The National Herald. September 29 - October 5, 2012 VOL. 15, ISSUE 781 $1.50

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1 NEWS O C V ΓΡΑΦΕΙ ΤΗΝ ΙΣΤΟΡΙΑ ΤΟΥ ΕΛΛΗΝΙΣΜΟΥ ΑΠΟ ΤΟ 1915 A weekly GrEEk-AmEriCAN PuBliCATiON c v September 29 - October 5, 2012 Bringing the news to generations of Greek-Americans VOL. 15, ISSUE 781 $1.50 Gov t Has Agreed to $14.6 Bil. New Cuts Samaras Propels Coalition to Accept Troika s Demands By Andy Dabilis TNH Staff Writer ATHENS After months of wrangling and a day after a massive protest and general strike, Greek Prime Minister Antonis Samaras reportedly was able to convince his reluctant coalition partners to go along with $14.6 billion in spending cuts demanded by international lenders. Democratic Left leader Fotis Kouvelis, who along with the New Democracy Conservative leader Samaras and PASOK Socialist leader Evangelos Venizelos are sharing power, told reporters after he emerged from a meeting with them on Sept. 27 that, we reached an agreement on the main axes. There are still some outstanding issues. Kouvelis and Venizelos had been resisting some of the harshest measures demanded by international lenders, such as more pay cuts, slashed pensions, and the layoff and eventual firing of as many as 35,000 workers, but Kouvelis did not reveal what the deal was on those issues. The three political leaders had been unable to agree on whether certain sectors, such as the poor and elderly should be protected, but it appears as if the brunt will fall on the most vulnerable again while tax evaders will largely continue to escape although they owe the country more than $70 billion. Kouvelis also said that Greece will ask the Troika of the European Union-International Monetary Fund-European Central Bank (EU-IMF-ECB) that is putting up $325 billion in two bailouts for a four-year extension to impose reforms, not two years as Samaras had wanted. The prime minister has not asked the Troika formally for more time but Finance Minister Yiannis Stournaras said that another two years to reduce the deficit from 9.3 to 3 percent and meet fiscal targets would require as much as another $20 billion in aid. Stournaras, who was present at the meeting of the three leaders, described the agreement as a basis for strong negotiation with the Troika, who have to approve them before Samaras runs them through the Parliament that his government controls. Continued on page 9 Golden Dawn Establishes 1st Chapter in U.S. Reporting by TNH Staff NEW YORK Greek expatriates announced that they have established the first chapter in America of Golden Dawn, the far-right political party that has recently gained representation in the Greek Parliament. The first manifestation of their activity in the United States is a website, xanyc.org, which apparently has been hacked and has been inoperable for most of the time since its creation. Reaction in the Greek-American community was immediate in some circles. TNH has been informed that groups are meeting to plan what they call anti-fascist events, and the Order of AHEPA has issued a blistering condemnation. Demonstrations are being Continued on page 5 For subscription: AP PHOTO/NikOlAS GiAkOumidiS A fire bomb explodes among riot police during clashes in Athens Wednesday Sept. 26, Greek workers walked off the job Wednesday for the first general strike since the country's coalition government was formed in June, as the prime minister and finance minister hammered out a package of euros 11.5 billion ($14.87 billion) in spending cuts. Isn t That the Parthenon in Nashville? By Constantine S. Sirigos TNH Staff Writer NEW YORK There is a fullscale archaeologically-correct reproduction of the Parthenon standing in centennial Park in Nashville, TN. Anyone can go there and experience the masterpiece of Greece s Golden Age firsthand. On September 20, Professor Barbara Tsakirgis spoke at Columbia University about one of the people who helped make it a genuine cultural achievement and not just a piece of historical kitsch. Schermerhorn Hall is nestled in the Neo-classical campus of Columbia, one of many sites throughout the United States that evoke the grandeur of Greece and Rome and help solidify the links between the democratic and republican achievements of the ancient By Constantine S. Sirigos TNH Staff Writer world and the aspirations of America s founding fathers and citizens. Tsakirgis, Associate Professor of Classics and History of Art at Vanderbilt University, and Vice Chair of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens (ASCSA) Managing Committee, presented The Athens of the South: William Bell Dinsmoor and the Design of the Nashville Parthenon, which focused on the contributions of that renowned architect and scholar. She called her story a tale of two cities and a tale of two buildings, and explained how they were linked by Dinsmoor, a professor at Columbia University and the ASCSA. The lecture traced the detailed information and measurements Dinsmoor obtained through years of examining the original Parthenon and which WASHINGTON, DC On October 24 and 25 the Washington OXI Day Foundation will host its second annual celebration of the achievements and sacrifices of the people of Greece and their contribution to the allied victory in WWII. The gathering will also highlight the efforts of the modern day heroes who exhibit the same courage as the Greeks did in continuing to fight to preserve and promote freedom and democracy around the world, according to the website oxidayfoundation.org. An impressive though coincidental prelude to this year s fete was held on September 19 in the Rotunda of the U.S. Capitol Building, when America's leadership gathered to honor the first winner of the Battle of Crete Award, Aung San Suu Kyi, the opposition leader in Burma- Myanmaar who was one of the world's most prominent political prisoners. She was presented with the Congressional Gold Medal, the highest honor the United States Congress can bestow. Several evocative awards are offered each year to individuals or groups nominated by America s elected officials, policymakers, and opinion leaders according to noted Washington informed the creation of the replica. The building he helped create replaced a temporary structure that was created in 1897 for the city s one-year-late centennial celebration. The citizens loved it so much Nashville, now known as Music City but called the Athens of the South before the centennial - the city chose not to tear it down, By 1920, however, it was in need of renovation or replacement. It had become a symbol of the city and while the populace wanted it preserved, the directors of the park asked Russell Hart to design and build a permanent and more faithful replica of the Periclean original. Tsakirgis said Hart approached the restoration from a very scholarly perspective and Continued on page 3 lobbyist and Archon of the Ecumenical Patriarchate Andy Manatos, the founder of the Foundation, which is a nonprofit, 501c3 organization. The awards include: The OXI Day Award for a man who took courageous action in an effort to protect or acquire freedom and democracy; The OXI Day Battle of Crete Award, for a woman who took courageous action in an effort to protect or acquire freedom and democracy, The Metropolitan Chrysostomos Award, presented at ceremony with Jewish Community, for courageous action to stop anti-semitism or discrimination; and The Greatest Generation Award, to honor an Simon Critchley (R), author and professor, and Paul Holdengräber, the director and founder of LIVE from the New York Public Library, discuss truth and lies in conversations. 7 Greek-Americans are Included in Forbes 400 Wealthiest in the U.S. TNH Staff NEW YORK Seven Greek- Americans grace the Forbes list of 400 wealthiest Americans. According to the notable financial magazine, two-thirds of the wealthiest people in the U.S. added to their fortunes, boosting their average net worth by $400 million to a record $4.2 billion. Indeed, they are just the tip of the iceberg of the wealth and achievements amassed by immigrants and their descendants, but they are a testament to what a Hellene can achieve in the right environment. Excerpts from the biographies accompanying their listings in the latest Forbes list follow. More extensive bios can be seen in the archives of the newspaper s website, thenationalherald.com. JOHN PAUL DEJORIA, of Austin, TX and who has Italian and Greek roots, is number 92. He is 68 years old and is worth $4 billion. John Paul DeJoria continues OXI Day Foundation s 2nd Annual Celebration TNH/COSTAS BEJ Cyrpus is Honored at Lincoln Center American and a Greek veteran who served valiantly in WWII. Manatos told TNH the Greek role in WWII is a very important fact of modern history that is very rapidly being forgotten, as though it never happened, and expressed concern about what happens when my generation goes, particularly at a time when we need to improve the Greek brand [there must be] reminders of what Greece has done, not only in ancient times, but in modern times and are capable of doing again. He made the point that his appreciation of the Greek achievement deepened when he Onassis USA s Truth and Lies Presentation TNH Staff NEW YORK Word is getting around New York about the conversation series presented by the Onassis Foundation (USA) titled On Truth (and Lies). The season s inaugural presentation at the courtroom of Brooklyn s Borough Hall crackled with quips and insights to the delight of the matriculating and eternal students alike who filled the ornate space. The conversations are led by Simon Critchley, author and Hans Jonas Professor of Philosophy at the New School for Social Research and on Sunday the conversation, which featured renowned interviewer Paul Holdengräber, the director and founder of LIVE from the New York Public Library, focused on to rake in billions making people look and feel good. The Navy vet got start in business while living in an old Rolls Royce on L.A.'s Sunset Strip hawking shampoo door-to-door. Today his high-end hair care company, John Paul Mitchell Systems, has roughly $1 billion in annual sales. His Patron Spirits, started as a hobby with pal Martin Crawley in 1989, sold more than 2.4 million cases of tequila in DeJoria gives to charities that help people help themselves. Chrysalis provides L.A. homeless with a fresh start; Grow Appalachia hands people the supplies and knowledge needed to grow their own food. JOHN CATSIMATIDIS of New York, age 62, is number 132. His fortune is listed at $3 billion. John Catsimatidis deals in everything from motor oil to olive oil. The son of Greek immigrants turned a single grocery store into the Red Apple Group The Cyprus Federation of America hosted a concert at Lincoln Center to celebrate Cyprus EU presidency and the 52nd anniversary of its independence. President Christofias was the honored guest and renowned pianist Cyprien Katsaris was the featured performer. Continued on page 7 Continued on page 2 Continued on page 4 Asia Minor Holocaust Memorial TNH Staff BROOKLYN A memorial service in honor of the victims of the Asia Minor holocaust and to mark the 90th anniversary of the burning of Smyrna made for a dramatic and moving Sunday morning at the Church of the Three Hierarchs in Brooklyn on September 23. Led by Archimandrite Eugene Pappas, the parish pastor of more than 30 years, and past Parish Council president Basilios Theodosakis, the annual service and special program reinforces the community s knowledge of one of the darkest moments in the history of Hellenism and Christianity. Pappas spoke bluntly but from the heart when he pointed out that it was shameful that one Greek government after another acquiesced in pressure from countries it considered its friends after the Greek people endured unspeakable atrocities and made unfathomable sacrifices in war after war to downplay the crimes of its ostensible ally, Turkey. The repeated genocide perpetrated by various Turkish governments against the Ancient Christian populations of Asia Minor, the anti-greek pogrom in Constantinople in 1955, and other incidents went partially or completely unmentioned in Greek schoolbooks until recently. He introduced Theodosakis, who is chairman of the Holocaust Memorial Observance Committee, and lauded him as one of our own because he saw the great lack and started this movement many years ago to teach this the truth of what happened that has been unacknowledged by the Turkish govern- Continued on page 4 TNH/COSTAS BEJ

2 2 COMMUNITY THE NATIONAL HERALD, SEPTEMBER 29 - OCTOBER 5, 2012 GOINGS ON... Truth (and Lies) is Focus of Onassis Foundation conversation itself. Critchley and Holdengräber, a seasoned interviewer of major cultural and political figures, dissected the art of conversation, digression, and sustained dialogue, in order to see how truth emerges from conversation. Critchley reintroduced the series, which seeks to examine truth in as many contexts as possible. The endeavor was also described as An exploration of the ambiguity of reality the next lecture by famed Columbia University professor of mathematics and physics Brian Greene on October 2 will both enlighten and bend minds and Critchley framed it in the context of the information revolution and the claims to truth which seem to multiply on a daily basis. He noted how difficult it is to separate truth from lies as the line seems more porous than ever, but that just seems to make his job and Holdengräber s more interesting in what he called our Pinocchio era. But truth still matters, Critchley noting it is striking that people both expect politicians to lie, and are outraged when they are caught. Critchley began by pointing out Holdengräber s reported dissatisfaction with the conversations which thrill his audiences but challenge the latter s sense of perfection, his desire for the perfect Platonic dialogue. He acknowledged that it is a real dissatisfaction. I am seeking something that will happen but it s totally unexpected, something that will reveal a moment in the arc between us that is unexpected and reveals something the person didn t know about himself and that I didn t know. Sometimes it happens, sometimes it doesn t. He added that in a good conversation you forget you are having it, and a transcendence was described that begs the question whether all conversations have an erotic dimension. Asked what he did when he encountered what seemed to be lies or evasions, Holdengräber said his method is to be relentless, to come back to the matter again and again. Sometimes he changes the subject and then a b Paul Holdengräber (C) and Simon Critchley (R) are introduced by a representative of the Brooklyn Book Festival, which hosted the On Truth (and Lies) presentation of the Onassis Foundation (USA) on Sept. 23. charges back in. He revealed, most importantly, sometimes to the embarassment of the audience, one must be silent. He said he tries as hard as he can to let those moments of discomfort linger, because much is then revealed. And out of that silence rings forth truth? Some of the truth? Approximate truths? Whatever emerges, Holdengräber s hope is that it resonates in the minds of his listeners and society as a whole, perhaps as a kind of seed whose effects unfold over 10, 20, maybe 30 years. He told a story suggesting he aspires to the effect great musicians have on audiences. When he told his mother he was going to interview the great pianist Van Cliburn, she stopped him, enraptured as she recalled a concert she heard him perform in 1961 in Mexico. Fifty years later this concert stayed with her, he said. His job, he said, is to grab two or three hours of people s time in the hopes of triggering this moment that somehow unpacks somebody s thought. To explain what he meant by telling the Wall Street Journal that what he does is to celebrate the ephemeral, he paraphrased a writer, saying what he tries to do is catch what falls POCKET-LESS PITA BREAD Kontos Foods The Leading Company in Flat Breads Well known for the Pocket-Less Pita manufacturers of Authentic Ethnic Hand Stretched Flat bread. kontos the first family in fillo dough and fillo products. FillO kataifi, BAklAVA, SPANAkOPiTA, TyrOPiTA NuT roll, melomakarona and the TrAdiTiONAl mediterranean desserts. Excellent quality and service. We distribute in USA and Canada. Special prices for communities, schools, churches festivals and other events Kontos Foods, Inc Box 628, Paterson, NJ Tel.: (973) Fax: (973) kontos.com Christodoulou-Bezevegki Nuptials TOP LEFT: Peter Christodoulou and Anna Bezevegki were married in Porto Heli in Greece. (L-R) Ari and Marilena Christodoulou, Peter and Anna, Elias Bezevegkis and Chryssa Veneti-Bezevegki. TOP RIGHT and LEFT: The newlyweds are all aglow after their wedding. Later on, they received the blessing of His All Holiness Patriarch Bartholomew in Constantinople. out of people s pockets you hope they are things they don t want to remove from their pockets And it happens in a moment hence the ephemeral, yet what emerges has a lasting impact it participates in eternity. Digressions are welcome because it s on the side roads that the truth is revealed. Another description of what happens during his conversations that challenges the notion that truth is a dogged pursuit of something in particular, is that we get lost together and find new landscapes. Critchley also tossed out the phrase of historian Carlo Ginzburg the euphoria of ignorance. He noted it is hard to be in that state in an information culture, though he said that to try to evoke euphoria, you can tickle yourself. Holdengräber replied, You could, but is doesn t work as well. The euphoria he was referring to pertains to the joy of discovery when exploring the unknown. Holdengräber feels no guilt about his craft, and quoted Oscar Wilde: There are no indiscreet questions, only indiscreet answers. But the interviewer does have scruples. There is a difference between the personal and TNH/COSTAS BEJ the private. You must be careful. Certain elements are private and should not be tampered with. Like priceless museum pieces. My role is that of curator of public curiosity, he said, and he acknowledges a gift, probably strengthened by the respect with which he approaches people, for getting them to disclose matters that are close to their hearts. As they concluded, Critchley expressed regret that in our accelerated times, there is less and less time to focus on things and mull them over. Holdengräber said our goal should be to be attentive in an age of distraction. Both have the gift, through lucidity and wit, of focusing and keeping people s attention. Ambassador Lucas Tsillas, the Executive Director of the Onassis Foundation (USA), was present and informed TNH that they are embarking on a major year-long renovation and expansion of their facilities in at the Olympic Tower and that their upcoming presentations will be housed in some of New York City s great cultural venues, including the Brooklyn Academy of Music, The New York Public Library on Fifth Avenue, and Carnegie Hall. The Hellenic University Club of NY 2013 Undergraduate Scholarship Program The Hellenic university Club of New york is pleased to announce its annual undergraduate scholarship award winners for high school seniors. Each award is one thousand five hundred dollars ($1500).Candidates must be of Hellenic Ancestry and maintain a superior academic record. Award recipients for 2012 are: William Mavrode, from middletown HS and resides in middletown NJ and will be attending Berkeley univ. majoring in Chemical Engineering Eleni Efstathiadis, from North Shore HS and a resident of Old Brookville will be attending Baruch College and majoring in Business Petros Georgiou Lilikas, attended Northern Valley regional HS and is a resident of demarest NJ. Petros will be attending Siena College majoring in Pre-med. we wish our award winners the best in keeping their Hellenic Heritage as they undergo the new rigors of College life. Additional information and applications may be obtained from: The Hellenic University Club of NY Scholarship Committee PO Box 6882, Fdr Station, New york Ny n SEPTEMBER MANHATTAN On Sunday, Sept. 30 at 6PM: The Archdiocesan Cathedral of the Holy Trinity invites you to The Musical Legacy of Manos Loizos" a concert to benefit the Music Ministries & Choir of the Cathedral with performances by The Synphonia Band, Gus Paul Chrysson and members of the Cathedral Choir. For details, please call ASHVILLE, NC Held annually on the Holy Trinity Greek Orthodox Church Grounds at 227 Cumberland Ave in Asherville. Friday & Saturday Sept AM to 9 PM, Sunday 11am to 7pm. Authentic Greek Food and Pastries, Live Greek Music, Traditional Greek Dancing, Church Tours, Greek Cooking Demonstrations, Market Place with Greek Grocery Store, Gift Shops, Jewelry, Religious Items, Art, Kids Rides and Activities, Greek Ice Cream, Kafenion w/loukoumades, Taverna w/greek Wines & Beer. Admission free, call for more details. PORT WASHINGTON, NY The Archangel Michael Greek Orthodox Church is holding its annual Greek festival at Bar Beach in Port Washington. Sept , Friday 4PM to 11PM, Saturday Noon to 11pm & Sunday 1pm to 8pm. Saturday night has fireworks. There is free admission and parking, for more information go to BIRMINGHAM, AL The Holy Trinity-Holy Cross Cathedral is holding its annual Greek festival at Street in Birmingham on Thursday, Sept. 27, Friday, Sept. 28 and Saturday, Sept. 29. Call for more information. BALTIMORE, MD The St. Demetrios Greek Orthodox Church is holding its annual Greek festival at 2504 Cub Hill Road in Baltimore on Thursday, Sept. 27, Friday, Sept. 28, Saturday, Sept. 29 and Sunday, Sept. 30. Call LANHAM, MD The St. Theodore Greek Orthodox Church is holding its annual Greek Festival at 7101 Cipriano Road in Lanham on Friday, Sept. 28, Saturday, Sept. 29 and Sunday, Sept. 30. For more information call n SEPTEMBER 29 SAN FRANCISCO The United Arcadians of San Francisco will celebrate their 80th anniversary on Saturday, Sept. 29 at Patio Espanol Club Hall featuring a show of Arcadian entertainment, folk music and dancing like never before in San Francisco. Performers coming directly from Greece include: clarinetist Nikos Filippidis and singer Lalezas. They will be accompanied by :John Pappas folk music orchestra T Adelphia. For tickets contact: Joan M. Peponis-Rinde at Purchase tickets online at Alemany Boulevard in San Francisco 5:30 7PM, Cocktails. 7:00 PM Dinner: Prime Rib, Salmon, or Vegetarian Dinner $60.00 for Chapter #35 members and their families, $75.00 for Non-members, $25.00 for Children 12 and under. n OCTOBER 3 ASTORIA Hellenic Professional Women Inc. Cordially invite you to a Networking Dinner Wednesday, Oct. 3, 2012 (6:30-9:30PM) at Central, Steinway Street in Astoria. Light Dinner will be served Members: $20 Non-Members: $30 Taxes and gratuities included. Cash bar. If you would like to attend, please make your check payable to Hellenic Professional Women Inc. and mail it in advance to: Hellenic Professional Women Inc., P.O. Box 306, New Hyde Park, NY or visit our website to register and pay via PayPal n OCTOBER 5 ASTORIA - The Hellenic Relief Foundation presents a benefit concert with Grigoris Maninakis and the Mikrokosmos Ensemble, with Guest Artists/Singers- Makaria Psilliteli, Lina Orfanos, Anna Eliopoulos, and Elena Vote on our website! Toumaras. The concert will be held at the Chion Federation in Astoria at 8 PM (Doors open at 7pm). One Hundred percent of all proceeds will go towards supplying food for the needy in Greece. Grigoris Maninakis and all the artists are appearing pro bono to support HRF in its mission to provide support for the Greek population by addressing needs in health and nutrition. For tickets call the Hellenic Relief Foundation at or by Tickets are $30 in advance and $40 at the door. Tickets are also on line: n OCTOBER 10 MANHATTAN The Hellenic- American Chamber of Commerce, The Hellenic American Cultural Foundation, The New York City Greek Film Festival in association with the Armenia General Benevolent Union announce a special event: Two special screenings of Smyrna: The Destruction of A Cosmopolitan City, Directed by award-winning filmmaker Maria Iliou, the documentary premiered at the Benaki Museum in Athens earlier this year. The festival screenings will be the first public showings of the film in the United States. Using astonishing archival footage and informative interviews with individuals with family connections to Smyrna s Greek, Armenian and Turkish residents, the film presents a balanced account of this all but forgotten tragic event. Also featured in the documentary is the film s consultant, Alexander Kitroeff, professor of History at Haverford College. Wednesday, Oct. 10 7PM and 9PM at the Paris Theater, Fifth Avenue at 58th Street in Manhattan. Ticket sales soon at: For advanced group sales call: (evenings) The Stavros Niarchos Foundation is the principal benefactor of the NYC Greek Film Festival. n OCTOBER 12 MANHATTAN Greek-Americans for Obama invite you to a fundraiser and Wine and Hors d'oeuvres Reception on Friday, October 12, 6-9PM at Loi Restaurant 208 West 70th Street, New York, NY Suggested Contribution: $75 ($40 for students & seniors) R.S.V.P: Please make contributions for the event at: m/page/outreach/view/2012/n YGreekAmericans. Special Guests include more will be announced - Aravella Simotas, Member of the New York State Assembly Michael Gianaris, Member of the New York State Senate. Visit / n OCTOBER 14 MANHATTAN The Annunciation Ladies Philoptochos kicks off its Fall fund raising efforts with a multi-faceted event: a Bake Sale featuring irresistible Greek sweets, a Tag Sale with great bargains straight from Yiayia s attic & Pappou s garage, and, to help you get an early start on your holiday gift shopping, exquisite hand-made Jewelry by Fotini Designs and Fine Quality Cutlery by Cutco. 12 PM 3 PM (after the Sunday Divine Liturgy), Demas Hall, Annunciation Greek Orthodox Church, 302 West 91st Street, (at West End Ave.), In Manhattan WILKES-BARRE, PA Attend the 2012 Fall Greek Food Festival, hosted by the Annunciation Greek Orthodox Church, 32 East Ross Street (near the Wilkes- Barre Post Office) in Wilkes-Barre from Thursday, Oct. 4 to Saturday, Oct. 6, 11AM to 8PM daily. An assortment of Greek food and pastries, including gyros, stuffed grape vine leaves, spinach pies, baklava, galaktoboureko, and more, will be available for eat-in or take-out. Greek t-shirts and aprons will also be sold. Church tours will be offered upon clergy availability. Customers may preorder their food by calling (570) during festival hours or by ordering online at greekfoodfestival.webs.com. For more info call (570) QUESTION OF THE WEEK You have the chance to express your opinion on our website on an important question in the news. The results will be published in our printed edition next week along with the question for that week. The question this week is: Do you think how well Obama and Romney do in the debates can affect their chances to win the election? o Yes o No o Maybe The results for last week s question: Have you already made up your mind for whom you will vote for president? 91% voted "Yes" 9% voted "No" Please vote at:

3 THE NATIONAL HERALD, SEPTEMBER 29 - OCTOBER 5, 2012 COMMUNITY 3 Evangelismos Parish Hosts Presentation on the History of Greek Jews By TNH Staff (L-R) Parish Council member Dr. John Getsos, Fr. Nathanael Symeonides, Council President John Galinos, Marcia Haddad Ikonomopoulos, Consul Evangelos Kyriakopoulos, Councilmember Kay Kalogerakis. NEW YORK On the eve of Rosh Hashanah and two weeks after the turn of the New Year on the calendar of the Greek Orthodox Church, Marcia Haddad Ikonomopoulos made a presentation at the Church of the Annunciation comparing and contrasting the immigration experiences of Greece s Jewish and Christian populations. The calendar traditions and common immigration experiences are just two examples of things Greek and Jewish communities are discovering about one another as recent developments in relations among Israel, Greece, and Cyprus have prompted new outreach efforts and a deepening of longstanding relations between Greek and Jewish Diaspora communities. Fr. Nathanael Symeonides, pastor of the Annunciation in Manhattan s Upper West Side, welcomed guests from the Kehila Kedosha Janina Synagogue on the Lower East Side as our Greek brothers and sisters, after the Divine Liturgy and during his remarks later on in the Community Center on September 17 he urged them to also consider the Evangelismos as their home, declaring they are proof that Hellenism is truly ecumenical. Evangelos Kyriakopoulos, Greece s Consul in New York, for himself and on behalf of Consul General George Iliopoulos, welcomed the guest and expressed his appreciation for the event. Lectures like those of Ikonomopoulos, who is the director of the museum connected with the synagogue, are helping the communities discover how much they have in common, including social values like a devotion to education and the preservation of their languages and religious practices. Attendees of one another s weddings, for example, have long expressed feeling of déjà vu. Ikonomopoulos, whose family hails from Thessaloniki, shared the story of how she came to embrace her Hellenic heritage she has learned to speak Greek fluently and began with an overview of the history of the Greek Jewish communities. There is more than one. The Sephardic Jews expelled by Spain and welcomed into the Ottoman Empire after 1492 are better known, but Romaniote Jews those from Ioannina founded the synagogue at 280 Broome Street preceded the Sephardim by 1800 years. The Romaniotes arrived after Alexander s conquest of the Middle East, and although they flourished for centuries under Greek, Roman and Byzantine rule, they were absorbed into the larger Sephardic community, especially in the great city they called Salonica. Ikonomopoulos noted some of the differences among Jews who immigrated to America from Europe. The Ashkenazi Jews who predominate in the United States often fled pogroms and other forms of persecution in the Catholic, Protestant, and Orthodox Christian states of northern Europe. The Sephardim in the Balkans did not immigrate for religious reasons. That was especially not the case with the Romaniotes. As Ikonomopoulos poignantly told their strory, the latter left Greece reluctantly, and maintained a powerful nostalgia for the homeland after arriving in America. Although she grew up in a Sephardic family, Ikonomopoulos was drawn to the Romaniote community and its more strongly-held and expressed Hellenism after learning of the existence of Kehila Kedosha Janina during a trip to Greece. The historical photographs were the highlight of the afternoon. They portrayed life before and after the immigrants left Greece and served to illustrate the similarities and differences in the lives and of Greek Christians and Jews. The greatest commonality was the motivation for immigration: they were seeking better lives for their families and opportunities for themselves. Both groups fled not persecution but the economic and political instability before and after the Balkan wars that liberated the Balkan peoples from Turkish rule. There was one drastic change for the worse with the departure of Turkish authorities. In the expanded Christian states, stores had to close on Sundays. With the observant Jews also closed on Saturdays, Jewish businesses inevitably suffered. And there was a disaster that hurt all the people of Thessaloniki but struck disproportionately in the Jewish neighborhoods: The great fire of August 18, The Greeks embraced their fellows everywhere, but Greek Jews did not immediately connect with their brethren How can you be a Jew if you don t speak Yiddish, was a common attitude according to Ikonomopoulos. Of 3.5 million Jews who arrived in American between 1880 and 1904, 75,000 were not Ashkenazim. Proximity to a church or a synagogue was a key criterion among Greeks and Jews for deciding where to live, but the latter were especially concerned to be near relatives. Both groups were anxious to become good Americans while also preserving their ethnicity. They established their own newspapers and created social clubs which also promoted self-help. Making a living and getting their children educated was a priority for Greek Christians and Jews, and both sought opportunities to open their own businesses. As soon as you bought a sewing machine and put it your apartment you became an entrepreneur, she said of the Jewish immigrants. When Kehila Kedosha Janina s current home was built in 1927 the congregation was organized in 1907 and incorporated in 1914 it was one of 400 synagogues in the Lower East Side. Among the Romaniotes, after the Jewish faith came their Hellenic identity. Many families sent their children to afternoon Greek schools to the nearby Church of St. Barbara itself housed in a former synagogue. For many, their social life had stronger ties to their Greek neighbors. To this day at Kehila Kedosha Janina one might be greeted with both Shabat Shalom and kalos ilthate welcome in Greek. At major events the exterior of the synagogue displayed the American, Israeli, and Greek flags. The most fascinating photos presented by Ikonomopoulos dated back to the 1930s and featured views of guests from both communities at prominent Greek and Jewish events. Then- Archbishop Athenagoras of America is seen attending the Bar Mitzvah of Irwin Joseph in one picture from Of another photo Ikonomopoulos said, with many heads in the room nodding in agreement: Except for the Archbishop and the Rabbi it s impossible to tell the Greeks and the Jews apart. The most painful reality of the history of Greek Jews is the fact that Greece lost the highest percentage of its Jewish population 87 percent of any European country. Although there were many cases of heroism where Greek Christians saved their Jewish neighbors, Ikonomopoulos highlighted the history of the island of Zakinthos. When nazi officials demanded a list of the island s Jews, the mayor and bishop presented a paper with just two names, their own, after taking care to hide the island s 275 Jews. They all survived. She declared that although Metropolitan Chrysostomos and Mayor Lucas Carrer were honored by the state of Israel as being among the Righteous among the Nations. Every single Christian on the island deserves that title. In 1953, the first international ship to respond to the humanitarian crisis caused by the earthquake that struck Zakinthos came from Israel. Among the more famous Romaniotes are Sid Ganis, former President (now first vice president) of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences and former president of Paramount, who was born in Brooklyn and has roots in Ioannina, and comedian Jackie Mason. Don t Look Now, But I Think That s the Parthenon, in Nashville, Tennessee! early in the planning process, in June 1920, he wrote to Dinsmoor asking for his advice. Their relationship and contribution were illustrated through architectural drawings and images of their letters. While the exterior design was already complete, in the introduction to his influential Architecture of Ancient Greece, she said Dinsmoor boasts that he designed the only full scale replica of the interior of the Parthenon. She added that while there are a number of other replicas in the world the Nashville building in the only full-scale replica built with the intention of recreating the original as accurately as possible. She pointed out that the replica does not include all the ingenious visual refinements of the original, but it is an awesome sight. During the lively question and answer period that followed the lecture, the guests wished to learn more about oft-ignored fact that the Parthenon s sculptural and architectural elements were painted, which was an important issue for Hart and Dinsmoor. Whether the colors were more or less intense is a matter of continuing debate. One guest also noted to the amusement of the lecturer and the audience alike that there is a full-scale replica of the Parthenon in China, but in its current ruined form. It was apparently built with the intention of demonstrating the superiority of Chinese architecture and civilization. Tsakirgis is a Classical archaeologist whose research focuses on Greek houses and material found in them. She studies them for what they tell us about the people who lived in them. Among the breakthroughs in social history that has resulted from such work is the demolition of the idea that Athenian women were secluded in their houses. It is now clear it was a stated ideal rather than a practical reality of life, she said. Much has also been learned Among the numerous images Barbara Tsakirgis used during her lecture was a drawing of the Parthenon by Russell Hart. about Greek religion as people s worship was focused more on household practices than on visits to temples. Tsakirgis work will eventually cover the late antique period and the fascinating transition from pagan to Christian civilization. THE MAKING OF AN ARCHAEOLOGIST Greek history is not only in Tsakirgis genes. Her father s father was from the village of Alatsata in Ionia, near the Western coast of Asia Minor and Tsakirgis. She said many of its residents settled in Somerville, MA. Her mother s roots are in Northern Epirus, another unredeemed part of the Greek world. Their descendants include Tsakirgis sister Christina and her brother James, who is an architect in Boston. Ancient Greece s art worked their magic on her when she was 11 years old. That was when she became fascinated with the chryselephantine statue of Athena created by Phidias for the interior of the Parthenon and wrote a report about it. At that point, she said I knew I wanted to become a classical archaeologist. The statue was recreated by Alan LeQuire in 1990 and lives in the Nashville Parthenon s cella. Armed with an undergraduate degree from Yale University and an MA and PhD from Princeton University, since 1993 she has been part of the American School's excavations in the Athenian Agora. GREEK ART IN DANGER TODAY TNH asked Tsakirgis about the state of archaeology in Greece and she said It is a matter of very serious concern. There have been two serious thefts already. The culture ministry has been hard hit and there isn t the money to pay guards, and she fear dire consequences for archaeological sites. She said some museums that are ready to open cannot do so due to the crisis. The archaeological site of Abdera in Thrace the birthplace of the thinker Democritus the philosophical grandfather of the idea of the atom remains unopened. Although she has not heard of private initiatives in the Diaspora to help though she welcomes them she said that through the auspices of the ASCSA we have long supported our Greek colleagues not only morally but in practical matters. She expressed the importance and her appreciation of COME CELEBRATE WITH US THE 100 YEAR ANNIVERSARY OF THE LIBERATION OF CHIOS 58 TH NATIONAL CHIAN CONVENTION 2012 October Host Hotel: Marriott O'Hare, Chicago, Illinois Hosted by The Panchiakon Society Pelineon of Chicago the ASCSA s 190 cooperating institutions across the United States, which along with private benefactors provide vital funding. Professor Ioannis Mylonopoulos of the Department of Art History and Archaeology, Columbia University and ASCSA Managing Committee Member, organized the event and introduced Prof. Tsakirgis. Both Columbia and the ASCSA were sponsors of the lecture that filled the sixth floor auditorium and which was followed by a reception. Among the guests were Dorothy Dinsmoor, niece of W. B. Dinsmoor and Greek Consul Evangelos Kyriakopoulos. Many students and professors from neighboring universities were also in attendance. Friday, October 26 7:00 p.m. - 10:00 p.m. Welcome Reception Party Appetizers, Live Music and Cash Bar 10:00 p.m. - 12:00 p.m. Chian Young Adult Glendy Saturday, October 27 9:00 a.m. - 9:30 a.m. Delegate Registration and Breakfast 9:30 a.m. - 12:00 p.m. Delegate Meeting 12:00 p.m. - 1:00 p.m. Lunch 1:00 p.m. - 4:00 p.m. Delegate Meeting Gala 6:00 p.m. - 7:00 p.m. Cocktails 7:00 p.m. Program, dinner, awards, silent auction and dancing with GEORGE DIMOS ORCHESTRA Sunday, October 28 10:00 a.m. Divine Liturgy at Holy Trinity Church (Shuttle Bus) 1:30 p.m. Hellenic Museum and Lunch This year, we have all read and seen about the fires of Chios and hardships in Greece. From last year s convention in Chios, we continue to endorse the dynamic volunteer firefighters of Chios who are in need of firefighting supplies and equipment. All of us on the Supreme Lodge and Board of Directors are sincerely looking forward to bonding with our family of Chiotes and our friends at the 58th National Chian Convention. Please be a part of this wonderful tradition that continues to promote our common ideals for the betterment of Chians everywhere. Regards to all. THE PANCHIAKON SOCIETY OF PELINEON, CHICAGO AND ALL THE MEMBERS OF THE CHIOS SOCIETIES OF AMERICA AND CANADA W W W. C H I O S S O C I E T I E S. O R G A reception followed the lecture in Schermerhorn Hall. Seen (L-R) are: Stathis Andris, Ioannis Mylonopoulos, Barbara Tsakirgis, Mary Emerson, and Dorothy Dinsmoor. For more information please contact Stamatia Kalfas at , John Vavilis at , or Elias Zografos at Reservations for hotel accommodations should be made directly with the Courtyard Marriott O Hare at 2950 South River Road Des Plaines, IL by calling (847) This hotel is adjacent to the NEW Chicago Rivers Casino; minutes from the train taking you to Downtown Chicago and more!!!

4 4 COMMUNITY THE NATIONAL HERALD, SEPTEMBER 29 - OCTOBER 5, 2012 Seven Greek-Americans Included among Forbes 400 Wealthiest in U.S. empire that controls New York's Gristedes supermarkets and most of the valuable real estate the shops sit on. His energy investments include hundreds of gas stations and the Pennsylvania-based United Refining Company, an asset Catsimatidis is considering taking public as a master limited partnership. GEORGE MITCHELL is number 239 and is worth $2 Billion. He lives in The Woodlands, TX. The father of natural gas shale drilling, George Mitchell was the first to use hydraulic fracking to crack open the Barnett shale field in Texas. He opened the door to development of shales worldwide. In 2002 Mitchell sold his company, Mitchell Energy & Development, for $3.5 billion to Devon Energy, where he remains the biggest shareholder. He spearheaded development of the Woodlands, a master-planned community north of Houston. He has completed $24 million in renovations of his three hotels in hometown of Galveston, damaged when Hurricane Ike slammed ashore in A big giver, he has directed $30 million to the construction of the Giant Magellan telescope, a ground-based replacement for the Hubble. MICHAEL JAHARIS of New York, age 84, at $1.9 billion, is tied with fellow Greek George Argyros for number 250 on the list. Pharmaceutical magnate Michael Jaharis made his fortune through Kos Pharmaceuticals, which he launched in The company pioneered the cholesterol-fighting drug Niaspan and was sold to Abbott Labs in 2006 for $4.2 billion. Jaharis started his career in pharmaceuticals in 1972 when he took over Key Pharmaceuticals with fellow billionaire Philip Frost. He served as CEO until 1986 when the company merged with Schering-Plough. In 2005, Jaharis founded biopharmaceutical firm Arisaph Pharmaceuticals, where he currently serves as a director. Jaharis is an avid philanthropist. The Tufts University Center for Nutritional and Biomedical Sciences carries his name. He has given some $7 million to the Metropolitan Museum of Art in support of the Greek, Roman and Byzantine art collection. GEORGE ARGYROS, 75 years old, of Newport Beach, CA has a net worth of $1.9 billion. George Argyros, a former ambassador to Spain and Andorra under President George W. Bush, made his fortune in real estate. As the chairman and CEO of Arnel & Affiliates, he oversees a Southern California real estate company that manages 5,500 apartments and two million square feet of commercial space. Argyros is also a founding partner of private equity firm Westar Capital and a board member at software development company DST Systems. The former owner of the Seattle Mariners throughout much of the 1980s, Argyros is the namesake of the Argyros Foundation, which gives to various causes and foundations in Southern California. Among the foundation's biggest beneficiaries include the South Coast Repertory, the Eisenhower Medical Center Foundation and Argyros' alma mater Chapman University. In 2011, he and his wife gave $5 million to University of California, Irvine's Gavin Herbert Eye Institute. Peter G. Peterson, who is 86 years old and lives in New York, is tied at number 360 and $1.2 billion with C. Dean Metropoulos. PETER G. PETERSON The son of poor Greek immigrants who came to the U.S. with pennies in their pockets, and saved to send their children to college, Pete Peterson is now devoting himself to ensuring others have the same chance at the American dream. The cofounder of The Blackstone Group, Peterson left the firm in 2008 with a payout of $1.85 billion pre-tax. He has since been using that money to raise awareness and encourage action on the country's longterm fiscal sustainability problems: I've decided that, on our current path, the American dream may fade because of unsustainable debts and promises Top row from left to right: John Catsimatidis, John Paul DeJoria, George Mitchell. 2nd row: George Argyros (L) and Peter Peterson. Below: Michael Jaharis with C. Dean Metropoulos. that we have made and we just can't afford, so I'm devoting my money to that purpose, he told Forbes. Through his foundation, he has already donated $485 million to this effort. He also says that those who are fortunate like himself need to do their part in addressing the nation's fiscal challenges - including shouldering higher taxes and reduced benefits: We have to protect the very poor, but it's a period of shared sacrifice." Peterson formerly served as the chairman of Lehman Brothers 1973 to 1984, Commerce Secretary under Nixon, and the head of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York from 2000 to He has authored numerous books, including an autobiography, and is married to Joan Ganz Cooney, the creator of Sesame Street. C. DEAN METROPOULOS lives in Greenwich, CT. Chances are, you haven t heard a whole lot about C. Dean Metropoulos, the 66-year-old private equity investor and food company turnaround king. But if you ve ever ravenously consumed Chef Boyardee after a long work day, doused your pancakes in Aunt Jemima syrup, or cracked open a can of Bumble Bee tuna, you ve had the pleasure of interacting with a product that Metropoulos & Co. has had their hands on. He has since sold those brands, for $5.9 billion. In June 2010, Metropoulos, with his two sons, dropped $250 million to buy up blue-collar-favorite-turned-hipster-darling Pabst Brewing Co., America s largest privately-held brewer of regional favorites like Lone Star, Old Milwaukee and Old Style. They even own Mc- Sorley s, found in York City s oldest continuously-operated saloon by the same name, where you can get two mugs of the stuff for five dollars. In an incredibly rare on-camera interview, FORBES sat down with Metropoulos, worth $1.2 billion by our estimate, at the Forbes 400 Summit on Philanthropy in June to talk charitable giving. It s a candid conversation about the search for the right cause. His family members have their passions. His wife works to provide medical equipment to disadvantaged communities. His sons, struck by the poor conditions at Walter Reed Hospital, devote their giving to nonprofits that help veterans. But by his own admission, Dean himself is struggling to figure out what he wants to do with his cash and talent. But he s inspired by another man whose legacy (at least as of late), lives on in food. Newman s Own, founded by actor Paul Newman, donates all post-tax profits to charity, having given away more than $330 million to date. There s so much suffering in the world, Metropoulos says, adding I m continually overwhelmed. I got so frustrated at the amount of suffering [...] Sometimes you almost want to give up and say, I can t handle it all. Asia Minor Holocaust and Smyrna Burning are Commemorated in Brooklyn ments and authorities who tell us they are our allies and our friends. Deeply moved, Theodosakis began by declaring that the point of the gathering was first and foremost to pay tribute to those people in Eastern Thrace, Pontos, and Asia Minor all the victims. He told the story of his family s travails including two uncles who were killed and said that by 1923 the 3000 year-old Greek presence in Asia Minor was gone. One way or another, they were gone. In his emotional conclusion he said they were Christians who were crucified. And they held their faith. And we owe them that much, to continue to honor them. The educational part of the program was anchored by attorney Michael Stratis. He provided a history of the genocides and other Turkish crimes against humanity beginning with the great massacre of Armenians of 1894 which set the pattern of mass murder through direct attacks and death marches. Ultimately 1.5 million Armenian Christian perished in Asia Minor, and scholars such as Israel Charny bring the total Christian deaths to 3.5 million. He also noted that various German officials, whose country was actively or cryptically aligned with the Turks in two world wars, were aware, and Michael Stratis was the main speaker at Three Hierarchs. He presented a history of the Asia Minor genocides. Refugees from the Cilicia region of Southern Asia Minor are seen on the deck of the naval ship Thetis. even approved and encouraged the crimes. Much of the of what we know came to light when subsequent Turkish governments brought their predecessors to trial the Young Turks who were ousted after WWI and the government of Adnan Menderes, which ordered the 1955 pogrom. The Turkish actions were eloquently documented by the American diplomat George Horton in his book The Blight of Asia. The victors of WWI, Greece s allies, also came under Stratis deservedly harsh scrutiny as they turned on Greece after 1920, partly out of a desire to secure access to the oilfields of Northern Mesopotamia. Citing neutrality in the face of the Greco-Turkish war (although they had signed off on the arrival in Smyrna of the Greek Expeditionary forces) allied ships stood by idly in the bay of Smyrna, ignoring the screams of Christians being murdered and the flames of the burning city. A Japanese freighter put them to shame when they dumped its cargo and took on as many refugees as possible. There are conflicting accounts of what happened next. Whether any allied ships, including American vessels, then moved to save Christians is unclear to this day. Pappas noted there is progress in the fight for recognition and Stratis confirmed that 43 American states have passed resolution on the Armenian and other Christian genocides. He also displayed letters, citations, and proclamations from numerous public officials including Mayor Michael Bloomberg, and pointedly noted the absence of any communication from U.S. Senator Chuck Schumer whose first congressional district included the parish s Midwood neighborhood. Stratis also noted the little known genocide and ethnic cleansing of Eastern Thrace. Ioannis Fidanakis, past president of the Panthracian Union of America, was among the other speakers. He thanked Theodosakis and said whether you are from Thrace, Asia Minor or Pontos, the crimes we remember were committed against all Greeks. Kostas Hatzistefanidis, Supreme President, Pan-Macedonian Federation of the USA and Canada was also present, along with Elias Tsekerides, President of the Federation of Hellenic Societies of the Greater New York. Tsekerides, who is a past president of the Pan-Pontian Federation, noted that we do this because a lot of Greeks still don t know about this. Pappas also announced NY State Senate candidate Andrew Gounardes, who has roots in Asia Minor and Constantinople. Referring to earlier comments, Gounardes said, Father Eugene you are so right. We can t just celebrate what happened 2500 years ago and the glories of the past. We must also remember the tragic things that happened in our history because both of those shape us as who we are as a people, and only by remembering both can we move forward as a people. Pappas summed up the spirit of the day by declaring that history repeats itself unless we learn who we are and how we have suffered..maybe not personally Patriarch Bartholomew, speaking in the Church of St. Phocas in Constantinople, declared that it is an insult to historical reality, for Greek history books and officials to attribute the drowning of thousands during the 1922 burning of Smyrna to overcrowding, and not to the Turkish army. In this photo, Greek soldiers engaged in guard duty on the Eskisehir-Dorylaion front get a much-needed break. in our flesh, but certainly in our spirit, identity, and faith. We are not looking for revenge. That s not what today is about. We are looking for simple acknowledgement. Say you did it, and let s get on with life. After the event, Pappas asked Costas Vellios, an Archon of the Ecumenical Patriarchate and former Parish Council president, to present the memorial wreath that was placed on the cross. The Great Fire of Smyrna began on September 13, 1922 and burned for 10 days in the Greek and Armenian quarters. The estimated deaths range from 10,000 to 100,000.

5 THE NATIONAL HERALD, SEPTEMBER 29 - OCTOBER 5, 2012 COMMUNITY 5 Former Greek PM Papandreou Gives Capacity-Filled Seminar at Harvard By Theodore Kalmoukos BOSTON, MA Former Prime Minister of Greece George Papandreou, who has become a Fellow at Harvard University this academic period, gave his first seminar on Monday evening in front of a group of about 40 to 50 students. The classroom at Harvard s Kennedy School of Government was too small that more than 150 students from other universities, and other guests including some Greek-Americans were turned away, as they protested the unacceptable treatment. The seminar had being announced as open to everyone, but Eric Andersen, Director of Fellows & Study Groups Programs Institute of Politics announced that because to room is small, priority will be given to Harvard students with an ID. After 40 or so students had entered the room, security closed the doors saying the room was filled to capacity. TNH was not allowed in the U. of Athens professor Effie Basdra was shut out of the lecture. PHOTOS: TNH/THEOdOrE kalmoukos Zacharoula Krasopoulos and Demetra Christopoulos, students from Northeastern University, with Joanna Pappas (center). room to cover the event, as Andersen said that Papandreou s seminars are closed to the press. Papandreou is not a professor at Harvard or any type of formal lecturer, but he is simply a Fellow who has seminars and group discussions with the students. Andersen said that Papandreou meets with the students hoping to inspire them to seek public office. Andersen admitted that Papandreou gets paid for his services but he declined to disclose the amount: I do not wish to get into that, he said. Andersen also said that Mr. Papandreou will be back in two weeks, but he did not know if Papandreou would return to Greece during that interval. The title of Papandreou s first seminar was Restructuring Europe, and the announcement board at the room s entrance read: The Eurozone Experiment : Europe is an historical experiment designed to ensure peace and prevent the continued conflicts on this continent, which led to two World Wars and the Holocaust during the last century. The boundaries of this experiment have been tested as the financial crisis morphed into a sovereign debt crisis. Greece took center stage in these developments. But was this a Greek crisis, or are there flaws in the design of Europe, or is this a much wider crisis of the industrialized economies? Bringing you my personal experience around the Greek debt crisis and the decisions we made in the European Union, we will explore what this crisis is all about. I hope to link what is happening in Europe to wider issues that also pertain to the ongoing debate in the U.S. Possible questions to explore: Is this really a sovereign debt crisis, or is there something we are missing? Is the European experience relevant to the US? Is the US experience relevant to the EU? MA Congressman John Tierney Speaks to TNH By Theodore Kalmoukos BOSTON, MA Congressman John Tierney of Massachusetts (D) is seeking reelection and looks forward to gaining the support of the Greek-American community, especially that of the North Shore, once again. His district includes Peabody, Lynn, Salem, Amesbury, Bedford, Beverly, Burlington, Danvers, Ipswich, Lynnfield, and Marblehead, towns with big numbers of Greek-American voters. Born in Salem, Tierney attended public schools there and graduated from Salem State College. He earned a law degree from Suffolk University and until he took office in January 1997 was partner in the law firm of Tierney, Kalis, and Lucas for over 20 years. He and his wife, Patrice, continue to make Salem their home. In an interview with TNH, Tierney spoke about some of the basic themes of his campaign education, health care, and making sure that the middle class gets a fair shake in general. He believes that Greek-Americans should vote for him because I think I have a good record working for the middle class and everybody has opportunity and security. Our platform, the idea of making sure that people should get back to work, make a better living, and support their communities is a much stronger than the Republican platform, which gives more tax cuts to wealthy. Tierney thinks that the United States is trying to do everything it can do to help Greece today with its economic problems, but the European countries have to be dealt with within the European Union. I think we have to keep the international system strong. Tierney has been to Greece many times, about four or five. I have been to Athens, Crete, Rhodes, Santorini, and Kalamata and its surrounding villages. He praised the Greek-Americans of Massachusetts saying that they are doing very well. Their children are thriving. The Greek Community has always been strong and very tight. Tierney says he would remind Greek-Americans that I got married the same day I was the Grand Marshal of the Greek Independence Day parade in 1997, with thousands and thousands of Greeks there. Because he honored the invitation, he served as Grand Marshal first, and then got married later that day. Tierney thinks that the economy of Massachusetts is doing better than any other state in the country. We had more jobs created, the economy is strong, the unemployment rate is lower. We are doing well we have a governor that really has capitalize on the things our federal government has done with the recovery PHOTOS: TNH/THEOdOrE kalmoukos Rep. John Tierney (D-MA), who is seeking reelection, spent the early part of his wedding day in 1997 with thousands of Greeks, serving as Grand Marshal of the Greek parade. act. We have strong companies, a strong health care system, and strong education as well. Dina Titus Is Running for Congress and Her Odds Look Very Good in Las Vegas By TNH Staff NEW YORK The good thing about election campaigns in America is that for all the bad press about money in politics and secret deals, citizens have numerous opportunities to speak to their current and potential elected officials. Greek-American Dina Titus, who is running for Congress, Among those who stayed for a photo in the lobby were (L- R): Peter Poulos, Tina Andreadis, Dina Titus, Mary Polemarhakis, and Niki and Costas Picadas. George Tsunis, Chairman, Greek Americans for Obama and Endy Zemenides, Exec. Director of HALC, were also present. thoroughly enjoyed her detour from Las Vegas to New York on September 24, and the guests at the Greek-American Friends of Titus fundraising reception were thrilled to be able to engage a once and potentially future member of Congress in long, informative, and friendly conversations. The tone was set by her ebullient Greek-American finance director, Peter Poulos, who arranged for the gathering in the Midtown offices of a prominent Manhattan law firm. Titus is feeling pretty good about returning to Congress, again becoming one of the Greek advocates there. Her district has been redrawn, but redistricting has not been the usual nightmare for an incumbent, or in her case, a person who was elected in 2009 but lost a reelection campaign by just 2000 votes in Her new district, which includes the world-famous Las Vegas strip, is now heavily Democratic. Still, ads must be run and staff paid, so she is busy on the fundraiser circuit, but she said that what excites her about such events is the chance to meet her fellow Greeks across the country and to inspire young Hellenes to run for office especially women. If elected, she will be the only Greek woman in the House, but she wants to win big to help both President Obama and her fellow Greek-American, Congresswoman Shelley Berkley, who is running for the U.S. Senate. Golden Dawn Announces NY Presence; AHEPA is First to Issue Condemnation considered but at press time there is no physical presence no office has been opened yet that might be a target of the ire of those disturbed by the Party s actions, which range from attacks on immigrants to opposition to Greece s grueling austerity measures. The purpose of the website, which is maintained by Yiannis Gramatikos, is to create a digital gathering place and information source for its members and supporters. He said the efforts to establish the chapter began two months ago among the Party s supporters, who he says aren t only concerned about the Party but care about the people of Greece. The first thing we did was to exchange views, though we operate within the bounds of the Party line. Our committee members are Greek and Greek-American patriots and nationalists in the best sense of that word. The group s public communications to date are focused on presenting their activities in the United States in a philanthropic light, but their ties to the Party in Greece are open and their views are clear. We are trying to follow and support the policies of the Party and to help all those who have been hurt by the crisis and who are Greeks, Gramatikos said, who has the unanimous support of the chapter s committee in his communication with TNH. Gramatikos spoke mainly about their charitable efforts. He said a few days after their first meeting they undertook a program of assistance for the people who are suffering in Greece. The first meeting was held on July 12 at the Stathakion Cultural Center in Astoria, where food and clothing was gathered to send to the needy in Greece. Medicine was collected at the second meeting on September 8 in a rented space, again in Astoria. Concerning efforts to inform the community, despite the lack Members of the far right wing political group display their party s name. of publicity for their initial efforts, Gramatikos said they were fruitful, and to their surprise, they received support from Americans and Europeans. He told TNH that for the time being, they will communicate through their website and the Greek-American press. Digital Journal reported on September 26, however, that Hackers with the group Anonymous say they disabled the New York website of Golden Dawn The site has been unavailable since Tuesday. According to Salon, In addition to disabling the website, Anonymous also tweeted the telephone number of the New York office, inviting people to give Golden Dawn a call and a warm welcome to the neighborhood. " AHEPA Supreme President Dr. John Grossomanides was in no welcoming mood whatsoever. He declared "We strongly denounce and reject resoundingly the establishment of a branch of the Neo-Nazi party, Golden Dawn, in New York City. "The American Hellenic Educational Progressive Association, founded 90 years ago to protect and guard individuals from the evils of bigotry and discrimination in the United States, is deeply concerned about the rise of extremism in Greece, he said. Grossomanides also noted the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, was worried about violent xenophobic attacks upon migrants, refugees, and asylum seekers in Greece, and he said Paramilitary-like tactics perpetrated upon any individuals of a free society is alarming Simply stated, such rhetoric and acts conducted by extremists on both the right and left are unacceptable and deeply concern us as a community and as Ahepans. These are similar to the types of incidents experienced by our immigrant forebears a century ago. He concluded by saying of Ahepans, who are engaged in a wide range of projects to help Greece, "We understand this is a difficult time for Greece However, extremism and uncivil disobedience are not the solutions. It is indeed the suffering of millions in Greece that has increased the appeal of the Party, which has apparently attracted support among Greek-Americans. Member of Parliament Kasidiaris and Michael Gianogkonas, who represents the Party in Western Attica, addressed an to supporters in New York expressing their gratitude for the invaluable help you are providing this important project by supporting Greek families with clothing and food in view of the difficult winter that is coming for all Greeks. Yet even as they communicated their thanks to donors, the was dripping with the rhetoric and threats that mainstream Greek-Americans find disturbing: We know that your hearts are at home and we give you our promise to lift our flag high again, to the expulsion traitors and collaborators, and to give Greece our rightful place at the top of the world. Among other things, the says: "Given the Memorandum State, and the modern traitors of the Greek people, whom they have condemned to hunger and misery, Golden Dawn is the only force of resistance which thunders No! and fights everywhere for the overthrow of this rotten regime, and which is worthy of the glorious past of our nation. You would do well to familiarize yourselves with the words of our leader because just as there are traitors there are Leonidases, and after the Thermopylaes there will be Plataeas, referring the great generals and battles of Ancient Greek history. Grossomanides statement thundered back: Fascism has no place in the United States, whose citizens, including many Greek Americans and Ahepans, fought and sacrificed to defeat Fascism in Nazi-occupied Greece during World War Two Presidential Race - Update By Constantinos E. Scaros Mitt Romney s been through the ringer the last couple of weeks, but an issue that s haunted him since the primaries how much, or rather, how little, he pays in taxes may not be as damaging to his candidacy as originally suspected. As it turns out, Romney did take advantage of tax loopholes perfectly legal, by the way to pay a ridiculously low rate given his income. No surprise there. But when factoring in the amount he gave to charity, Romney s total tax/charity contribution exceeds even the percentage that Barack Obama would like for him and other wealthy Americans to pay. Another way to look at it is Romney does pay his fair share of taxes, except he, not the government, controls where the money goes. Romney hopes to reboot his campaign, a hilarious word choice considering he is sometimes thought of as mechanical rather than human. But the last big event of the 2012 presidential race is about to begin: the first of four debates three presidential, one vice presidential gets underway on Wednesday evening. Obama versus Romney, live from the University of Denver. And they may work to Romney s advantage. Obama may be a motivating speaker, but Romney is a deceptively good debater. He managed to get under Newt Gingrich s skin in the primary debates, so it might not be terribly difficult to rattle Obama. This year s debates may turn out to be the most evenlymatched in all 11 instances involving such contests between major party presidential candidates (every election since 1960 except 1964, 1968, and 1972). Stay tuned!

6 6 OBITUARIES CLASSIFIEDS THE NATIONAL HERALD, SEPTEMBER 29 - OCTOBER 5, 2012 DEATH NOTICES CLASSIFIEDS n JOHNSON, MARK OAKMONT, PA (Published in The Bradford Era on Aug. 30) Mark John Johnson, 82, of Oakmont/New Kensington, passed away Tuesday Aug. 28. He was born in Siatista, Greece, and lived in Bradford after he immigrated to America. He graduated from Bradford High School, attended Carnegie Tech and worked as a chemical engineer for the Allegheny Ludlum Steel Corp. for more than 40 years. He was a life member of the Siatista Association USA and the American Chemical Society. He had several patents and was published and presented at several national and international symposiums. He was an avid gardener and bonsai enthusiast. Mark is survived by his sister, Katherine Ditsious; and was the loving father of Katherine Winowich, John Johnson, James Johnson, Mary Ann Marshall and Alexandra Watrous. He is also survived by five grandchildren. He was preceded in death by his wife, Henrietta "Chickie" Johnson. Friends were received at the English Funeral Home & Cremation Services Inc, where the Trisagion service was held. The funeral service was held at the Dormition of the Theotokos Greek Orthodox Church. In lieu of flowers, make donations to the Alzheimer's Association or the Greek Orthodox Church. n KARAS, LIBBY (ELEFTHERIA) CHICAGO, IL (From The Times, published on Aug 16.) Libby (Eleftheria) Karas, age 96, of East Chicago/Hammond passed away on Sunday, August 12, 2012 at Munster Med Inn, Munster, IN. Her late husband, James Karas; sisters: Anna Maniotes and Alexandra Condo; and godson, Dr. John Maniotes, preceded her in death. She is survived by numerous relatives: Mrs. Angelo (Nota) Karas; James and Peter Karas of Chicago, IL; Peter and Helen (Maniotes) Lekas of FL; Dena (Maniotes) Culbertson and Nick Maniotes of CA; Mary (Demantes) Maniotes of Munster, IN; James and Tess (Condo) Bereolas of Munster, IN; Jim and Sophie (Condo) Misner of Merrillville, IN; Stanley and Frances (Condo) Drozdz of AZ; Chris and Yvonne Condo of Valparaiso, IN; numerous nieces and nephews; and other relatives in Greece. Libby was born in Thessalonica, Greece. She completed high school and three years of nursing school, earning her degree as a Registered Nurse at the Evangelismo Hospital, Athens. She worked for ten years as a registered nurse, including two years as head nurse supervising a large staff at the Hipocratio Ton Athenon Hospital of Athens during WWII. After the war, she married James Karas of East Chicago, IN, and worked as a graduate nurse at the St. Margaret's Hospital in Hammond, and at the Community Hospital of South Chicago. She was a lifetime member of the St. George Greek Orthodox Church and was active with the Philoptohos Society and Daughters of Penelope. Visitation was held Friday, August 17, 2012 at 9:30 a.m. DIRECTLY at St. George Greek Orthodox Church, th Ave., Schererville, IN. Funeral services were held at 10:00 a.m. with Father Constantine Aliferakis officiating. Interment was at Ridgelawn Cemetery, Gary, IN. Burns-Kish Funeral Home in charge of arrangements. n PANOS, JAMES Westport Harbor, MA (From the Boston Globe, published on Sept. 5) James S. Panos of Westport Harbor, Massachusetts, passed away unexpectedly on August, 31, 2012, at 79. He attended B.M.C Durfee High School of Fall River and was Valedictorian of the Class of He graduated from Yale University (Class of 1955) with a degree in philosophy. After serving in the United States Army, he returned to Fall River to teach English and Philosophy at Durfee High School while obtaining a Masters degree from Brown University. He served as principal of Durfee High School from 1978 until he retired in At various times, he taught courses at Southeastern Massachusetts University (now UMass Dartmouth) and continued teaching courses in literature and philosophy until 2011 in the UMass extension program. He volunteered in literacy programs and other community organizations, and at the time of his death, was serving on the board of the Westport Historical Society, the Durfee "Bells" Committee, and the Durfee Alumni Scholarship Board. He was predeceased by his beloved wife Margaret "Peg" (Mullaney). He days and dates of funerals, memorials, and other events directly correspond to the original publication date, which appears at the beginning of each notice. is survived by his son Christopher J. Panos, Esq. and his wife Kerri and grandchildren Brogan and Lili; son Alexander (Lex) S. Panos; brother Frank Panos of Cranston, Rhode Island, brothers and sisters-in-law; and many nieces and nephews. He was the son of the late Stephen F. and Maria (Kalogianis) Panos who moved from the island of Skiathos, Greece, to Fall River, Massachusetts. His integrity, good nature, and wisdom will be missed by all. Visiting hours were held at Waring Sullivan Funeral Home, Cherry Place, 178 Winter Street, FALL RIVER, on Thursday, September 6, from 4:00 p.m. to 8:00 p.m. A funeral mass was held at St. Demetrios Greek Orthodox Church, 289 North Main Street, Fall River, Massachusetts, on Friday, September 7, at 10:00 a.m. He was buried at Beech Grove Cemetery in Westport, Massachusetts. In lieu of flowers, the family suggests a contribution to the James S. Panos Scholarship c/o Durfee Alumni Scholarship Fund, Attn: Peter G. Collias, Esq., P.O. Box 2519, Fall River, MA n PAPAVASILIOU, VASILIOS SILVER SPRING, MD (From The Washington Post, published on Aug. 19) On Friday, August 17, 2012, of Silver Spring, MD. Beloved husband of Helen D. Papavasiliou; father of Christine Josey; grandfather of Patrick Josey. Also survived by family members in Greece. Relatives and friends called at Collins Funeral Home, 500 University Boulevard, West, Silver Spring, MD. The funeral Service at Greek Orthodox Church of St. George, 7701 Bradley Boulevard, Bethesda, MD, on Tuesday, August 2. Interment Gate of Heaven Cemetery. Memorial contributions may be made to Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation, 26 Broadway, 14th Floor, New York, NY n PSARELLIS, ERIN NEW ORLEANS, LA (Published in The Times-Picayune on Sept. 7) Erin Psarellis passed away on Thursday, September 6, Beloved daughter of Vasilia Fekaris Psarellis and the late Elias Psarellis; and loving sister of Michael and Steven Psarellis. Age 61 years, she was a native of Pittsburgh, PA and a resident of the Greater New Orleans area for past 28 years. She was a graduate of the American Community Schools in Athens, Greece; she attended Deree College in Athens, Greece where she received an Associate Degree in Business; and received her Bachelor of Arts Degree and Juris Doctorate from Loyola University in New Orleans, LA. She has been an active member of the Louisiana Bar Association since 1997; is a member of Holy Trinity Greek Orthodox Cathedral; is past president of the Order of St. Markella of Chios Charitable Organization; and is a member of Philoptochos Charitable Organization at Holy Trinity Greek Orthodox Cathedral. Relatives and friends of the family attended the funeral service at Holy Trinity Greek Orthodox Cathedral, 1200 Robert E. Lee Blvd, New Orleans, LA on Monday, September 10, 2012 at 11:00 AM. Visitation at the Church begin at 9:00 AM and continued until service time. Interment followed services at St. Joseph Abbey, River Road, St. Benedict, LA In lieu of flowers, the family would prefer donations to Holy Trinity Greek Orthodox Cathedral or The Covenant House of New Orleans. Funeral arrangements have been entrusted to E.J. Fielding Funeral Home of Covington, LA. Sign Guest Book online atwww.ejfieldingfh.com. n SAKIS, ANDREAS T. NEW ALBANY, OH (From The Columbus Dispatch, published on Jul. 25) ("Anastasakis") Andreas T. Sakis, age 99, of New Albany, Ohio, died peacefully at the Broadview Nursing Home, in Gahanna, Ohio on Monday, July 23, He is preceded in death by his mother and father Eleni and Theodosios Anastasakis "Sakis", his sister Olga Koumburas, and his brothers Athanasios and Dimitrios Anastasakis. Andreas is survived by his loving wife of 63 years, Giannoula; his children, Eleni Sakis, Theodosia "Cia" (Argirios) Ragias, and Athanasios (Mary Beth) Sakis, all of New Albany, Ohio; and his six grandchildren. Andreas was born in Agios Andreas, Karpenision, Evrytanias, Greece on May 2, He served in the Albanian war in He later served during WWII in 1940 and again he was stationed in Albania for six months. In 1945, during the Greek Civil War, while serving in the Greek army, he was captured by the guerilla, but escaped in the City of Agrinion. In 1955 he emigrated to the United States and settled in Winston Salem, North Carolina where he worked in an acquaintance's restaurant until he returned to Greece in After a brief stay, he returned to the United States, but this time to Columbus, Ohio, where he worked at Main and James Restaurant until his retirement. Andreas' family received friends Thursday, July 26, at O.R. Woodyard Northwest Chapel, 2990 Bethel Road., Columbus, Ohio from 6-8 p.m. with Trisagion Service at 7:30 p.m. Mass was held at 1:30 p.m. on Friday, July 27, 2012 at The Greek Orthodox Cathedral, 555 N. High St., Columbus, OH 43215, ( ). Burial followed at Union Cemetery. Memorial contributions in Andrea's honor may be made to the Hellenic Heritage Foundation or the Greek Orthodox Cathedral. SAMARAS, SOFIA COLUMBUS, OH (From The Columbus Dispatch, published on Aug. 19) Sofia (Minoudis) Samaras was a loving wife, mother, sister and grandmother. She was born in Koufalia, Makedonia Greece on May 10, Sofia passed away August 15, 2012 in Cincinnati, Ohio; she was 79. Her parents were Marino and Vassiliki. Sofia has two brothers who passed away before her and one sister living in Thessaloniki. She married her late husband Christos Samaras in Goumenissa, Makedonia, Greece in They had four children. They moved to Columbus, Ohio in 1971 in pursuit of work opportunities with their two surviving children Maria and Kyriaki. Eventually they opened their own tailor shop Chris' Tailoring in downtown Columbus. Maria married Demetrios (James) Raptis and their two children are John and Sophia. Kyriaki married Eleftherios (Terry) Charnas and their two children are Calliope and Christina. The Funeral was held on Monday, August 20. The visitation took place at the Annunciation Greek Orthodox Cathedral in Columbus. Sofia was laid to rest at Green Lawn Cemetery in Columbus, Ohio. Donations, in lieu of flowers, may be made in her memory to Annunciation Cathedral, 555 North High Street, Columbus, OH Arrangements by O.R. Woodyard Co. n SANOULIS. FOTINI BANIAS GREENVILLE, SC (Published in The Greenville News on Sept. 5) Fotini Banias Sanoulis, 88, of 705 Edwards Road, widow of Dimitrios "Jimmy" Sanoulis, died Monday, September 3, 2012 at her residence. Born in Stenoma, Greece, she was the daughter of the late Epamenontas and Stavroula Kalevas Banias. Mrs. Sanoulis was retired from the restaurant business and a member of St. George Greek Orthodox Cathedral. Surviving are three sons, Gus Sanoulis and wife, Donna, George Sanoulis and John Sanoulis all of Greenville; two sisters, Maria Gianopoulos of Greece and Agathoniki Theoklitos of Greenville; two brothers, Christophoros Banias and Fotios Banias both of Greece; six grandchildren; and one great grandchild. Visitation was held Wednesday, September 5, 2012 from 6:00 p.m. until 8:00 p.m. with a Trisagion service at 7:00 p.m. at Thomas McAfee Funeral Home, Downtown. The funeral service was held Thursday, September 6, 2012 at 11:00 a.m. at St. George Greek Orthodox Cathedral. Burial in Woodlawn Memorial Park. Memorials may be made to St. George Greek Orthodox Cathedral, 406 N. Academy Street, Greenville, SC The family will be at the residence. Condolences may be sent to the family by visiting n SARICOS, PANAGIOTIS CROWN POINT, IN (Published in The Times on Sept. 5) - Panagiotis K. Saricos, age 78 of Crown Point, IN passed away Sunday, September 2, He was born in Tihio, Kastoria, Greece on June 15, On May 10, 1951, he journeyed to the United States at age 17. For 36 years he was employed at the USS Tube Works and retired in 1985 and previously owned the State Liquor Store on 5th Avenue in Gary. He was also a musician with the former "Kastorian Band", which inspired his children and grandchildren to follow in his footsteps. For his entire life, Panagiotis was an avid gardener. Mr. Saricos was a lifelong member of Saint Constantine & Helen Greek Orthodox Cathedral of Merrillville, IN. His parents Kosmas and Anastasia Saricos preceded him in death. Mr. Saricos is survived by his wife of 55 years Milka (Stojanovich) Saricos. Together they raised four children: Helen (Vasilios) Pliastos of Fort Wayne, IN, Jimmy (Debra) Saricos of Mooresville, IN, Kosmas (Andrea) Saricos of Crown Point, IN, and Steven (Shay) Saricos of Valparaiso, IN; seven grandchildren: Christine (Mike) Sullivan, Michael, Stephen, Timothy, Stephanie and Stacey Saricos, and Panagiotis Pliastos; one great grandson, Ryan Sullivan. Also survived by his brother, Thomas (Maranthi) Sarikos; and his sister Eleni (Petros) Karas; along with many nieces, nephews, other family members, and dear friends. Funeral services were held on Friday Sept. 7 at 10:00 AM directly at SS. Constantine & Helen Cathedral with V. Rev. Ted Poteres officiating. Internment Calumet Park Cemetery. Visitation was at the Burns Funeral Home, Broadway, Crown Point, IN under Savich & Semplinski Directors. A Trisagion prayer service was offered at 5:00 PM Thursday. Call (219) for further information. n SVETOVICH, ELLEN GEORGE SCRANTON, PA (From the Scranton Times, published on Aug 21) Ellen George Svetovich, 78, of the Green Ridge section of Scranton, died Monday morning at home. Her husband of 55 years is Stanley Svetovich. Born in Scranton, daughter of the late George and Anteope Tirellis, immigrants of Greece, she was a graduate of Scranton Technical High School, class of 1951, where she played tuba in the school band. She took great pride in her tuba and was offered a college scholarship for her efforts. Upon graduation, she was employed as a medical stenographer for the Naval Hospital in Philadelphia. She then worked as a secretary for Pennsylvania Illuminating Inc., Scranton, and before retirement was employed by the United States Census Bureau. For many years, she was president of the Parent Teacher Association and was once selected as Northeast Woman by The Scranton Times. She received honorary life membership to the Pennsylvania Congress of Parents and Teachers in She volunteered for many years at the Green Ridge Teener League, where she was in charge of the food stand. She was a member of Annunciation Greek Helenic Orthodox Church and was proud of her Greek heritage. Most of all, she was a loving wife, mother, grandmother and sister. Her happiest times where those spent with her family, especially her five grandchildren. She cherished the moments with her grandchildren and was proud of every small achievement. Her grandchildren called her, "Yaa Yaa," the Greek word for grandmother. She adored them with hugs and kisses. She always had words of wisdom for her family and always told her children to "take a chance." She will be greatly missed by friends and family. She was the wind beneath her family's wings. Also surviving two sons, Stephen Svetovich, Scranton; and George Svetovich and wife, Maria, Scranton; one daughter, Denise Mercer and husband, Dan, of Scranton; grandsons, Dylan, Ryan and George Svetovich, Scranton; granddaughters, Mia and Alyvia Svetovich, Scranton; sister, Stella Tirellis, Scranton; daughter-in-law, Elizabeth Svetovich, Scranton; her best friend and cousin, Annette Kremidas, Scranton; nieces and nephews. She was also preceded in death by a brother, Gus Tirellis. The funeral was held at the Annunciation Greek Hellenic Orthodox Church, 502 N. Washington Ave., Scranton, with services by the Rev. Konstantin Eleftherakis. Interment, Forest Hill Cemetery, Dunmore. Friends called in the McGoff-Hughes Funeral Home Inc., 1401 Capouse Ave., Scranton. This is a service to the community. Announcements of deaths may be telephoned to the Classified department of at (718) , monday through Friday, 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. EST or ed to: HELP WANTED Journalists seeks college students for part-time journalist work from across the U.S. Must have good knowledge of English and Greek. Please send resume to: Legal Notice/Citation Notice PROBATE CITATION SURROGATE S COURT - File No QUEENS COUNTY - THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, By the Grace of God Free and Independent To: George Stroghilas if living and if dead to George Stroghilas to heirs at law, next of kin and distributees whose names and places of residence are unknown and if George Stroghilas died subsequent to the decedent herein, to George Stroghilas executors, administra tors, legatees, devisees, assignees and successors in interest whose names and places of residence are unknown and to all other heirs at law, next of kin and distributees of Athina Stroghilas, the decedent herein, whose names and places of residence are unknown and cannot after diligent inquiry be ascertained. A petition having been duly filed by Helen Macropoulos who is/are domiciled at Parsons Blvd., Whitestone, New York YOU ARE HEREBY CITED TO SHOW CAUSE before the Surrogate s Court, Queens County, at Sutphin Blvd., Jamaica, New York, on October 18, 2012 at 9:30 o clock in the fore noon of that day, why a decree should not be made in the estate of Athina Stroghilas, aka Athina Stroghilass lately domiciled at th Avenue, Elmhurst, New York 11373, United States admitting to probate a Will dated May 15, 2012 (and Codicil(s)), if any, dated a copy of which is attached, as the Will of Athina Stroghilas deceased, relating to real and personal property, and directing that: Letters Testamentary issue to Helen Macropoulos. Dated, Attested and Sealed. AUGUST 21, HON. PETER J. KELLY, Surrogate. MARGARET GRIBBON, Chief Clerk. Attorney for Petitioner: John A. Sotirakis. Address of Attorney: Steinway Street, Astoria, NY Telephone Number: (718) {NOTE: This citation is served upon you as required by law. You are not required to appear. If you fail to appear it will be assumed you do not object to the relief requested. You have a right to have an attorney appear for you.} /18249 Notice of formation of PREMIER WORK- SITE SOLUTIONS, LLC. Application for Authority (FOR LLC). Arts. of Organization filed with the SSNY on 09/05/2012. Office location: Kings County. SSNY is designated as agent upon whom process against the LLC may be served. SSNY shall mail process to: SEAMUS DUGAN, PREMIER WORK- SITE SOLUTIONS, LLC, 1078 FULTON ST., APT. 5G, BROOKLYN, NY Purpose: Any Lawful Activity /18282 Notice of formation of limited liability company (LLC). Name: Lazy Mas L.L.C. Articles of Organization filed with Secretary of State of New York (SSNY) on 07/23/2012. NY office location: Kings County. SSNY has been designated as agent of the LLC upon whom process against it may be served. The post office address to which the SSNY shall mail a copy of any process against the LLC served upon him/her is: Trena De Landro, 250 Hawthorne St., Apt. 3C Brooklyn, NY Purpose/character of LLC: Any lawful purpose /18283 Notice of Formation of Mathis Holdings LLC, Art. of Org. filed Sec'y of State (SSNY) 7/19/12. Office location: Kings County. SSNY designated as agent of LLC upon whom process against it may be served. SSNY shall mail copy of process to Joseph Weingarten, 1465 President St., Brooklyn, NY Purpose: any lawful activities /10834 Notice of formation of 188 NOLL LLC Arts. of Organization (DOM LLC) filed with the SSNY on 07/26/2012. Office location: Kings County. SSNY is designated as agent upon whom process against the LLC may be served. SSNY shall mail process to: The LLC, 188 NOLL ST., Brooklyn, NY Registered Agent. Purpose: any lawful purpose or activity / /17902/ REAL ESTATE Notice of Formation of Siempre LLC. Arts. of Org. filed with SSNY on 3/8/2012. Office location: Kings County. SSNY designated as agent of LLC upon whom process against it may be served. SSNY shall mail process to: Corporation Service Company, 80 State Street, Albany, NY Purpose: any lawful activity /18234 LULI SANCHEZ LLC, a domestic LLC, Arts. of Org. filed with the SSNY on 6/18/12. Office location: Kings County. SSNY is designated as agent upon whom process against the LLC may be served. SSNY shall mail process to: Lourdes G. Sanchez, 478 Carroll St., Brooklyn, NY General Purposes / HALSEY STREET LLC, a domestic LLC, Arts. of Org. filed with the SSNY on 6/6/12. Office location: Kings County. SSNY is designated as agent upon whom process against the LLC may be served. SSNY shall mail process to: David Blaize, 171 Halsey St., Brooklyn, NY General Purposes /10709 JJV 97 COURT LLC, a domestic LLC, Arts. of Org. filed with the SSNY on 6/25/12. Office location: Kings County. SSNY is designated as agent upon whom process against the LLC may be served. SSNY shall mail process to: Joseph Keenan, 88 Pine St., 21st Fl, NY, NY General Purposes /10709 Notice of formation of 2035 EAST 3RD STREET LLC Arts of organization (DOM LLC) filed with the SSNY on 01/20/2012. Office location: Kings County. SSNY is designated as agent upon whom process against the LLC may be served. SSNY shall mail process to: C/O WAC HTEL MASYR & MISSRY LLP Attn: Eli D. Dweck, 885 2nd Ave, 47th Flr., NEW YORK, NY Purpose: any lawful purpose or activity /18255 FUNERAL HOMES ANTONOPOULOS FUNERAL HOME, INC. Konstantinos Antonopoulos - Funeral Director Ditmars Blvd., Astoria, New York (718) Not affiliated with any other funeral home. LITRAS FUNERAL HOME ARLINGTON BENSON DOWD, INC FUNERAL HOME Parsons Blvd., Jamaica, NY (718) (800) APOSTOLOPOULOS Apostle Family - Gregory, Nicholas, Andrew - Funeral Directors of RIVERDALE FUNERAL HOME Inc Broadway New York, NY (212) Toll Free GAPOSTLE CONSTANTINIDES FUNERAL PARLOR Co. 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7 THE NATIONAL HERALD, SEPTEMBER 29 - OCTOBER 5, 2012 COMMUNITY 7 Scapegoats or Hardened Criminals? More Tales of the Bloody Greek Barbers By Steve Frangos TNH Staff Writer PART 5 CHICAGO- At first glance, one would think that the frequency with which Greek barbers appear in American newspaper accounts as victims, witnesses, and perpetrators of crimes was merely a matter of chance. Some might read the accounts as instances when Greek immigrants, many largely unable to speak English, being unwitting dupes used by the professional criminals in attempts to shift the blame onto the innocent. Whatever future research may one day determine, of the professions Greek immigrants undertook as they settled in the United States, barbers seem to have had the most written about them in terms of criminal and other unsettling events. Even a rough scan across the pages of American newspapers from roughly 1900 to 1910 will confirm that. Among the most tragic and fundamentally unnecessary events involving a Greek barber took place in Chicago on April 6, 1900: "A word misunderstood led to a quarrel yesterday morning which resulted in the death of one man and the infliction on another of wounds. The quarrel occurred in John Potthast's saloon in the basement of 85 Madison street. George Miller, 19 years old, a barber, living at 170 Halsted street, was seated at a table alone. Eugene Tucker, colored, employed in the office of Dr. Covey, 175 State street, was at a table close by. Miller is a Greek, and in this language addressed a porter, asking for a glass of beer. Tucker thought Miller called him [the n word] and requested that he retract it. Miller denied having used such a word. Then an argument arose, during which the colored man drew a large clasp knife and made a lunge for Miller. The knife penetrated the Greek's throat. Twice more the colored man slashed at Miller. Then Miller drew a revolver and fried four shots, two of the bullets taking effect in Tucker's body. Tucker died before a physician arrived. Miller ran out and started East. Blood was flowing from the deep cut on his neck, and the sight caused commotion among shoppers. A crowd pursued him. He finally was arrested by Policemen Wrenn and Quinlan of the Central Detail Station in front of the Champlain Building. he was removed to the County Jail Hospital." Not all news stories involving Greek barbers were negative. On March 16, 1902, readers in Wichita, KS read the following: "One of the most notable acts of patriotism is told of a Greek barber in the City of New York, who, dying, left his entire estate to the University of Athens. He was not an educated man, but was proud of the classic traditions of his country, and gave more than Carnegie or Rockefeller to the cause of education. The amount was only $150, the proceeds of the equipment of his barber shop, his razors and doubtless the bottles of hair tonic that ornamented the shelves, but it was all he had (Wichita Daily Eagle)." The use of newly-established business laws was just one way recently arrived foreigners from the 1880 to 1920 waves of immigration were controlled by local native-born Americans. One such instance, which should be read carefully, involved: "Peter ALL HISTORY Buritules, a Greek barber, who has a lather and shave shop on Market street, was arrested by Patrolman Burnett at 1:10 Sunday morning and was booked on the charge of doing business on the Lord's day. In police court today he had counsel in the person of William A. Hogan, who asked for a continuance of the case until Saturday. Buritules had an usual run of business Saturday night and when the city bells 'rang out the old and in the new' Peter was still coining the ten cent pieces with his lather and shave. When the officer rapped on the door, Peter greeted him with brush in hand. The officer explained that it was contrary to the law to push the razor on Sunday and the industrious barber was sent to the police station (Lowell Sun November 10, 1902)." Many within the Greek- American community are the descendants of shoeshine boys. Among the most known and notorious of the early occupations of Greek arrivals to North America were those who worked shining shoes. What is less wellknown is that not all of these young Greeks shined shoes exclusively in a shoe-shine parlor. Many plied this trade at fruit stands, pool halls, and barber shops. Investigations by city and federal officials into the conditions under which Greek boys labored in the shoeshine trade took place at barbershops. Sensationalism is a feature of daily journalism. In the February 8, 1907 edition of the Salt Lake Herald we read: "Andrew Bakis, a Greek barber at 555 West Second South Street, was shot and slightly wounded yesterday morning by his partner, Vasilios Lekousiotis, following a quarrel over the division of the profits from the barber shop." The next day, the Salt Lake Tribune also ran an account of that shooting, titled Greek Still Running, calling it something of a Greek farce, asserting that once the shots were fired "Vasilios threw the pistol...and took to his heels, bellowing for help as though a regiment of rough riders were bearing down upon him. He has not been seen or heard of since." One gets the impression once enough of these news accounts are read that the local WASP journalists never missed an opportunity to criticize or lampoon any and all foreigners. The very next year the Bonnano murder was reported upon and followed in detail by newspapers across the country. On March 28, 1908, in the New York Tribune, the matter was brought to conclusion: "The latest development in the Vincenzo Bonnano murder mystery was the arrest last evening of a Greek barber, whose name the police say is George Christopoulos, the proprietor of the Olympia Barber Shop, at No. 49 West 29th street. The police called attention to the fact that his initials are G.C. Detectives took Teresa Barrow, who found the Bonnano body, with them to the Greek's barber shop, where, they say, the Greek was sitting on the outside steps. They walked by once and then back again. Then they stopped in front of him, they say, and Miss Barrow remarked: 'That's the man I saw.' The detectives say she meant she had seen the Greek in the room in which the monk's body was found, on Sunday evening, the day before his body was found." Later that same year we read about how Greek immigrants began to work their way into the American system. On July 20, 1908, in a long article in the Chicago Tribune, Illinois-style political street clout see extensive discussion. Clout is a word first used in Chicago to describe, influence or power within the world of city politics. As then, State Senator Samuel A. Ettelson, endeavored to substantiate his claims concerning the political malfeasance of Third Ward Alderman Milton J. Foreman (and his political allies) among the various instances raised is that of "a Greek barber named Genosee, in Thirty-fifth street, near Rhodes avenue (who) has a business card of Ald. Clettenberg, with Ald. Foreman will take care of you written on the back, and that upon seeing this card the police allowed the man to keep his barber pole in the street." The Pole GREEK AMERICAN STORIES By Phylis (Kiki) Sembos Special to The pole in my bedroom closet had cracked in the center. All my clothes had to be removed and piled on a chair. Papa said he d get a new one from work. The building we lived in was 108 years old so the pole deserved retirement. Papa found an appropriatesized pole and took it into the subway on his way home. It was rush hour. He kept a firm hold on the pole as people pushed in at each station. The rattle of the train down the ribbon of tracks took Papa s active imagination to a stadium in ancient Greece where he awaited his turn in the vaulting competition; the pole is his vaulting pole. But, that scene dissolved when more people pressed in at the next stop. His imagination shifted; he saw himself as an evzone standing guard at the tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Athens; the vaulting pole became his rifle. With chin up and chest out he stood firm among the ordinary beings around him. Then, a passenger, a squat, elderly woman entered, found she couldn t reach the strap and was profoundly disappointed that no one jumped up to offer her a seat, She noticed the pole and decided to hang on to it. Papa, realizing that his pole had gotten heavier and harder to keep vertical, saw the reason for it and gave it a good shake, hoping to give signal to the arrogant hitch-hiker to let go. The woman stared up at him with disdain and continued clutching this time depending, fully, on his support as the train took a sharp curve, causing her to lean on Papa. Annoyed, Papa gave it another wild shake. Nothing. His imagination took him away from the tomb and back to the sports arena where he exchanged the rifle for a javelin with a sharp point. Finally, scowling, he told her, This pole is not a subway property, lady. She looked up at him, as if he was being ridiculous. She said, in a nonchalant voice, Och,Vots the matta, meester? I paid my fare. Not to me! You owe me fifteen cents! She shrugged, unperturbed, I get off next stop! Then you know what to do with your pole. Really irritated now, Papa dropped the pole to the floor of the train and stepped on it. In doing so he, inadvertently, hit several passengers. Embarrassed, he quickly apologized to those he had offended as the doors opened and the old lady and other passengers left. That woman was sure nervy! I saw the whole thing, mister, said a sympathetic rider, folding his newspaper. I don t blame you at all. She should take a taxi and not bother people in the rush hour, said the gentleman. Papa listened, gratefully, to the stranger whose offer of sympathy helped to compose my poor agitated father as he arrived home, happy to be in friendly territory. The whole thing was preposterous, he told himself, taking off his jacket. Hi, Papa! Got my pole? As if hit by a stun gun, Papa s head came up. (Bleep!) Somewhere in upper Manhattan a subway car is carrying off my pole. The 2011 Oxi Day Greatest Generation Awards took place at the National WWII Memorial. The honorees included Bob Dole, on behalf of American WWII Veterans, who was introduced by Former U.S. Ambassador to Belgium, Tom C. Korologos. Foundation Presents Second Annual Washington OXI Day Celebration went beyond what he heard in Greek school and read quotes from people like Russian field marshals, Hitler s chief of staff, and high U.S. officials they all agreed with Churchill who said were it not for the courage of the Greek people no one knows how the war would have turned out that is a staggering thing for such a small country. We thought it would be tragic for this example of human courage to be forgotten, he added. The target is the non-greek community, which is why nomination letters are sent to every Senator and Representative, to executive branch officials and to the city s top think tanks. In order for those people to consider who they should nominate The OXI Day and The OXI Day Battle of Crete awards come with $5000 prizes they have to ask themselves what OXI day is and they have to educate themselves, Manatos said. The criteria for the two awards are the same: A person who exhibits the kind of David versus Goliath courage for freedom and democracy that was shown by the Greeks in World War II. Manatos told TNH a private group of experts reviews the nominees and chose who will be honored. He credits Rev. Alexander Karloutsos, Protopresbyter of the Ecumenical Patriarchate, with a very major role, second to none, which continues. The venues will include the National World War II Memorial, the Embassy of Greece, and the Historic Synagogue at 6th and I Streets, the U.S. Institute of Peace. The black tie banquet and the presentation of the OXI Day Awards will take place at the famed Willard InterContinental Hotel. This year s recipients include Chinese civil rights activist Chen The 2011 a Black Tie Banquet and Presentation of the Oxi Day Awards was graced by Master of Ceremonies Chris Matthews. The honorees included Jamel Battaieb of Tunisia, and Aung San Suu Kyi of Burma, who accepted via video conference. Guangcheng, who will receive the OXI Day Award and Dr. Fouzia Saeed of Pakistan, winner of the OXI Day Battle of Crete Award. Renowned Holocaust scholar Elie Wisel will be presented the Metropolitan Chyrsostomos Award and Antonios Kounalakis, on behalf of Greek WWII Veterans, and General Mike Cokinos, on behalf of Greek-American WWII Veterans, will receive the OXI Day Greatest Generation Award. When Aung San Suu Kyi received the Battle of Crete Award in 2011, she had to accept by videotape. At the time, if she left her country, the authorities would not have allowed her to return. Suu Kyi said when receiving the Battle of Crete Award: "The courage of the Greeks during the second world war was something in which I took pride as though they were my very own people...the concepts of democracy and heroism have come to us from Greece. And 'Oxi,' the ability to say 'no'. "And because of all those people who have said 'no' to injustice, no to unreason, no to cruelty, no to revenge, we are now where we are. We have made progress along the road of civilization...because of those many heroes of the past who have decided to say no." When Secretary Clinton visited her country one month later, Suu Kyi asked Secretary Clinton to bring the Battle of Crete Award with her. She greatly valued being identified with the David vs. Goliath courage for Democracy and Freedom, according to the Foundation s website. Manatos told TNH he is beginning to see some encouraging signs regarding Greece s image, as there is more and more acknowledgement that the people and government are working to build a new Greece.

8 8 GREECE THE NATIONAL HERALD, SEPTEMBER 29 - OCTOBER 5, 2012 Int l Monetary Fund Says Lack of Competition Harms Greek Fuel Market By Alkman Granitsas Wall Street Journal ATHENS Lack of competition in Greece's oil-refining industry is costing consumers here more than $1 billion a year, according to a draft internal report by the International Monetary Fund, in an indication of the deep structural problems that many economists believe are hobbling Greece's chances of recovering its footing. Despite five years of recession, soaring unemployment and repeated efforts to open up its highly regulated economy, prices in Greece remain stubbornly high a major obstacle to restoring its lost competitiveness and growth. One reason, according to the IMF and other analysts, is a combination of dominant companies and excessive regulation that stifles competitors. Efforts to liberalize dozens of sectors, including legal services and cruise shipping, have made only modest headway. IMF officials are part of a troika of international inspectors monitoring Athens's overhauls as part of the country's latest 173 billion ($225 billion) bailout deal. The internal report, prepared by the IMF's onthe-ground team in Athens, details a thicket of bureaucratic red tape and lapses in law enforcement that it says allow big players to dominate the markets for gas, diesel and heating oil, damaging the economy. Greece's new conservativeled coalition government, voted into office in June, says it wants to fix that and is moving to combat anticompetitive practices in the marketplace. "A better-functioning fuels market is something we desire and we will examine every proposal on how to bring that about," said government spokesman Simos Kedikoglou. "We are already doing that by stepping up our checks because we are well aware that due to high taxes" Greece has the highest fuel taxes in Europe "Greeks, on account of the crisis, pay very high prices for gasoline overall." Mr. Kedikoglou wouldn't comment on the specifics of the report, however, saying its contents hadn't been divulged to the government. The report, reviewed by The Wall Street Journal, also levels criticism at the country's two biggest oil refiners, which it says use their market muscle to exert effective control over the heavily regulated market. As an example, the report outlined a chain of obstacles it says effectively prevent independent gas stations from buying fuel abroad. All importers must have facilities to hold 60 days of inventory, something beyond the capability of many smaller businesses. And fuel can only be transported in large tractortrailer tankers, though gas stations aren't permitted to own vehicles that large. "This makes it impossible for independent gas stations to transport fuel into Greece," the report says. The IMF declined to comment on the draft, but confirmed its authenticity. Although a draft report, and still subject to revision, many of Hellenic Petroleum, the larger of the two firms, is controlled by shipping and oil tycoon Spiros Latsis, who owns 41.9%. The Greek government owns a 35.5% stake. the allegations it makes aren't new. Greece's de facto restrictions on imports such as the rules relating to storage facilities and the impediments facing independents have been the subject of more than two decades of complaints by European Union regulators against Greece. Greece's own antitrust watchdog, the Hellenic Competition Commission, investigated the fuel market in late 2006 and issued four reports and two decisions ordering the government to open up the market, with little effect. The drafting of the IMF report suggests the Fund has now also taken an interest in Greece's fuel market and may press the government to open up the sector as part of the long-term overhauls Greece must make in order to receive continued aid. Many economists and business people complain of similar problems in dozens of sectors, but the fuel market has perhaps the biggest impact on the economy. "Uncompetitive markets cause high costs for Greek consumers," the report says. "Given how important energy is for the overall economy, competitiveness of Greece would be improved by better functioning fuel markets. This market needs reform." "The Greek market is highly concentrated and basically controlled by the two domestic refiners," the IMF report says, adding that lower fuel prices could help push down Greece's consumer inflation rate by more than 1%. It says profit margins for fuel products in Greece are among the highest in Europe, and in the case of home heating oil, more than twice the European Union average. The report also alleges that the two big refiners, controlled by two of the country's best known and richest tycoons, engage in manipulative and anticompetitive practices. Referring to the Hellenic Competition Commission investigation in 2006 and two European Court of Justice rulings, it contends that Motor Oil Hellas Corinth Refineries SA and Hellenic Petroleum SA which together own all of the country's refining capacity, control 70% of its wholesale market and 60% of all gas stations have hit retailers with surcharges, failed to disclose pricing information and manipulated international benchmark indexes. Motor Oil Hellas, controlled by Greek oil magnate Vardis Vardinoyannis, declined to comment on the report. Officials at Hellenic Petroleum, which is partly owned by the Greek government, said the problems in the market lie elsewhere. "Hellenic Petroleum believes that the greatest problem of the Greek fuels market is fuel smuggling, adulteration and cheating, which lead to distortions in the market that burden the end consumers as well as the legitimate companies," said a spokesman for the company. "Hellenic Petroleum has submitted to the authorities a written 10-point proposal with their positions on how to eliminate those distortions." Hellenic Petroleum, the larger of the two firms, is controlled by shipping and oil tycoon Spiros Latsis, who owns 41.9%. The Greek government owns a 35.5% stake. Messrs. Vardinoyannis and Latsis have high profiles in Greece. Mr. Latsis, whose family also controls Greece's secondbiggest bank and a leading property developer, is ranked as Greece's second-richest man by Forbes. His net worth of $2.6 billion puts him just a bit below American television celebrity Oprah Winfrey in the global billionaires' league table. The report says that "consumers and producers, taxpayers, independent and franchised gas stations" would all benefit from liberalization. But it warned that "owners and employees of the two refineries and their wholesalers" as well as "customs officials" would likely resist change. Santorini Spetses Naxos By Laurie Werner Forbes Yes, the European auditors are there going over the figures, groups occasionally take to the streets in the capital and everyone is discussing the crisis, using that word, nothing less dire. But outside of the main cities on the mainland, Greece is still open for tourism and as beautiful, serene and worth visiting as always. Plus, it s always better to go in the fall. The crowds, which were out in force this summer despite the talk of economic doom, are thinner, the weather is less scorching, and in the Cyclades, still the most famous and most visited island group, the meltemi winds have stopped whipping, making flying, sailing, and having breakfast on your terrace easier. Santorini remains uniquely stunning with its dramatic cliff top caldera and Aegean views, the views that draw honeymooners year after year. And even though hoteliers complain that business is down and whisper about some hotels being on the block, when I was there in July, most in the top tier were sold out. There are more vacancies in the fall and the usually lofty prices recede. A relative newcomer to the island, the Grace Santorini brings an edgy urban vibe (think W Hotel perched on a cliff) to the northern village of Schinousa Ithaca Costa Navarino So What the Summer is Over? Six Places in Greece Ideal for a Fall Visit Imerovigli with its contemporary furniture, white on white accented with pewter interiors and moody purple and blue lights in the bar. For maximum privacy, a two bedroom 4305 square foot villa opened this year. But all rooms have the jaw dropping view of jagged Skaros rock straight ahead and due to the curve of the island, of the famous sunset, which guests can see without leaving their decks. North of Imerovigli, Oia, the highest village on the island is the most romantic and the busiest with its cluster of restaurants and shops. Just outside of the entrance to the village and linked by a caldera hugging footpath, Perivolas is a longtime favorite, featuring peaceful (no TVs), gleaming white rounded stone cave houses terraced down the caldera, a much photographed infinity pool and guests who look like cover models. And for those who need more privacy, the hotel has recently opened a four bedroom villa, the Hideaway, a five minute private launch ride away on the island of Therasia, with the same cool, white stone interiors punctuated by lavender woven fabrics as the cave houses up above along with a dedicated staff. Perivolas, the Hideaway, contact Ileana Von Hirsch at Five Star Greece. While there, do a sail on one of Ted Stathis catamarans and have dinner in the most romantic caldera edge restaurant Ambrosia. Spetses. On the other end of the fame scale from Santorini, the island of Spetses, an island in the Saronic Gulf, is known mostly as a haven to ship owners who have houses here and less to the general public who flock to neighboring Hydra instead. That lack of mass tourism only adds to the beauty of the place: an island where horse drawn carriages still take visitors past neoclassical houses edged with bougainvillea, harbors with fishing boats, deserted beaches and cobbled streets. The harbor is dominated by the patrician Poseidonion Grand Hotel, built in 1914, modeled on the hotel palaces The Carlton and Negresco of the Cote d Azur, and brought back to elegant life with a painstaking five year renovation by shipping executive/local part time resident Emmanuel Vordonis. It once again feels like the gathering place it has been for royalty, world leaders and business titans. But it also feels current, with the addition of an Asian spa, a restaurant featuring the clever fusion of cuisines devised by star chef Christoforos Peskias of P-Box restaurant and events such as the annual yacht race in June and channel swimming/mini-marathon due to be held on October Naxos/Schinousa: Greek food isn t generally thought of as one of the world s great cuisines but you might change your mind while eating your way around Naxos. This island, the largest in the Cyclades, has a varied landscape the long sandy beaches contrasted with inland mountains is known for good cooks and each village within it specializes in a different dish. Up in the mountains, in the northeast section of the island, an essential stop is the village of Koronos for Taverna Platsa more commonly known as Matina, after the maternal owner who brings dish after dish to your table lamb and tomatoes, zucchini pie, greens from her husband s garden,, fried zucchini flowers and then, after you think you re done, more that she thinks you should try. You ll be surrounded by locals, not tourists and feel like you re out for lunch with the family, a feeling you ll get all around Naxos, a more down to earth, real life island than its more glamorous Cyclades neighbors. The best place to stay is the Naxian Collection, a selection of white villas with private pools owned by Ioannis Margaritis and his wife Maria, a cooking teacher, who ll point you in the direction of the best food on the island or take you there themselves, teach you how to prepare the island s dishes and present delectable examples of Greek classics such as spinach pie for breakfast. From Naxos, it s a short ferry or chartered motorboat ride to a very different type of island, Schinousa, a tiny island of 100 residents that is totally untouched by tourism with the exception of a few small guesthouses and restaurants. What you notice first are the superyachts docked in the main marina, most belonging to tycoons who own estates on the island. What you notice next are the secluded beaches with no one on them and the total laissez faire attitude, extending to the total lack of police: none of the island s residents will rent land for a police station. But since everyone knows everyone, there is no crime. (To stay on the island: the simple, beachfront Livadi.) Ithaca Getting to this island in the western Ionian group isn t as complicated as it was for Odysseus but it isn t the easiest which partly accounts for being somewhat off the main tourist track. That means that the villages retain their local character and there are few others sharing the turquoise water in its secluded bays, among the most beautiful in Greece. Hilly and dotted with cypress and olive trees, it s an absolute beauty, worth the long ferry ride from Patras on the mainland, or the flight to Cephalonia and then ferry over to the island. The main town of Vathy is lively but not touristy and has a sharp, contemporary hotel Perantzada with harbor views. Costa Navarino: After spending time on secluded islands, I wondered how much I d like this resort, a large development with multi restaurants, golf courses, pools, etc. in the southwest Peloponnese. Looking out on the golf course from my room (a breezily handsome one, admittedly) at Romanos, a Luxury Collection Resort in the first development, Navarino Dunes, I thought that I could just as easily have been in Scottsdale. But over the course of three days, it really grew on me. The beach is gorgeous and fronts the same enticing Ionian Sea that is such a draw in Ithaca. The restaurants span the globe, apart from Greek Italian, an American steakhouse and diner among them and they were all top quality. Families flock here because there are so many dedicated activities for kids and so many for adults as well including snorkeling trips and sightseeing the ruins in the area, such as the city of ancient Messene and the 13th century B.C. Palace of Nestor. Scottsdale has nothing like that. One caveat: travel arrangements in Greece can sometimes be a little, to put it charitably, chaotic. It s best to have someone firmly in control handle it. The organizers at Magna Travel in Athens are sensational.

9 THE NATIONAL HERALD, SEPTEMBER 29 - OCTOBER 5, 2012 GREECE CYPRUS 9 Protesters gestures towards the Greek Parliament during a nationwide general strike in Athens, Wednesday, Sept. 26, Police clashed with protesters hurling petrol bombs and bottles in central Athens Wednesday after an anti-government rally called as part of a general strike in Greece turned violent. Samaras and Coalition Partners Emerge with an Agreement on Budget Finance ministers of the Eurozone of the 17 countries that use the euro as a currency are meeting on Oct. 8 and could decide whether to approve the release of a $38.8 billion loan installment, the last in a first series of $152 billion in rescue funds. A second bailout of $172 billion is also in limbo. The agreement came a day after 50,000 Greeks furious over another round of pay cuts, tax hikes, and slashed pensions took to the streets in a massive demonstration and 24-hour general strike and as more strikes are set to begin. Some 50,000 protesters marched through the capital during the 24-hour general strike on Sept. 26 and as labor unions geared up for more action against the austerity measures that have worsened a fiveyear recession, put nearly two million people out of work, closed 68,000 businesses, and shrunk the economy by 7 percent. At the end of a peaceful rally, during which a wide range of demonstrators, from the young to the working class to elderly pensioners, denounced Samaras and the government, hooded anarchists who infiltrated the crowds battled with riot police outside the Parliament. Police fired tear gas at rioters hurling gasoline bombs and chunks of marble, while elsewhere most services were shut down, including a three-hour stoppage at the international airport as more public workers said they would continue walking off the job. While the protest raged, most public services were shut down and the city s center, where nearly one in three stores has closed, lost more business. Ships stayed docked, museums and monuments were shut to visitors, and air traffic controllers walked off the job for a three-hour stoppage. Already, a wide swath of workers, including doctors, teachers, college professors, pharmacists, police, uniformed military officers, tax inspectors, and others have alternately took part in strikes, conducted work slowdowns, or refused to accept government insurance because they have not been paid for months and the protest was seen as a test of whether Samaras government can last. We can t take it anymore, we are bleeding. We can t raise our children like this, Dina Kokou, a 54-year-old teacher and mother of four who lives on 1,000 euros a month, told Reuters. These tax hikes and wage cuts are killing us, she said. The day after the general strike and massive protest there was no let-up as police unionists who, during a previous demonstration were pepper-sprayed by their own colleagues in the riot police rallied outside the headquarters of the three parties in the coalition government as Samaras was meeting with PA- SOK chief Evangelos Venizelos and Democratic Left leader Fotis Kouvelis. ORDERS FROM ABOVE Greeks are furious over another round of pay cuts, tax hikes, and slashed pensions that Samaras is imposing on the orders of the Troika that is holding back a $38.8 billion installment, the last in a first series of $152 billion in rescue loans, until he does. A second bailout, of $172 billion is also in limbo. The Troika wants the government to speed the pace of privatization, too, and go after tax evaders who owe more than $70 billion. Samaras has said publicly but not asked them that he would like a two-year extension to make reforms and reduce the deficit from 9.3 to 3 percent, but that could require another $20 billion in aid and there was no estimate on what a four-year delay would cost. The premier, who reportedly is planning to go on national television to make his case, has promised that this round of austerity including a fourth reduction in pension benefits would be the last, but skeptical Greeks do not believe it and he is struggling to keep the government cohesive. Greek media reported that AP PHOTO/SETH wenig Christofias Addresses UN General Assembly Demetris Christofias, President of Cyprus, speaks during the 67th session of the General Assembly at United Nations headquarters Tuesday, Sept. 25, A riot policeman reacts after he was hit by a petrol bomb thrown by protesters during a nationwide general strike in Athens, Wednesday, Sept. 26. Samaras hopes to conclude talks with Troika officials by the middle of next week so he can ram the measures through the Parliament his government controls by Oct. 8 to have it ready for a meeting of Eurozone leaders to decide on releasing the stalled By Tom Orlik Wall Street Journal So far this year, the Greek stock market has outperformed the Chinese. China's equity markets are among the worst performing in the world this year. The Shanghai Composite, which closed Tuesday at 2029, is down about 8% year to date. That compares to decent gains for the S&P 500, Japan's Nikkei Stock Average, India's Sensex, and even a small uptick for Greece's Athex 20. The Shanghai market's price/earnings ratio of 11 is a historic low. The slowing economy is part of the reason. China's gross domestic product growth has decelerated from 11.9% year on year in the first quarter of 2010 to 7.6% in the second quarter of Many economists now expect it to slow to close to 7% by the end of the year. The downshift in profitability has been even more extreme, with earnings for mainland listed companies contracting in the second quarter. There is another factor: Chinese investors are faced with a widening range of options beyond equities. Bernstein estimates 1.6 trillion yuan ($253 billion) has flowed into wealthmanagement products since the start of the year. A Nielsen survey in the second quarter found that 45% of households planned to put more money into bank deposits in the year ahead, while 10% favor wealth-management products. Only 5% intended to buy stocks. Uncertainty over policy and politics is another overhang. The government's normal response to a slowdown, flooding the markets with liquidity, has been delayed so long it might never arrive. The Party Congress, likely in October, will usher in a new set of leaders, but details of their economic-policy agenda will have to wait at least until the National People's Congress in March. The good news is that China's equity markets are small loan monies. Without the next installment or next bailout, Greece would be unable to pay its workers or pensioners and could be forced out of the financial bloc, back to the ancient drachma, and into what he said would be a nightmare of chaos relative to gross domestic product, and Chinese households are conservative in managing their wealth, with 64% of financial PHOTOS: AP PHOTO/PETrOS GiANNAkOuriS A protester holds a poster with photographs of Nazi leader Adolf Hitler and German Chancellor Angela Merkel during a nationwide general strike in Athens, Wednesday, Sept. 26, Writing on the poster reads: "Boycott German products. Resist the Fourth Reich." assets in bank deposits as of 2010 and just 11% in stocks. That means the economic consequences of dismal markets are and financial collapse. Unions want the government to renege on its deal with the Troika, raise taxes on the wealthy, and go after tax evaders. Protests brought down the former government led by then-pasok leader George Papandreou, who resigned last year and has gone on to teach government at Harvard, and Eurozone leaders are anxious to keep Samaras in power and prop up the Eurozone. LET GREECE GO? Up to now, fears that a Greek default could bring the Eurozone with it have kept the rescue monies coming, but there is growing weariness among EU leaders over Greece s failure to make reforms and meet financial targets, with some reportedly willing to let it go. The New York Times reported that broader financial markets are largely shrugging off the Greek turmoil, believing a Greek exit from the Eurozone would not be catastrophic. I hope this is not the case, but my suspicion is that (German Chancellor) Angela Merkel may want to sacrifice Greece, Gikas Hardouvelis, an economist based in Athens who was a top economic adviser during the interim government that presided before Samaras came to power told the paper. You kick out Greece to show that you are tough on the bad guys and lenient on the good guys. Investor Hedge: Long on Greece, Short on China AP PHOTO/JOHN minchillo limited. The bad news is that absent a decisive shift in policy by Beijing, the markets will stay dismal for a while longer. Greek FM Welcomed by U.S. Leaders ABOVE: Greek Foreign Minister Dimitris Avramopoulos with President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama at the annual dinner the president hosts in honor of the heads of government and state that come to New York for the opening of the UN General Assembly. LEFT: Greek Foreign Minister Dimitris Avramopoulos, right, shakes hands with United States Secretary of State Hillary Clinton before a meeting at the Waldorf Astoria Hotel during the 67th United Nations General Assembly, Tuesday, Sept. 25, 2012, in New York.

10 10 EDITORIALS LETTERS THE NATIONAL HERALD, SEPTEMBER 29 - OCTOBER 5, 2012 A weekly publication of the NATIONAL HERALD, INC. (ΕΘΝΙΚΟΣ ΚΗΡΥΞ), reporting the news and addressing the issues of paramount interest to the Greek-American community of the United States of America. Publisher-Editor Antonis H. Diamataris Assistant to the Publisher, Advertising Veta H. Diamataris Papadopoulos Associate Editor Constantinos E. Scaros Senior Writer Constantine S. Sirigos Production Manager Chrysoula Karametros Webmaster Alexandros Tsoukias (USPS ) is published weekly by Inc. at th Street, LIC, NY Tel: (718) , Fax: (718) , Democritou 1 and Academias Sts, Athens, 10671, Greece Tel: , Fax: , Subscriptions by mail: 1 year $66.00, 6 months $33.00, 3 months $22.00, 1 month $11.00 Home delivery NY, NJ, CT: 1 year $88.00, 6 months $48.00, 3 months $33.00, 1 month $14.00 Home delivery New England States: 1 year $109.00, 6 months $57.00, 3 months $41.00, 1 month $18.00 On line subscription: Subscribers to the print edition: 1 year $34.95, 6 months $23.95, 3 months $14.95; Non subscribers: 1 year $45.95, 6 months $29.95, 3 months $18.95 Church and State is Not in U.S. Constitution To the Editor: The recent column by Dr. Andre Gerolymatos (Sept. 8) is not well thought out. Contrary to what he writes, there is absolutely no mention in the U.S. Constitution of the separation of church and state. Instead, the First Amendment simply states "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof." That is the only mention of religion in the entire Constitution. Nothing appears concerning the separation of church and state. Dr. Gerolymatos also states that anti-abortion groups, the "born again" neo-christian right, and the Tea Party have superimposed themselves on the Republican Party. According to him, their ultimate agenda is to terminate the First Amendment and make the United States a Christian state. Dr. Gerolymatos should be called to task for making such an unsupportable statement. Anthone Colovas Parma, Ohio Is Life under Obama Better than under Bush? LETTERS TO THE EDITOR To the Editor: To all Greek-Americans who think Obama is their savior for America, think again! Are you better off under Obama than you were under Bush? Fourteen trillion dollars in debt and so called bailouts (payouts) for companies, especially in the auto industry with the notable exception of Ford who gave back its handout. The Marxist (Obama), with the stroke of a pen decimated NASA, signed the National Defense Authorization act, which allows our military to detain citizens who use their right of free speech. His lack of experience dealing with certain countries that want to destroy Israel. Where do his sympathies lie, with the Muslim world, or with America? While the Middle East is burning, our liberal, leftist media turns the other cheek, reporting instead about Romney s statements about Obama s inept leadership. God forbid there is another 9/11 attack on America, but if that happens, America will become a stronger nation. To all those inept self-serving politicians on Capitol Hill: throw the bums out of office! John Vasilakos Bethpage, NY TO OUR READERS TNH welcomes letters from its readers intended for publication. They should include the writer s name, address, and telephone number and be addressed to: The Editor,, th Street, long island City, Ny letters can also be faxed to (718) or ed to we reserve the right to edit letters for publication and regret that we are unable to acknowledge or return those left unpublished. Periodical postage paid at L.I.C., N.Y. and additional mailing offices. Postmaster send change of address to: THE NATIONAL HERALD, th Street, LIC, NY Informants and Integrity There was an avalanche of letters to the editor the likes of which we have not seen in a long while about our reporting on the brewing crisis at the Saint Demetrios parish in Jamaica. There are many allegations in those letters, anger toward the authorities for allowing things to reach this far, and even accusations against this newspaper for not bringing the story into the public arena much sooner. In following through with our standard procedure of verifying the authenticity of the letters authors, we discovered that most of them provided incorrect telephone numbers, and even incorrect addresses. Those who did provide a phone number in service did not respond to or return our calls for verification. We understand how difficult it is to stand up and fight for the truth and transparency in a relatively small community. It takes virtue and courage to help a society move forward. Sometimes we have no choice but to fight the good fight, which means not necessarily being pleasant to the powers that be, and even having to pay a small price for it. But to be aware about these sorts of problems, refuse to do something about them, and on top of that criticize those who do is lacking in the aforesaid virtue and courage. Evaluating Christofias Presidency The visit of Cypriot President Demetris Christofias to New York to represent his country at the opening of the UN General Assembly has taken on an the air of an adieu-bidding to the Greek- and Cypriot- American communities. It is time, therefore for a succinct but substantial evaluation of his work. Christofias has long been known to our community. Before he was elected president, he undertook frequent and at times lengthy visits to New York as a member of the Cypriot delegations to the negotiations at UN headquarters. He is genuinely a humble, gentle, amiable man, capable of winning-over his interlocutors. The majority of the Cypriot community members, regardless of their own views, avoid criticizing him in public, mainly because the Cyprus issue remains unresolved. The evaluation of Christofias performance naturally does not center on his character, but rather on how well he is doing his job. In that regard, unfortunately, he has not performed well. In the almost five years that have passed since he took power, Christofias has shown that he is not up the tasks demanded of the man who occupies the presidential chair of Cyprus. His insistence on the outdated and discredited communist ideology has served, as would have been expected, to isolate him internationally. His trip to Cuba was disastrous. He has not been invited to Washington despite numerous attempts by influential members of the community, and in the process he has given the Turks the opportunity to cultivate unfair as they may be negative impressions against Cyprus. Of course, there is also the inadequate handling of the economic crisis that has hit Cyprus, and has ensured that the country will face more pain in the future than is necessary. Given the point that Hellenism has reached, both in Greece and in Cyprus, the only hope for a way out is to insist on telling the truth, insist on transparency, and elect competent leaders who can understand the issues of the day and the international realities enabling them to face their countries challenges more effectively. The policy of concealing the problems and spending time, energy, and money in order to create false impressions is neither feasible nor affordable. So with sincere, friendly feelings we bid farewell to this likeable man, Demetris Christofias, yet we welcome his decision to not seek another term as the president of oft-martyred Cyprus. Cyprus, like Greece, needs competent, capable leaders. SAE What? Each new deputy foreign minister for the Greeks abroad devotes much time to the issue of the SAE organization, the World Council of Hellenes Abroad, believing, apparently, that this is a preeminent matter of concern to the Greek-American community. But they are mistaken. The current deputy minister, incidentally, is doing the same thing. SAE was not a burning issue when it was created, it is not burning now, and it will not be so in the future. We have emphasized repeatedly from the beginning, when money flowed abundantly and SAE had many supporters, that no such organization can become a grassroots force if it is perceived as a foreign body in Diaspora countries. The kind of organization SAE aspired to become must be staffed with members of the community and funded by the community, and its actions must stem from the community s needs. Greece and Cyprus certainly should have a say and a role to play, but not on the SAE model, even with its limited functions. Unquestionably, there is a great need for the community to be better organized from coast to coast. An umbrella organization is long overdue, operating on a national basis, in very close cooperation with AHEPA, whose members should be our federations, large organizations, and noteworthy persons such as Theodore Spyropoulos and Andy Manatos, and it should be based in a major American city. And there is a particular need during these difficult times for Hellenism to replenish the lobby, which has become weakened with the passage of the generations. A national organization or body in close cooperation with AHEPA will reinforce the mission of the lobby, making our efforts more efficient and effective. The new deputy foreign minister seems to care, as he has demonstrated up to now. It is for this reason that we want to clarify things so as not to lose valuable time. At any rate, Athens has to learn to listen to the views of the community on all subjects, and certainly regarding matters affecting it. If that happens, then the issues that concern us primarily improving Greek education, attracting Greek clergy who can inspire both our Greek and English speaking youth, and the everyday matters that lead to harassment and frustration whenever Greek-Americans come into contact with the bureaucracy in Greece will be well-established and understood. Of course, the big question of the day, as our homeland struggles through the crisis, is the mobilization of the Diaspora to the greatest extent possible, so we can offer the most assistance to our brothers and sisters in distress. By Clive Cookson Financial Times The Greek Orthodox monks of St Catherine s monastery in Sinai have been accumulating manuscripts and books since the sixth century, making their library the world s greatest repository of early medieval writing after the Vatican. The collection is even richer than it first appears, because many of the 3,300 ancient manuscripts contain hidden text and illustrations older than their visible contents and a large scientific effort is under way to reveal and record them. The concealed texts are in palimpsests, manuscripts on which the original writing was erased so that scribes could reuse the precious parchment. Faint signs of the original text remain, as traces of pigment or indentation, which can be enhanced visually through modern techniques of spectral imaging at different wavelengths. We may think now of St Catherine s as a remote place isolated in the middle of the Sinai desert, but in medieval times it was a major destination for pilgrims from around the Christian world, who would have used the library and brought manuscripts to it, says Michael Phelps, president of the Early Manuscripts Electronic Library in Los Angeles. We already know of nine languages in the palimpsests. As a place of pilgrimage since its foundation by the Emperor Justinian in around 550 it includes both the relics of St Catherine and the site where Moses saw God in the burning bush the monastery has always had an outgoing attitude. A 21st-century manifestation of this openness is the desire of Archbishop Damianos of Sinai and his monks, especially the librarian Father Justin, to digitise their collection of manuscripts, including palimpsests, and make them available for study by scholars worldwide. Arcadia, a British charity set up by Lisbet Rausing, the Tetra Pak heiress, is funding the fiveyear programme to image the St Catherine s palimpsests with a $2.1m grant. This hugely exciting project fits perfectly into Arcadia s mission to save endangered cultural materials through modern technology, says Anthea Case, the fund s principal adviser. Phelps leads a team of 10 US-based scientists and technical staff working on the project. The team has made two preparatory visits to Sinai this year, and will set off for the monastery again next week unless security concerns force a postponement. Data will start flowing in earnest in Operating our advanced PRESS CLIPPING Sinai Monks Have 2nd Largest Medieval Writing Archives Services to our readers: Call us for any information pertaining to the paper or anything else at Home Delivery service is available in the majority of the East coast. We start it anytime and stop it anytime. Call us three days in advance at Going on vacation, call to discontinue and we will easily renew upon your return. St Catherine s monastery, Sinai digitisation technology in such an austere desert location challenges our planning and logistics, says Michael Toth, the programme manager. Digital post-processing of the manuscript images to reveal hidden text isn t like CSI you don t just push a button and suddenly see it appear in a couple of minutes, he adds. Preliminary data will be released this autumn for analysis by 18 scholars who have particular expertise in the range of ancient languages found in the palimpsests. Many of the erased texts are in Christian Palestinian Aramaic, a language used between the third and eighth centuries, which then died out. These texts were erased because they were in a dead language for which the medieval scribes had no use, Phelps says. We can help to recover its voice. Preparing new parchment was an elaborate process of flaying, soaking, curing, dehairing and splitting animal hides, so recycling redundant manuscripts by scraping off the old text made good sense. Many of the manuscripts dating from the seventh to the ninth century are palimpsests, says Father Justin, who is originally from Texas. During those centuries, especially, it was often difficult to obtain new parchment. There are known to be 130 palimpsests at St Catherine s though research is likely to find more. Most are religious texts such as scriptures, homilies and services. An important exception awaiting further study is a medical treatise that may date back to the late classical period and seems to be the oldest known Hippocratic text. Scholars have been able to decipher occasional words visible in the margins, but these texts, often of the greatest importance, have thus far eluded attempts to read them. The prospect of recovering these texts is a very exciting development, adds Father Justin, who had been running a sophisticated digital-imaging operation at St Catherine s for several years before the project started. Any western university would be proud of the digitisation facility that Father Justin has put together, comments Phelps. The technical heart of the project involves spectral imaging across a wide range of wavelengths from the ultraviolet through visible light to the near infrared, says Keith Knox, a key member of the scientific team who has been involved in manuscript research for 20 years in his spare time (his main job involves detecting objects in space from multispectral images of the sky). The equipment is designed both to transmit light through the parchment and to shine light on to the surface and image its reflection. But the biggest single source of data is ultraviolet irradiation, which makes traces of ancient ink fluoresce blue. Computer programs combine all the spectral data, using special algorithms to make the overt top text disappear as far as possible while enhancing the appearance of the undertext. False colour is used to make it stand out. Mail Delivery service is available from coast to coast. Delivery is dependent on Post Office and region. Any unforeseen delays please contact us at Newsstands carry our papers in NY, NJ. CT & MA. Cannot find us on newsstands? Please call us at and we will make arrangements to get it there promptly. Online websites to our subscribers to be accessed online anytime of the day or night with up-to-date information. Read us on line at The palimpsest work has a lot in common with image analysis in other fields such as astronomy. The task is to extract information out of noisy data, Knox says. It is a detective story, trying to find out what s there. What makes the detectives job more difficult is that medieval scribes did not necessarily reuse pages from which text had been erased in the same order or even orientation as the original manuscript. And a further complication is that some texts were erased and reused twice, leading to double palimpsests. Although no one has tried before to access so many palimpsests in such a remote location as Sinai, multispectral imaging has already shown what it can do on individual manuscripts. The best example is the Archimedes Palimpsest, a 13th century Byzantine prayer book containing erased texts from the 10th century. These include seven treatises by Archimedes, two of which (The Method and Stomachion) cannot be found anywhere else. A US collector bought the manuscript for $2m in 1998 and deposited it with The Walters Art Museum in Baltimore for conservation, imaging and scholarship. The project, which featured several of the scientists now working on the Sinai manuscripts, has shed light on Archimedes and revealed texts from the ancient world, including speeches by Hyperides, an Athenian orator of the fourth century BC, and a third century AD commentary on Aristotle s Categories. It remains to be seen whether new treasures to match the Archimedes Palimpsest are revealed at the Holy Monastery of the God-trodden Mount Sinai (to give St Catherine s its official name). But with such expertise focused on the world s oldest continuously operating library, some remarkable discoveries are likely. Classified services available with a wide category selection and well read worldwide. It s the go to paper in the Greek Community. To get results call our professionals at Display advertising available to promote your business to the Greek American Community. Want to reach the movers and shakers of the community advertise with us. Call our advertising experts at % off your subscription by enrolling a friend or family member.

11 THE NATIONAL HERALD, SEPTEMBER 29 - OCTOBER 5, 2012 VIEWPOINTS 11 Greek Politicians Keep Getting a Free Ride The next time Greek politicians come to anywhere in the United States where there are Greek-American communities and expect deferential first-class treatment, be advised not to bow and scrape, and never offer them a limousine to and from the airport, but direct them to the nearest subway. If they don t take the hint, some rotten eggs come to mind. That should provide a nice shock to their system because even during Greece s crushing economic crisis when these jamokes are going after workers, pensioners and the poor, appointed ministers, managers, officials and freeloaders still have free Mercedes and luxury cars and free gas which costs all the other suckers nearly $10 a gallon. This largesse comes courtesy of Prime Minister Antonis I m Rich Samaras uneasy coalition government, which is about to carpet bomb Greece s most vulnerable sectors with $14.6 billion in more spending cuts, tax hikes, and slashed pensions, but has done almost nothing to stop the use of free luxury cars to politicians and high-ranking public officials. It s not too surprising that these are the same types who have refused to take pay cuts while the lines at the unemployment office are now 1,115,000 people long and growing. If you re on a caviar and champagne run and have to pass the unwashed at souvlaki stands, you can t walk and risk clashing with squalor and misery. The newspaper Kathimerini, one of the few in Greece with journalists who aren t on the take to the ministries they cover, reported that attempts have failed to cut back on the government s transportation bill, which costs taxpayers $415 million a year for cars, drivers and gas to provide shiny cars to these lowlifes. That s because the ministers have simply ignored an order from Administrative Reform Minister Antonis Manitakis to cut back on their use because it s simply too much to walk two blocks to a meeting, preferring instead to be chauffeured and have the privilege of having the Mercedes parked on a sidewalk directly in front of where they re going. Next they ll be asking for poor people to lie down on when the car door is opened so their shoes don t have to hit the pavement. The doomed-to-fail effort to take away politician s toys began under previous Transport Minister Yiannis Ragousis, who made some headway, dropping the number of official government vehicles for self-styled big shots from 279 to 172 and brought down the cost of maintenance by nearly 70 percent, to $61,856, from $202,722. That s where you cut money, not by taking food money away from pensioners. The price of free gas went down by 67.1 percent in 2010, but under Samaras, who has LETTER FROM ATHENS by ANDY DABILIS Special to never had to park a broken-down Fiat Punto for months because he couldn t afford to fix it, the perks are coming back. This from a guy who vowed to hold the line on austerity and make whole Greek-Americans and others who lost much of their savings to buy Greek bonds that are now as worthless as Confederate dollars and monopoly money because previous finance minister Evangelos Venizelos, now the Socialist leader and traitor-in-arms with Samaras, imposed 74 percent losses on them. Now, the pols and Not-So- Very-Important People (NSVIP s) are suffering from Mercedes Deprivation Syndrome (MDS,) so some 44,000 official cars are still in circulation, Kathimerini reported, far more than are needed. But what s a bigwig to do when he has an appointment? Take the Metro? The newspaper said that after taking office in June, Manitakis issued a circular to ministries demanding a reduction in fleets and transportation costs but that he was not only ignored but got calls asking him to buy some bigger cars. That s only fair when you need some backseat room for a mistress and don t want the police bodyguard who d driving you around to get a good look at what you re doing there. Some of these types need stretch limousines just to fit their ego inside. But wait, there s more for all you reduced-wage slaves who are packed in dirty buses like sardines, taking to bicycles, or walking because the Metro s on strike. The privileged Greeks, not content to have free cars, gas and drivers for their official duties, like taking them home too or using them for family errands. If you re on a caviar-andchampagne run and have to pass the great unwashed at souvlaki stands, you can t walk and risk clashing with squalor and misery. Strictly speaking, it would be a violation of law to use official cars for unofficial use, but there aren t any laws in Greece so that s a loophole big enough to drive a Mercedes through. One of the best parts about getting a free state car in Greece if you qualify usually limited to only the best sycophants and pharisaical parasites is that you get to keep the car forever! It s even better than winning it on Let s Make a Deal because behind every political door in Greece there s a Mercedes. That s because no one has bothered to check on who s using them, at least since around the time of the 2004 Olympic Games when they were handed out like fraudulent pension checks. The government is still providing free rides to the special secretary of the former Olympics, a/k/a The Games That Bankrupt Greece. The former chairman of the now-defunct Hellenic Bank of Industrial Development (ETVA), which was acquired by Piraeus Bank nearly a decade ago, still has one too, so now it s time to rein in these people and teach them to say, taxi! Why Have the Greeks Ceded Christianity in America? PART 1 When pondering the meaning of life, no other question is as profound as whether God exists. It is a question people have known deep in their hearts from the time they were born, or wrestled with their entire lifetimes. A close second would be understanding the nature of Jesus Christ. Did Jesus really exist? If so, was he really God personified? Was he the Son of God? A lesser god? Not a god but the most godlike human being that ever walked the earth? A good and noble philosopher? Folks throughout the world continue to debate the existence and essence of Jesus among them Christians themselves, who are often bitterly divided about the tenets of their faith. Peculiarly, the Greeks or rather, more specifically, the Greek Orthodox are barely even a factor in the ongoing Christian debate that consumes much of America. That is perplexing, indeed, given Orthodoxy s founding role in Christianity, a fact of which an alarmingly large number of Christian Americans are not even aware. American-born Orthodox Greeks often lack a great deal of knowledge about Christianity not least of which because they are baptized and chrismated (confirmed, in Western denominations) as infants, and because even as adults they are exposed to much of the liturgy in ecclesiastic Greek. It is indoctrinated in them that Orthodoxy is the one and only true Christian religion which, of course, renders it difficult to engage in objective Christological discussions, but at least the point is made: that it all began with Orthodoxy. There was one Christian Church until the Great Schism (divide) between the East and the West in 1054, at which point the two factions excommunicated one another. The East would be Orthodox, and the West Catholic. By the time Martin Luther had paved the way for the Protestant Reformation in the 1500s, based on vehement objections to the Catholic Church, Orthodoxy was in a rather dormant state, to say the least. The Greeks, for one, had become subjects of the Ottoman Empire and would not regain their independence for centuries. They were in no position to guide, sponsor, or otherwise affect the Protestant movement. But why did the Schism occur in the first place? One oftcited reason is the change of the Filioque: the West altered the language of the creed to state that the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son, whereas the original teachings were that it proceeds only from the Father. Most Christians, of course, would hear that and say: Who cares? What s the big deal? The larger issue behind that, however, is that the Pope had declared himself to be the head of the Church rather than equal to the Eastern Patriarchs, and to be infallible in matters concerning the Church. The East believed the Church as a whole to be infallible, but no one person alone. The Protestants, in turn, thought that placing so much emphasis on the Church leaders was dangerous and misguided. Instead, they looked to the Bible as the ultimate authority. That in itself can be misleading, too, as it can lead to thousands of different interpretations, and sub-denominations. And that brings us to Christianity in the United States today. Whether the politically correct crowd likes it or not, America is a Christian nation. Not legally, but culturally. Close to by CONSTANTINOS E. SCAROS Special to 80% of Americans are Christians, and all other religions (Jewish, Muslim, Buddhist, Confucian, Baha i, etc.) comprise less than 4% combined (the remainder of the population is, for one reason or another, not affiliated with any religion). Of our overwhelmingly Christian nation, then, more than half is Protestant, barely a quarter is Catholic, and only about 2%, if that much, is Orthodox. If Orthodoxy is closest to the teachings of the original Church Fathers, then why do 98% of Christian Americans turn to other denominations? In his informative book, Dancing Alone, Frank Schaeffer describes his conversion from Evangelical Protestantism to Greek Orthodoxy. Sometimes, those immersed into a faith from infancy can learn a lot from an outsider who converted to it as an adult, by choice. Schaeffer points out that America s religious right think they have cornered the market on a conservative Christian faith, when in fact theirs is the freewheeling, outside-thebox, almost hippie version of Christianity, and the vicars of traditional Christianity are in fact the Orthodox. Taking that analogy a step further, think about political conservatives, who are most often originalists/strict constructionists when it comes to the Constitution. They want to practice Americanism the way the Founding Fathers had intended it, and they rail against changes made by activist courts and progressive legislators. Yet when it comes to their faith, they embrace the denominations of religious activism, one that has altered the original practices of the Church s Founding Fathers. Of course, many of them have no idea that is the case. Tell them you re Greek Orthodox, and many will silently wonder, or even utter aloud: what is that, is that Christian? They may even think that Orthodoxy is a rather new religious fad that came about in the 1970s, along with mood rings, digital watches, and disco. They may look at our patriarchs and archbishops excessively long beards and ornate garbs and think we are some offshoot of Islam, or Judaism (after all, many more have heard of Orthodox Jews than Orthodox Christians). They see us heading home from church after Easter Midnight Mass with lit candles in hand, and think we are part of some cult. They think the day after the Resurrection, a group of witnesses sat down and wrote the Bible, as if they were newspaper reporters covering the event. Little do they know that the process of choosing 27 books that would comprise the New Testament was not finalized at Jesus death, or resurrection, or the Pentecost, or even the Council of Nicaea. In fact, even by the time of the Great Schism in 1054, there were still doubts about including some books, most notably, Revelation. In short, they don t realize that long before the Bible they hold in their hands was compiled, a Christian church they never even heard of retained, safeguarded, and perpetuated Christianity. The road test is what determines a person s ability to drive a car. The driver s license is merely a piece of paper that confirms it. When applied to Christianity, the Bible is the driver s license, but the road test is the original Church. [Part 2 will appear in this column sometime after the presidential election.] Pro-Obama Eurozone Delays Greek Bailout Decision By Darrell Delamaide Wall Street Journal WASHINGTON, DC So now even European leaders are in the tank for President Barack Obama s re-election and will drag their feet on the Greek bailout so that there won t be any nasty surprises before the U.S. election in November. At least that was the gist of a recent Reuters report, which quoted an unnamed official to the effect that European Union leaders don t want Obama s Republican challenger Mitt Romney to win, so they re probably willing to do anything to help Obama s chances. Of course the report was met with all the usual denials, even as EU officials announced that the troika of Greek lenders the European Commission, the European Central Bank and the International Monetary Fund were going to take a break from the arduous task of toting up how much spending Greece has to cut. Meanwhile, the German newsmagazine Der Spiegel said that the budget shortfall in Greece would be 20 billion euros, nearly double the 11 billion euros Athens had been trying to trim from the budget. Spiegel cited a report from that same troika team, so it is plausible that these inspectors will delay the report originally expected sometime in October as they investigate the full scope of the shortfall. In fairness, earlier troika reports have also been late. While there may indeed be some sentiment to postpone any potentially volatile decisions until after the U.S. elections, European leaders hardly need any encouragement to drag their feet. Further delay would hardly be an altruistic urge to help out Obama. Rather the other way around EU leaders would be happy to seize on the timing of the U.S. election to buy a few more weeks to deal with this knotty problem. But with a general strike scheduled in Greece this week and reports of hunger and squatting intensifying regional tensions in Spain, European leaders may not have the luxury of waiting, whatever their feelings are about Obama. The least of Europe s worries as it slides into a continent-wide recession should be who is going to win the White House. Whether European leaders like Obama better or not, it s hard to imagine that either candidate could do any more harm to Europe than they are doing themselves. EU leaders would be better off taking their cue from another U.S. official Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke. In finally pushing the button for a new round of asset purchases, or QE3, Bernanke sounded notes of concern for the working masses or rather, notworking masses that are unusual coming from a central banker. The weak job market should concern every American, Bernanke said in the press conference announcing the unexpectedly aggressive monetary measures. High unemployment imposes hardship on millions of people, and it entails a tremendous waste of human skills and talents. The price, Bernanke insisted, is paid not only in the suffering of those involved but in the economy as a whole. As the skills of the long-term unemployed atrophy and as their connections to the labor market wither, they may find it increasingly difficult to get good jobs, to their and their families cost, of course, but also to the detriment of our nation s productive potential, he said. Bernanke is a central banker but he is also an economist and an expert on the economic wreckage caused by the Great Depression. He knows that monetary policy alone cannot fix the economy but he also knows that he cannot wait for government to get its act together on fiscal policy given how dysfunctional our current politics are. Sadly, European Central Bank President Mario Draghi does not have the same freedom of action as the Fed chairman, nor is it certain that Draghi, who has followed the conventional path of an international financial functionary, would take equally bold measures even if he could. Even more sadly, the political class in Europe is blinkered by a neoliberal economic orthodoxy that callously imposes suffering on millions of hitherto prosperous Europeans in a way that, it seems evident by now, history will judge harshly. The Fed s measures are controversial, even within the Federal Open Market Committee that adopted them. How effective they will be in reducing unemployment remains to be seen. But at least Bernanke is not sitting on his hands while millions suffer economic hardship if he believes he can do something to relieve it. But then Bernanke, according to some of his critics, is also in the tank for Obama. After all, why would any responsible official do anything to boost the economy except to help the U.S. president get re-elected? GUEST EDITORIALS TNH welcomes manuscripts representing a variety of views for publication in its Viewpoints page. They should include the writer s name, address, telephone # and be addressed to the Viewpoints Editor,, th St., lic, Ny They can also be ed to - herald.com. due to considerations of space we enforce a strict 850- word upper limit. we reserve the right to edit. Move Over, Marlon Brando, Germans Say Merkel is the New Godmother in Charge German Chancellor Angela Merkel is a cynical, protean woman, who values nothing except her own power. The 58- year-old politician wants to establish a dictatorship in Europe. She is a danger to democracy; not just in Germany, but throughout Europe. Merkel's aim is to become Chancellor of Europe. Her rule would not be democratic. She imposes her will on the Germans and the other Europeans, without caring about the rule of law, national constitutions or even earlier treaties which she signed herself. She is a power-obsessed egomaniac, driven by just one thing: a desire for more power. If she succeeds as all signs currently show (she's been named the most powerful woman on Earth by Forbes Magazine for two years in a row) it would be Germany's third dictatorship in less than 80 years, after Nazism and East Germany's Communism (a system in which she grew up in, incidentally). Merkel s desire to remain in power at all costs has obliged her to again pander to the anxieties of German voters and impose draconian and unreasonable bailout conditions on ailing Eurozone countries such as Greece. Although Merkel sees herself as the Queen of Europe, she is, in reality, ruining the euro. These ideas belong to Gertrud Höhler, 71, a prominent and outspoken German conservative who was both an adviser to former Chancellor Helmut Kohl, and has served on the boards of several major Swiss and German companies. Höhler, a respected intellectual, unleashed this scathing criticism of Germany's Iron Lady in a recent book entitled The Godmother: How Merkel Is Reconstructing Germany. The title alludes to Marlon Brando s famous character in the movie The Godfather. Only that, in Höhler's view, Merkel is the real life version of what Marlon Brando was in the movie. According to Höhler, Merkel has no principles. All that matters for the chancellor is power. She calls Merkel's governing method "das System M." The M stands for Macht, the German word for power. Nobody can accuse the mistress of saving of being wasteful, Höhler writes, But forced saving is in breach of the principles of market economics. Growth requires income and consumers, she insists. Some may accuse Höhler of suffering from a case of sour grapes. After all, Kohl passed her up when handing out cabinet posts, namely because of his desire to tab East Germans for ministry positions in the then newly reunified Germany. However, although Kohl made Merkel his Minister of Women and Youth, he did not seem to have a high opinion of her; he derisively called her, "das Mädchen" "the girl." Kohl has also criticized Merkel s present policies. by Christopher TRIPOULAS Special to But Höhler is not the only critic of Merkel in her party, the Christian Democratic Union. Two weeks ago, CDU business policy expert Josef Schlarmann sharply criticized "System M." Those who do not agree with Merkel are excluded from the party leadership, he said. Schlarmann, too, pointed out that Merkel has removed all potential challengers from the party, making it impossible for a successor to come forward as long as she leads the party. In light of all this, it would make sense for Greek citizens to be very weary of the medicine being prescribed by this figure, which seems to have quite a few psychological skeletons in her closet. The most frightening thing of all is that if she has no principles, as suggested in this biography, and stops at nothing to eliminate opposition from her fellow countrymen and party members, imagine her plans for Greece and the Greek people, whom she views as roadblocks to her further consolidation of power. After all, when considering the traditional ethnocentrism and intolerance exhibited by Germany in the past (and now) then it could be easily argued that she views the Greek people as nothing more than second-class citizens (or maybe not even citizens at all). Hence, with supposed partners like Angela Merkel s Germany, who needs enemies? Would it not make sense for the Greek government to finally try to counter the obscene demands being made against its people (and not against the system; ergo, shaving the fat off organizations or privileged castes) by challenging the lawfulness of its debt and setting up an International Audit Committee (there are precedents for this, such as Ecuador s example not too long ago), to determine which if any part of its debt is odious? Sound impossible? AFP reports that the city of Naples recently announced it was setting up a local currency aimed at boosting small businesses. "Napos" will be given to shopkeepers, tourists and residents who pay their taxes, entitling bearers to a 10-percent discount for every 10 euros spent. Prototypes for the new 1, 2, 5 and 10 "Napo" banknotes have already been printed. Meanwhile, Portugal and Spain are being overrun with protests over the austerity measures trying to be forced upon them, with demonstrators in Lisbon surrounding the IMF s Portuguese headquarters. Sadly, as Greek journalist Nikos Chatzinikolaou reports, sources out of Germany s finance ministry have leaked that the Germans are surprised by the paltry resistance Greece is putting up during negotiations. As Sun Tzu advises in The Art of War, a person must know his enemy. Now that Gertrud Höhler has revealed what most people had already feared, the question is what is to be done about it.

12 12 VIEWPOINTS THE NATIONAL HERALD, SEPTEMBER 29 - OCTOBER 5, 2012 The Economy and the Trojan Necropolis: Mobs, Arab Spring, and Quantitative Easing The events that shaped last week and potentially the weeks and months, if not years to come had both geoeconomic and geopolitical dimensions. In situations like those, the beneficiaries could be viewed as those who shape the path towards the ultimate outcome. Let us briefly review what has taken place and what the implications are for investors. But first, a look at what is happening in Greece. There are three things to consider regarding the latest Greek developments. First, the government seems to be earning back some of the lost credibility. Its honest efforts in restoring Greece s image abroad are commendable, and the first fruits are already materializing. Second, the recent bold monetary developments announced by ECB s (European Central Bank) President Mario Draghi could have collateral benefits for Greece, in terms of time extension in order to comply with the terms of the austerity measures as well as greater leniency towards Greece. (Needless to say that the budget cannot be balanced on the backs of the poor and marginalized, and that it is time for major restructuring in the Greek public sector as well as for justice for those who exploited the system especially over the last two decades.) Of course, we should never forget that the EU problem is not a Greek problem but rather an EU-wide problem concentrated on very weak banks that overextended themselves using as collateral worthless paper assets. Third, there is serious talk among foreign institutional investors of setting foot again back into Greece. If that takes place, then the collateral benefits could be significant. Having reviewed these Greek fundamental developments, let us now turn to the global geoeconomic and geopolitical ones. Following ECB s Quantitative Easing (QE) measures on September 6th, the U.S. Federal Reserve announced another round of QE. This round could be as high as $1.8 trillion, especially when we consider that there is no definitive time limit ($40 billion per week until about the unemployment rate drops to about 6.7%, i.e. based on the current working model approximately 45 months, assuming that other current programs will be sterilized). Central banks will likely coordinate QE measures targeting spreads and having as upper limit the percentage (35-40%?) of GDP that their balance sheets control. At the same time, and given its significant slowdown, China provided us with a prelude of further stimulus in order to accelerate its growth rate and avoid internal turmoil due to rising unemployment and exports decline. These two events wrap up the summary on the geoeconomic front. On the geopolitical front, mobs attacked U.S. Embassies, killing American officials and creating chaotic situations, while Israel kept pushing for an attack on Iran. The majority of the people in the countries that experienced the attacks from those mobs support the United States. However, weak governments and civil societies do not allow that majority to surface. The result is that those who have vested interests from such turmoil occupy the news and create upheavals. The greatest accomplishment of the Arab Spring is that the lead of fear in those countries is gone. It was unimaginable to revolt against the old regimes. Now, that by JOHN CHARALAMBAKIS Special to the fear is gone the baby democracies will grow, but it takes time, effort, patience, energy, and collaboration from the West. The other major geopolitical development was the increased tone of confrontation between China and Japan regarding some disputed islands in the East China Sea. The threat of a major war in that area is real and could create significant tremors around the world. It seems that some vested interests are pushing for war as the ultimate dues ex machina. They view their targets as Agamemnon viewed Troy. The problem was the Trojan War and everything about it was a lie and a deception. Achilles ended up dead. Odysseus wasted over ten years in order to return home, and Troy became a necropolis. Only the suitors after Odysseus estate had a good time. These three critical graphs show the impact of QE on monetary aggregates. Even Agamemnon ended up dead upon returning home. His wife had to take revenge for killing their beloved daughter Iphigenia in order to please the gods and get favorable sailing winds. (Let s not forget that the sacrificial knife was made up of the finest gold.) There are serious doubts about whether we should sail to Troy again. What does all that mean for individual and institutional investors? QE measures buy time, but do not address the real issues of too much debt, inability to wake up dormant assets, and overcollateralization/securitization of toxic assets. In the bestcase scenarios, the central banks will have to take significant haircuts that will shake the foundations upon which they are built. The following three graphs demonstrate why QE measures only have limited time effect and experience diminishing returns while distorting credit equilibrium. These three critical graphs show the impact of QE on monetary aggregates (data from Thomson Datastream, and Capital Economics). The first one shows that money supply falls far behind the growth in the monetary base. The result is that the velocity of money cannot support desired economic activity, as confirmed by the second graph (and hence the lack of inflationary pressures in basic goods). As money velocity drops, the money multiplier collapses (see third graph below), thus the fractional reserve system needs continuous shots of QEs in order to sustain an ephemeral monetary stability. As investors start feeling the diminishing effects of QEs in the medium term, they will seek safe haven in assets that cannot be printed. It seems that the long term may not be the period when we will all be dead, but rather the time when we awake from the nightmare of credit overextension. Dr. Charalambakis is Chief Economist, Blacksummit Financial Group Inc.,and Adjunct Professor of Economics, Patterson School of Diplomacy, University of Kentucky. Eating for Health, Not Weight By Dean Ornish* New York Times Almost half of Americans are on a diet not surprising, since two-thirds are overweight or obese, a frightening statistic that inspired Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg to push through a ban on large soft drinks in New York City. The country is preoccupied with calories. McDonald s, for instance, is now posting them. But our widespread hope for weight loss makes us vulnerable to all kinds of promises, even ones that aren t true, when it comes to food. Perhaps the biggest misconception is that as long as you lose weight, it doesn t matter what you eat. But it does. Yet being thin and being healthy are not at all the same thing. Being overweight is not necessarily linked with disease or premature death. What you eat affects which diseases you may develop, regardless of whether you re thin or fat. Some diets that may help you lose weight may be harmful to your health over time. A widely publicized study earlier this year showed that a low-carb Atkins-type diet might be a faster way to lose weight. That may have given many people the idea that eating meat and butter is the route to thinness and thus health. In 35 years of medical research, conducted at the nonprofit Preventive Medicine Research Institute, which I founded, we have seen that patients who ate mostly plantbased meals, with dishes like black bean vegetarian chili and whole wheat penne pasta with roasted vegetables, achieved reversal of even severe coronary artery disease. They also engaged in moderate exercise and stress-management techniques, and participated in a support group. The program also led to improved blood flow and significantly less inflammation which matters because chronic inflammation is an underlying cause of heart disease and many forms of cancer. We found that this program may also slow, stop or reverse the progression of early stage prostate cancer, as well as reverse the progression of Type 2 diabetes. Also, we found that it changed gene expression in over 500 genes in just three months, turning on genes that protect against disease and turning off genes that promote breast cancer, prostate cancer, inflammation and oxidative stress. The program, too, has been associated with increased telomerase, which increases telomere length, the ends of our chromosomes that are thought to control how long we live (studies done in collaboration with Dr. Elizabeth Blackburn, who shared the Nobel Prize in 2009 with Carol Greider and Jack Szostak for discovering telomerase). As our telomeres get longer, our lives may get longer. In a randomized controlled trial, patients on this lifestyle program lost an average of 24 pounds after one year and maintained a 12-pound weight loss after five years. The more closely the patients followed this program, the more improvement we measured in each category at any age. It s not low carb or low fat. An optimal diet is low in unhealthful carbs (both sugar and other refined carbohydrates) and low in fat (especially saturated fats and trans fats) as well as in red meat and processed foods. WHAT you eat is as important as what you exclude your diet needs to be high in healthful carbs like fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, soy products in natural, unrefined forms and some fish, like salmon. There are hundreds of thousands of health-enhancing substances in these foods. And what s good for you is good for the planet. Calories do count fat is much denser in calories, so when you eat less fat, you consume fewer calories, without consuming less food. Also, it s easy to eat too many calories from sugar and other refined carbs because they are so low in fiber that you can consume large amounts without getting full. Sugar is absorbed so quickly that you get repeated insulin surges, which promote Type 2 diabetes and accelerate the conversion of calories into body fat. But never underestimate the power of telling people what they want to hear like cheeseburgers and bacon are good for you. People are drawn to Atkinstype diets in part because, as the study showed, they produce a higher metabolic rate. But a low-carb diet increases metabolic rate because it s stressful to your body. Just because something increases your metabolic rate doesn t mean it s good for you. Amphetamines will also increase your metabolism and burn calories faster, which is why they are used to help people lose weight, at least temporarily. But they stress your body and may mortgage your health in the progress. Patients on an Atkins diet in this study showed more than double the level of CRP (C-reactive protein), which is a measure of chronic inflammation and also significantly higher levels of cortisol, a key stress hormone. Both of these increase the ANdrEA TSurumi risk of heart disease and other chronic diseases. A major research article published recently in the British Medical Journal studied 43,396 Swedish women over 16 years. It concluded that low carbohydrate-high protein diets... are associated with increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. An important article in The New England Journal of Medicine examined data from a study showing that high-protein, low-carb diets promote coronary artery disease even if they don t increase traditional cardiac risk factors like blood pressure or cholesterol levels. A diet low in fat and high in unrefined carbohydrates caused the least amount of coronary artery blockages, whereas an Atkinstype diet caused the most. Outcomes from more than 37,000 men from the Harvardsponsored Health Professionals Follow-Up Study and more than 83,000 women from the Nurses Health Study who were followed for many years showed that consumption of both processed and unprocessed red meat, a mainstay of an Atkins diet, is associated with an increased risk of premature death as well as greater incidence of cardiovascular disease, cancer and Type 2 diabetes. About 75 percent of the $2.8 trillion in annual health care costs in the United States is from chronic diseases that can often be reversed or prevented altogether by a healthy lifestyle. If we put money and effort into helping people make better food and exercise choices, we could improve our health and reduce the cost of health care. For example, Medicare is now covering this program for reversing heart disease. In an increasingly polarized political landscape, this approach provides an alternative to some Republicans who want to privatize or dismantle Medicare and some Democrats who want to simply raise taxes or increase the deficit without addressing the diet and lifestyle choices that account for so much health spending. This way of living helps you lose weight and keep it off while enhancing rather than harming your health. *A clinical professor of medicine at the University of California, San Francisco, and the founder of the Preventive Medicine Research Institute. There is only one good - knowledge, and one evil - ignorance. Socrates celebrating it s 15th Year! 50% Discount for 3 Months with unlimited access to our digital edition is the connecting link to the Greek-American Community from Coast to Coast. SUBSCRIBE NOW. ACT NOW.* th Street, Long Island City, NY EXT *For new subscribers only Rates vary per region Offer expires: October 31, 2012

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