1 Chosen By God: An Introduction to the Doctrine of Election 1 Thessalonians 1:4
2 1 Thessalonians 1:2-3 We give thanks to God always for you all, making mention of you in our prayers; Remembering without ceasing your work of faith, and labour of love, and patience of hope in our Lord Jesus Christ, in the sight of God and our Father;
3 1 Thessalonians 1:4 (KJV) Knowing, brethren beloved, your election of God. (ESV) For we know, brothers loved by God, that he has chosen you, (NASB95) knowing, brethren beloved by God, His choice of you;
4 Concerning the Doctrine of Election Election is both simple and complex. Therefore, there is need for both faith and humility; faith to believe the clear teaching of the Scripture and intellectual humility not to go beyond what is written. There are mysteries to the doctrine that cannot be explained logically or rationally, due to lack of revelation. Nevertheless, these mysteries can be believed. Rolland McCune
6 Election or Chosen in the KJV Now Let Me Show You the ESV as a point of comparison
8 Chosen/Elect Individual or Corporate Which One??
9 Question Did God choose individuals or did God choose to have a body of believers but the who of the chosen is left to the individuals?
10 Chosen/Elect based on Sovereignty or Prescience Which One??
11 Question Does this make you as uncomfortable as it does me?
12 But the Lord said unto him, Go thy way: for he is a chosen vessel unto me, to bear my name before the Gentiles, and kings, and the children of Israel: Who is this chosen vessel?
13 Some Teach That the election of God is based on His foreknowledge (prescience) of my choice of Him
14 Not of Works Let s look at the context of this passage.
15 6 Not as though the word of God hath taken none effect. For they are not all Israel, which are of Israel: 7 Neither, because they are the seed of Abraham, are they all children: but, In Isaac shall thy seed be called. 8 That is, They which are the children of the flesh, these are not the children of God: but the children of the promise are counted for the seed. 9 For this is the word of promise, At this time will I come, and Sarah shall have a son. 10 And not only this; but when Rebecca also had conceived by one, even by our father Isaac; 11 (For the children being not yet born, neither having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works, but of him that calleth;) 12 It was said unto her, The elder shall serve the younger. 13 As it is written, Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated.
16 Turn over to Romans 11 6 And if by grace, then is it no more of works: otherwise grace is no more grace. But if it be of works, then is it no more grace: otherwise work is no more work.
17 Corporate election would be Israel The elect is the smaller group within Israel
18 This is Israel as Elect in a very Corporate Sense
19 Does Paul have a particular group of people in mind here?
20 2 Peter 1:10 Wherefore the rather, brethren, give diligence to make your calling and election sure: for if ye do these things, ye shall never fall: Individuals Make it Sure
21 #2 Greek word meaning choose
22 Matthew 20:16 So the last shall be first, and the first last: for many be called, but few chosen. Matthew 22:14 For many are called, but few are chosen.
23 Luke 23:35 And the people stood beholding. And the rulers also with them derided him, saying, He saved others; let him save himself, if he be Christ, the chosen of God.
24 Question Does being the chosen of God produce a Spirit of arrogance among the elect?
25 Answer Absolutely NOT! The Elect understand that left to themselves they were spiritually dead and would have never chosen God.
26 Romans 16:13 Salute Rufus chosen in the Lord, and his mother and mine. How individual is Rufus?
27 Revelation 17:14 These shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them: for he is Lord of lords, and King of kings: and they that are with him are called, and chosen, and faithful
28 #3 Greek word meaning choose
30 Mark 13:20 And except that the Lord had shortened those days, no flesh should be saved: but for the elect s sake, whom he hath chosen, he hath shortened the days.
31 John 15:16 Ye have not chosen me, but I have chosen you, and ordained you, that ye should go and bring forth fruit, and that your fruit should remain: that whatsoever ye shall ask of the Father in my name, he may give it you.
32 Acts 15:7 And when there had been much disputing, Peter rose up, and said unto them, Men and brethren, ye know how that a good while ago God made choice among us, that the Gentiles by my mouth should  hear the word of the gospel, and  believe.
33 Human Responsibility Nothing about election removes the human responsibility to believe the truth.
34 Ephesians 1:4 According as he hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him in love:
35 Other Passages That Teach Election
36 John 10:16 And other sheep I have, which are not of this fold: them also I must bring, and they shall hear my voice; and there shall be one fold, and one shepherd.
37 Acts 13:48 And when the Gentiles heard this, they were glad, and glorified the word of the Lord: and as many as were ordained to eternal life believed.
38 Turn to Acts 18:7-11
39 7 And he departed thence, and entered into a certain man s house, named Justus, one that worshipped God, whose house joined hard to the synagogue. 8 And Crispus, the chief ruler of the synagogue, believed on the Lord with all his house; and many of the Corinthians hearing believed, and were baptized. 9 Then spake the Lord to Paul in the night by a vision, Be not afraid, but speak, and hold not thy peace: 10 For I am with thee, and no man shall set on thee to hurt thee: for I have much people in this city. 11 And he continued there a year and six months, teaching the word of God among them.
40 Commentary Election is Paul s guarantee that there will be some success for his evangelism, for he knows that some of the people he speaks to will be the elect, and they will believe the gospel and be saved. It is like fishing in a stocked pond. Wayne Grudem
41 Why did Paul stay and teach the Word of God? Romans 10:17
42 2 Thessalonians 2:13 But we are bound to give thanks alway to God for you, brethren beloved of the Lord, because God hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation through sanctification of the Spirit and belief of the truth:
43 Super Hard Question But what if my son [daughter] isn t part of God s elect?
44 Nothing About Election Negates This Promise Romans 10:13 whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved
45 Doesn t that mean God is responsible for them going to hell?
46 Turn to Romans 9 v
47 Matthew 11:28 Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. Nothing about God s election of souls to salvation negates or delegitimizes this promise.
48 Turn to John 6 And Get a Pen Out
49 John 6:37 All that the Father giveth me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me I will in no wise cast out.
50 ESV Study Bible John 6:37 Whoever comes to me I will never cast out implies that people should never think, Maybe I am not chosen by God, and therefore maybe Jesus will reject me when I come to him. Jesus promises to receive everyone who comes to him and trusts him for salvation. Yet, a few verses later (v. 44) Jesus states the paradoxical and corresponding truth that once people come to Jesus, they will realize that behind their willing decision to come and believe lies the mysterious, invisible work of the Father who all along was drawing them to Christ.
51 John 6:44 No man can come to me, except the Father which hath sent me draw him: and I will raise him up at the last day.
52 Question Is there biblical evidence that shows God does not deal with everyone in the same way?
53 Matthew 20:1-16 Parable of Laborers in Vineyard Getting Paid Same Wage for Different Hours of Work
54 Commentary In this parable about the kingdom of heaven no one received less than deserved, emphasizing the divine justice; BUT some got more than they deserved, a feature of divine grace. Rolland McCune
55 Is it fair? Is it fair that one person can call out to God on their death bed after a lifetime of sinning and be saved and another serves all their lifetime and gets the same eternal life? Is it fair that one person works all day and gets the same amount of $ as the one who worked 1 hour? Is it fair that God elects some but doesn t elect all?
56 Commentary God is not obligated to elect anyone to salvation. Therefore, the fact that he does elect some and not all does not impugn his character. God s justice requires him to judge all in the same way. God is not obligated to love everyone in the same way.
57 Romans 9:21 Hath not the potter power over the clay, of the same lump to make one vessel unto honour, and another unto dishonour?
58 Question What would you think of a Father who sent His Son to die on a cross to redeem people and then left the results to chance?
59 Right & Wrong Questions Wrong question: Why didn t God elect everyone to salvation?
60 Right & Wrong Questions Right question: Why did God elect (choose) anyone to salvation?
61 Ezekiel 33:11 Say unto them, As I live, saith the Lord GOD, I have no pleasure in the death of the wicked; but that the wicked turn from his way and live: turn ye, turn ye from your evil ways; for why will ye die, O house of Israel?
62 Everyone Must Repent Acts 17:30 And the times of this ignorance God winked at; but now commandeth all men every where to repent: All are commanded to repent because anyone who turns to God and puts their faith in Christ will be saved.
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