Review #9. Reading. A. Caste as Varna: (Bonus if you can remember the Hindu names) B. What are the features of JATI?

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1 Reading Review #9 A. Caste as Varna: (Bonus if you can remember the Hindu names) B. What are the features of JATI? C. What are the features of slavery in this period? Bonus: What were some revolts or rebellions led by slaves?

2 Reading Review #10 Spread of cultural beliefs: A. Describe the basic cultural beliefs of each religion: Zoroastrianism: Judaism: Christianity: Buddhism: B. What are similarities between the spread of Buddhism and Christianity? C. What are differences in the spread of Buddhism and Christianity?

3 About BC Monarchy King and Senate About BC Aristocracy Consuls and Senate About BC Republic Patrician and Plebian checks and balances 27 BC AD 476 Monarchy Emperor and Senate

4 About 475 BCE 220 BCE Warring States Period About BCE Legalist Monarchy: Qin Shihuangdi About 206 BCE to 220 CE Confucian Monarchy: Han Dynasty CE Warring States: Six Dynasties Period

5 Qin Dynasty: Shihuangdi: A. How did Shihuangdi change the Chinese empire? B. How do the Terracotta Warriors reflect similarities of other burials in earlier civilizations? C. What do the warriors show us about the Qin Empire?

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7 Qin Dynasty: Shihuangdi: A. How did Shihuangdi change the Chinese empire? B. How do the Terracotta Warriors reflect similarities of other burials in earlier civilizations? C. What do the warriors show us about the Qin Empire?

8 Han Dynasty: Confucian Empire Emperor Wu Di 140 BCE to 87 BCE Liu Bang Emperor Gauzu 202 BCE to 195 BCE

9 About 600 BCE to 400 BCE Small republics and city states Persian/ Greek invasions About 400 BCE to 180 BCE Mauryan Empire: Southern India Ashoka About 180 BCE to 320 CE Small city-states 320 CE to 550 CE Gupta Empire

10 Reading Review #10 Spread of cultural beliefs: A. Describe the basic cultural beliefs of each religion: Zoroastrianism: Judaism: Christianity: Buddhism: B. What are similarities between the spread of Buddhism and Christianity? C. What are differences in the spread of Buddhism and Christianity?

11 About About About About

12 Mauryan Dynasty Chandragupta Maurya Arthashastra: Book

13 Ashoka Maurya Conquered most of India (Kalinga) Reforms: Irrigations, roads, trees, wells Promoted the spread of Buddhism Empire declined after Ashoka s death

14 Gupta Empire Chandra Gupta Changes in Government

15 Gupta Empire Science Calculated the solar year as Two medical texts classified 1,000 diseases Performed surgery including plastic surgery Inoculations against smallpox Mathematics Indian numerals (0-9) Decimal system Negative numbers Calculated the numerical value of pi

16 Empire Consolidation Bureaucracies: Unit 2 Development The bigger they are, the more money they cost Persia The bigger the empire, the more bureaucracies you need Smaller, city-state civilizations don t need bureaucracies Questions to look for differences: A. How are the members of bureaucracies chosen? (Are they elites, nobles, anyone, do they have to meet requirements? Etc.) B. How does the empire pay for bureaucracies? Rome Han Mauryan Gupta C. What do the members of the bureaucracies do?

17 Annotated Maps:

18 Spread of Religions: Annotated Map Title: Include Subject (Spread of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Christianity) Time Period and Spice Theme(s) Geographical Features: Historical Features: (Use a key if necessary) Origin and spread of Hinduism Origin and spread of Christianity Origin and spread of Buddhism South Asia Middle East East Asia Southeast Asia Europe North Africa Mediterranean Sea Indian Ocean Red Sea Arabian Sea

19 Spread of Religions: Annotated Map Annotations Define each historical feature: who, what, where, when, why Explain the significance of each historical feature Annotations should be 1-3 complete sentences. You can write the annotations on the sides of your map or use lines to point to the appropriate location. Thesis Statement Leave room for a thesis statement that should be a 2-3 sentence response to this question: What were the major effects of the diffusion of new belief systems in Afro-Eurasia?

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