units Religious Education topics Content Unit 1: Introduction Messages and methods of communication Ways of communicating important messages Sacred books in worship Sacred books and communities

More information

FOREWORD

FOREWORD http://www.scribd.com/doc/28373131/mahabali-guru-gobind-singh-svaan-e-umri-lala-daulat-rai FOREWORD Guru Gobind Singh figures in world history as a great leader of men, a versatile genius of the highest

More information

UNIT 3 INTRODUCTION TO SIKHISM

UNIT 3 INTRODUCTION TO SIKHISM 1 UNIT 3 INTRODUCTION TO SIKHISM Contents 3.0 Objectives 3. 1. Introduction to Sikhism 3. 2. The socio-religious Background of the Sikh Religion 3. 3. Guru Nanak and his life 3. 4. The Guru Tradition 3.

More information

Issue Overview: Jihad

Issue Overview: Jihad Issue Overview: Jihad By Bloomberg, adapted by Newsela staff on 10.05.16 Word Count 645 TOP: Members of the Palestinian group Islamic Jihad display weapons while praying before walking through the streets

More information

Full Congressional Testimony of Mr. John S. Smith (Use with Lesson 3) Washington, March 14, 1865

Full Congressional Testimony of Mr. John S. Smith (Use with Lesson 3) Washington, March 14, 1865 Full Congressional Testimony of Mr. John S. Smith (Use with Lesson 3) Washington, March 14, 1865 Mr. John S. Smith sworn and examined. Question. Where is your place of residence? Answer. Fort Lyon, Colorado

More information

The Role of Punjabi Language in Selfidentification

The Role of Punjabi Language in Selfidentification The Role of Punjabi Language in Selfidentification of Punjabi Community L. V. Khokhlova The aim of this paper is to analyze the changing role of language factor in self-identification of Punjabi community

More information

POINT OF VIEW Freedom Struggle Has to Go On...

POINT OF VIEW Freedom Struggle Has to Go On... POINT OF VIEW Freedom Struggle Has to Go On... [Nirmala Deshpande is a name, which does not require any introduction. A widely acclaimed social activist Nirmala is one of the flagbearers of non-violence

More information

Solved MCQs of PAK301 By

Solved MCQs of PAK301 By Solved MCQs of PAK301 By http://vustudents.ning.com MIDTERM EXAMINATION Fall 2008 PAK301- Pakistan Studies (Session - 2) Question No: 1 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one Which Act is called as Minto-Morley

More information

Memorial Day The. Suggested Speech

Memorial Day The. Suggested Speech The American Legion Suggested Speech PUBLIC RELATIONS OFFICE P.O. BOX 1055 INDIANAPOLIS, IN 46206-1055 (317) 630-1253 Fax (317) 630-1368 For God and country Memorial Day 2010 The American Legion National

More information

THE POST-COLONIAL ASPECT OF SRI GURU GRANTH SAHIB

THE POST-COLONIAL ASPECT OF SRI GURU GRANTH SAHIB THE POST-COLONIAL ASPECT OF SRI GURU GRANTH SAHIB Associate Professor of Communication Skills, RBIENT, Hoshiarpur. INDIA The paper, The Post-Colonial Aspect of Sri Guru Granth Sahib, as the name indicates,

More information

MONTHLY SYLLABUS SESSION CLASS-IV SUBJECT : SOCIAL STUDIES TERM-I (APRIL-SEPTEMBER) Lesson 1: India An Introduction

MONTHLY SYLLABUS SESSION CLASS-IV SUBJECT : SOCIAL STUDIES TERM-I (APRIL-SEPTEMBER) Lesson 1: India An Introduction MONTHLY SYLLABUS SESSION-2017-18 CLASS-IV SUBJECT : SOCIAL STUDIES MONTH CONTENT TERM-I (APRIL-SEPTEMBER) April 2017 Lesson 1: India An Introduction Introduction of our country India. Map of world to be

More information

The Khalistan Movement of 1984: A Critical Appreciation

The Khalistan Movement of 1984: A Critical Appreciation South Asian Studies A Research Journal of South Asian Studies Vol. 32, No. 1, January June 2017, pp.81 90 The Khalistan Movement of 1984: A Critical Appreciation Muhmmad Iqbal Chawla University of the

More information

Community Participation in Tourism: A Case Study on Golden Temple

Community Participation in Tourism: A Case Study on Golden Temple Community Participation in Tourism: A Case Study on Golden Temple 1 Anshumali Pandey, 2 Priyadarshan Singh 1 IHM Silvassa, 2 Lakhawat, IHM Gurdaspur, (India) Abstract: Tourism and its impacts is a multidimensional

More information

Shri Sai Satcharitra

Shri Sai Satcharitra Stories of (1) Chennai s Bhajani Mela (2) Tendulkars (father and son) (3) Dr. Captain Hate (4) Woman Narvekar This chapter describes other interesting and wonderful stories of Sai Baba. (1) Chennai s Bhajani

More information

WITHSTAND ATTACKS WITH CHRIST EPH 6:10-20 FOURTEENTH SUNDAY AFTER PENTECOST AUG 30, 2015

WITHSTAND ATTACKS WITH CHRIST EPH 6:10-20 FOURTEENTH SUNDAY AFTER PENTECOST AUG 30, 2015 WITHSTAND ATTACKS WITH CHRIST EPH 6:10-20 FOURTEENTH SUNDAY AFTER PENTECOST AUG 30, 2015 10 Finally, be strong in the Lord and in the strength of his might. 11 Put on the whole armor of God, that you may

More information

10 - The War is Won, but the Battle Rages

10 - The War is Won, but the Battle Rages 1 10 - The War is Won, but the Battle Rages For though we walk in the flesh, we do not war according to the flesh. For the weapons of our warfare are not carnal but mighty in God for pulling down strongholds,

More information

TORA BORA. Screenplay by Moh Salim and Steven Shcenck WGA Reg. Number: LOGLINE

TORA BORA. Screenplay by Moh Salim and Steven Shcenck WGA Reg. Number: LOGLINE TORA BORA Screenplay by Moh Salim and Steven Shcenck WGA Reg. Number:1709713 LOGLINE Ex-GI Jack Forester, returns back to Afghanistan to avenge his two friends killed by Afghans. Instead, he finds friendship

More information

Anti-Jewish Legislation (Laws)

Anti-Jewish Legislation (Laws) Anti-Jewish Legislation (Laws) From 1933 to 1939, Hitler s Germany passed over 400 laws that targeted Jews. Individual cities created their own laws to limit the rights of Jews in addition to the national

More information

The Cost of Discipleship. Luke 14:25-35

The Cost of Discipleship. Luke 14:25-35 Equipping Pastors International Dr. Jack L. Arnold The Cost of Discipleship Luke 14:25-35 Almost weekly we hear of Muslim women strapping explosives to their bodies and blowing up innocent victims or Muslim

More information

VIENNA MODEL UNITED NATIONS CLUB

VIENNA MODEL UNITED NATIONS CLUB VIENNA MODEL UNITED NATIONS CLUB The Security Situation in Yemen Study Guide March Session 2015 1 History of the Republic of Yemen During the 60 s Yemen was divided into a northern and a southern part.

More information

GuruNanak and the Age of Darkness

GuruNanak and the Age of Darkness GuruNanak and the Age of Darkness Translated by Akaal Publishers With the emergence of the True Guru Nanak, the mist cleared and the light scattered all around. Similar to the rising sun, the stars and

More information

The Voyage of the Ghadar

The Voyage of the Ghadar The Voyage of the Ghadar Eastern Scholars Conference 2012 Pacific Coast Khalsa Diwan Society Gurdwara Sahib Stockton, CA, USA Hosted at University of the Pacific, Stockton, CA, USA A Resolution by PCKDS

More information

Adopted and Issued at the Nineteenth Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers in Cairo on 5 August 1990.

Adopted and Issued at the Nineteenth Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers in Cairo on 5 August 1990. The Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam Adopted and Issued at the Nineteenth Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers in Cairo on 5 August 1990. The Member States of the Organization of the Islamic

More information

By: Amanbir Kaur Wazir and her family

By: Amanbir Kaur Wazir and her family By: Amanbir Kaur Wazir and her family I spent the: -summer with my family in India when I was 2 years old -winter months when I was 5 -and again when I was 9 years old. My family and our large Sikh circle

More information

Prepared by.. :) me. File # 2

Prepared by.. :) me. File # 2 Prepared by. :) me File # 2 Who gave the Philosphical explanasion to ideology of pakistan? Sir Syyad Sir aaga Khan Allama Iqbal Quaid-e Azam Who was the 1 st president of Muslim League? Sir Aga Khan Nawab

More information

Thereafter, signature of the charter will remain open to all organisations that decide to adopt it.

Thereafter, signature of the charter will remain open to all organisations that decide to adopt it. Muslims of Europe Charter Since early 2000, the Federation of Islamic Organisations in Europe (FIOE) debated the establishment of a charter for the Muslims of Europe, setting out the general principles

More information

element is a more accessible alternative to drag & drop reordering. Press Enter or Space to move this question.

element is a more accessible alternative to drag & drop reordering. Press Enter or Space to move this question. This is my attempt to let you see the online final. When I copied it over it would only show the questions. Most are Multiple choice, t/f or matching but the highlighted questions are short answer, This

More information

GURBANI AND MIRACLES. by Harnaak Singh (170306) Gur Sikh Jio. Waheguru Ji Ka Khalsa Waheguru Ji Ki Fateh.

GURBANI AND MIRACLES. by Harnaak Singh (170306) Gur Sikh Jio. Waheguru Ji Ka Khalsa Waheguru Ji Ki Fateh. GURBANI AND MIRACLES by Harnaak Singh (170306) Gur Sikh Jio. Waheguru Ji Ka Khalsa Waheguru Ji Ki Fateh. Some quarters have been questioning certain incidences in the Sikh history. Some observations are

More information

DRIVEN TOWARDS FUNDAMENTALISM - EK GRANTH, EK PANTH, EK MARYADA

DRIVEN TOWARDS FUNDAMENTALISM - EK GRANTH, EK PANTH, EK MARYADA DRIVEN TOWARDS FUNDAMENTALISM - EK GRANTH, EK PANTH, EK MARYADA by Harnaak Singh Abstract 23-Dec-2016 This article comments on the article Driven towards fundamentalism by Dr Balwant Singh Bains (the author)

More information

Date of published 11/6/2013 Period covered: 15/3/2011-6/6/2013

Date of published 11/6/2013 Period covered: 15/3/2011-6/6/2013 Targeting Mosques by Syrian Government s More than 1451 mosque have been totally or partially destroyed and the kill of at least 48 orators and Imam of the mosque Date of published 11/6/2013 Period covered:

More information

Persecution of Ahmadis in Pakistan A brief

Persecution of Ahmadis in Pakistan A brief Introduction The Ahmadiyya Movement in Islam is a religious organization, international in its scope, with established branches in 170 countries in Africa, Americas, Asia, Europe, Australia and Oceania.

More information

Testimony on ENDA and the Religious Exemption. Rabbi David Saperstein. Director, Religious Action Center of Reform Judaism

Testimony on ENDA and the Religious Exemption. Rabbi David Saperstein. Director, Religious Action Center of Reform Judaism Testimony on ENDA and the Religious Exemption Rabbi David Saperstein Director, Religious Action Center of Reform Judaism House Committee on Education and Labor September 23, 2009 Thank you for inviting

More information

Book Review: "Evil Invades Sanctuary: The Case for Security in Faith- Based Organizations"

Book Review: Evil Invades Sanctuary: The Case for Security in Faith- Based Organizations Book Review: "Evil Invades Sanctuary: The Case for Security in Faith- Based Organizations" by Chad D. Baus Long-time readers of this website will no-doubt recall the active killer attack at New Life Church

More information

Catholic Social Teaching

Catholic Social Teaching Catholic Social Teaching 1891 1991 OHT 1 1891 Rerum Novarum (Leo XIII) (The Condition of Labour) 1931 Quadragesimo Anno (Pius XI) (The Reconstruction of the Social Order 40 th year) 1961 Mater et Magistra

More information

The life of the Báb - a teacher s guide

The life of the Báb - a teacher s guide The Bab Mirza Ali Muhammad was born in Persia in 1819. Students should note the name of Báb and recognize Báb as a title copy into workbooks. He was a descendant of the Prophet Muhammad, and as a child

More information

- Online Christian Library

- Online Christian Library The Importance of Personal Soul Winning By Dr. R. A. Torrey "He first findeth his own brother Simon. And he brought him to Jesus." John 1:41,42. The one who brought his brother to Jesus was Andrew. We

More information

SIKHS IN REPUBLIC OF INDIA 1947 TO 2010

SIKHS IN REPUBLIC OF INDIA 1947 TO 2010 CHAPTER X SIKHS IN REPUBLIC OF INDIA 1947 TO 2010 Sikhs Suffered the Most in Pre and Post Independence of India Sikhs made much more sacrifices than all other Indians in the Independence movement of India.

More information

No Matter What You Do, Work at It With All Your Might [Ability]

No Matter What You Do, Work at It With All Your Might [Ability] 10 Easy Reading Edition March 3-9 No Matter What You Do, Work at It With All Your Might [Ability] SABBATH MARCH 3 READ FOR THIS WEEK S STUDY: Ecclesiastes 9. MEMORY VERSE: No matter what you do, work at

More information

Regional Issues. Conflicts in the Middle East. Importance of Oil. Growth of Islamism. Oil as source of conflict in Middle East

Regional Issues. Conflicts in the Middle East. Importance of Oil. Growth of Islamism. Oil as source of conflict in Middle East Main Idea Reading Focus Conflicts in the Middle East Regional issues in the Middle East have led to conflicts between Israel and its neighbors and to conflicts in and between Iran and Iraq. How have regional

More information

THE GOSPEL IS A PARTNERSHIP Sermon preached by Pastor C. John Steer Autumn Ridge Church, Rochester, MN October 22-23, 2016

THE GOSPEL IS A PARTNERSHIP Sermon preached by Pastor C. John Steer Autumn Ridge Church, Rochester, MN October 22-23, 2016 1 THE GOSPEL IS A PARTNERSHIP Sermon preached by Pastor C. John Steer Autumn Ridge Church, Rochester, MN October 22-23, 2016 No. 5: What is the Gospel? Scripture: Philippians 1:3-11 History is filled with

More information

It is easy to imagine the excitement that raced through the camp, when the order was given to pack up

It is easy to imagine the excitement that raced through the camp, when the order was given to pack up The Lord Gives Rest. The seventy-first in a series: I Will be Your God and You Will Be My People. Texts: Joshua 1:10-18; Hebrews 4:1-13 It is easy to imagine the excitement that raced through the camp,

More information

Our Educational Tour Journal!!!

Our Educational Tour Journal!!! Our Educational Tour Journal!!! Day 1 Our tour was going on 26-03-10.But it was 25-03-10.We all were very happy because the next day we were going on tour. All the children had finished their shopping.

More information

Do not be afraid of those who kill the body Readings: Jeremiah 20:10-13, Ps 68, Romans 5:12-15, Matthew 10:26-33

Do not be afraid of those who kill the body Readings: Jeremiah 20:10-13, Ps 68, Romans 5:12-15, Matthew 10:26-33 HOMILY by Father Robbie Low 12 th Sunday in Ordinary Time - Year A Do not be afraid of those who kill the body Readings: Jeremiah 20:10-13, Ps 68, Romans 5:12-15, Matthew 10:26-33 The late Archbishop of

More information

The Root Cause of Conflict*

The Root Cause of Conflict* 1 The Root Cause of Conflict* Prof.P.Krishna I would like to go into this whole question of peace and conflict as a dialogue with oneself. We learnt from Krishnamurti that if we really deeply want to understand

More information

Stations of the Cross

Stations of the Cross Fourteenth Station Jesus is laid in the tomb Mary and the friends of Jesus prepare his body for burial and lay it in a tomb cut from solid rock. They have forgotten or perhaps failed to believe the promise

More information

PAST PRESIDENT DATUK SUCHA SINGH SPEAKS OF MGC, IT S FORMATION AND DIRECTION, THEN AND NOW

PAST PRESIDENT DATUK SUCHA SINGH SPEAKS OF MGC, IT S FORMATION AND DIRECTION, THEN AND NOW PAST PRESIDENT DATUK SUCHA SINGH SPEAKS OF MGC, IT S FORMATION AND DIRECTION, THEN AND NOW The following is the narrative of our interview with on his views and experience about the Malaysian Gurdwara

More information

the Middle East (18 December 2013, no ).

the Middle East (18 December 2013, no ). Letter of 24 February 2014 from the Minister of Security and Justice, Ivo Opstelten, to the House of Representatives of the States General on the policy implications of the 35th edition of the Terrorist

More information