Established China s first empire Shi Huangdi ( B.C.E) Legalist rule. Built large section of the Great Wall

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1

2 Qin [Ch in] Dynasty, B.C.E. Established China s first empire Shi Huangdi ( B.C.E) Legalist rule Bureaucratic administration Centralized control Military expansion Book burnings --> targeted Confucianists Buried protestors alive! Built large section of the Great Wall

3 The Great Wall with Towers

4

5 Han Dynasty, 206 B.C.E.-220 C.E. People of the Han --> original Chinese Paper invented [105 B.C.E.] Silk Road trade develops; improves life for many Buddhism introduced into China Expanded into Central Asia

6 Han Artifacts Imperial Seal Han Ceramic House

7 SILK ROAD The Silk Road is a trade network that extended from east Asia to the Mediterranean Sea. Along the Silk Road, goods such as pottery, jewelry, slaves, livestock and food were traded.

8

9 Trade Routes of the Ancient World

10 Multi-Cultural Faces -- People Along the Silk Road

11 Han Roman Empire Connection Similarities: Well organized bureaucracies Patriarchal and patrician led Engineering accomplishments Reasons for decline o Political infighting and corruption o Difficulties administering vast territory o High taxes and high unemployment o Pressures from large immigrant population

12

13 Tang Dynasty, C.E. Under the Tang dynasty, you had to pass tests to get good government This is called the EXAMINATION SYSTEM. Liberal attitude towards all religions. Spread of Buddhism in China Golden Age of foreign relations with other countries. Japan, Korea, Persia

14 Tang Government Organization

15 Tang Dynasty, New technologies: C.E. Printing --> moveable print Porcelain Gunpowder Mechanical clocks More cosmopolitan culture. Reestablished the safety of the Silk Road. Tea comes into China from Southeast Asia.

16 Empress Wu Zetian, The only female Empress in China s history who ruled alone. Searched for outstanding individuals to attract to her court. Construction of new irrigation systems. Buddhism was the favored state religion. Financed the building of many Buddhist temples. BUT She appointed cruel and sadistic ministers to seek out her enemies.

17 Foot-Binding in Tang China Broken toes by 3 years of age. Size 5 ½ shoe on the right

18 Foot-Binding in Tang China Mothers bound their daughters feet.

19 Foot-Binding in Tang China For upper-class girls, it became a new custom.

20 Foot binding way another way to limit to mobility of women and keep them confined to the home. If they couldn t walk, then they couldn t leave!

21 The Results of Foot- Binding

22

23 Song [Sung] Dynasty, C.E. Creation of an urban, merchant, middle class. Increased emphasis on education & cheaper availability of printed books. Magnetic compass makes China a great sea power!

24 Song Peasant Family

25 Rice Cultivation Began Under the Song

26 Song Rice Cultivation

27 China s last native imperial dynasty!

28 The Forbidden City: China s New Capital

29 Revived the Civil Service Exam

30 Ming Dynasty, C.E. Golden Age of Chinese Art Moderation Softness Gracefulness Three different schools of painting developed. Hundreds of thousands of workers constructed the Forbidden City.

31 Admiral Zheng He (Cheng Ho) Ming Treasure Fleet Each ship 400 long & 160 wide China s Columbus?

32 Admiral Zheng He s Voyages First Voyage: [62 ships; 27,800 men]. Second Voyage: Third Voyage: [48 ships; 30,000 men]. Fourth Voyage: [63 ships; 28,500 men]. Fifth Voyage: Sixth Voyage: Emperor Zhu Gaozhi cancelled future trips and ordered ship builders and sailors to stop work. Seventh Voyage: Emperor Zhu Zhanji resumed the voyages in 1430 to restore peaceful relations with Malacca & Siam 100 ships and 27,500 men; Cheng Ho died on the return trip.

33 > Da Gama reached Calcutta, China s favorite port.

34 Ming Vases, 18c

35 Ming Painting Birds and Flowers, 16c

36 Ming Painting and Calligraphy, early 16c

37 Imperial China s Impact on History Removed religion from morality. Beginnings of political philosophy through which a ruler must prove he/she is legitimate. Mandate of Heaven Secular law. Valued history --> The Dynastic Cycle

China. Chapter 7 Test. Student Signature

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