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1 WARM UP WRITE THE PROMPT! Describe what you see in the image. Who are the people in the poster? What is the tone of the poster/what feelings does the poster evoke?

2 V.I. LENIN

3 FB PROFILE: V.I. LENIN MLA Citation for Textbook/Lecture Notes: Spielvogel, Jackson J. Glencoe World History: Modern Times. New York: Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, Print. Reminders: Friends: famous historical friends, not just randoms (ie. Josef Stalin) Interests: you must infer interests from the sources you use Status Update: V.I. Lenin is (something he would have said) The Wall: 3 posts, either - Events from life: (Date): (Event) Posts from friends: (Name of friend): (comment on wall)

4 STALINIST RUSSIA Ch. 14, Sect. 2

5 STALIN BECOMES DICTATOR (REVIEW) Lenin suffered a stroke in 1922 could no longer run the Communist Party (CP) Stalin (general secretary of the CP) worked to become leader Recall: What was Lenin s main concern about Stalin? Lenin dies in 1924, Stalin takes command of the CP in 1928, forces Trotsky into exile in 1929

6 JOSEF STALIN MAN OF STEEL

7 STALIN AND LENIN

8 IN STALINIST RUSSIA... Stalin wanted Russia to be one of the most powerful nations in the world Est. a gov t that established total control of all aspects of life in the Soviet Union Gov t, Economy, and citizen s private lives TPS: How does this gov t compare the gov t under the czars?

9 IN STALINIST RUSSIA... A gov t of TOTAL CONTROL totalitarianism Controls every aspect of public and private life Needs a leader who: 1. Builds a gov t that can support control 2. Provides a sense of security and future goals 3. Uses mass communication to reach all the citizens

10 IN STALINIST RUSSIA... Stalin built a police state to maintain power TPS: What are the police usually supposed to do for the citizens of a nation? Police monitored telephone lines, read mail, & planted informers everywhere Secret police arrested and executed millions of traitors

11 STALIN S TOTALITARIAN STATE In 1934, Stalin turned on members of the CP In 1937, he launched the Great Purge eliminated anyone who threatened his power Old Bolsheviks who helped the Revolution were tried for crimes against the Soviet state Great Purge ends in 1938; btwn 8 mil. and 13 mil. deaths attributed to this time TPS: How would the actions of the Great Purge increase Stalin s power?

12 STALIN S TOTALITARIAN STATE Propaganda and Censorship Recall: What is definition of propaganda? Controls all news, media, and other sources of info. No indiv. creativity tolerated if it didn t conform the ideas of the state Art was used for propaganda

13 STALIN S TOTALITARIAN STATE

14 STALIN PROPAGANDA Literature, the cinema, the arts are levers in the hands of the proletariat which must be used to show the masses positive models of initiative and heroic labor CP newspaper Pravda RE: the purpose of art

15 STALIN S TOTALITARIAN STATE Education and Indoctrination Gov t controlled all education from nursery schools through university Kids taught the virtues of the CP Teachers who?? the CP s interpretation of history risked losing job or going to prison Taught workers and peasants the importance of sacrifice and hard work to build up the CP and state

16 STALIN S TOTALITARIAN STATE Religious Persecution Replace rel. teaching with the ideals of communism Orthodox Church main target League of the Militant Godless officially sponsored group of atheists Police destroy rel. buildings; rel. leaders sent to labor camps in Siberia

17 STALIN GRABS CONTROL OF ECONOMY Command economy a system where the gov t makes all economic decisions Five-Year Plan Stalin s plan for developing the USSR s economy Set impossibly high quotas (# goals) for output of industrial products Gov t limits production of consumer goods Ppl suffered shortages of necessary goods

18 STALIN GRABS CONTROL OF ECONOMY TPS: Why did Stalin limit the production of consumer goods? Five-Year Plan produced impressive results Didn t reach its goals, but made substantial gains 2 nd plan launched in 1933, equally successful Btwn production of steel increases 25%

19 STALIN GRABS CONTROL OF ECONOMY Agricultural Revolution 1928 the gov t took privately owned farms and combined into large gov t-owned farms (collective farms) Resistance by kulaks (wealthy peasants) who wanted to take back their lands Predict: How do you think the gov t will react?

20 STALIN GRABS CONTROL OF ECONOMY Agricultural Revolution Secret police herded peasants onto collective farms at bayonet point Btwn 5 mil and 10 mil peasants died b/c of the Agr. Rev. Increased production of crops (wheat) x2 State farms were est. operated like factories

21 POSITIVES OF STALINIST RUSSIA Econ. plans needed skilled workers University and technical training was key to better life Women s roles greatly expanded men and women were equal Women were forced to join the labor force Women went to schools started careers in engineering and science By 1950, 75% of doctors were women Motherhood was a patriotic duty The state provided child care for all working mothers

22 TOTAL CONTROL ACHIEVED By the mid-1930s, Stalin transformed the USSR into a totalitarian state He was unopposed as dictator and maintained authority over CP Summary Q: Summarize Josef Stalin s rise to power and how his control expanded. (3 sent. minimum)

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