2 Defining the Medieval Period Classical Civilization (Beginning of Western Civilization Roman Empire) Medieval Europe (Fall of Rome before the Renaissance) Modern Era (Renaissance today) The era in European history from about C.E. 500 to 1300 is known as the Medieval Period, The Middle Ages, or the Dark Ages.
3 Invasions from all sides! Germanic tribes settled across much of Europe and conquered the city of Rome Viking warriors attacked from the north and caused great destruction to parts of Europe. The Muslim empire spread across North Africa and into Spain.
4 The Middle Ages Begin These invasions brought about the destruction of the Roman Empire and with it the stability of Europe This also led to a decline in the pursuit of the arts, philosophy, and technological advances Why? People were more concerned about survival than education and art. This decrease in European Culture is the reason this time period is often referred to as the Dark Ages
5 Feudalism Political system where powerful nobles, or Kings divided their landholdings among lesser lords and knights. Serfs (or peasants), worked the land, and gave the lord a portion of the harvest in exchange for shelter and protection.
6 Roles in Feudal Society Everyone had a defined role in Feudal Society Society in the Feudal system was hierarchical, meaning people were ranked from top to bottom Everyone was considered a vassal or servant to the King Monarch Lords Knights Peasants (serfs) -The king or ruler over all the land - A person of privilege who was given control of a Fief (portion of land) - Elite military units also usually given a small portion of land - The poor who were forced to work the land
7 Knights Elite military soldiers Usually from the noble classes Age Stage of Training 7 Page- Personal servant to a knight. Receive basic lessons on horsemanship and fighting 14 Squire- Successful Pages would be trained with swords and other weapons and even assist knights on the battle field Statue of a medieval knight 21 Knighthood- could be granted upon completion of training or for a particular act of bravery
8 Knights were expected to follow a strict code of conduct called Chivalry Chivalry This required them to be loyal to their lords, fight with honor, treat all with justice, and act politely towards women.
9 Manorialism Manorial System The economic portion of feudal society where the people s lives were centered around their lord s Manor (land) In the manorial system peasants (also called serfs) were dependent on the land and their lords for their survival In turn however, Lords were also dependent on the labor and support of their populace
10 Rise of the Germanic Peoples Invasion of the Goths into the Roman Empire, a 19th-century painting Ostrogoths: Italian peninsula Visigoths: modern-day Spain Angles and Saxons: modernday Britain Franks: central Europe
11 Clovis ( ) Established a Frankish kingdom in central Europe Conquered many competing tribes and regional Roman political leaders Converted to Christianity which re-established Roman Catholicism in much of Europe
13 Charlemagne ( ) (Charles the Great) Powerful leader, strong Christian Founded the Carolingian Empire Crowned by Pope Leo III as the first Holy Roman Emperor This united the Roman, Christian, and Germanic Traditions into one European Civilization
15 Medieval Religion The Roman Catholic Church governed the spiritual and daily lives of medieval Christians. The Pope (head of the Roman Catholic Church) had authority over rulers and sometimes even appointed them. The clergy, or church leaders were often the only educated people in medieval Europe.
16 Catholic Church Hierarchy Provided stability following the fall of the Roman Empire The Pope Cardinals Same hierarchy still exists today Archbishops Bishops Priests
17 The Catholic Church Expands Its Power The Church became a more political entity Struggles with monarchs Investiture Controversy Pope Gregory VII vs. Henry IV Expanded land ownership Pope Gregory VII Henry IV of Germany
18 The Monastic Movement St. Benedict Became popular in the fifth century A reaction against the increasing worldliness of the Church Monasteries: secluded religious communities Benedictine monasticism: vows of chastity, poverty, and obedience
19 Islam Christianity wasn t the only religion in Europe during the Middle Ages Another Religion Called Islam began spreading around 600 C.E. Muslims (followers of Islamic faith) believe a Prophet named Muhammad established the true religion of god (Allah) and wrote these ideas in a book of scripture called the Qur an
20 Islam in Europe Muslim forces took control of Spain in the early eighth century Inside the Great Mosque of Córdoba Brought with them Innovations in agriculture, architecture, math, and science
21 The Reconquista of Spain Muslims ruled the Iberian Peninsula for nearly 800 years (Al-Andalus) Reconquista: Struggle between Christians and Muslims to control Spain Isabella and Ferdinand King Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile re-conquered the area establishing modern day Spain
22 The Crusades ( C.E.) Military Campaign led by the Roman Catholic Church to take back the Holy Land (Jerusalem) from the Muslims Goals of the Crusades - Regain control of the Holy Land - Convert non-believers - Eliminate heretics (those practicing false beliefs)
23 Pope Urban II Gave speech in 1095 Promised spiritual rewards for liberating the Holy Land from Muslims Offered indulgences or forgiveness of sins for those who went Thousands responded to the call for religious warriors Pope Urban II calling for the Crusades
25 Failure of the Crusades A depiction of the capture of Jerusalem by crusaders Europeans Captured Jerusalem in 1099 Jerusalem was re-taken by Muslim forces under Saladin in 1187 The Christians would never regain control of Jerusalem Results of the Crusades Increased Religious Tension which still effects relations between east and west today Increased European contact with other civilizations Opened trade routes between Europe, Africa, the Middle East and China
26 The Growth of Cities While the Crusades were widely considered a failure in Europe it did allow for the growth of some European cities as centers of trade This growth had three major effects: 1. It created a new middle class, a social class between the rich nobility and poor serfs 2. It ended barter and revived a money economy 3. It contributed to the eventual breakdown of the feudal system
27 The Late Middle Ages The Rise of Monarchs Europe s growing wealth also increased the power of monarchs. Monarchs, Supreme rulers over a state or territory, They sometimes clashed with each other and with their nobles. In 1215, England s King John was forced by his nobles to sign a document, the Magna Carta, granting Church, Lords, and even Peasants legal rights. The Magna Carta would become the foundation for American ideas of liberty and justice.
28 Rise of the Mongols A nomadic people from the steppes of eastern central Asia They united under the leadership of Temujin later known as Chinggis Khan which means Universal Ruler
29 Mongols The Mongols made no technological breakthroughs, founded no new religions, wrote few books or dramas Then why are they historically significant? The Mongols established the largest empire of continuous land the world has ever known
30 The Mongols and Eurasian Empire Their control stretched from Poland to China encompassing13.8 million square miles and 100 million people The Mongol Empire would have far reaching effects on the world Chinggis/Genghis Khan
31 Impact of the Mongols The Mongols created a single economic and cultural world system Mongols encouraged trade and travel from Venice to Beijing and beyond They pioneered new methods of warfare Caused different cultures to spread and change as they brought their own to the newly conquered lands Altered the political histories of Russia, China, Europe
32 The new found spread of people, trade, and culture also brought with it a spread of disease By 1300 C.E. a plague which started on the steppes of central Asia found its way to Europe.
33 The Black Death In the 1300s, the bubonic plague, carried by fleas and rats, destroyed one third of Europe s population. From the devastation came a loss of religious faith and doubts about the Church. However it also brought with it a revival of science and philosophy as Europeans struggled to cope with the plague
34 End of the Middle Ages Ironically the Black Death helps to bring about the end of the Dark Ages Europeans began looking to science and technology to help explain the plague This, combined with increasing wealth of the middle classes caused a renewed interest in classic Greco-Roman art and literature The era of rapid change in art, culture, and technology which follows is known as the Renaissance
36 The Renaissance- an era of enormous creativity and rapid change in art, culture, and technology The Renaissance It began in Italy in the 1300s and reached its height in the 1500s.
37 The Pursuit of Learning: The Renaissance period produced many great figures of Western civilization: Michelangelo, Da Vinci, and Shakespeare. European thinkers began using reason and experimentation to understand the world rather than relying on religion.
38 Key Events of The Renaissance By the late 1500s, the Renaissance had spread to the Netherlands, Belgium, France, Spain, England, and Germany. The Printing Press German Johann Gutenberg produced a Bible made on a printing press in This invention meant books could be mass produced, rather than copied by hand; increase the rate at which information spread. The Reformation The Reformation, a revolt led by Martin Luther, declared that the Bible, not the Church, was the true authority from God. Luther s followers called themselves Protestants, because they protested Church authority.
39 The Renaissance Sea Travel Instruments developed by Renaissance scientists made long-range sea travel possible. Compass: used to determine direction Astrolabe and quadrant: used to determine approximate location
40 Prince Henry of Portugal, later called Prince Henry the Navigator, established a mariners school in Portugal.
41 His seamen developed the caravel, a ship that could sail against the wind as well as with it. Portuguese mariner Vasco da Gama sailed from Portugal to India, opening the first sea route from Europe to Asia. Spain became determined to surpass Portugal in the race to explore new sea routes and to bring Christianity to new lands.
42 West Africans and Europeans Meet Europeans had been trading with North Africans since ancient times. The North Africans traded gold which came from their West African trading partners. Europeans decided to bypass the North Africans and go straight to the West Africans for gold. In West Africa, the Europeans found a new source of wealth, Slaves.
43 Slavery in Africa Europeans placed a high value on land because it was so scarce (in short supply) in Europe. Because land was plentiful in Africa, Africans valued labor more than land. The power of African leaders was judged by how many people they ruled, rather than how much land they controlled.
44 Slaves provided the labor needed to work the land, and also became valuable as items of trade. Slaves in Africa tended to be people who had been captured in war, orphans, criminals, and other rejects of society.
45 Marco Polo Born and raised in Venice Italy Son of wealthy merchants In 1271 when he was 17 he accompanied his father on a trading journey to the East Asian land of Cathay, or present day China Traveled on Camels Took 3 ½ years to cross 7,000 miles of Central Asian mountains and deserts Finally reached Cathay s ruler, called the Khan
46 Marco Polo Marco Polo spent 17 years in service to the Khan He saw and learned many things about the East Asian culture The Cathy had a very advanced culture They read printed books Used paper money Had city fire departments They had large, well organized cities with canals, orderly road systems and hot water
47 Marco Polo In 1295, Polo returned to Italy and told others about the riches of Cathay He reported that there were more than 7,000 islands in the Sea of China the he called the Indies He talked of incredible black stones or coal that fueled fires Claimed they had Rubies the size of a man s arm
48 Marco Polo Marco Polo received much criticism for his tails However many people read his book, Description of the World It sparked a curiosity in Europeans about the world beyond their city walls This lead to a renewed interest in learning and knowledge called the Renaissance
49 Marco Polo
50 Marco Polo s Geography 150 years after Marco Polo s death, Christopher Columbus read Polo s Description of the World. Many scholars still didn t take Polo seriously Columbus believed every word he read
51 Christopher Columbus Christopher Columbus was born in Genoa, Italy, in His father was a merchant. His mother was the daughter of a wool weaver.
52 Christopher Columbus
53 Columbus was especially interested in the islands of Cipango Cipango is actually present day Japan Polo claimed that Cipango lay some 1,500 miles off the eastern shore of Asia The islands of Japan are actually less than 500 miles from the coast of Asia
54 After spending some time as a mapmaker and a trader, he traveled to Portugal for navigator training. A navigator is someone who uses maps and the stars to judge location and direction He honed his navigational skills on journeys to Iceland, Ireland, and West Africa.
55 Columbus was ambitious and stubborn. He was also highly religious and believed that God had given him a heroic mission: to seek a westward sea route to the Indies, meaning China, India, and other Asian lands.
56 A Daring Expedition In 1492, King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain granted Columbus the title of noble and agreed to sponsor his journey. Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand
57 Spanish nobles and clergy wanted his mission to succeed for several reasons: 1.The people of any new non-christian lands would be ripe for conversion to Catholicism. 2.Wealthy merchants and royalty wanted a direct trade route that bypassed the existing Muslimcontrolled routes. 3.An easier western route to Asia would give Spanish traders an advantage over Portuguese traders.
58 In 1492, Columbus set off with three ships, the Niña, Pinta, and Santa María. He had underestimated the distance of his journey. Two months after setting sail, he and his crew landed in the Bahamas, instead of Asia. Columbus had a crew of 90 men & boys.
59 The Voyage Across the Atlantic The route that Columbus had discovered had very favorable winds that pushed the three ships westward After about a month the men grew impatient They had never been away from home this long They demanded that Columbus turn back or they would mutiny To mutiny is to rebel against the established authority and assume that position yourself
60 Tierra! Tierra! Columbus promised to sail home if they did not sight land in three days Two days later they began to see drifting branches in the water a sign that land was near Columbus promised a reward to the first crew member that sighted land
61 Tierra! Tierra! At 2 o clock the next morning, the look out sailor on the Pinta suddenly shouted, Tierra! Tierra! Land! Land! On October 12, 1492, after 70 days and 2,400 miles Columbus had found land
62 Columbus named the island San Salvador Holy Savior and claimed it for Spain This island is today part of the Bahamas Columbus believed that he had landed on one of the many islands in the Indies off the coast of mainland China as was described by Marco Polo
63 Meeting With Native Americans Columbus soon encountered the Taino He named these people Indians, because he thought he had reached the Indies The gold jewelry that adorned the Taino intrigued Columbus One of his missions on this trip was to bring back proof of the riches that could be found
64 A Daring Expedition The Native Americans welcomed Columbus and gave him gifts: parrots, cotton thread, and spears tipped with fish teeth. Columbus traveled to other islands and collected more gifts often by force including Native Americans, to present to the rulers of Spain. Columbus returned to Spain and was awarded the governorship of the present-day island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean.
65 Columbus made four more trips to the Americas. When Spanish settlers complained about his governing of Hispaniola, Columbus lost his position. He died in 1506, never accepting that he had discovered a new continent.
66 Columbus s Impact The Columbian Exchange Columbus s journeys launched a new era of transatlantic trade. The Columbian Exchange allowed the trade of goods, weapons, and culture between the America s and Europe Unfortunately, Native Americans became exposed to Europe s most deadly diseases; they had no resistance to these germs, and many perished.
67 Treaty of Tordesillas European Catholics believed that the Pope had the authority to divide up any newly conquered non-christian lands. In 1494, Portugal and Spain signed the Treaty of Tordesillas, under which the two countries divided all lands on Earth not already claimed by other Christians.
68 Africans Enslaved Portugal and Spain established plantations or large farming operations that produced cash Crops or crops grown primarily for sale. These plantations supplied the American foods, such as sugar and pineapple, that Europeans demanded.
69 At first, Native Americans were kidnapped and forced to work the plantations. But their lack of resistance to many European diseases made them an unreliable work force. As a result, Europeans began bringing enslaved Africans to the Americas.
70 Africans Enslaved Europeans regarded slaves as property, and as such, many slaves were mistreated. Estimates of the total number of West Africans abducted and taken to North and South America range from about 9 million to more than 11 million.
Unit 9: Early Middle Ages Standard(s) of Learning: WHI.9 The student will demonstrate knowledge of Western Europe during the Middle Ages from about 500 to 1000 AD in terms of its impact on Western Civilization
Name Study Guide: The Middle Ages ESSENTIAL KNOWLEDGE: The European Middle Ages occur chronologically between the Roman Empire and the modern age that we live in. The Middle Ages are divided into three
The Early Middle Ages The Rise of Christianity Charlemagne Feudalism The Vikings Section Focus After Rome fell the world entered into chaos. Time of warfare, violence, and religion. Time period known as
Middle Ages: Feudalism - Study Guide - -Franks and Charlemagne - 1. List all names for the Middle Ages. 2. What did Charles The Hammer Martel do? 3. Explain Charlemagne s accomplishments. 4. Explain the
Christopher Columbus- 1492 Italy He wanted to sail west to reach the Indies. He wanted to find jewels, spices and silk. He first landed in Americas in 1492. He thought he was in the Indies and named the
Review: Early Middle Ages 500-1000 Catholic Church pope Monasticism Charlemagne Feudalism or Manorialism Lords (nobles) Knights (vassals) Serfs/peasants code of chivalry Emperor Justinian Eastern (Greek)
Due Date: Chapter 9 Reading Guide/Study Guide Section One Transforming the Roman World (pages 285-290) I. THE NEW GERMANIC KINGDOMS Name: 1. What did the Germanic Ostrogoths and Visigoths retain from the
High Middle Ages Notes Packet: Part I (The Growth of the Church & the Crusades) Christianity During the Middle Ages Because of the renewal of Christian faith around 1000 CE, the Middle Ages gains a new
Chapter 13 Notes Western Europe in the Middle Ages Middle Ages 500-1500 The Middle Ages are also called the Medieval Period. The foundations of early medieval society were: Classical heritage of Rome Christian
Name: World History II Date: SOL Review Day 1 Directions label the following empires in 1500 on the map below England France Spain Russia Ottoman Empire Persia China Mughal India Songhai Empire Incan Aztec
The Middle Ages The Basics When? What? (fall of Roman Empire) - Between 400-600, small kingdoms replaced provinces - Germans? How did that happen? Impact of Germanic Invasions Concept of Government Changes
Questions 1. How powerful was the Roman Catholic Church? 2. What were the Crusades? 3. What caused the Crusades? 4. Why was the First Crusade unsuccessful? 5. Which Muslim leader took over Jerusalem during
Medieval Europe 800 Years Without the Light of Knowledge Dark Ages - the Age of Feudalism Medieval Europe began with the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD. With the destruction of Roman civilization,
AGE OF FEUDALISM, THE MANOR, THE CATHOLIC CHURCH, THE CRUSADES, THE PLAGUE, AND HUNDRED YEARS WAR CENTRAL GOV T OF ROME FALLS APART FAIRLY QUICKLY NORMAL LIFE DISAPPEARS: LOSS OF SAFETY, SERVICES, LAWS,
Frederick Douglass Academy Global Studies 1. One impact Gutenberg's printing press had on western Europe was A) the spread of Martin Luther's ideas B) a decrease in the number of universities C) a decline
Medieval Europe 500-1350 Dark Ages 500 800 High Middle Ages 800 1350 The German Kingdoms Romans loyal to Rome vs. Germans loyal to local war chiefs Romans speak Latin Germans speak German. German law based
MATCHING In the space provided, write the letter of the person that matches each description. Some answers will not be used. 1. A highly talented painter who was also a writer, inventor, architect, engineer,
1 Ch 1: The Glory That Was Rome Wandering Through the Roman Empire The Fall of Rome 2 Ch 2: The Early Days of Britain The Celts of Britain Barbarians Come to Britain Beowulf the Hero 3 Ch 3: Christianity
Middle Ages = European history between the fall of the Roman Empire (476) and the Modern Era (1450) Also called the Medieval Period ( Medium is Latin for Middle; aevum is Latin for age) Early Middle Ages
Timeline I. Medieval Europe A. After the Roman Empire collapsed, western Europe was ruled by Germanic tribes. B. By the 4 th century, the Catholic Church became more powerful. The church was (is) organized
World History (Survey) Chapter 17: European Renaissance and Reformation, 1300 1600 Section 1: Italy: Birthplace of the Renaissance The years 1300 to 1600 saw a rebirth of learning and culture in Europe.
1 In 730, the Byzantine Emperor banned the use of icons. The Pope was outraged to hear that the Byzantine Emperor painted over a painting of Jesus. The Byzantine Emperor and the Pope continued to disagree
Name: Period: Date: Chapter 18 The Later Middle Ages Study Guide Popes and Kings Rule Europe Section 1 Popes and Kings After Feudalism in Europe two types of leaders came to power, who were they and what
Chapter 8: The Rise of Europe Section 1: The Early Middle Age I. Geography of Western Europe A. Location 1. Second smallest land area of the seven continent 2. Lies on the western end of Eurasia (Portugal
EUROPEAN MIDDLE AGES 476 AD 1500 AD The slaw decline of the Roman Empire marked the beginning of a new era in European history. This period is called the Middle Ages. It lasted from around 500 to 1500.
SSWH 7 Analyze European medieval society with regard to culture, politics, society, and economics. SSWH 7 A Explain the manorial system and feudal relationships, include: the status of peasants and feudal
Chapter 17: THE FOUNDATIONS OF CHRISTIAN SOCIETY IN WESTERN EUROPE While other parts of the world were experiencing unprecedented prosperity during the postclassical era, Europe's economy underwent a sharp
What It Wasn t Life in is often depicted with knights in shining armor, kings, queens, and glorious pageantry, but in truth it was often harsh, uncertain, and dangerous. What It Was Also called the Middle
The Worlds of European Christendom Chapter 9 After the Roman Empire By the 4 th Century the Roman Empire gets divided Christian Europe is two parts: 1. Eastern half = The Byzantine Empire 2. Western half
Revival & Crusades AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS (600 1450) From the fall of the Roman Empire 476 C.E. to around 1000 C.E. Europe was in the Dark Ages or Medieval Times. Between 1000 1200 a revival
Europe in the Middle Ages Unit 6 Unit Standards Part 1 Europe in the Middle Ages 7.32 Identify the physical location and features of Europe including the Alps, the Ural Mountains, the North European Plain
Essential Question: What was the Renaissance? What factors led to the rise of the Renaissance? Western Europe The emerged Renaissance from the Middle Ages during an era known as the Renaissance From 1300
Chapter 13 Reading Guide: European Middle Ages 500-1200 Name Hour Section 1: Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms (P. 353) 1. What were the Middle Ages? Invasions of Western Europe 2. Germanic invaders
Chapter Review Chapter Summary Section 1: The Early Middle Ages The Roman empire was replaced by smaller Germanic kingdoms. When Charlemagne aided Pope Leo III in 799, he was crowned Emperor of the Romans
The Renaissance Begins AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS (600 1450) During the Medieval times the Latin West had fallen backward and was far behind the Islamic world in intellectual achievements. In the
CHAPTER 8 Medieval Europe Clovis, King of the Franks, converted to Christianity near the end of the fifth century. He converted because his wife kept begging him to do so, and because he wanted the help
Primary Source Analysis Find the two remaining documents from yesterday s document packet Let s look at Francisco Pizarro s Journal Turn in to homework box when finished Tonight s reading Pgs 149-151 and
Ganado Unified School District (Social Studies/6 th Grade) PACING Guide SY 2015-2016 Timeline & 4th Quarter Middle Ages 2 3 Weeks S2 C3 PO6 Describe the trade routes that established the exchange of goods
Name CHAPTER 13 Section 1 (pages 353 357) Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms BEFORE YOU READ In the last section, you read about Southeast Asian kingdoms and Korean dynasties. In this section, you will
UNIT 1: The Renaissance Literally means rebirth- coined by French historian Jules Michelet although it began in Italy Does not refer to a specific time period, but took place at the same time as the Middle
Section Quiz 9-1 DIRECTIONS: Matching Match each item in with an item in. 1. lived in convents 2. fine paid by a wrongdoer 3. religious pratice of monks 4. bishop of Rome 5. Charles the Great A. wergild
Reformation, Renaissance, and Exploration Read the questions below and select the best choice. Unit Test WRITE YOUR ANSWERS IN THE SPACES PROVDED ON YOUR ANSWER SHEET. DO NOT WRITE ON THIS TEST!! 1. The
Reformation, Renaissance, and Exploration Read the questions below and select the best choice. Unit Test WRITE YOUR ANSWERS IN THE SPACES PROVDED ON YOUR ANSWER SHEET. DO NOT WRITE ON THIS TEST!! 1. Which
The European Middle Ages What happened to the Roman Empire? By the end of the 5 th century, Germanic invaders had destroyed the Roman Empire This led to Disruption of trade Downfall of cities Population
Medieval Matters: The Middle Age 400-1500 The Roman Empire Falls (376) and Western World Ignites DYK - Son of a Gun - Comes from the Medieval Knights view that firearms were evil Byzantine Empire Eastern
Chapter 11 The Roman Empire and the Rise of Christianity in the West, 31 B.C.E. 800 C.E. p142 Roman Decline Rome s power to rule began to decline after Marcus Aurelius (161-180 CE) Germanic tribes invaded
Q31 Mayans, Aztecs, & Incas Mayan & Aztec Social Structure Who was considered a god? Who interpreted the calendar? Who was not a part of the Inca social structure? Q32 Mayans, Aztecs, & Incas The Mayans,
Chapter 13 Reading Guide: European Middle Ages 500-1200 Section 1: Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms (P. 353) 1. What were the Middle Ages? Name: Hour Invasions of Western Europe 2. Germanic invaders
OBJECTIVES: Chapter 1:1-2 o We will examine possible scenarios how Native Americans first came to the Americas. o We will examine the culture of Native Americans before European contact. o We will examine
THE MONGOLS Nomads of the Asian Steppe Steppe = a vast belt of dry grassland across Eurasia Provided a land trade route Home to nomads who swept into cities to plunder, loot & conquer Pastoralists = herded
Teacher Overview Objectives: European Culture and Politics ca. 1750 Objective 1. Examine events from the Middle Ages to the mid-1700s from multiple perspectives. Guiding Question and Activity Description
AP European History Summer Assignment Due: First day of class To complete this assignment you will need your textbook, The Western Heritage, which can be picked up from the school library on the following
Capital = Constantinople Continued as the New ROME Kings saw themselves to still be considered ROMAN emperors Constantinople Survived because it was far away from the Germanic tribe invasions It was the
The Holy Roman Empire (946-1437) By: Aubrey Feyrer Amanda Peng Ian Scribner Growth of the Holy Roman Empire Intellectual and Cultural History Included present-day Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg,
The Mongols Background and effects Background 1206-1227 Reign of Chinggis Khan Chronology of the Mongol Empire 1211-1234 1219-1221 1237-1241 Conquest of northern China Conquest of Persia Conquest of Russia
Name Date Part A DBQ Unit 6: European Age of Exploration Directions The task below is based on documents 1 through 5. This task is designed to test your ability to work with the information provided by
HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY 801 EUROPE COMES TO AMERICA (1492 1620) CONTENTS I. QUEST AND CONQUEST.................. 2 EUROPE AWAKENS.................................. 3 THE VOYAGES OF COLUMBUS..........................
The Byzantine Empire and Emerging Europe, a.d. 50 800 Lesson 4 The Age of Charlemagne ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS How can religion impact a culture? What factors lead to the rise and fall of empires? Reading HELPDESK
! Vocabulary 1450-1750 Match the term to the definition. To create a better review sheet, write the term instead of the letter. A. Absolute monarchy B. Boyars C. Capitalism D. Caravel E. Catholic reformation
A crown from the Holy Roman Empire. Feudalism and the manor system created divisions among people. Shared beliefs in the teachings of the Church bonded people together. Priests and other religious officials
1. Base your answer to the question on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of social studies. Which period began as a result of the actions shown in this cartoon? A) Italian Renaissance B) Protestant
Explorers A to Z The world is a big place. That doesn t come as a surprise to you and me. All of our lives, we ve had maps that show us where we are compared with every single nation on earth. We can count
WHII SOL Review Packet 1 The Renaissance The Renaissance marked the rebirth of classical knowledge and the birth of the modern world The Renaissance started in the Italian City- states and spread to Northern
U.S. History: Chapter 1 OBJECTIVES: Chapter 1 o We will examine the early history of Native American Indigenous cultures. o We will examine how the conditions in Europe such as the Papacy having supreme
World History (Survey) Chapter 14: The Formation of Western Europe, 800 1500 Section 1: Church Reform and the Crusades Beginning in the 1000s, a new sense of spiritual feeling arose in Europe, which led
Medieval Europe: Heir to the Greco-Roman World Out of the Ashes of Ancient Rome emerged Medieval Europe Rome Most impressive ancient empire Large empire, covering the entire Mediterranean region Effective
Slide 1 The Barbarian Invasions: The Migration Period in Europe, 300-700 C.E. Student Handouts, Inc. www.studenthandouts.com Slide 2 End of the Roman Empire 476 C.E. Traditional date for the end of the
The Byzantine Empire and Emerging Europe Chapter 8 Section 2 Decline & Fall of Rome The Romans are no longer a world superpower so what the heck happened? 1. Military Problems 2. Economic Problems 3. Political
The Middle Ages: 500-1450 AD AD World History Middle Ages, Renaissance, Reforma@on Unit Standards SSWH7: The student will analyze European medieval society with regard to culture, politics, society, and
Chapter 17: Nomadic Empires and Eurasian Integration Chapter 18: States and Societies of Sub-Saharan Africa Chapter 19: The Increasing Influence of Europe 1. Marco Polo wrote that the Mongols were "stout
9/30/13 10:45 AM Name Date Period DBQ: The European Middle Ages Directions: The following question is based on the accompanying documents in Part A. As you analyze the documents, take into account both
The Fall of Rome: The Darkness Begins 1. What happened to Rome in 410 AD? 2. Why would this sack of Rome be physiologically crushing to the Romans? 3. Who is Alaric? 4. What are Alaric and his Visigoths
The Byzantine Empire Preview This preview is designed to show students how the city of Constantinople thrived as a trading hub. This will help you understand why Constantinople became the capital of the
Chapter 9, Section World History: Connection to Today Chapter 9 The High Middle Ages (1050 1450) Copyright 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights
World History I Robert Taggart Table of Contents To the Student.............................................. v A Note About Dates........................................ vii Unit 1: The Earliest People
The Church Objectives: To describe the Church s structure, influence and power. To explain the relationship between the Church and the German Empire. To list events in the power struggle between the popes
Chapter 7: Medieval- middle age While the Byzantines prospered, the old Western empire fell into the Dark Ages. Germanic tribes snatched up what was the Roman Empire between 400-700 AD They include Vandals,
Objectives Understand why Holy Roman emperors failed to build a unified nation-state in Germany. Describe the conflict between Pope Gregory VII and Emperor Henry IV and summarize the struggle to control
Indian Ocean Trade Height 800 1400 C.E. Key Vocabulary: Zanj Arab name for the people of East Africa Monsoons the seasonal wind of the Indian Ocean and southern Asia, blowing from the southwest in summer
A Pilgrim People The Story of Our Church Presented by: www.cainaweb.org Early Church Growth & Threats Patristic Period & Great Councils Rise of Christendom High Medieval Church Renaissance to Reformation
Chapter 18 The Mongols Unify Eurasia p243 China Under the Song Dynasty, 960-1279 Most advanced civilization in the world Extensive urbanization Iron and Steel Manufacturing Technical innovations Printing
AP WORLD HISTORY Big Ideas The purpose of this PowerPoint is for you to review 10 Big Ideas from each of our historical units. (Units 1& 2 are combined together). As you read the top 10 countdown hopefully
The Rise of the Franks through Charlemagne (c.500-840) Much of Europe's destiny would be tied in with a new Germanic power, the Franks. This tribe had played a minor role in the breakup of the Roman Empire.
Lesson 1 Medieval Christianity ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS How did the Church influence political and cultural changes in medieval Europe? How did both innovations and disruptive forces affect people during the