Medieval Art 17/02/2017. Wednesday, September 19, 2012 Course Outline. Early Christian/Byzantine Art. Romanesque Art. Gothic Art

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1 Medieval Art Or, the Hold of the Church St. Lawrence, 2/17/2017 Wednesday, September 19, 2012 Course Outline Early Christian/Byzantine Art Romanesque Art Gothic Art 1

2 313 Edict of Milan legalizes Christianity St. Peter s Basilica Justinian rule 547 Church of San Vitale 1000 Viking settlement in America Romanesque art c St. Sernin First Crusade Suger, Abbot of St. Denis Second Crusade Gothic art c Chartres Year s War The Great Schism 17/02/2017 Key Notions -Apse -Contrapposto -Flat tint -Flying buttress -Illumination -Nave -Transept -Vault Timeline Early Christian ( ) and Byzantine Art ( ) Source: 4 2

3 The Emperor Constantine Capitoline Museum, Rome Constantine with Sol Source: 9 Early Christian/Byzantine Roman basilica to church Christ as the Good Shepherd Meeting of 2 worlds Mosaics Old Basilica of St. Peter Rome, , 63 x 108 x 32 m 3

4 St. Paul Outside the Walls Detail of nave, Rome, 386; view of façade Source: 3 Early Christian/Byzantine Romanesque Gothic The Good Shepherd, Catacombs of Saints Pietro and Marcellino, Rome, 4th century Source: 2 Early Christian/Byzantine Romanesque Gothic Versions of The Good Shepherd Source: 2 Early Christian/Byzantine Romanesque Gothic 4

5 Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus St. Peter, Rome, c. 359, Marble, 118 x 244 cm Source: 3 Early Christian/Byzantine Romanesque Gothic Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus Detail, Christ with Peter and Paul Source: 10 Early Christian/Byzantine Romanesque Gothic San Vitale Ravenna, ; View of the apse Source: 3 Early Christian/Byzantine Romanesque Gothic 5

6 San Vitale: plan and capital Nave Apse Source: 3 & 7 Early Christian/Byzantine Romanesque Gothic Jesus Calling the First Apostles Sant Appollinare Nuovo, Ravenna, VI, detail of mosaic of north wall, Scala, Florence Source: 3 Early Christian/Byzantine Romanesque Gothic Sarcophagus of Theodorus Sant Appolinare, Ravenna, VII, Marble, 100 x 206 cm Source: 2 Early Christian/Byzantine Romanesque Gothic 6

7 Romanesque Art Or, Pilgrimages to Holy Sites Romanesque Art ( ) Source: 4 St. Sernin, Toulouse, XI-XII Source: 4 7

8 St. Sernin: nave and plan Source: 3 Apocalyptic Christ Moissac, XII, 47,8 cm Source: 4 St. Peter Receiving the Keys Book of Periscopes of Henry II, 26 x 19 cm, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Munich Illumination Mainly manuscript drawing Flat tint (especially background) Fish eyes/flappy feet Little regard for space/depth Sculptural for fixed drama Emphasis over realism Source: 2 8

9 Gothic Art Or, Reaching for the Heavens Gothic Art ( ) Source: 4 Chartres, Amiens, and Reims Source: 1 9

10 Robert de Luzarches, Amiens Cathedral XIII-XVI Source: 4 Amiens Cathedral: vaulted ceiling Rib vault Source: 4 The Last Judgment Central portal of west façade of Amiens, c Source: 2 10

11 Anonymous, Chartres Cathedral, XII-XIII Source: 9 & 12 Chartres Cathedral: North Portal Source: 13 Chartres Cathedral: section Source: 4 & 11 11

12 Chartres Cathedral, Three tiers wall Source: 9 Chartres Vs. Vézelay Source: 9 Gothic Romanesque The Good Samaritan Window Chartes, XIII, Stained Glass Source: 2 12

13 North Rose Window The Glorification of the Virgin Chartes, XIII, Stained Glass Source: 9 Conclusion -Early Christian art blended the formal aspects of classical art with Christian content, then evolved into symbolic representation, dropping the classical form -Romanesque art returned to Roman aesthetics, namely the rounded arch, which involved buttressing, giving the works a massive and heavy presence -Gothic art lightened the structures by first relying on the pointed arch, which permitted higher vaults, then on stainedglass windows that gave the whole experience an otherworldly touch Suggested readings -Gombrich, The Story of Art, p ; Cleaver, Art, an Introduction, p Fiero, The Humanistic Tradition, vol. 2. p ; Kleiner, Gardner s Art through the Ages, p ; ;

14 Bibliography and Sources 1. Adams, Exploring the Humanities 2. Cleaver, Art, an Introduction 3. Fiero, The Humanistic Tradition, vol Kleiner, Gardner s Art through the Ages 5. Gombrich, The Story of Art 6. University Laval Course Notes loki.stockton.edu

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