The First New Testament: A Look at the Origins and Reliability of the Earliest Christian Manuscripts

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "The First New Testament: A Look at the Origins and Reliability of the Earliest Christian Manuscripts"

Transcription

1 The First New Testament: A Look at the Origins and Reliability of the Earliest Christian

2 Intro: The Importance of Studying New Testament

3 Intro: The Importance of Studying New Testament A. All Ancient History is known through

4 Intro: The Importance of Studying New Testament A. B. It is not just the Content of that Matters

5 Intro: The Importance of Studying New Testament A. B. It is not just the Content of that Matters C. The New Testament are our Earliest Christian Artifacts

6 I. The Quantity of Early Christian

7 I. The Quantity of Early Christian A. Why Does Quantity Matter?

8 I. The Quantity of Early Christian A. Why Does Quantity Matter? 1. can be compared to one another over time and geography

9 I. The Quantity of Early Christian A. Why Does Quantity Matter? 1. can be compared to one another over time and geography 2. The more often texts were copied, the more difficult it would be to change the story

10 I. The Quantity of Early Christian A. Why Does Quantity Matter? 1. can be compared to one another over time and geography 2. The more often texts were copied, the more difficult it would be to change the story 3. It gives us assurance that the original text is preserved somewhere in the manuscript tradition

11 I. The Quantity of Early Christian B. How does the NT compare?

12 I. The Quantity of Early Christian B. How does the NT compare? 1. Other Historical Classics:

13 I. The Quantity of Early Christian B. How does the NT compare? 1. Other Historical Classics: Josephus, Jewish War, 9 copies

14 I. The Quantity of Early Christian B. How does the NT compare? 1. Other Historical Classics: Josephus, Jewish War, 9 copies Tacitus, Annals of History, 20 copies

15 I. The Quantity of Early Christian B. How does the NT compare? 1. Other Historical Classics: Josephus Jewish War, 9 copies Tacitus, Annals of History, 20 copies 2. The New Testament

16 I. The Quantity of Early Christian B. How does the NT compare? 1. Other Historical Classics: Josephus Jewish War, 9 copies Tacitus, Annals of History, 20 copies 2. The New Testament in Greek

17 I. The Quantity of Early Christian B. How does the NT compare? 1. Other Historical Classics: Josephus Jewish War, 9 copies Tacitus, Annals of History, 20 copies 2. The New Testament in Greek 10,000 + in Latin

18 I. The Quantity of Early Christian B. How does the NT compare? 1. Other Historical Classics: Josephus Jewish War, 9 copies Tacitus, Annals of History, 20 copies 2. The New Testament in Greek 10,000 + in Latin 9,000+ in other languages

19 Oxyrhynchus, Egypt

20 II. The Date of Early Christian

21 II. The Date of Early Christian A. Why Does it Matter?

22 II. The Date of Early Christian A. Why Does it Matter? The closer the date of the manuscript to the time of the original writing increases our confidence that the manuscript has not been changed

23 II. The Date of Early Christian B. How Does the NT Compare?

24 II. The Date of Early Christian B. How Does the NT Compare? 1. Other Historical Classics Josephus, Jewish War, earliest manuscript is 1000 years after the original

25 II. The Date of Early Christian B. How Does the NT Compare? 1. Other Historical Classics Josephus, Jewish War, earliest manuscript is 1000 years after the original Tacitus, Annals of History, earliest manuscript is 1100 years after the original

26 II. The Date of Early Christian B. How Does the NT Compare? 1. Other Historical Classics Josephus, Jewish War, earliest manuscript is 1000 years after the original Tacitus, Annals of History, earliest manuscript is 1100 years after the original 2. The New Testament The earliest NT manuscript is of the gospel of John (P52) and is approximately 35 years from the original

27 P52, The Gospel of John, c.125

28 II. The Date of Early Christian B. How Does the NT Compare? 1. Other Historical Classics Josephus, Jewish War, earliest manuscript is 1000 years after the original Tacitus, Annals of History, earliest manuscript is 1100 years after the original 2. The New Testament The earliest NT manuscript is of the gospel of John (P52) and is approximately 35 years from the original

29 II. The Date of Early Christian B. How Does the NT Compare? 1. Other Historical Classics Josephus, Jewish War, earliest manuscript is 1000 years after the original Tacitus, Annals of History, earliest manuscript is 1100 years after the original 2. The New Testament The earliest NT manuscript is of the gospel of John (P52) and is approximately 35 years from the original We have many other NT manuscripts from the second and third centuries

30 P75, Gospels of Luke and John, c

31 III. The Form of Early Christian

32 III. The Form of Early Christian A. Early Christians Preferred the Codex form for their books

33 III. The Form of Early Christian A. Early Christians Preferred the Codex form for their books 1. What is a codex?

34 P66, Gospel of John, dated c.180

35 III. The Form of Early Christian A. Early Christians Preferred the Codex form for their books 1. What is a codex?

36 III. The Form of Early Christian A. Early Christians Preferred the Codex form for their books 1. What is a codex? 2. Virtually all Christian manuscripts appeared in the codex form, despite the fact that all other literature of the time was on rolls

37 III. The Form of Early Christian B. Why Does the Christian preference for the codex matter?

38 III. The Form of Early Christian B. Why Does the Christian preference for the codex matter? 1. Its shows impressive organization and unity in early Christian scribal activity

39 III. The Form of Early Christian B. Why Does the Christian preference for the codex matter? 1. Its shows impressive organization and unity in early Christian scribal activity 2. It helps us determine what early Christians thought was Scripture and what was not

40 III. The Form of Early Christian B. Why Does the Christian preference for the codex matter? 1. Its shows impressive organization and unity in early Christian scribal activity 2. It helps us determine what early Christians thought was Scripture and what was not 3. It may give indications that the 4 gospels were collected together very early

41 IV. The Abbreviations in Early Christian

42 IV. The Abbreviations in Early Christian A. Early Christian Scribes used abbreviations called the Nomina Sacra

43 IV. The Abbreviations in Early Christian A. Early Christian Scribes used abbreviations called the Nomina Sacra 1. These are special abbreviations of the Greek words for God, Jesus, Christ, and Lord

44 Example of the Nomina Sacra in P46

45 IV. The Abbreviations in Early Christian A. Early Christian Scribes used abbreviations called the Nomina Sacra 1. These are special abbreviations of the Greek words for God, Jesus, Christ, and Lord

46 IV. The Abbreviations in Early Christian A. Early Christian Scribes used abbreviations called the Nomina Sacra 1. These are special abbreviations of the Greek words for God, Jesus, Christ, and Lord 2. These abbreviations appear in virtually all Christian manuscripts from the very beginning

47 IV. The Abbreviations in Early Christian B. Why are the Nomina Sacra important?

48 IV. The Abbreviations in Early Christian B. Why are the Nomina Sacra important? 1. They show impressive organization and unity in early Christian scribal practice

49 IV. The Abbreviations in Early Christian B. Why are the Nomina Sacra important? 1. They show impressive organization and unity in early Christian scribal practice 2. They show religious devotion to the name of Jesus, and set it alongside God

50 Conclusion: The NT manuscripts themselves, and not just the text they contain, give us much confidence about their reliability and historicity

Impact Hour. May 1, 2016

Impact Hour. May 1, 2016 Impact Hour May 1, 2016 Why People Don t Believe: 1. The Power of Religion 2. Reason To Fear 3. Religion and Violence: A Closer Look 4. Is Christianity Irrational and Devoid of Evidence? 5. Is Christianity

More information

We Rely On The New Testament

We Rely On The New Testament 238 The Kingdom, The Power, and The Glory LESSON 10 We Rely On The New Testament You have learned many things about the books of the New Testament in the previous lessons. You have learned about the political,

More information

HOW WE GOT THE BIBLE #1 THE BIBLE COMBS INTO BEING SYNOPSIS: The history of writing goes back to the remote past. Writing was being practised

HOW WE GOT THE BIBLE #1 THE BIBLE COMBS INTO BEING SYNOPSIS: The history of writing goes back to the remote past. Writing was being practised HOW WE GOT THE BIBLE #1 THE BIBLE COMBS INTO BEING SYNOPSIS: The history of writing goes back to the remote past. Writing was being practised hundreds of years before the time of Moses. People wrote long

More information

Can we really Trust the Bible?

Can we really Trust the Bible? Can we really Trust the Bible? Europe Edition Europe Edition Can we really trust the Bible? In our modern world, many are convinced that the Bible is nothing more than a silly old book. Its religious rambling

More information

Advanced Hebrew Open Book Quiz on Brotzman s Introduction

Advanced Hebrew Open Book Quiz on Brotzman s Introduction Christopher K. Lensch, S.T.M. Western Reformed Seminary (www.wrs.edu) Open Book Quiz on Brotzman s Introduction 1. The Old Testament is supported by fewer, but generally better, manuscripts than the NT.

More information

The Origin of the Bible. Part 3 Transmission of the New Testament

The Origin of the Bible. Part 3 Transmission of the New Testament The Origin of the Bible Part 3 Transmission of the New Testament Series Outline Accuracy of the Transmission (Lower Textual Criticism) Old Testament New Testament More on the Apocrypha and the Canon Inspiration

More information

Who Wrote Our Bible?

Who Wrote Our Bible? Slide 1 Who Wrote Our Bible? Week 7: Integrity of the Gospels Dirk s Contact Info Phone: 603.431.3646 (Bethany Church s main number) Email: drodgers@bethanychurch.com Facebook Page: Pastor Dirk Rodgers

More information

Introduction to Apologetics Course Objectives

Introduction to Apologetics Course Objectives Table of Contents Introduction to Apologetics... Lesson 1 What Is Apologetics? Why Study Apologetics? Where in Scripture Are We Commanded to Use Apologetics? When Should We Present Apologetics? What Is

More information

Transmission: The Texts and Manuscripts of the Biblical Writings

Transmission: The Texts and Manuscripts of the Biblical Writings Transmission: The Texts and Manuscripts of the Biblical Writings Strange Notes In My Bible 8 Now Cain said to his brother Abel, "Let's go out to the field. a And while they were in the field, Cain attacked

More information

British Library Introduction

British Library Introduction British Library Introduction Museum Description: Isaac Newton Room: Front Piazza Scripture: Romans 1:25 In the courtyard to The British Library is a sculpture based on a painting by William Blake. Can

More information

READY TO MAKE A DEFENSE READY TO MAKE A DEFENSE. I. Make a Defense. I. Make a Defense. I. Make a Defense. I. Make a Defense.

READY TO MAKE A DEFENSE READY TO MAKE A DEFENSE. I. Make a Defense. I. Make a Defense. I. Make a Defense. I. Make a Defense. Spring 2016 Gospel Meeting Evangelism READY TO MAKE A DEFENSE READY TO MAKE A DEFENSE 1. As we go into the world and preach the gospel to all nations, we will encounter those who will challenge us on whether

More information

The Reliability of the Gospels and Acts. Melissa Cain Travis, M.A. Assistant Professor of Christian Apologetics Houston Baptist University

The Reliability of the Gospels and Acts. Melissa Cain Travis, M.A. Assistant Professor of Christian Apologetics Houston Baptist University The Reliability of the Gospels and Acts Melissa Cain Travis, M.A. Assistant Professor of Christian Apologetics Houston Baptist University the gospels are not reliable accounts of what happened in the history

More information

I Can Believe My Bible Because It Is Reliable

I Can Believe My Bible Because It Is Reliable I Can Believe My Bible Because It Is Reliable Introduction. Integrity has the idea of trustworthiness or wholeness. The integrity of a book has been preserved when it has been transmitted without a change

More information

We Rely on the New Testament

We Rely on the New Testament 248 LESSON 10 We Rely on the New Testament You have learned many things about the books of the New Testament in the previous lessons. You have learned about the political, religious, and cultural circumstances

More information

Fable? Fraud? Fact? Fraud? Produced by St. Mina's Holmdel NJ

Fable? Fraud? Fact? Fraud? Produced by St. Mina's Holmdel NJ The Holy Bible Fable? Fraud? Fact? Fraud? Produced by St. Mina's Holmdel NJ Has God indeed said?... Genesis 3:1 1. The Jesus Seminar In 1985 a group of about seventy biblical scholars came together forming

More information

Let me read to you a brief snippet from a conversation I had with a co-worker a few years ago:

Let me read to you a brief snippet from a conversation I had with a co-worker a few years ago: Equipping Class How to Study the Bible Class 1: What Is the Bible & Is It Reliable? Do your best to present yourself to God as one approved, a worker who has no need to be ashamed, rightly handling the

More information

How do we know what s true?

How do we know what s true? Series: Which way to God? A respectful Christian exploration of answers from the Mormon Church, Islam, and other belief systems Topic #1: How do we know what s true? a foundation to help us evaluate history

More information

The Bible: A Road Map for Life. 2 Timothy 3:16-17

The Bible: A Road Map for Life. 2 Timothy 3:16-17 The Bible: A Road Map for Life 2 Timothy 3:16-17 2 Timothy 3:16-17 All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness, that

More information

THE GOSPELS. We will come back to these last two points.

THE GOSPELS. We will come back to these last two points. THE GOSPELS Although they have been called biographies they are different from other biographies: there is little information about Jesus parents or his childhood there is not much information about influences

More information

HOW WE GOT OUR BIBLE And WHY WE BELIEVE IT IS GOD'S WORD

HOW WE GOT OUR BIBLE And WHY WE BELIEVE IT IS GOD'S WORD HOW WE GOT OUR BIBLE And WHY WE BELIEVE IT IS GOD'S WORD by W. H. Griffith Thomas Copyright @ 1926 edited for 3BSB by Baptist Bible Believer ~ out-of-print and in the public domain ~ CHAPTER ONE STRUCTURE

More information

Ancient New Testament Manuscripts Understanding Variants Gerry Andersen Valley Bible Church, Lancaster, California

Ancient New Testament Manuscripts Understanding Variants Gerry Andersen Valley Bible Church, Lancaster, California Ancient New Testament Manuscripts Understanding Variants Gerry Andersen Valley Bible Church, Lancaster, California 1. Review of corrections in the New Testament manuscripts Ancient New Testament scribes

More information

Discovery 101. What We re Going To Do

Discovery 101. What We re Going To Do Discovery 101 Session 1: January 8 th, 2012 What We re Going To Do Accomplish 3 Basic Objectives 1) Establish Community 2) Learn Mission 3) Intentional Application 1 What We re Going To Cover 1) God &

More information

CANON AND TEXT OF THE FOUR GOSPELS

CANON AND TEXT OF THE FOUR GOSPELS CANON AND TEXT OF THE FOUR GOSPELS Is It Necessary to Have the Original Manuscripts? by James D. Bales As far as we know the autograph copies, the very manuscripts written by Matthew, for example, have

More information

How We Got Our Bible #1

How We Got Our Bible #1 How We Got Our Bible #1 Introduction. Sometimes when you talk to someone concerning the Bible, a common question which surfaces is, How do we know the Bible is reliable? That is an excellent question which

More information

Outline LATER CHRISTIAN VIEWS OF JESUS SOME EARLY CHURCH SOURCES. Some Early Church Sources ú Ehrman s 8 examples ú The agrapha

Outline LATER CHRISTIAN VIEWS OF JESUS SOME EARLY CHURCH SOURCES. Some Early Church Sources ú Ehrman s 8 examples ú The agrapha Class 4b LATER CHRISTIAN VIEWS OF JESUS Outline Some Early Church Sources ú Ehrman s 8 examples ú The agrapha Apocrypha & Canon ú Apocrypha : definition, examples ú The definition of the canon Gnostic

More information

A Catholic Approach to Scripture. Fr Frank Bird SM Hearts Aflame 2010

A Catholic Approach to Scripture. Fr Frank Bird SM Hearts Aflame 2010 A Catholic Approach to Scripture Fr Frank Bird SM Hearts Aflame 2010 speak to us, nourish us, we wait for your voice be our light shining bright Fill us with your word Lord, Fill us with your word. Lecture

More information

Valley Bible Church Theology Studies. Transmission

Valley Bible Church Theology Studies. Transmission Transmission After the original biblical text was penned by the authors (or by the secretary of the author, cf. Romans 16:22), it was copied for the purpose of circulating the writing to God's people.

More information

Leader s Guide FAQ Session 1 Is the Bible True?

Leader s Guide FAQ Session 1 Is the Bible True? Leader s Guide FAQ Session 1 Is the Bible True? Goal: To challenge participants to revisit key questions of faith and affirm and clarify their answers. To encourage participants to encourage each other

More information

Manuscript Support for the Bible's Reliability

Manuscript Support for the Bible's Reliability Manuscript Support for the Bible's Reliability by Ron Rhodes Manuscript Evidence for the New Testament There are more than 24,000 partial and complete manuscript copies of the New Testament. These manuscript

More information

The Jesus Myth: Is the Bible True?

The Jesus Myth: Is the Bible True? The Jesus Myth: Is the Bible True? What is the historical basis for believing the Bible is the inerrant Word of God? Not even the actual words Error-ridden copies Centuries removed from the originals Today

More information

Our English Bible Part 1 An Outline of Its Textual History

Our English Bible Part 1 An Outline of Its Textual History Our English Bible Part 1 An Outline of Its Textual History Our English Bible: 1. It initially consisted of 2 Testaments totaling 80 books (14 apocryphal) 2. The first (old) contains 39 books originally

More information

CHAPTER 10 NEW TESTAMENT TEXTUAL CRITICISM

CHAPTER 10 NEW TESTAMENT TEXTUAL CRITICISM Biblical Interpretation Western Reformed Seminary (www.wrs.edu) John A. Battle, Th.D. CHAPTER 10 NEW TESTAMENT TEXTUAL CRITICISM [This is a very brief summary. More detailed discussion takes place in the

More information

Sermon Notes for April 8, The End? Mark 16:9-20

Sermon Notes for April 8, The End? Mark 16:9-20 Sermon Notes for April 8, 2018 The End? Mark 16:9-20 I. Is Mark 16:9-20 the actual ending of Mark s gospel? We ask this question because of the obvious flags we find in our English bibles ESV - [SOME OF

More information

HOW ACCURATE IS THE BIBLE?

HOW ACCURATE IS THE BIBLE? ARE YOU READY? Lecture 3 Can we trust our Scriptures? HOW ACCURATE IS THE BIBLE? The Authenticity of the Scriptures; Historicity, etc. The Eyewitness Evidence Often-Asked Questions Isn t the Bible full

More information

What Do Earliest Christian Manuscripts Tell Us About Their Readers? L. W. Hurtado (University of Edinburgh)

What Do Earliest Christian Manuscripts Tell Us About Their Readers? L. W. Hurtado (University of Edinburgh) What Do Earliest Christian Manuscripts Tell Us About Their Readers? L. W. Hurtado (University of Edinburgh) Introduction My purpose in the following presentation is to focus on the physical and visual

More information

Of the Scriptures II Timothy 3: 16-17

Of the Scriptures II Timothy 3: 16-17 Of the Scriptures II Timothy 3: 16-17 Intro: Last week we began looking at "what we believe and why we believe it" by addressing the covenant we have made together. This evening I want to begin looking

More information

The Bible. 66 books written over a period of ~1500 Years Around 40 writers. Old Testament: 39 books (Written in Hebrew and Aramaic)

The Bible. 66 books written over a period of ~1500 Years Around 40 writers. Old Testament: 39 books (Written in Hebrew and Aramaic) The Bible 66 books written over a period of ~1500 Years Around 40 writers Old Testament: 39 books (Written in Hebrew and Aramaic) New Testament: 27 books (Written in Greek) Slide 2 Title www.onbiblicalarchaeology.blogspot.com

More information

Reading and understanding the Bible (A helpful guide to basic Biblical interpretation.)

Reading and understanding the Bible (A helpful guide to basic Biblical interpretation.) Reading and understanding the Bible (A helpful guide to basic Biblical interpretation.) We are so privileged to have access to a Bible, and in our own language. If you do not have a Bible, please make

More information

centuries. The first is Henry A. Sanders s 1912 study on W032 and the last Tommy Wasserman s work on early Greek manuscripts in Matthew, published in

centuries. The first is Henry A. Sanders s 1912 study on W032 and the last Tommy Wasserman s work on early Greek manuscripts in Matthew, published in Zachary J. Cole, Numerals in Early Greek New Testament Manuscripts: Text- Critical, Scribal, and Theological Studies, NTTSD 53; Leiden: Brill, 2017. Pp. xiii + 269. ISBN 9789004343740. Hardcover, 116.00/$134.00.

More information

Don t Be Confused, Part 2

Don t Be Confused, Part 2 Don t Be Confused, Part 2 Steve Berger April 30, 2017 Don t be confused Last Week Sources and Results of Confusion: 1) Rebellion against God, 2) Idolatry, creating and worshiping false gods, 3) Self-Devotion,

More information

Was Jesus Real? Matthew

Was Jesus Real? Matthew Was Jesus Real? Matthew 16.13-18 Darrell Bock NT Professor Dallas Theological Seminary Bart Ehrman NT Professor University of North Carolina Chapel Hill DID JESUS EXIST? DID JESUS EXIST? What collateral

More information

In order to determine whether and how much the New. Chapter 11:

In order to determine whether and how much the New. Chapter 11: Chapter 11: The Documentary Evidence [237] Chapter 11: The Documentary Evidence The interval then between the dates of original composition and the earliest extant evidence becomes so small as to be in

More information

Outline THE HISTORICAL JESUS OUR SOURCES. Our Sources. Applying the Rules to the Evidence. Class 6

Outline THE HISTORICAL JESUS OUR SOURCES. Our Sources. Applying the Rules to the Evidence. Class 6 Class 6 THE HISTORICAL JESUS Outline Our Sources A chronology Jewish evidence: Josephus Roman evidence: Tacitus Some possible artifacts Historical problems with the Christian evidence Specific details

More information

Impact Hour. May 8, 2016

Impact Hour. May 8, 2016 Impact Hour May 8, 2016 Why People Don t Believe: 1. The Power of Religion 2. Reason To Fear 3. Religion and Violence: A Closer Look 4. Is Christianity Irrational and Devoid of Evidence? 5. Is Christianity

More information

Sixty-Six Books of the Bible. The Canon of Scripture

Sixty-Six Books of the Bible. The Canon of Scripture Sixty-Six Books of the Bible The Canon of Scripture Defining Canon Not this kind of cannon Canon means a measure or standard The Canon of Scripture is the list of all the books that measure up and thus

More information

The grass withers, the flower fades, but the word of our God stands forever (Is.40: 8) + Lecture I: How authentic and reliable is the Holy Bible?

The grass withers, the flower fades, but the word of our God stands forever (Is.40: 8) + Lecture I: How authentic and reliable is the Holy Bible? The grass withers, the flower fades, but the word of our God stands forever (Is.40: 8) + Lecture I: How authentic and reliable is the Holy Bible? + To be considered to have come from an all-powerful and

More information

Winter 2013 February 17, 2013

Winter 2013 February 17, 2013 Real Life Adult Bible Fellowship ABF Winter 2013 February 17, 2013 February 17, 2013 January Jan 6 th The Truth Project Who is God? Part 1 Jan 13 th The Truth Project Who is God? Part 2 Jan 20 th The Truth

More information

What is the Bible? Law Prophets Writings Gospels/History Epistles (Letters) Prophecy

What is the Bible? Law Prophets Writings Gospels/History Epistles (Letters) Prophecy Bible Overview What is the Bible? Collection of books that make 1 book 66 Books o 39 books in the 1 st Testament Law: Genesis - Deuteronomy Prophets: The former which are Joshua, Judges, Samuel, and Kings;

More information

Is The New Testament Reliable?

Is The New Testament Reliable? Is The New Testament Reliable? What I Am Not Trying to Prove: We have the Originals The Bible doesn t have hard things to understand. Panthers are going to win the SuperBowl This is important because of...

More information

Territorial Mission Resources Department Australia Southern Territory 2015 Written by Christopher Trodden B.A (Bib.Stud)

Territorial Mission Resources Department Australia Southern Territory 2015 Written by Christopher Trodden B.A (Bib.Stud) Territorial Mission Resources Department Australia Southern Territory 2015 1 Series: Christmas 2015: Unwrapped: Week 3 Sermon Outline: Introducing Jesus Topic: Main Point: Intended Response: Key Verse:

More information

How Do You Know the Bible Is the Word of God?

How Do You Know the Bible Is the Word of God? How Do You Know the Bible Is the Word of God? 1. The Bible says so For no prophecy was ever made by an act of man s will, but men moved by the Holy Spirit spoke from God. 2 Peter 1:21 All Scripture is

More information

Do You Believe in the Bible?

Do You Believe in the Bible? Barry Johnson Church of Christ 10/25/2015 1 INTRODUCTION 1. A growing problem is one of biblical illiteracy... a. Not just by those in the world b. Also in the church -- Americans revere the Bible - but,

More information

The Amazing Bible. Part 5

The Amazing Bible. Part 5 The Amazing Bible Part 5 By Margaretha Tierney Remnant Messages P. O. Box 378 Ararat, VIC 3377 Australia Here is the patience of the saints: here are they that keep the commandments of God, and the faith

More information

Learning About God Together. Overview of the Bible. Session 2, Prepared by:rev.. Bill Zettinger

Learning About God Together. Overview of the Bible. Session 2, Prepared by:rev.. Bill Zettinger Learning About God Together Session 2, Overview of the Bible Prepared by:rev.. Bill Zettinger What is the Bible? The term bible is derived from the Greek word biblia, meaning books 2 Todays Goal Understand

More information

Historical Textual Background

Historical Textual Background Grow in Faith; Go and Share Mark 16:9-20 April 12, 2015 Well, another Easter weekend celebration may have come and gone. The after-easter discount shelves of candy are probably empty by now at least the

More information

Is Scripture Reliable?

Is Scripture Reliable? Is Scripture Reliable? Answering the Tough Ones COMMON CHALLENGES 1. A book translated so many times cannot be trusted. 2. The text was corrupted over time. 3. Jesus was declared divine by the Church at

More information

THE GOSPELS. NT Writings. The Gospels. 3 Stages of Gospel Formation. o Gospel o The Four Written Gospels o Communities Behind the Gospels

THE GOSPELS. NT Writings. The Gospels. 3 Stages of Gospel Formation. o Gospel o The Four Written Gospels o Communities Behind the Gospels THE GOSPELS NT Writings The Gospels o Gospel o The Four Written Gospels o Communities Behind the Gospels 3 Stages of Gospel Formation THE GOSPELS The Synoptic Gospels Authorship Further Reading & Useful

More information

LET S THINK ABOUT THE NEW TESTAMENT. Resource Material for Lent 2004

LET S THINK ABOUT THE NEW TESTAMENT. Resource Material for Lent 2004 LET S THINK ABOUT THE NEW TESTAMENT Resource Material for Lent 2004 THE PARISH CHURCH OF ST MARY THE VIRGIN within the FOUNDATION OF LADY KATHERINE LEVESON at Temple Balsall Introduction This handbook

More information

DO WE HAVE EARLY TESTIMONY ABOUT JESUS? Chapter Nine

DO WE HAVE EARLY TESTIMONY ABOUT JESUS? Chapter Nine DO WE HAVE EARLY TESTIMONY ABOUT JESUS? Chapter Nine Evidence that the New Testament is historically reliable Early testimony Eyewitness testimony Un-invented (authentic) testimony Eyewitnesses who were

More information

Are the Biblical Documents Reliable?

Are the Biblical Documents Reliable? Introduction Probe Ministries Are the Biblical Documents Reliable? Jimmy Williams How do we know that the Bible we have today is even close to the original? Haven't copiers down through the centuries inserted

More information

Wheelersburg Baptist Church 4/15/07 PM. How Did We Get Our Bible Anyway?

Wheelersburg Baptist Church 4/15/07 PM. How Did We Get Our Bible Anyway? Wheelersburg Baptist Church 4/15/07 PM How Did We Get Our Bible Anyway? In our study of God s Word this morning we came to Mark 16:9-20, a passage that contains the preface statement in the NIV, The earliest

More information

WHO WROTE HEBREWS? Three common theories. 1) Paul wrote it (perhaps still held by the majority)

WHO WROTE HEBREWS? Three common theories. 1) Paul wrote it (perhaps still held by the majority) WHO WROTE HEBREWS? Three common theories 1) Paul wrote it (perhaps still held by the majority) 2) An inspired writer could have written it (Paul / someone else) 3) An inspired writer other than Paul could

More information

7 Reasons Why The Bible Is Not Just Another Book

7 Reasons Why The Bible Is Not Just Another Book 7 Reasons Why The Bible Is Not Just Another Book Bible The Word of God God-breathed Special revelation Profitable for teaching Not Just Another Book Seven reasons why Based on sound evidence God s Word

More information

Is It True that Some NT Documents Were First Written in Aramaic/Syriac and THEN in Greek?

Is It True that Some NT Documents Were First Written in Aramaic/Syriac and THEN in Greek? Is It True that Some NT Documents Were First Written in Aramaic/Syriac and THEN in Greek? I have been asked what is wrong with this bible by George Lamsa which is a translation from the Aramaic of the

More information

Accelerate Presents - Hot Topics

Accelerate Presents - Hot Topics Accelerate Presents - Hot Topics Can You Really Trust the Bible? Your Neighbour Asks? How can you trust something that was written so long ago and has been copied so many times? How could the authors of

More information

Comparison of Scribal Variants between New Testament Manuscripts and Apocryphal Manuscripts

Comparison of Scribal Variants between New Testament Manuscripts and Apocryphal Manuscripts Brigham Young University BYU ScholarsArchive All Student Publications 2007 Comparison of Scribal Variants between New Testament Manuscripts and Apocryphal Manuscripts Seth Kohrman sethkohrman@yahoo.com

More information

WHO WAS JESUS? VALIDITY OF THE NEW TESTAMENT

WHO WAS JESUS? VALIDITY OF THE NEW TESTAMENT WHO WAS JESUS? VALIDITY OF THE NEW TESTAMENT 1 John 1:3 That which we have seen and heard we declare to you, that you also may have fellowship with us; and truly our fellowship is with the Father and with

More information

EVIDENCE FOR THE GOSPELS. Christ Church 19th January 2014

EVIDENCE FOR THE GOSPELS. Christ Church 19th January 2014 EVIDENCE FOR THE GOSPELS Christ Church 19th January 2014 BIBLE SCEPTICS Retold Stories Propoganda Made Up / Fairy Tales Written so long after the events they can t be real, never mind accurate. It makes

More information

IS THE NEW TESTAMENT RELIABLE?

IS THE NEW TESTAMENT RELIABLE? IS THE NEW TESTAMENT RELIABLE? When Johannes Gutenberg introduced movable type to Europe in the 1450 s, he not only created a method that could mass produce writings relatively easily, but he also made

More information

Proof God Exists Archaeology

Proof God Exists Archaeology Proof God Exists Archaeology The Bible is God s message to us If God does not exist then the Bible is not from God The Bible claims to be God s word all through the Bible with statements like: thus says

More information

INTRODUCTION. The Case for Christ

INTRODUCTION. The Case for Christ INTRODUCTION Introduction: How would you describe Jesus? Some might say that He was a liar. Others would classify Him as being a lunatic. Others would say that He is the Lord. I believe all of us in this

More information

What is the Bible and how do we study it?

What is the Bible and how do we study it? Supplemental Lesson two: What is the Bible and how do we study it? Facilitator Note This lesson focuses on the Bible and how important a book it really is. You will spend time looking at how special of

More information

DEFENDING OUR FAITH: WEEK 4 NOTES KNOWLEDGE. The Bible: Is it Reliable? Arguments Against the Reliability of the Bible

DEFENDING OUR FAITH: WEEK 4 NOTES KNOWLEDGE. The Bible: Is it Reliable? Arguments Against the Reliability of the Bible DEFENDING OUR FAITH: WEEK 4 NOTES The Bible: Is it Reliable? KNOWLEDGE The Bible: The Holy Bible was written by men divinely inspired and is God's revelation of Himself to man. It is a perfect treasure

More information

Who are you?! Who am I?!

Who are you?! Who am I?! Discovery 101 Session 2: January 15 th, 2012 Who are you?! Who am I?! LUTHERANISM What We re Going To Do Accomplish 3 Basic Objectives 1) Establish Community 2) Learn Mission 3) Intentional Application

More information

Is The Bible Historically Reliable?

Is The Bible Historically Reliable? Is The Bible Historically Reliable? [Moses warns the Israelites]: Key Scriptures Be careful, and watch yourselves closely so that you do not forget the things your eyes have seen or let them slip from

More information

Like newborn babes, long for the pure milk of the word, that by it you may grow in respect to salvation. 1 Peter 2:2

Like newborn babes, long for the pure milk of the word, that by it you may grow in respect to salvation. 1 Peter 2:2 Basic Christianity Jim Leffel, Instructor Week Four Why should I look to the Bible, anyway? Like newborn babes, long for the pure milk of the word, that by it you may grow in respect to salvation. 1 Peter

More information

What it is and Why it Matters

What it is and Why it Matters What it is and Why it Matters Not only do we not have the originals, we don't have the first copies of the originals. We don't even have copies of the copies of the originals, or copies of the copies of

More information

1. more than stories nik

1. more than stories nik 1. more than stories nik 2. more than stories sermon background The Bible: The sole basis of our beliefs is the Bible, the 66 books of the Old and New Testaments. It was uniquely, verbally, and fully inspired

More information

A QUICK AND HISTORICAL GUIDE TO NAVIGATING THROUGH THE BIBLE REV. LISA MAYE

A QUICK AND HISTORICAL GUIDE TO NAVIGATING THROUGH THE BIBLE REV. LISA MAYE A QUICK AND HISTORICAL GUIDE TO NAVIGATING THROUGH THE BIBLE REV. LISA MAYE 66 Books Divided into Old and New Testaments Different forms of writing Different versions: New International Version (NIV),

More information

JESUS FIRST QUESTION KEY POINTS IN THIS LESSON YOU WILL STUDY THESE QUESTIONS:

JESUS FIRST QUESTION KEY POINTS IN THIS LESSON YOU WILL STUDY THESE QUESTIONS: 2 JESUS FIRST QUESTION KEY POINTS 1. If the testimony of the world s great leaders and scholars about Jesus Christ is correct, He is the most unique person to ever live in this world. 2. If the Holy Bible

More information

Christianity, if false, is of no importance, and if true, of infinite importance. The only thing it cannot be is moderately important. - C. S.

Christianity, if false, is of no importance, and if true, of infinite importance. The only thing it cannot be is moderately important. - C. S. 1 Christianity, if false, is of no importance, and if true, of infinite importance. The only thing it cannot be is moderately important. - C. S. Lewis 2 What is Apologetics? Apologia means defense, answer.

More information

Canaan Celebration Service

Canaan Celebration Service Sermon Series Canaan Celebration Service 18 November 2018 10 am Level 4 Hall 84 St Francis Rd, Canaan Centre, S328069 Ps Larry Arienzano QUESTIONS WE NEED TO ANSWER: 1. Are The Ancient Documents That Make

More information

APOLOGETICS. Know Why You Believe

APOLOGETICS. Know Why You Believe APOLOGETICS Know Why You Believe 1 Peter 3:15 But sanctify the Lord God in your hearts, and always be ready to give a defense to everyone who asks you a reason for the hope that is in you, with meekness

More information

Apostolic Canonization (Part 2) Duplication, Circulation, & Collection of the NT Canon Copyright 2013 by Edward E. Stevens. All rights reserved.

Apostolic Canonization (Part 2) Duplication, Circulation, & Collection of the NT Canon Copyright 2013 by Edward E. Stevens. All rights reserved. Apostolic Canonization (Part 2) Duplication, Circulation, & Collection of the NT Canon Copyright 2013 by Edward E. Stevens. All rights reserved. This series of lessons is affirming that all 27 books of

More information

The Impact of Jesus 26/09/2010. The Impact of Jesus. How did Jesus appear to his World in the 1 st Century? As revealed in the Gospel accounts

The Impact of Jesus 26/09/2010. The Impact of Jesus. How did Jesus appear to his World in the 1 st Century? As revealed in the Gospel accounts The Impact of Jesus 26092010 The Impact of Jesus How did Jesus appear to his World in the 1 st Century? As revealed in the Gospel accounts Summary Veracity of Gospel accounts Consider our advantages How

More information

THE TRANSMISSION OF THE OLD TESTAMENT. Randy Broberg, 2004

THE TRANSMISSION OF THE OLD TESTAMENT. Randy Broberg, 2004 THE TRANSMISSION OF THE OLD TESTAMENT Randy Broberg, 2004 Always Be Prepared but sanctify Christ as Lord in your hearts, always being ready to make a defense to everyone who asks you to give an account

More information

Firm Foundations: Understanding and Defending the Christian Worldview.

Firm Foundations: Understanding and Defending the Christian Worldview. Firm Foundations: Understanding and Defending the Christian Worldview Email: Bcshaw@liberty.edu Moral Argument Brief review question No man in the sky intervened when I was a boy to deliver me from my

More information

Arguments Against the Reliability of the Bible

Arguments Against the Reliability of the Bible DEFENDING OUR FAITH: WEEK 3 NOTES The Bible: Is it Reliable? KNOWLEDGE The Bible: The Holy Bible was written by men divinely inspired and is God's revelation of Himself to man. It is a perfect treasure

More information

LECTURE THREE TRANSLATION ISSUE: MANUSCRIPT DIFFERENCES

LECTURE THREE TRANSLATION ISSUE: MANUSCRIPT DIFFERENCES LECTURE THREE TRANSLATION ISSUE: MANUSCRIPT DIFFERENCES MANUSCRIPT DIFFERENCES - 1 Another issue that must be addressed by translators is what original manuscript(s) should be used as the source material

More information

Questions About Religion

Questions About Religion Questions About Religion Apocrypha The apocryphal books were written between 250 B.C. and the time of Christ. They include such books as: Maccabees, Wisdom of Solomon, Esdras, Tobit, etc. These books

More information

Did the things we read about in the bible actually happen?

Did the things we read about in the bible actually happen? Did the things we read about in the bible actually happen? Can we trust the Bible? Is what we have in the Bible today the same as what was written down 2000 years ago? Has it been changed? Has it been

More information

The Way the Scriptures have been Transmitted

The Way the Scriptures have been Transmitted The Way the Scriptures have been Transmitted David Gooding A Myrtlefield House Transcript www.myrtlefieldhouse.com Contents 1 Manuscript Evidence for the Text of the New Testament 3 2 How Can we Know that

More information

New Testament History, Literature, and Theology Session #4: Inspiration, canonicity and the transmission of the text.

New Testament History, Literature, and Theology Session #4: Inspiration, canonicity and the transmission of the text. 1 New Testament History, Literature, and Theology Session #4: Inspiration, canonicity and the transmission of the text. Ted Hildebrandt 1. What was the process of collecting of authoritative books called

More information

52 (P. RYLANDS GK. 457) AND THE NOMINA SACRA: METHOD AND PROBABILITY

52 (P. RYLANDS GK. 457) AND THE NOMINA SACRA: METHOD AND PROBABILITY 52 (P. RYLANDS GK. 457) AND THE NOMINA SACRA: METHOD AND PROBABILITY L.W. Hurtado Summary This article responds to the recent proposal (by Chris Tuckett) that space considerations suggest that 52, our

More information

CONTENTS. AUTHORITY OF THE BInrx-Continued 34 TRUSTWORTHINESS OF THE OLD TESTA- MENT TRUSTWORTHINESS OF THE XEW TESTA

CONTENTS. AUTHORITY OF THE BInrx-Continued 34 TRUSTWORTHINESS OF THE OLD TESTA- MENT TRUSTWORTHINESS OF THE XEW TESTA CHAPTEE I. 11. 111. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. STRUCTURE AND CONTENTS CANONICITY OF TIIE BIRLE AUTHORITY OF TILE BIBLE PAOB HISTORY OF THE BIBLE 9... 19... 27 AUTHORITY OF THE BInrx-Continued

More information

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS From The New International Version (Great Britain: Hodder and Stoughton Limited, 1988), 902-904 People are always asking questions about the writing, translating, and preservation

More information

Peter Cresswell. Devon, UK

Peter Cresswell. Devon, UK [JGRChJ 13 (2017) 111-28] ANOTHER SCRIBE OR ANOTHER EXEMPLAR? EXAMINING TEXTUAL PATTERNS IN CODEX SINAITICUS MATTHEW AND MARK Peter Cresswell Devon, UK Introduction There are good reasons why scribal patterns

More information

How Do You Know What You Know Is True? [Slide 1]

How Do You Know What You Know Is True? [Slide 1] How Do You Know What You Know Is True? [Slide 1] How do you know what you know is true? Social scientists have produced a number of studies that indicate that people hold to their beliefs often in spite

More information