CHAPTER-VI. The research work "A Critical Study of the Eightfold Noble Path" developed through different chapters is mainly based on Buddhist

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "CHAPTER-VI. The research work "A Critical Study of the Eightfold Noble Path" developed through different chapters is mainly based on Buddhist"

Transcription

1 180 CHAPTER-VI 6.0. Conclusion The research work "A Critical Study of the Eightfold Noble Path" developed through different chapters is mainly based on Buddhist literature. Lord Buddha, more than twenty-five centuries ago, has provided the mankind with the required deeper knowledge and higher wisdom for the welfare of all beings. He has also demonstrated a practical method to eliminate all the evils and to be liberated from all suffering. The Buddha dhamma provides us with a way of attaining that state of Nibbanic freedom from sorrow, whence we, like the Buddha and His Arahats, need never emerge again. For, through Buddha's preaching of dhamma, recognizing first, the Four Noble Truths, we gradually enter upon the Eightfold Noble Path, and are progressively brought from illusoriness to reality. The Buddha has explained clearly that the love of money and the desire or craving for wealth are some manifestations of lobha (a pali word, meaning greed, craving, attachment, etc.) which is the cause of all suffering. He also laid down a systematic method known as the Eightfold Noble Path for the total destruction of lobha, which arises in the mind as a concomitant of the mind. When greed or craving is totally destroyed and uprooted from the mind, the highest nobility and the everlasting bliss will be attained in this very life.

2 181 The Buddha's view on social structure message of goodwill and understanding to all beings is a universal message. The world today needs this noble message more than ever before in the history of humankind. Buddhism as a religion is the unique exposition of the absolute truth which will show man how to live in peace and harmony with his fellow beings.' Since the Eightfold Noble Path is well laid down by Lord Buddha, and it has been trodden by countless noble persons in the past, it is the surest practical way to lead us to the highest nobility and to the highest bliss in the whole life. The Eightfold Noble Path is a Path to be trodden. The path is something essentially practical. To know and experience this truth one must tread the path. This path contains a careful and wise collection of all the important requisites necessary for the spiritual development of man. The Eightfold Noble Path is unique to Buddhism and distinguishes it from every other religion and philosophy. It is the Buddhist code of mental and physical conduct which leads to the end of suffering, sorrow and despair; to perfect peace, Nibbana. If one understands the Buddha's teaching, and if one is convinced that his teaching is the right Path and if one tries to follow it, then one is a Buddhist. Buddhism is a way of life, and what is essential is following the Eightfold Noble Path.^ ' BR, P. 55. ^ Majjhima-nilMyatthakatha, Vol-I, P. 30.

3 182 The path or way that leads to the cessation of suffering (Nibbana) is the Eightfold Noble Path, consisting of eight constituent factors, which are more simply represented by the threefold training in morality, concentration and wisdom. Chapter (1) Central aspects of the Buddha's teaching The first chapter has discussed about the central aspects of the Buddha's teaching and his life in brief. After that the chapter 1 reviews the six contemporary philosophers with the Buddha. We find the names of the six philosophers almost always together in Buddhist literature. All suttas, mentioned about the six philosophers, are described using the same words, and so on. They had many ascetic disciples and many followers. They were the Masters of their Sects. They were well-known and held great reputation. They were the founders of their schools, and known as 'good-persons' by many folk. And then the first chapter has discussed the first preaching of the Buddha, It is known as "Dhammacakkapavattana" which is the most importance of the Buddha's preaching of Dhamma. It is beneficial for humanity. Chapter (2) The Four Noble Truths in Buddhism The second chapter explains the Four Noble Truths the key doctrine of Buddhism. (1) The Noble Truth of Suffering (Dukkha),

4 183 (2) The Noble Truth of the Cause of Suffering (Samudaya), (3) The Noble Truth of the Cessation of Suffering (Nirodha), (4) The Noble Truth of the Path leading to the Cessation of Suffering (Magga)/ The foundation of Buddhism is the Four Noble Truths. Because, thousands of the Buddha's teaching is connected with the Four Noble Truths. These doctrines should be practiced not only a particular monks, novices and nuns but also by all lay people. The Holy ones gain the fullest insight into the real nature of the four great noble truths; they come face to face with Nibbana, Supreme peace, in the present life. This is the end of birth and death, pain and sorrow. This is the realization of the four great Noble Truths.'* In fact, when we realize convincingly the Four Noble Truths with our own wisdom-eye we are able to eliminate the defilements, the causes of all suffering, from our mind, and we shall become Ariyas, that is, genuine noble persons. As a matter of fact, A study the Four Noble Truths with the help of these references and explanations, get a fairly good and accurate account of the essential teachings of the Buddha according to the original texts. Chapter (3) The Eightfold Noble Path in Buddhism The third chapter deals with the Eightfold Noble Path. The Eightfold Noble Path is key-note of Buddhism. The Eightfold Noble ' Mhvg, P. 9; S, Vol-V, P. 420

5 184 Path can be applied to any kind of work. It is a scientific method of development of human being according to Buddhism. Practically the whole teaching of the Buddha, to which he devoted himself during forty five years, deals in some way or other with this Path. He explained it in different ways and in different words to different people, according to the stage of their development and their capacity to understand and follow him. But the essence of those many thousand discourses scattered in the Buddhist Scriptures is found in the Eightfold Noble Path. With regard the Ethical Conduct called Slla in pali according to the Buddhist literature. These morality (Sila) groups should be trained not only by monks, novices and nuns but also by all the large number of society. This training is accomplished by observing five, eight or nine moral precepts for laymen and catuparisuddhi sila for monks. Further more, I have explained the theory of Buddhist ethics finds its practical expression in the various precepts. These precepts or disciplines are nothing but general guides to show the direction in which the Buddhist ought to turn to on his way to final salvation. Although many of these precepts are expressed in a negative form, we must not think that Buddhist morality consists of abstaining from evil without the complement of doing good. And then, regarding Buddhist conducts for morality, it has been pointed out that all Buddhist conducts include the Eight-fold Noble Path; viz., Right speech. Right action. Right livelihood, As a matter of fact the ' WBB, p. 147

6 185 Buddhist conducts are only of three to avoid evil; to do good and to purify the mind. Chapter (4) The Three Factors of Concentration (Samadhi) The fourth chapter deals with the procedures for concentration which must be observed and trained by not only Bhikkhu, novices and nuns but also by all lay people. This chapter styled the meaning of concentration, practice for concentration, the benefits of concentration according to Buddhist literatures, etc. The fourth chapter consists of the Eightfold Noble Path; viz.. Right effort, Right mindfulness, Right concentration. In fact. This training can be accomplished by meditating on any one of the forty subjects of meditation prescribed by Lord Buddha. Mindfulness of breathing (anapanassati) is a very effective object of meditation suitable to many meditators. When one attains the neighbourhood-concentration (upacara-samadhi), or better, the concentration associated with one of the four meditative absorptions in the fine material sphere, (four Tupavacara-jhanas) or with one of the four meditative absorptions in the immaterial sphere (four arupavacara-jhanas), the training in tranquility in accomplished. Chapter (5) The Two Factors of Wisdom (Paiina) The fifth chapter has explained the factors of wisdom, way to establish the wisdom, the benefits of wisdom the threefold understanding according to Buddhist literatures etc.

7 186 This chapter considers characteristics of the Eight-fold Noble Path; viz., Right understanding, Right thought. As a matter of fact, the opinion of educationists, wisdom is a means to develop human excellences both intellectual and moral. The ultimate goals of wisdom are human happiness and the welfare of society. The goal of Buddhism is to end suffering and its root namely: greed, hatred, and delusion. To end the problems of greed, hatred and delusion, a person needs to understand, practice and follow the Eightfold Noble Path. Strictly speaking, to solve any problem of suffering, we have to observe Sila (self control, morality), Samadhi (mind control) and Pahm (wisdom) i.e. the Eightfold Noble Path. The present research work throws light on Buddhist way of Hfe, which is based on the Eightfold Noble Path. It is this path which eliminates our unwholesome thoughts and improper and harmful conduct. One can end suffering by understanding, adopting and following the path of the Middle way which, to Buddhists, is a practical way of life. The Eightfold Noble Path is a path of self-conquest which leads to the ultimate goal, real happiness, perfect peace, Nibbana. According to Buddhism, the noble way of developing is morality, concentration and wisdom. This is the sure way to nobility, peace and happiness. It does harm to no one, neither to oneself nor to others. We can observe the results and the benefits immediately in this very life. The total elimination of all defilements, the true causes of all miseries, from our minds is not only possible but has been demonstrated

8 187 by countless noble persons (Arahants and Bodhisattas). The highest wisdom which accompanies the four Path-consciousnesses (Four Maggananas) can totally uproot all the defilements from our minds is not only philosophically sound but also can be tested scientifically by anyone who will steadfastly and strenuously undertake tranquility and insight-meditation. That total peace and happiness (Nibbana) will exist forever when all the causes of miseries are eliminated. It is again not only a philosophical truth but also a practical truth that can be realized in this very life. So the ultimate goal in life for all persons should be the attainment of the eternal peace (Nibbana), and the purpose of life in order to achieve that noble aim is to practise the Eightfold Noble Path or the threefold training of morality, concentration and wisdom.

CHAPTER V T H E F O U R T H N O B L E T R U T H : MAGGA: 'The Path'

CHAPTER V T H E F O U R T H N O B L E T R U T H : MAGGA: 'The Path' CHAPTER V T H E F O U R T H N O B L E T R U T H : MAGGA: 'The Path' T h e Fourth Noble Truth is that of the Way leading to the Cessation of Dukkha (J)ukkhanirodhagaminlpatipada-ariyasaccd). This is known

More information

Early Buddhist Doctrines VEN NYANATILOKA

Early Buddhist Doctrines VEN NYANATILOKA Early Buddhist Doctrines THE NOBLE EIGHTFOLD PATH VEN NYANATILOKA Recommended Reading Fundamentals of Buddhism: Four Lectures, by Nyanatiloka Mahathera Noble Eightfold Path The Noble Eightfold Path is

More information

Ajivatthamka Sila (The Eight Precepts with Right Livelihood as the Eighth)in the Pali Canon

Ajivatthamka Sila (The Eight Precepts with Right Livelihood as the Eighth)in the Pali Canon Ajivatthamka Sila (The Eight Precepts with Right Livelihood as the Eighth)in the Pali Canon The Ajivatthamaka Sila corresponds to the Sila (morality) group of the Noble Eightfold Path. The first seven

More information

VIPASSANA MEDITATION RETREAT Vipassana-bhavana by Sayadaw Venerable Ashin Pandavacara M.A

VIPASSANA MEDITATION RETREAT Vipassana-bhavana by Sayadaw Venerable Ashin Pandavacara M.A VIPASSANA MEDITATION RETREAT Vipassana-bhavana by Sayadaw Venerable Ashin Pandavacara M.A Introduction The meaning of Vipassana is an Introspection (a look into one s own mind, feelings, observation and

More information

Relevance of Buddha Dharma for World Peace

Relevance of Buddha Dharma for World Peace Relevance of Buddha Dharma for World Peace V.P.Renuka Wijesekara Tisarana Educational and Cultural Association Buddhist Federation in Norway vprenuka@yahoo.com, tisarana@gmail.com The first priority of

More information

Buddhism 101. Distribution: predominant faith in Burma, Ceylon, Thailand and Indo-China. It also has followers in China, Korea, Mongolia and Japan.

Buddhism 101. Distribution: predominant faith in Burma, Ceylon, Thailand and Indo-China. It also has followers in China, Korea, Mongolia and Japan. Buddhism 101 Founded: 6 th century BCE Founder: Siddhartha Gautama, otherwise known as the Buddha Enlightened One Place of Origin: India Sacred Books: oldest and most important scriptures are the Tripitaka,

More information

Training FS- 01- What is Buddhism?

Training FS- 01- What is Buddhism? 1 Foundation Series on Buddhist Tranquil Wisdom Insight Meditation (TWIM) As taught by Sister Khema and overseen by Most Venerable Bhante Vimalaramsi Maha Thera the Gift of Dhamma is Priceless! Training

More information

(The Discourse that Set the Dhamma Wheel Rolling)

(The Discourse that Set the Dhamma Wheel Rolling) (The Discourse that Set the Dhamma Wheel Rolling) (from Vinaya Mahāvagga 1) Translated by Ānandajoti Bhikkhu 1 (The Discourse that Set the Dhamma Wheel Rolling) The Middle Way...then the Gracious One addressed

More information

Yoga & Buddhsim : Its Philosophy And Thought Transformation

Yoga & Buddhsim : Its Philosophy And Thought Transformation Original Article International Journal of Science and Consciousness Access online at: www.ijsc.net Sep. 2017, 3(3), 58-62 Yoga & Buddhsim : Its Philosophy And Thought Transformation Anusha Shakya Department

More information

Buddhist Ethics and Mental Development

Buddhist Ethics and Mental Development 1 Buddhist Ethics and Mental Development By Phrakhrughositbuddhisat, Ph.D. The Acting Director of International Relations Division Mahachulalongkornrajvidyalaya University, Thailand. A society in the current

More information

Mindfulness & meditation

Mindfulness & meditation 4-1 Dharma Gathering 2008 by Introduction In this essay we will examine mindfulness in meditation practice, beginning with the relationship between mindfulness and concentration (samādhi). We will then

More information

Western Buddhist Review: Vol. 5. khuddhaka nikāya (Sutta-Nipāta, Udāna, Dhammapada, Thera- and Therī-gāthās, Jātakas and so on).

Western Buddhist Review: Vol. 5. khuddhaka nikāya (Sutta-Nipāta, Udāna, Dhammapada, Thera- and Therī-gāthās, Jātakas and so on). Review: Essential Dharma - Three New Selections from the Pali Canon Compared Reviewed by Dhivan Thomas Jones Sayings of the Buddha ed. & trans. Rupert Gethin. Oxford University Press 2008. 336 pages, ISBN-13:

More information

cetovimutti - Christina Garbe 1

cetovimutti - Christina Garbe 1 cetovimutti - Christina Garbe 1 The knowledge of distinguishing materiality and mentality (nāmarūpa-pariccheda-ñāṇa) or purification of view (diṭṭhi visuddhi) (see 7 stages of purification, MN 24, Rathavinīta

More information

Two Styles of Insight Meditation

Two Styles of Insight Meditation Two Styles of Insight Meditation by Bhikkhu Bodhi BPS Newsletter Cover Essay No. 45 (2 nd Mailing 2000) 1998 Bhikkhu Bodhi Buddhist Publication Society Kandy, Sri Lanka Access to Insight Edition 2005 www.accesstoinsight.org

More information

Mindfulness and Awareness

Mindfulness and Awareness Mindfulness and Awareness by Ñāṇavīra Thera Buddhist Publication Society Kandy Sri Lanka Bodhi Leaves No. 60 Copyright Kandy, Buddhist Publication Society (1973) BPS Online Edition (2009) Digital Transcription

More information

METTA (LOVINGKINDNESS) MEDITATION: BASIC INSTRUCTIONS

METTA (LOVINGKINDNESS) MEDITATION: BASIC INSTRUCTIONS METTA (LOVINGKINDNESS) MEDITATION: BASIC INSTRUCTIONS Metta is a Pali word that means good will, lovingkindness, and friendliness. Metta meditation is very helpful in checking the unwholesome tendency

More information

Buddhism Beliefs and Teachings

Buddhism Beliefs and Teachings The Dhamma (Dharma) The concept of Dhamma (Dharma). Buddhism Beliefs and Teachings The concept of dependent arising (paticcasamupada). The Three Marks of Existence: anicca (impermanence) anatta (no fixed

More information

The Noble Eightfold Path: The Way to the End of Suffering

The Noble Eightfold Path: The Way to the End of Suffering The Noble Eightfold Path: The Way to the End of Suffering By Bhikkhu Bodhi Source: The Wheel Publication No. 308/311 (Kandy: Buddhist Publication Society, 1984), second edition (revised) 1994. Transcribed

More information

An Introduction to Buddhist Practice

An Introduction to Buddhist Practice An Introduction to Buddhist Practice THIS BOOK MUST BE GIVEN AWAY FREE AND MUST NOT BE SOLD Copyright 2004 by the Forest Monastery of Baan Taad This book is a free gift of Dhamma, and may not be offered

More information

DAKKHINAVIBHANGA SUTTA

DAKKHINAVIBHANGA SUTTA DAKKHINAVIBHANGA SUTTA Discourse on the Kinds of Offerings and its Benefits The Editorial Committee Myanmar Pitaka Association, 1990 Introduction Knowing the benefits that we could accrue, we have a choice

More information

A DISCOURSE ON LOKADHAMMA

A DISCOURSE ON LOKADHAMMA A DISCOURSE ON LOKADHAMMA Lokadhan Taya Beings living in this world are all subject to the natural law lokadhamma, or lawgadan taya.in Burmese. There are altogether eight natural laws that follow a being,

More information

MALAYSIAN BUDDHIST EXAMINATION SYNDICATE. ( Preliminary Stage ) THE LIFE OF THE BUDDHA, THE DHAMMA, THE SANGHA

MALAYSIAN BUDDHIST EXAMINATION SYNDICATE. ( Preliminary Stage ) THE LIFE OF THE BUDDHA, THE DHAMMA, THE SANGHA Subject code : 01 31 August 2013 Time : 1 hour MALAYSIAN BUDDHIST EXAMINATION SYNDICATE 40 th MALAYSIAN BUDDHIST EXAMINATION ( Preliminary Stage ) THE LIFE OF THE BUDDHA, THE DHAMMA, THE SANGHA 1. There

More information

The Buddhist Code of Discipline

The Buddhist Code of Discipline The Buddhist Code of Discipline by Soma Thera Bodhi Leaves No. 70 First published: 1976 Reprinted: 1994 BPS Online Edition (2014) Digital Transcription Source: BPS and Access to Insight Transcription Project

More information

Asavas Sabbasava Sutta. Sabbasava Sutta: Discourse on All Āsavas

Asavas Sabbasava Sutta. Sabbasava Sutta: Discourse on All Āsavas 14. Thus have I heard: Asavas Sabbasava Sutta Sabbasava Sutta: Discourse on All Āsavas Once the Bhagāva [1] was staying at the Jetavana monastery of Anāthapiṇḍika in Sāvatthi. At that time the Bhagāva

More information

Namo Tassa Bhagavato Arahato Sammasambuddhassa (3 times)

Namo Tassa Bhagavato Arahato Sammasambuddhassa (3 times) Paticca-Samuppada Namo Tassa Bhagavato Arahato Sammasambuddhassa (3 times) Delete picture if it does not serve any purpose 1 st Week After Enlightenment - Under the Bodhi Tree During the first week after

More information

General Instructions for Establishing Insight:

General Instructions for Establishing Insight: Summary of the Mahasatipatthana Sutta The Four Foundations of Mindfulness Maurice Walsh translator (Summary by Richard M. Johnson) Note: remarks in parentheses are from Maurice Walshe his notes as sourced

More information

There are three tools you can use:

There are three tools you can use: Slide 1: What the Buddha Thought How can we know if something we read or hear about Buddhism really reflects the Buddha s own teachings? There are three tools you can use: Slide 2: 1. When delivering his

More information

The Discourse about Mindfulness while Breathing

The Discourse about Mindfulness while Breathing 0 The Discourse about Mindfulness while Breathing (Ānāpānasatisuttaṁ, MN 118) Translated by Ānandajoti Bhikkhu (October, 2008) Table of Contents The Setting...3 The Training of the Monks...4 Mindfulness

More information

Knowing and Seeing. Talks and Questions-and-Answers at a Meditation Retreat in Taiwan by Venerable Pa-Auk Sayadaw

Knowing and Seeing. Talks and Questions-and-Answers at a Meditation Retreat in Taiwan by Venerable Pa-Auk Sayadaw Knowing and Seeing Talks and Questions-and-Answers at a Meditation Retreat in Taiwan by Venerable Pa-Auk Sayadaw Copyright Ng Wee Kang 1999 The material in this book may be reprinted, without seeking the

More information

Simply This Moment! A COLLECTION OF TALKS ON BUDDHIST PRACTICE AJAHN BRAHM

Simply This Moment! A COLLECTION OF TALKS ON BUDDHIST PRACTICE AJAHN BRAHM Simply This Moment! A COLLECTION OF TALKS ON BUDDHIST PRACTICE BY AJAHN BRAHM 1 The edited talks contained in this book, unless otherwise stated, were delivered to the monks at Bodhinyana Monastery, Serpentine,

More information

The Buddha s Teaching

The Buddha s Teaching The Buddha s Teaching A Clear and Practical Message By Soma Thera Bodhi Leaves No. 67 First published: 1975 BPS Online Edition (2014) Digital Transcription Source: BPS and Access to Insight Transcription

More information

Candidate Style Answers

Candidate Style Answers Candidate Style Answers GCSE Religious Studies B OCR GCSE in Religious Studies: J621 Unit: B602 (Buddhism) These candidate style answers are designed to accompany the OCR GCSE Religious Studies B specification

More information

Aniccå Vata Sa khårå

Aniccå Vata Sa khårå Aniccå Vata Sa khårå by Bhikkhu Bodhi BPS Newsletter Cover Essay No. 43 (3 rd Mailing 1999) 1999 Bhikkhu Bodhi Buddhist Publication Society Kandy, Sri Lanka Access to Insight Edition 2005 www.accesstoinsight.org

More information

Training FS- 03- WHAT IS SILA?

Training FS- 03- WHAT IS SILA? 1 Foundation Series on Buddhist Tranquil Wisdom Insight Meditation (TWIM) As taught by Sister Khema and overseen by Most Venerable Bhante Vimalaramsi Maha Thera the Gift of Dhamma is Priceless! Training

More information

Samadhi & Jhana in Pali Buddhism

Samadhi & Jhana in Pali Buddhism Samadhi & Jhana in Pali Buddhism Sati Center for Buddhist Studies Saturday Class April 30, 2016 Taught by Richard Shankman www.richardshankman.org I considered... could jhana be the path to enlightenment?

More information

The Buddha s Path Is to Experience Reality

The Buddha s Path Is to Experience Reality The Buddha s Path Is to Experience Reality The following has been condensed from a public talk given by S.N. Goenka in Bangkok, Thailand, in September 1989. You have all assembled here to understand what

More information

EVAý ME SUTTAý This is how I heard it

EVAý ME SUTTAý This is how I heard it 1 EVAý ME SUTTAý This is how I heard it by Patrick Kearney Week four: ânàpànasati Sutta Introduction We have examined the oral nature of the dhamma, seeing how dhamma is structured as a sophisticated and

More information

Development by Love and Compassion

Development by Love and Compassion Ms. Shwe Yee Oo was a student of International Theravada Buddhist Missionary University in Yangon in 2012. She also studied Theravada Buddhism in Sitagu Buddhist Academy in 2013. Currently she is working

More information

Notes on Meditation. Bhikkhu Ninoslav Ñāṇamoli

Notes on Meditation. Bhikkhu Ninoslav Ñāṇamoli Notes on Meditation by Bhikkhu Ninoslav Ñāṇamoli 1 1. Mindfulness of breathing, bhikkhus, developed and repeatedly practised, is of great fruit, of great benefit; mindfulness of breathing, bhikkhus, developed

More information

Ethics in accounting: Exploring the relevance of a Buddhist perspective. Gregory A. Liyanarachchi University of Otago

Ethics in accounting: Exploring the relevance of a Buddhist perspective. Gregory A. Liyanarachchi University of Otago Ethics in accounting: Exploring the relevance of a Buddhist perspective Gregory A. Liyanarachchi University of Otago Acknowledgements: In helping to improve this paper, the comments received from anonymous

More information

1 Sutta summary and significance. 2 The 2 kinds of nirvana. A Aṅguttara Nik ya 9, Navaka Nipāta 1, Paṭhama Paṇṇāsaka 5, Sāmañña Vagga 11

1 Sutta summary and significance. 2 The 2 kinds of nirvana. A Aṅguttara Nik ya 9, Navaka Nipāta 1, Paṭhama Paṇṇāsaka 5, Sāmañña Vagga 11 29 1 Sutta summary and significance 1.1 Sutta summary (Navaka) Diṭṭha,dhamma Nibbāna Sutta The (Nines) Discourse on Nirvana Here and Now A 9.51 Theme: Nirvana can be experienced in this very life itself

More information

The Noble Eightfold Path

The Noble Eightfold Path The Noble Eightfold Path 13 Meditation Talks by Thanissaro Bhikkhu (Geoffrey DeGraff ) 2 copyright 2015 thanissaro bhikkhu This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution- NonCommercial 3.0

More information

The Noble Eightfold Path and its Factors Explained

The Noble Eightfold Path and its Factors Explained The Noble Eightfold Path and its Factors Explained (Maggaṅga-dīpanī) by The Venerable Ledi Sayādaw Translated into English by U Saw Tun Teik Revised edition by Bhikkhu Khantipālo 2 Buddhist Publication

More information

Buddhism and homosexuality

Buddhism and homosexuality 1 of 5 01-Mar-13 8:09 PM March 1997 Buddhism and homosexuality by Kerry Trembath Introduction In browsing through the Net, I have come across a number of articles relating to religion and homosexuality.

More information

Buddhist Happiness and Economics for Development and Work

Buddhist Happiness and Economics for Development and Work Dr. Sauwalak Kittiprapas graduated Ph.D (in 1995) in Regional Sciences, School of Arts and Sciences, from the University of Pennsylvania in USA., received MA. (in 1989) and B.A (in 1986) in Economics from

More information

The Discourse of Ingorance Avijja Sutta (Anguttara Nikaya, Dasaka Nipatha) (The Way How to Overcome Ignorance)

The Discourse of Ingorance Avijja Sutta (Anguttara Nikaya, Dasaka Nipatha) (The Way How to Overcome Ignorance) The Discourse of Ingorance Avijja Sutta (Anguttara Nikaya, Dasaka Nipatha) (The Way How to Overcome Ignorance) As much as we read or listen to Buddha's message, our wisdom gradually increases. It means

More information

Assessment: Learning About Religions: Buddhism

Assessment: Learning About Religions: Buddhism Name Date Assessment: Learning About Religions: Buddhism Mastering the Content Circle the letter next to the best answer. 1. The name Buddha meant one who was A. sorrowful. B. awakened. C. everlasting.

More information

Furthermore, the Eightfold Noble Path is not eight ways of practicing a path nor is it eight different paths. It is eight factors on a single path.

Furthermore, the Eightfold Noble Path is not eight ways of practicing a path nor is it eight different paths. It is eight factors on a single path. The Eightfold Noble Path Right View, Right Intention, Right Speech, Right Action, Right Livelihood, Right Effort, Right Mindfulness, Right Concentration The Eightfold Noble Path is the Path that Buddha

More information

*THERAVADA BUDDHIST MEDITATION AS TAUGHT BY SAYAGYI U BA KHIN* by Sayagyi U Chit Tin

*THERAVADA BUDDHIST MEDITATION AS TAUGHT BY SAYAGYI U BA KHIN* by Sayagyi U Chit Tin 1 This file is uploaded to DharmaNet by the Sayagyi U Ba Khin Memorial Trust, UK, who also has the Copyright to this publication. This publication can be copied and distributed but not altered or changed.

More information

Thoughts on the Dhamma

Thoughts on the Dhamma Thoughts on the Dhamma By the Venerable Mahāsi Sayādaw Selected from his discourses Buddhist Publication Society Kandy Sri Lanka Wheels No: 298/299/300 First published: 1983 BPS Online Edition 2006 Buddhist

More information

Introduction to Buddhism

Introduction to Buddhism Introduction to Buddhism No divine beings. And, anatta, no soul Reality is a construct of our senses, an illusion Four noble truths Dukkha, All life is suffering Tanha, suffering is caused by desire Sunyata,

More information

Introduction to Mindfulness Meditation and Overview of the Teachings of the Buddha

Introduction to Mindfulness Meditation and Overview of the Teachings of the Buddha www.canmoretheravadabuddhism.ca Introduction to Mindfulness Meditation and Overview of the Teachings of the Buddha Session Six: The Noble Eightfold Path - The Middle Way Dependent Origination Morality

More information

Right Knowledge. T Prof. P.D. Premasiri

Right Knowledge. T Prof. P.D. Premasiri Bodhi Leaves No: 155 Right Knowledge by T Prof. P.D. Premasiri Copyright Kandy; Buddhist Publication Society, (2001) BPS Online Edition (2006) Digital Transcription Source: For free distribution. This

More information

The Middle Length Discourses of the Buddha (The Majjhima Nikāya)

The Middle Length Discourses of the Buddha (The Majjhima Nikāya) The Middle Length Discourses of the Buddha (The Majjhima Nikāya) Spring 2015 This online course consists of extensive reading of selected discourses (suttas) from the Middle Length Discourses (Majjhima

More information

XIII TE BASES OF MERITORIOUS ACTIO

XIII TE BASES OF MERITORIOUS ACTIO 195 XIII TE BASES OF MERITORIOUS ACTIO PART TWO: THE SILA GROUP CO TE TS 1. Definition of Morality (Sila) 2. Characteristic, Function, Manifestation & Proximate Cause of Morality 3. Morality for the Lay

More information

Kamma in Buddhism from Wat Suan Mokkh

Kamma in Buddhism from Wat Suan Mokkh 1 Kamma in Buddhism from Wat Suan Mokkh As Buddhists, we must understand kamma (action and the result of action) as it is explained in Buddhism. We should not blindly follow the kamma teachings of other

More information

How to deal with VEDANA A Lecture on Dhamma Wat Ambhavan, August 28, by

How to deal with VEDANA A Lecture on Dhamma Wat Ambhavan, August 28, by How to deal with VEDANA A Lecture on Dhamma Wat Ambhavan, August 28, 1986. by LOK2008 Yesterday I traveled to Chiraprawat Military Base in Changwat Nakornsawan and gave a lecture without the consent of

More information

The Foundations of Mindfulness Satipatthana Sutta

The Foundations of Mindfulness Satipatthana Sutta The Foundations of Mindfulness Satipatthana Sutta translated by Nyanasatta Thera 1994 2011 Introduction The philosophy of Buddhism is contained in the Four Noble Truths: The truth of suffering reveals

More information

Environmental Ethics in Buddhism: A Virtues Approach

Environmental Ethics in Buddhism: A Virtues Approach Journal of Buddhist Ethics ISSN 1076-9005 http://www.buddhistethics.org/ Volume 18, 2011 Environmental Ethics in Buddhism: A Virtues Approach Reviewed by Deepa Nag Haksar University of Delhi nh.deepa@gmail.com

More information

The Role of a Missionary: A Buddhist Perspective

The Role of a Missionary: A Buddhist Perspective The Role of a Missionary: A Buddhist Perspective Ven. Bhikkhu Buddharakkhita, Founder of the Uganda Buddhist Centre, Uganda Introduction: In this account, we will explore the true spirit of missionary

More information

How does Buddhism differ from Hinduism?

How does Buddhism differ from Hinduism? Buddhism The middle way of wisdom and compassion A 2500 year old tradition that began in India and spread and diversified throughout the Far East A philosophy, religion, and spiritual practice followed

More information

A W e s t M a l a y s i a Dhamma Project

A W e s t M a l a y s i a Dhamma Project Dhamma Earth Dhamma Propagation EcoSystem A W e s t M a l a y s i a Dhamma Project B y M a l a y s i a D h a m m a S o c i e t y I n C o l l a b o r a t i o n W i t h T u s i t a F o u n d a t i o n &

More information

20/06/2012. General Certificate of Secondary Education June Religious Studies Specification A Unit 12 Buddhism. Final.

20/06/2012. General Certificate of Secondary Education June Religious Studies Specification A Unit 12 Buddhism. Final. 20/06/2012 General Certificate of Secondary Education June 2012 Religious Studies 405012 Specification A Unit 12 Buddhism Final Mark Scheme Mark schemes are prepared by the Principal Examiner and considered,

More information

Anapana Sati: Meditation on Breathing

Anapana Sati: Meditation on Breathing Page 1 of 9» Library» Authors» Ariyadhamma Search Anapana Sati Meditation on Breathing by Ven. Mahathera Nauyane Ariyadhamma 1994 2012 Homage to the Blessed One, Accomplished and Fully Enlightened Anapana

More information

Four Sublime States of Mind (Cattari Brahma Viharani)

Four Sublime States of Mind (Cattari Brahma Viharani) Four Sublime States of Mind (Cattari Brahma Viharani) In Buddhism we are always advised to get rid of suffering and reach the real happiness which is the main purpose of life. The main reason that we are

More information

The Law of Cause and Effect

The Law of Cause and Effect A Discourse on Paticcasamuppada Paticca Samuppada The Law of Cause and Effect By Most Venerable Mahasi Sayadaw Translated by U Aye Maung This Book is made available FOR FREE DISTRIBUTION Through the http://uk.group.yahoo.com/group/budu-bana

More information

RIGHT THOUGHT: A NOBLE PATHWAY TO WORLD PEACE

RIGHT THOUGHT: A NOBLE PATHWAY TO WORLD PEACE RIGHT THOUGHT: A NOBLE PATHWAY TO WORLD PEACE Abstract Ven. Rangama Chandawimala Thero Buddhist College of Singapore Email: chandawimala@gmail.com There is nothing in all the world more beautiful than

More information

The Four Noble Truths The Eightfold Path ( ariya magga Wisdom/Discernment ( pañña Virtue ( sila Concentration/Meditation ( samadhi)

The Four Noble Truths The Eightfold Path ( ariya magga Wisdom/Discernment ( pañña Virtue ( sila Concentration/Meditation ( samadhi) Dharma Lists The Four Noble Truths 1. Dukkha exists unsatisfactoriness, suffering, discontent, stress (to be Investigated); 2. The cause or origin of dukkha is craving (tanha, literally thirst) or clinging

More information

Buddhism, Health and Disease

Buddhism, Health and Disease Buddhism, Health and Disease - Pinit Ratanakul, Ph.D. Director of the College of Religious Studies, Mahidol University, Salaya, Puthamoltoll 4, Nakornpathom, 73170, Bangkok, Thailand Email: pinitratanakul2@hotmail.com

More information

BUDDHISM WITH A SMALL "b"

BUDDHISM WITH A SMALL b Buddhism with a Small "b" 63 CHAPTER SEVEN BUDDHISM WITH A SMALL "b" THE FOUNDER OF BUDDHISM was an ordinary man. He lived in the sixth century B.C.E., as the prince of a small state in what is now Nepal.

More information

Ānāpāna Sati. Meditation on Breathing. Ven. Mahathera Nauyane Ariyadhamma. Buddhist Publication Society Kandy Sri Lanka

Ānāpāna Sati. Meditation on Breathing. Ven. Mahathera Nauyane Ariyadhamma. Buddhist Publication Society Kandy Sri Lanka Ānāpāna Sati Meditation on Breathing By Ven. Mahathera Nauyane Ariyadhamma Buddhist Publication Society Kandy Sri Lanka Bodhi Leaves No: 115 BPS Online Edition (2014) Digital Transcription Source: BPS

More information

Buddhism and Psychology IDSEM-UG K

Buddhism and Psychology IDSEM-UG K Buddhism and Psychology IDSEM-UG K 20.1211 Once the Buddha was staying at Kosambi in the Simsapa forest. Then, picking up a few simsapa leaves with his hand, he asked the monks, What do you think, monks:

More information

The Sixteen Aspects of the Four Noble Truths - Coarse and Subtle

The Sixteen Aspects of the Four Noble Truths - Coarse and Subtle The Sixteen Aspects of the Four Noble Truths - Coarse and Subtle Topic: The Sixteen Aspects of the Four Noble Truths Author: Gyaltsab Rinpoche, Geshe Doga Translator: Fedor Stracke The presentation of

More information

The Matrix from the Abstract Teaching

The Matrix from the Abstract Teaching The Matrix from the Abstract Teaching (Abhidhamma-Mātikā from Dhammasaṅgaṇī) Translated by Ānandajoti Bhikkhu (2nd revised edition, June, 2011/2055) Table of Contents [The Triplets Matrix]...3 [The Pairs

More information

Ænæpænasati: Samatha or Vipassanæ? and Basic Instructions for Insight

Ænæpænasati: Samatha or Vipassanæ? and Basic Instructions for Insight Ænæpænasati: Samatha or Vipassanæ? and Basic Instructions for Insight Printed for free Distribution by ASSOCIATION FOR INSIGHT MEDITATION 3 Clifton Way Alperton Middlesex HA0 4PQ Website: AIMWELL.ORG Email:

More information

MINDFULNESS MEDITATION MADE EASY. Venerable Dhammasami FERVENT WISHES

MINDFULNESS MEDITATION MADE EASY. Venerable Dhammasami FERVENT WISHES MINDFULNESS MEDITATION MADE EASY Venerable Dhammasami 1999 FERVENT WISHES May this Gift of Dhamma help us in deepening our understanding of the Good Dhamma and our practice of meditation. May we grow in

More information

The Raft of Concepts

The Raft of Concepts The Raft of Concepts August 3, 2007 When you start out meditating, you have to think but in a skillful way. In other words, directed thought and evaluation are factors of right concentration on the level

More information

BUDDHISM Jews Metropolitan Tel Aviv, with 2.5 million Jews, is the world's largest Jewish city. It is followed by New York, with 1.

BUDDHISM Jews Metropolitan Tel Aviv, with 2.5 million Jews, is the world's largest Jewish city. It is followed by New York, with 1. Jews Metropolitan Tel Aviv, with 2.5 million Jews, is the world's largest Jewish city. It is followed by New York, with 1.9 million, Haifa 655,000, Los Angeles 621,000, Jerusalem 570,000, and southeast

More information

Buddha Sàsana. Spring What do I want? Inside... Newsletter of the Blue Mountains Insight Meditation Centre. by Patrick Kearney Resident teacher

Buddha Sàsana. Spring What do I want? Inside... Newsletter of the Blue Mountains Insight Meditation Centre. by Patrick Kearney Resident teacher Buddha Sàsana Newsletter of the Blue Mountains Insight Meditation Centre What do I want? by Patrick Kearney Resident teacher W hat is it that drives us, that determines the trajectory of our lives? We

More information

Learning About World Religions: Buddhism

Learning About World Religions: Buddhism Learning About World Religions: Buddhism I N T E R A C T I V E S T U D E N T N O T E B O O K What are the main beliefs and teachings of Buddhism? P R E V I E W What is happiness? How do you achieve happiness?

More information

Investigating fear, contemplating death

Investigating fear, contemplating death Investigating fear, contemplating death Dhamma talk on the 27 th of June 2009 and the 9 th of May 2016 People are afraid of many things going hungry, meeting new people, seeing creatures like scorpions

More information

A handbook by Bro James Ong

A handbook by Bro James Ong MahaSatipatthana Sutta A handbook by Bro James Ong The Great Discourse on the Four Fold Establishment of Mindfulness Mahasatipatthana Centre Bukit Tinggi, Pahang Malaysia For free distribution - Dhamma

More information

THE PSYCHOLOGICAL FREEDOM IN BUDDHISM

THE PSYCHOLOGICAL FREEDOM IN BUDDHISM THE PSYCHOLOGICAL FREEDOM IN BUDDHISM, Assistant Professor, School of Buddhist Studies and Civilization, Gautama Buddha University, Greater Noida, (U.P.) INDIA Buddhist psychology, simply put, is concerned

More information

Right Mindfulness. The Seventh Factor in the Noble Eightfold Path

Right Mindfulness. The Seventh Factor in the Noble Eightfold Path Right Mindfulness The Seventh Factor in the Noble Eightfold Path What is Right Mindfulness? Here a practitioner abides focused on the body in itself, on feeling tones in themselves, on mental states in

More information

Practicing Insight On Your Own

Practicing Insight On Your Own Practicing Insight On Your Own A Handbook for Vipassanā-kammatthāna by Acharn Thawee Baladhammo Contents INTRODUCTION...3 CHAPTER 1 The Practice... 14 CHAPTER 2 Identifying Sabhava And The Method For Dealing

More information

Buddha Dhamma for University Students

Buddha Dhamma for University Students Buddha Dhamma for University Students Buddhadasa Bhikkhu e BUDDHANET'S BOOK LIBRARY E-mail: bdea@buddhanet.net Web site: www.buddhanet.net Buddha Dharma Education Association Inc. BUDDHA-DHAMMA FOR STUDENTS

More information

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ABOUT VIPASSANA

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ABOUT VIPASSANA Page 1 of 5 QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ABOUT VIPASSANA By U Silananda 1. Where does the practice of Vipassana come from? Vipassana meditation chiefly comes from the tradition of Theravada Buddhism. There are

More information

Vanessa R. Sasson Marianopolis College

Vanessa R. Sasson Marianopolis College Vanessa R. Sasson Marianopolis College CHILDREN IN THE PALI CANON INTRODUCTION Little research available on children in Buddhism Possible explanations: 1. Emphasis on adulthood and celibacy Since developing

More information

Translated and Edited. Tavivat Puntarigvivat and Bhikkhu Nirodho

Translated and Edited. Tavivat Puntarigvivat and Bhikkhu Nirodho To One That Feels Translated and Edited by Tavivat Puntarigvivat and Bhikkhu Nirodho The story is told as follows. After Siddhartha had eaten the bowlful of food offered by Sujata, he stood by the river's

More information

DHAMMA HADAYA with Prof. Ravi Koggalage TOPIC: VEDANĀ (CŪLA VEDALLA SUTTA MN 44 CHAPTER 21)

DHAMMA HADAYA with Prof. Ravi Koggalage TOPIC: VEDANĀ (CŪLA VEDALLA SUTTA MN 44 CHAPTER 21) DHAMMA HADAYA with Prof. Ravi Koggalage TOPIC: VEDANĀ (CŪLA VEDALLA SUTTA MN 44 CHAPTER 21) If one who is ignorant at first later realises it and treads the path with mindfulness, he is like one moon that

More information

The Training of the Heart

The Training of the Heart The Training of the Heart A talk given to a group of Western Monks from Wat Bovornives, Bangkok, March 1977 by Ajahn Chah Buddhist Publication Society Kandy Sri Lanka Bodhi Leaf No. 107 2 First published:

More information

Contemplation of Feeling

Contemplation of Feeling Contemplation of Feeling The Discourse-Grouping on the Feelings (Vedanā-Saṃyutta) Translated from the Pali and with an Introduction by Nyanaponika Thera Buddhist Publication Society Kandy Sri Lanka The

More information

COPYRIGHT NOTICE Tilakaratne/Theravada Buddhism

COPYRIGHT NOTICE Tilakaratne/Theravada Buddhism COPYRIGHT NOTICE Tilakaratne/Theravada Buddhism is published by University of Hawai i Press and copyrighted, 2012, by University of Hawai i Press. All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced

More information

CLASSROOM SET DO NOT REMOVE Buddhism, Jainism, & Sikhism Documents

CLASSROOM SET DO NOT REMOVE Buddhism, Jainism, & Sikhism Documents Buddhism Document 1 Buddhism is a religion or philosophy founded in the 5th century BCE by Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha, born a prince of the Shakya clan in northern India. Much controversy surrounds

More information

Does Rebirth Make Sense?

Does Rebirth Make Sense? Does Rebirth Make Sense? by Venerable Bhikkhu Bodhi Newcomers to Buddhism are usually impressed by the clarity, directness, and earthy practicality of the Dhamma as embodied in such basic teachings as

More information

The following presentation can be found at el231/resource/buddhism.ppt (accessed April 21, 2010).

The following presentation can be found at  el231/resource/buddhism.ppt (accessed April 21, 2010). The following presentation can be found at http://www.nvcc.edu/home/lshulman/r el231/resource/buddhism.ppt (accessed April 21, 2010). Buddhism The middle way of wisdom and compassion A 2500 year old tradition

More information

Seeking Buddho. Teachings and Reflections by Ajahn Anan Akiñcano. Translated from the Thai by Paññānando Bhikkhu

Seeking Buddho.  Teachings and Reflections by Ajahn Anan Akiñcano. Translated from the Thai by Paññānando Bhikkhu Seeking Buddho Teachings and Reflections by Ajahn Anan Akiñcano Translated from the Thai by Paññānando Bhikkhu ข อม ลการพ มพ 2006 by Wat Marp Jan Cover art by Aleksei Gomez This book has been sponsored

More information

All You Need Is Kindfulness. A Collection of Ajahn Brahm Quotes

All You Need Is Kindfulness. A Collection of Ajahn Brahm Quotes All You Need Is Kindfulness A Collection of Ajahn Brahm Quotes This book is available for free download from www.bodhinyana.com. Additionally an audiovisual version can be accessed on YouTube: http://youtu.be/8zdb29o-i-a

More information

World Religions. Section 3 - Hinduism and Buddhism. Welcome, Rob Reiter. My Account Feedback and Support Sign Out. Choose Another Program

World Religions. Section 3 - Hinduism and Buddhism. Welcome, Rob Reiter. My Account Feedback and Support Sign Out. Choose Another Program Welcome, Rob Reiter My Account Feedback and Support Sign Out Choose Another Program Home Select a Lesson Program Resources My Classes 3 - World Religions This is what your students see when they are signed

More information

Judicious vs. Judgmental

Judicious vs. Judgmental Judicious vs. Judgmental Thanissaro Bhikkhu May, 2003 One of the most difficult but necessary skills we need to develop as meditators is learning how to be judicious without being judgmental. And as a

More information