Exclusive Tavaana Interview. with. Ramin Parham

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Exclusive Tavaana Interview. with. Ramin Parham"

Transcription

1 Exclusive Tavaana Interview with Ramin Parham

2 E-Learning Institute for Iranian Civil Society A Project of Tavaana Exclusive Interview with Ramin Parham E-Collaborative for Civic Education Compile by Tavaana: E-Learning Institute for Iranian Civil Society E-Collaborative for Civic Education 2013

3 Exclusive Tavaana Interview with Ramin Parham Welcome to Tavaana, Mr. Parham. Let us start by discussing your civil activities. Your first became active in civil society as a journalist. Could you tell us when you started with the Sobh-e Emrooz newspaper? - Yes, my first job was not as a journalist but during the reformist period. I was in France at the time working as a business consultant and obviously I was following things in Iran. I wrote an article in Sobh-e Emrooz before it was shut down. It was published for two consecutive days. The article discussed why Iran has experienced negative development in recent centuries, while the West has experienced positive growth and development as it has evolved. In my article, I came to the conclusion that this development pattern is related to the freedom of criticism in society. Without the freedom to criticize, there is no thought, and without thought the country can only move down into darkness. - You have lived outside of Iran throughout your life? - Yes.

4 4 - Why is it still important to you to write about Iran and its civic environment, and to have a virtual presence as a civil society activist in the country? - Yes, I have lived outside of Iran for over thirty years. I have spent more than half of my life on the outside. That is true. But I have always followed the issues in Iran; it is my country and its future and the future of its people are important to me. I know the West very well, and the French language almost feels like my first language. I have also studied and lived in America for ten years. I am very familiar with its language and its social communication and culture, but none of these can replace my country. My country is Iran and I have always imagined my future in Iran. I still do. This is because, although I am very established in Western society and I can live and work in European and American societies, I have always felt that I would be useful to my own society. In my own society, I could do great things if I were allowed. Work has such meaning there. That is what has always pulled me towards Iran. - Who is the audience in Iran for the cultural work that you do? What demographic of Iranian society? -For obvious reasons, I think my main audience is the younger generation. I knew the intellectual circles of the previous generation very closely. I knew Shamlou, Saedi, Ashouri and others because I am the son of Bagher Parham. I think the previous generation of Iran, the 1979 generation, has suffered a heavy defeat. This defeat has caused that generation to become an incapable audience. At least, significant parts of the 1979 generation have become an incapable audience for discussing the progress of modern day issues in Iran. Thus, my primary audience is those who have their future ahead of them. The 1979 generation s future is behind them. That generation does not have a golden age ahead. It has already passed it. It is the young generation that has its future ahead of it. My audience is the people whose future is ahead of them and not behind. - In regards to the cultural work that you did, there seems to be an inconsistency. You have a doctorate in biochemistry, which is an entirely different field. Why do you write and translate in the field of social sciences? How much of this is due to your father s influence? After all, you are Bagher Parham s son, the man who introduced Iran to Hegel, Durkheim, Marx, Foucault, and Marquez by translating their works. There was a generation of Iranian intellectuals who grew up with your father s works. How much were you influenced by your father and your family, and why did not you pursue this field from the beginning instead of studying biochemistry, which is completely irrelevant to the Iranian cultural sphere? Why did you feel the need to return? When I left Iran in 1981, I closed the door on Iran for a while. Why? Because although I was young, I sensed that Iran needed more time. A generation had to change. People needed to figure out

5 5 what happened in 1979 for themselves and why that happened. If people don t think deeply about this, they will never truly understand what happened, the Iran that should exist, the suffering Iran is experiencing now, and how we transition from it and bring an end these practices. Iran needed more time, and I also needed more time. When I left after that 1979 earthquake, which destroyed everything, I aimed to make something out of myself and to become familiar with the West, this new world I live in. My primary goal was to gain an understanding of the West and the world, and I have done that to the best of my capability. But whether I was in Europe, France, America, or wherever, I never forgot Iran. I never forgot those intellectual gatherings that I experienced as a kid, because they occurred in in our house. I knew great and prominent Iranian intellectuals, and they were always on my mind. This included Ahmad Shamlou, Gholamhossein Saeedi, (who Shamloo used to call Hosseingholam and would ask: why Gholamhossein, why not Hosseingholam?). I knew their primary concern was Iran, and I knew that the road they took and that I took during that time was wrong. It ended in revolution. They knew this as well, and many of them talked and wrote about their mistake. That concern that was planted in me during my youth flourished overtime. Why did I chose biochemistry & the molecular biology of plants? Because I liked it. When I got to France and later moved to America, I was developing as an individual and becoming familiar with the world around me. I became interested in this field, so I pursued it. Why did I temporarily leave this field? Because my life has never been a straight line, not in my education nor in any other field. I have always done what I liked, and I would say that my philosophy in life has always been to do what I enjoy as much as I can. - You left Iran in Why did you return? I returned to Iran in It was at the beginning of Mr. Khatami s second term as president. The Internet was everywhere by that time, although in France and many other places it was still not available to every family. But it was available to us, and we used to follow the issues in Iran via the Internet. My desire to return was due to the fact that I had spent twenty years abroad, ten years in France and ten years in America. I was quite fluent in both languages and had been immersed in their cultures, working and paying taxes in both countries. I had social and professional relations in both societies and I really felt that I had reached the end of an era. From that point on, a new era began for me, which meant returning to Iran. So, I applied for an Iranian passport, and returned to Iran as a political refugee. My plan was to stay and work there. While I was in Iran, I was very happy that I was back with my own people in my own city, but I couldn t imagine agreeing and cooperating on any issue with the regime in power. I talked to many people in the private and public sector, and I realized that I couldn t live in a society where I was not free as a person, as an individual, and as an Iranian. Everything was an insult to my being, to my individuality, and to me as an Iranian. I couldn t tolerate such conditions. Thus, I decided to go back to Europe and from

6 6 then on, with the help of the Internet, which was still a new thing in 2000, I decided to start writing. A new chapter of my life began: writing and political activism. - Most of your book are in French. Why do you write in French? - Well, first of all, no Iranian publisher has ever asked me to write for them. I do my Persian work for Tavaana. I can say that Tavaana is the only Iranian publisher that has asked me to do work for them. I consider myself in debt to Tavaana; it was Tavaana that provided me with the possibility of writing and translating from English to Persian and translating some material from Persian to English so that they could have an impact on public opinion. I really owe this to Tavaana. But the answer to your question is yes, the only publishers that would hire me for my first, second, and third books were French. All the media networks that I ve worked with are French, Dutch, Swedish, Israeli and American newspapers, and French and Israeli TV. Persian media has only asked me to work for them three or four times over the years. You can t force the media; the media finds the writer and interviewee itself. - Could you summarize, in a few sentences, the reasons behind the work you did for Tavaana s Democracy Web translation, and why this resource is necessary for an Iranian audience? - For the introduction to Democracy Web, I chose the title Historical Research on the Idea of Liberty, which I believe is self-explanatory. The content of Democracy Web is important both in its concept and discourse. There are other ways in which this issue can be talked about. Historical Research on the Idea of Liberty is one perspective. The idea of liberty, as I wrote in my introduction to Democracy Web, was described first by an Iranian Sufi. Freedom is embedded in humans just as heat is in fire, he said. The Iranian mystic who first so simply and so beautifully described this, whose name I can t recall, was hung and burnt by the clerics. I think he says everything in these few words: Freedom is embedded in humans just like heat in fire. Freedom is what distinguishes me from you, and human beings from other animals. It is criticism through reasoning, or wisdom. The first sentence in the epic book that revitalized the Persian language and the story of Iran is: In the name of the Lord of life and wisdom. It is criticism, based in wisdom, which makes the idea possible. Without liberty there is no criticism, without criticism there are no ideas, and without ideas there is nothing but darkness. Democracy Web starts from ancient Greece and continues through the twentieth century s civil rights movement. It describes the Age of Enlightenment, and even prior to that, habeas corpus and the Magna Carta, which recognized the rights of English citizens and limited the despotic and tyrannical monarchy to a republican model of governance. In countries like France and elsewhere, this quest was necessary to show the development and evolution of liberty, this simple idea and simple concept. I repeat the words of that Iranian mystic, who was rolled in

7 7 a sack and burnt by the order of clerics: Freedom is embedded in humans just like heat in fire. - You are using a special term to describe the future of Iran. You say you are interested in Iran s rebirth. What do you mean by rebirth, and what kind of future do you foresee for Iran? - What I mean by rebirth is that you cannot describe Iran with any adjective other than Iranian. Iran is Iran. Iran does not need any prefix or suffix, or any adjective that gives it a special color. Any color is a discrimination against other colors, other colors that have created the rainbow of Iran. The combination of this rainbow is the white color that we call Iran. No color in this rainbow can singlehandedly describe Iran, for it would fail to do so. If you try, you will weaken both the foundations of Iran and the foundations of that color. A single color cannot describe Iran s rebirth. This was one mistake of our elite, including the intellectual, political, and religious elite, and those in power in the monarchy before the revolution. This mistake was characteristic of this group of elites, and unfortunately still is today. Their misconception caused us to color Iran with only the Islamic color, and even that color is not completely Islamic. It s the color of Twelver Shi ism. In fact, it is not even the color of Twelver Shi ism, because political Shi ism was Khomeini s invention. Therefore, they colored Iran with this innovation and built the regime that we see today. That is why I say that a single color cannot describe the rebirth of Iran. Why do I say rebirth? One must only take a glance at the conditions in Iran to realize how much we need a rebirth. We have moved backwards in every field: social, cultural, economic, and in terms of security, military, army and bureaucracy. In every field, people will pinpoint some achievement and say, for example, we have millions of girls in schools. But we had girls in school before before clerics said that universities are najes, unclean, and that girls should not go to university. If you had a balance sheet for every field, their achievements and their costs, you could ask if the same results could have been achieved at a lower cost. Without a method to analyze and compare the cost against the result, your balance sheet has no value. If we made such a balance sheet today, I don t think that any honest, fair and wise person would say that Iran is in good shape after 35 years, two generations, and hundreds of billions in petrol dollars. - For my last question, what is your personal project in regards to Iran s rebirth? What have you done so far, and what do you have planned for the future? Moreover, what is Tavaana s project, its mission, and its future? How are they aligned, in your opinion? - If you look at this issue from any angle, you ll have no other option but to give the right to choose to eighty million Iranians, the right to vote to the forty five to fifty million voting-age Iranians in that country. Give them the right to engage in free enterprise. Give those who are Shi a, since Shi ism has played an incredible important role over the past 35 years put an end to

8 8 Khomeini s invention. Give them the right to emulate who they want. The traditional Shi a clergy stood up to Khomeini and his invention. Traditional Shi ism was apolitical, and people were free to choose whomever they wanted to emulate. Velayet-e faghi, or the supremacy of the jurist, was the end of free emulation. It forced velayet-e faghi on all. My goals for Iran are the following: freedom of choice, freedom of trade, and freedom of emulation. If you bring these three freedoms back to Iran, you have prepared Iran for a rebirth. Iran would become the economic, cultural, and military power of the region within ten to fifteen years. Thank you very much. Thank you.

Azar Nafisi. Tavaana Interview Transcript. What motivated you to start writing, and how has this motivation changed over time?

Azar Nafisi. Tavaana Interview Transcript. What motivated you to start writing, and how has this motivation changed over time? Azar Nafisi Tavaana Interview Transcript What motivated you to start writing, and how has this motivation changed over time? It s very difficult to talk about motivation when it seems like something you

More information

France rejects European constitution

France rejects European constitution www.breaking News English.com Ready-to-use ESL / EFL Lessons France rejects European constitution URL: http://www.breakingnewsenglish.com/0505/050531-non.html Today s contents The Article 2 Warm-ups 3

More information

More Iran Background ( ) EQ: What was the cultural climate in Iran like before and after the Revolution?

More Iran Background ( ) EQ: What was the cultural climate in Iran like before and after the Revolution? More Iran Background (152-154) EQ: What was the cultural climate in Iran like before and after the Revolution? Introduction Iran comes from the word Aryan. Aryans settled here in 1500 B.C. Descendents

More information

Edward Said - Orientalism (1978)

Edward Said - Orientalism (1978) Edward Said - Orientalism (1978) (Pagination from Vintage Books 25th Anniversary Edition) ES Biography Father was a Palestinian Christian Named him Edward after the Prince of Wales - ES: foolish name Torn

More information

AP WORLD HISTORY SUMMER READING GUIDE

AP WORLD HISTORY SUMMER READING GUIDE AP WORLD HISTORY SUMMER READING GUIDE To My 2014-2015 AP World History Students, In the field of history as traditionally taught in the United States, the term World History has often applied to history

More information

Iran comes from the word Aryan Aryans settled here in 1500 B.C. Descendents were the Medes and the Persians Eventually, whole territory became known

Iran comes from the word Aryan Aryans settled here in 1500 B.C. Descendents were the Medes and the Persians Eventually, whole territory became known Iran comes from the word Aryan Aryans settled here in 1500 B.C. Descendents were the Medes and the Persians Eventually, whole territory became known as the Persian Empire 1935 Reza Shah changed the name

More information

"El Mercurio" (p. D8-D9), 12 April 1981, Santiago de Chile

El Mercurio (p. D8-D9), 12 April 1981, Santiago de Chile Extracts from an Interview Friedrich von Hayek "El Mercurio" (p. D8-D9), 12 April 1981, Santiago de Chile Reagan said: "Let us begin an era of National Renewal." How do you understand that this will be

More information

Document B: Magna Carta, Excerpt of Primary Source

Document B: Magna Carta, Excerpt of Primary Source Part 1: Review the six sources on the previous screens. For each source, complete the steps to analyze the information presented in the source. Respond to each question that follows the background information

More information

How the Relationship between Iran and America. Led to the Iranian Revolution

How the Relationship between Iran and America. Led to the Iranian Revolution Page 1 How the Relationship between Iran and America Led to the Iranian Revolution Writer s Name July 13, 2005 G(5) Advanced Academic Writing Page 2 Thesis This paper discusses U.S.-Iranian relationships

More information

Written by Dr. John E. Russell - Last Updated Wednesday, 20 September :05

Written by Dr. John E. Russell - Last Updated Wednesday, 20 September :05 Shortly before he [Karl Marx] died, he made a statement which has puzzled his followers ever since: "I am not a Marxist." Marx the Man Karl Marx, PhD (1818-1883). Marx was born in Trier, Germany. His Jewish

More information

Life & Literature in The Medieval Period

Life & Literature in The Medieval Period Life & Literature in The Medieval Period What was it like to live in the Middle Ages? The 3 Estates in the Middle Ages The idea of estates, or orders, was encouraged during the Middle Ages: Clergy Latin

More information

UK to global mission: what really is going on? A Strategic Review for Global Connections

UK to global mission: what really is going on? A Strategic Review for Global Connections UK to global mission: what really is going on? A Strategic Review for Global Connections Updated summary of seminar presentations to Global Connections Conference - Mission in Times of Uncertainty by Paul

More information

Between Islam and the State: The Politics of Engagement

Between Islam and the State: The Politics of Engagement Between Islam and the State: The Politics of Engagement Berna Turam Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2007. xı + 223 pp. The relationship between Islam and the state in Turkey has been the subject of

More information

Ideas of the Enlightenment

Ideas of the Enlightenment Ideas of the Enlightenment Freedom from oppression & Absolutism Freedom from slavery & needless Warfare Attacked medieval & feudal society Suspicious of superstition & church Supported free speech & religion

More information

The Persian Empire. Summary. Contents. Rob Waring. Level 1-9. Before Reading Think Ahead During Reading Comprehension... 5

The Persian Empire. Summary. Contents. Rob Waring. Level 1-9. Before Reading Think Ahead During Reading Comprehension... 5 Level 1-9 The Persian Empire Rob Waring Summary This book is about how two great emperors, Cyrus II and Darius I, created and ruled the Persian Empire. Contents Before Reading Think Ahead... 2 Vocabulary...

More information

Najam Rafique * * The reviewer is Director Research at the Institute of Strategic Studies Islamabad.

Najam Rafique * * The reviewer is Director Research at the Institute of Strategic Studies Islamabad. Rocky M. Mirza, How the West was Won and Lost: Athenian Democracy to the BRICS: 5 th Century BCE to 2016 (Trafford Publishing, USA & Canada, 2016), 613. Najam Rafique * The Chilcot Report, released on

More information

GOD S BEST FOR YOU: DISCERNING HIS WILL

GOD S BEST FOR YOU: DISCERNING HIS WILL GOD S BEST FOR YOU: DISCERNING HIS WILL By Andrew Wilson Psalm 25:4-5 January 9, 2011 John 10:1-5 Life presents to us a series of decisions. Most of the decisions we make are fairly trivial. But every

More information

Ganado Unified School District (Social Studies/6 th Grade)

Ganado Unified School District (Social Studies/6 th Grade) Ganado Unified School District (Social Studies/6 th Grade) PACING Guide SY 2015-2016 Timeline & 4th Quarter Middle Ages 2 3 Weeks S2 C3 PO6 Describe the trade routes that established the exchange of goods

More information

Jesus Invites Us. Jesus Calls Himself the Good Shepherd. 104 Home Learning Guide Scripture in This Chapter

Jesus Invites Us. Jesus Calls Himself the Good Shepherd. 104 Home Learning Guide  Scripture in This Chapter 1 2 Jesus Calls Himself the Good Shepherd understand that Jesus loves us when we are sorry. Jesus called himself the Good Shepherd. Perhaps one of the best commentaries on the Good Shepherd comes from

More information

VELAYAT-E FAQIH IN CONTEMPORARY IRAN Josiah Marineau University of Texas-Austin

VELAYAT-E FAQIH IN CONTEMPORARY IRAN Josiah Marineau University of Texas-Austin Velayat-e Faqih in Contemporary Iran 93 VELAYAT-E FAQIH IN CONTEMPORARY IRAN Josiah Marineau University of Texas-Austin Popular uprisings protesting the autocratic nature of the Iranian regime have occurred

More information

Contemporary Iran A Realistic Perspective

Contemporary Iran A Realistic Perspective Contemporary Iran A Realistic Perspective M O H S E N K A D I V A R D E P A R T M E N T O F R E L I G I O U S S T U D I E S D U K E U N I V E R S I T Y W O R L D V I E W S E M I N A R O N T H E M O D E

More information

«The Shiite Marja iyya question» Summary

«The Shiite Marja iyya question» Summary «The Shiite Marja iyya question» Barah Mikaïl, Chercheur à l IRIS Jamil Abou Assi, Halla al-najjar, Assistants de recherche Etude n 2005/096 réalisée pour le compte de la Délégation aux Affaires stratégiques

More information

REPURPOSED AP EUROPEAN HISTORY DBQ

REPURPOSED AP EUROPEAN HISTORY DBQ REPURPOSED AP EUROPEAN HISTORY DBQ AP European History Practice Exam NOTE: This is an old format DBQ from 2008 reformatted in an effort to conform to the new DBQ format. Document letters have been replaced

More information

Chapter 10: The Muslim World,

Chapter 10: The Muslim World, Name Chapter 10: The Muslim World, 600 1250 DUE DATE: The Muslim World The Rise of Islam Terms and Names Allah One God of Islam Muhammad Founder of Islam Islam Religion based on submission to Allah Muslim

More information

The Enlightenment. Main Ideas. Key Terms

The Enlightenment. Main Ideas. Key Terms The Enlightenment Main Ideas Eighteenth-century intellectuals used the ideas of the Scientific Revolution to reexamine all aspects of life. People gathered in salons to discuss the ideas of the philosophes.

More information

Step 1: Read the Historical Context and write the first sentence of your essay.

Step 1: Read the Historical Context and write the first sentence of your essay. Name Class Date What is a DBQ? DBQ stands for Document Based Question. It is a type of essay that provides you with documents to serve as sources of information for your writing. Each DBQ you take will

More information

Canpol Babies A Success Story from Poland

Canpol Babies A Success Story from Poland Canpol Babies A Success Story from Poland Helen Kelly Canpol sp. z o.o. is Eastern Europe s most successful baby accessories company with 600 plus products in the range and distributors in more than two

More information

THE MOST IMPORTANT PERSON ON EARTH: THE HOLY SPIRIT, GOVERNOR OF THE KINGDOM BY MYLES MUNROE

THE MOST IMPORTANT PERSON ON EARTH: THE HOLY SPIRIT, GOVERNOR OF THE KINGDOM BY MYLES MUNROE THE MOST IMPORTANT PERSON ON EARTH: THE HOLY SPIRIT, GOVERNOR OF THE KINGDOM BY MYLES MUNROE DOWNLOAD EBOOK : THE MOST IMPORTANT PERSON ON EARTH: THE HOLY SPIRIT, GOVERNOR OF THE KINGDOM BY MYLES MUNROE

More information

The French Revolution

The French Revolution The French Revolution Estates The Old Regime France consisted of three social classes called estates. The First Estate. The Catholic Church (Archbishops, bishops) The Church owned 10% of France The French

More information

Overview 1. On June 29, 2014, ISIS leader Abu Bakr al-baghdadi declared the establishment of the

Overview 1. On June 29, 2014, ISIS leader Abu Bakr al-baghdadi declared the establishment of the The Collapse of the Islamic State: What Comes Next? November 18, 2017 Overview 1 On June 29, 2014, ISIS leader Abu Bakr al-baghdadi declared the establishment of the Islamic Caliphate by the Islamic State

More information

Sunday Sermon: UU Seven Principles: Is Something Missing?

Sunday Sermon: UU Seven Principles: Is Something Missing? August 14, 2016 Sunday Sermon: UU Seven Principles: Is Something Missing? Kent Smith In 1985, the General Assembly of the UUA adopted our current Principles by a nearly unanimous vote (there was one vote

More information

Why I am Proud to be an American

Why I am Proud to be an American Why I am Proud to be an American Tyler Bivins 5 th Grade 1 st Place Division I I am so proud to be an American because we have the freedom of choice. When I watch the television I see that other countries

More information

MIDDLE EASTERN AND ISLAMIC STUDIES haverford.edu/meis

MIDDLE EASTERN AND ISLAMIC STUDIES haverford.edu/meis MIDDLE EASTERN AND ISLAMIC STUDIES haverford.edu/meis The Concentration in Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies gives students basic knowledge of the Middle East and broader Muslim world, and allows students

More information

Iran Iraq War ( ) Causes & Consequences

Iran Iraq War ( ) Causes & Consequences Iran Iraq War (1980 1988) Causes & Consequences In 1980 Saddam Hussein decided to invade Iran. Why? Religion Iran was governed by Muslim clerics (theocracy). By contrast, Iraq was a secular state. The

More information

Partners, Resources, and Strategies

Partners, Resources, and Strategies Partners, Resources, and Strategies Cheryl Benard Supported by the Smith Richardson Foundation R National Security Research Division The research described in this report was sponsored by the Smith Richardson

More information

Hezbollah; the Iran s Iron Fist to Israel

Hezbollah; the Iran s Iron Fist to Israel Hezbollah; the Iran s Iron Fist to Israel AUTHOR Mehdi A. Jovini January 2013 1 Introduction & Historical Background: The social structure of the Shiite Lebanese community The last three decades of the

More information

11/24/2015. Islam. Outcome: Islamic Empires

11/24/2015. Islam. Outcome: Islamic Empires Islam Outcome: Islamic Empires 1 Constructive Response Question 3.Generalize who were the Ottomans, Mughals, and Safavids? 2 What will we learn? 1.Islamic culture 2.The Ottoman Empire 3.The Mughals 4.The

More information

EIU Political Science Review. Continued Perseverance: What Causes HAMAS to Stand Despite Constant Opposition. Matthew Jacobs

EIU Political Science Review. Continued Perseverance: What Causes HAMAS to Stand Despite Constant Opposition. Matthew Jacobs Continued Perseverance: What Causes HAMAS to Stand Despite Constant Opposition Matthew Since the war of 1949, Israel has faced constant opposition. For over 60 years various forces in the Middle East have

More information

INSIDE JEWISH GREECE & BULGARIA JDC Entwine Insider Trip for Russian-Speaking Jewish Young Professionals

INSIDE JEWISH GREECE & BULGARIA JDC Entwine Insider Trip for Russian-Speaking Jewish Young Professionals ` INSIDE JEWISH GREECE & BULGARIA JDC Entwine Insider Trip for Russian-Speaking Jewish Young Professionals March 26-April 3, 2017 This is a uniquely crafted global Jewish program tailored specifically

More information

The French Revolution

The French Revolution The French Revolution Liberty Equality Fraternity 1 Cause 1 : Enlightenment The scientific revolution shattered long-held views about the universe. This encouraged Enlightenment thinkers to question society

More information

Southside Baptist Church of Jacksonville, Florida Bylaws

Southside Baptist Church of Jacksonville, Florida Bylaws Southside Baptist Church of Jacksonville, Florida Bylaws PREAMBLE These Bylaws have been developed through servant prayer under the Lordship of Jesus Christ, seeking the guidance of the Holy Spirit, for

More information

Unit 23 People Shape the World

Unit 23 People Shape the World Unit 23 People Shape the World Introduction to Unit This unit explores the ways individual stories can help historians understand larger patterns and processes in world history. Indeed, just because world

More information

THE ENLIGHTENMENT. 1. Alas, Dead White Males again

THE ENLIGHTENMENT. 1. Alas, Dead White Males again THE ENLIGHTENMENT I. Introduction: Purpose of the Lecture A. To examine the ideas of the Enlightenment (explore the issue of how important is the "old" kind of intellectual history) 1. Alas, Dead White

More information

Kingdoms and Crusades

Kingdoms and Crusades Chapter 15, Section 3 Kingdoms and Crusades (Pages 534 543) Setting a Purpose for Reading Think about these questions as you read: What types of governments did European kingdoms create? Why did European

More information

Plenary Session 3: Title: The Womens Movements

Plenary Session 3: Title: The Womens Movements Plenary Session 3: Title: The Womens Movements 1) Elaheh KOOLAEE Changes in Iranian Women s Role after the Islamic Revolution Iranian women have always belonged to the private sphere and men have belonged

More information

French Revolution Dinner Party

French Revolution Dinner Party Name: Date Due: Period: # French Revolution Dinner Party The year is 1792 and revolution is raging across France. As an enlightened member of society, you are hosting a dinner party hoping to bring all

More information

Some 20 th Century Iranian Writers and Poets, and Their Works

Some 20 th Century Iranian Writers and Poets, and Their Works Some 20 th Century Iranian Writers and Poets, and Their Works Important Historical Events Constitutional Revolution (1905-1911) Reza Shah, 1925-1941 (WWI) Mohammad Reza Shah, 1941-1979 (WWII) US & UK coup

More information

Iranian Political Unrest in Cyberspace Hervé St-Louis 1

Iranian Political Unrest in Cyberspace Hervé St-Louis 1 Volume 7, Issue 2 Democrats, Dictators, and Demonstrators Conference Issue Iranian Political Unrest in Cyberspace Hervé St-Louis 1 1 Thanks to Dr. Thomas P. Keenan, Professor and Fellow of the Centre for

More information

Your web browser (Safari 7) is out of date. For more security, comfort and the best experience on this site: Update your browser Ignore

Your web browser (Safari 7) is out of date. For more security, comfort and the best experience on this site: Update your browser Ignore Your web browser (Safari 7) is out of date. For more security, comfort and the best experience on this site: Update your browser Ignore Educator Version HIJAB: VEIL ED IN CO NTROVERSY Cultural interpretations

More information

Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center at the Israel Intelligence Heritage & Commemoration Center (IICC)

Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center at the Israel Intelligence Heritage & Commemoration Center (IICC) April 29, 2007 Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center at the Israel Intelligence Heritage & Commemoration Center (IICC) In an interview granted to an Iranian TV channel, Sheikh Naim Qassem, Hassan

More information

THE LAST NOMADIC CHALLENGES FROM CHINGGIS KHAN TO TIMUR

THE LAST NOMADIC CHALLENGES FROM CHINGGIS KHAN TO TIMUR THE LAST NOMADIC CHALLENGES FROM CHINGGIS KHAN TO TIMUR CHINGGIS KHAN BORN AS TEMUJIN= CHINGGIS KHAN ( UNIVERSAL RULER) UNITED THE MONGOLS IN 1206 DIED 1226 BUILT THE LARGEST LAND EMPIRE IN HISTORY Mongol

More information

Monarchs, nobles, and the Church all struggled for power. As monarchs amassed power, the foundations for modern law were laid.

Monarchs, nobles, and the Church all struggled for power. As monarchs amassed power, the foundations for modern law were laid. Chapter Review Chapter Summary Section 1: Royal Power Grows Monarchs, nobles, and the Church all struggled for power. As monarchs amassed power, the foundations for modern law were laid. Section 2: The

More information

CULTURAL HERITAGE SYMPOSIUM

CULTURAL HERITAGE SYMPOSIUM THE CULTURAL HERITAGE SYMPOSIUM ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN, SPRING 2016 OFFICIAL REPORT OVERVIEW The lifting of crippling economic sanctions in January 2016 marked a new chapter for Iran and its relations

More information

Iraq and Anbar: Surge or Separation?

Iraq and Anbar: Surge or Separation? Iraq and Anbar: Surge or Separation? Anthony H. Cordesman It is easy to develop strategies for Iraq, as long as you ignore the uncertainties involved and the facts on the ground. Dealing with the uncertain

More information

1: mostly accurate 2: partly accurate 3: mostly inaccurate

1: mostly accurate 2: partly accurate 3: mostly inaccurate Unit 1 Life in the Colonies C H A P T E R 4 What was life really like in the colonies? P R E V I E W Suppose you are living in England in the 1700s. You have just finished reading The Untold Story of Life

More information

Is Syria really so isolated?

Is Syria really so isolated? Is Syria really so isolated? SYRIA PRESS REVIEW Thursday, December 15, 2011 The international press has been harping on the Sakharov Prize recently awarded by the European Parliament to Arab spring activists,

More information

HISTORY 1400: MODERN WESTERN TRADITIONS

HISTORY 1400: MODERN WESTERN TRADITIONS HISTORY 1400: MODERN WESTERN TRADITIONS This course provides students with an opportunity to examine some of the cultural, social, political, and economic developments of the last five hundred years of

More information

Choosing My Standards. Psalm 57:7

Choosing My Standards. Psalm 57:7 Choosing My Standards Psalm 57:7 If I were to ask you, What are you values in life? what would your answer be? I realize that is a question that would require some amount of thought! Your values are your

More information

FD/JF N Frédéric Dabi / Jérôme Fourquet Tél : for

FD/JF N Frédéric Dabi / Jérôme Fourquet Tél : for FD/JF N 1-8921 Frédéric Dabi / Jérôme Fourquet Tél : +33 1 45 84 14 44 jerome.fourquet@ifop.com for Comparative survey France/Germany on Islam Research report 13 th December 2010 - 1 - Methodology Ifop

More information

Social Studies High School TEKS at School Days Texas Renaissance Festival

Social Studies High School TEKS at School Days Texas Renaissance Festival World History 1.d Identify major causes and describe the major effects of the following important turning points in world history from 1450 to 1750: the rise of the Ottoman Empire, the influence of the

More information

UNSTOPPABLE MISSION SESSION 1. The Point. The Passage

UNSTOPPABLE MISSION SESSION 1. The Point. The Passage SESSION 1 UNSTOPPABLE MISSION The Point The Holy Spirit empowers us to spread the gospel. The Passage Acts 1:4-8,12-14 The Bible Meets Life We don t like to wait. Chalk it up to impatience, or maybe it

More information

Monday, November 17, Revolution Brings Reform & Terror. Assembly Reforms France. Assembly Reforms France. Assembly Reforms France 11/17/2014

Monday, November 17, Revolution Brings Reform & Terror. Assembly Reforms France. Assembly Reforms France. Assembly Reforms France 11/17/2014 Monday, November 17, 2014 Revolution Brings Reform & Terror Take Out: HW! AKA Friday s classwork Writing utensil Notes Today: The French Revolution Revolution Brings Reform & Terror Homework: Online Revolution

More information

Essential Question: What was the Renaissance? What factors led to the rise of the Renaissance?

Essential Question: What was the Renaissance? What factors led to the rise of the Renaissance? Essential Question: What was the Renaissance? What factors led to the rise of the Renaissance? Western Europe The emerged Renaissance from the Middle Ages during an era known as the Renaissance From 1300

More information

The Making of a Modern Zoroastrianism. Zoroaster, also known as Zarathustra, is credited as the founder of the religion that eventually became

The Making of a Modern Zoroastrianism. Zoroaster, also known as Zarathustra, is credited as the founder of the religion that eventually became The Making of a Modern Zoroastrianism Zoroaster, also known as Zarathustra, is credited as the founder of the religion that eventually became the dominant practice of ancient Persia. Probably living in

More information

Program Introduction

Program Introduction Program Introduction At an age where most children today are beginning their high school education, young John Quincy Adams was practicing French along with statesmanship skills on a diplomatic trip to

More information

The Umayyads and Abbasids

The Umayyads and Abbasids The Umayyads and Abbasids The Umayyad Caliphate was founded in 661 by Mu awiya the governor or the Syrian province during Ali s reign. Mu awiya contested Ali s right to rule, arguing that Ali was elected

More information

An Introduction to Islamic Law. LAWS 6518 Tue,Thu 9:00 AM - 10:15 AM WOLF 207. Hamid M. Khan

An Introduction to Islamic Law. LAWS 6518 Tue,Thu 9:00 AM - 10:15 AM WOLF 207. Hamid M. Khan An Introduction to Islamic Law LAWS 6518 Tue,Thu 9:00 AM - 10:15 AM WOLF 207 Hamid M. Khan Adjunct Professor, University of Colorado Law School McKenna Long & Aldridge LLP hkhan@mckennalong.com Hamid.Khan@colorado.edu

More information

AUDIO BIBLES AND THE ENDS OF THE EARTH. Morgan Jackson 1. Senior Vice President, Faith Comes By Hearing

AUDIO BIBLES AND THE ENDS OF THE EARTH. Morgan Jackson 1. Senior Vice President, Faith Comes By Hearing AUDIO BIBLES AND THE ENDS OF THE EARTH Morgan Jackson 1 Senior Vice President, Faith Comes By Hearing Published at www.globalmissiology.org, October 2013 Let me first of all thank the editors of the Journal

More information

The Terror Justified:

The Terror Justified: The Terror Justified: Speech to the National Convention February 5, 1794 Primary Source By: Maximilien Robespierre Analysis By: Kaitlyn Coleman Western Civilizations II Terror without virtue is murderous,

More information

1. Which of these best explains deism? (a) God exists and maintains a hands-on involvement in day-to-day events and individual lives. (b) God exists and set things in motion, but does not perform miracles

More information

Safavid Empire Timeline. By:Hayden Galloway and Bella Acuña

Safavid Empire Timeline. By:Hayden Galloway and Bella Acuña Safavid Empire Timeline By:Hayden Galloway and Bella Acuña Prezi Presentation https://prezi.com/qtaekkdks4jc/the-safavid-empire/ Event 1: Ismail s Conquest Ismail s Conquest His family were Shia Islam

More information

A History of anti-semitism

A History of anti-semitism A History of anti-semitism By Encyclopaedia Britannica on 04.19.17 Word Count 2,000 Level MAX A Croatian Jewish man (left) and a Jewish woman wear the symbol that all Jews in Germany and countries conquered

More information

THE ANDREW MARR SHOW INTERVIEW: TONY BLAIR FORMER PRIME MINISTER JUNE 14 th 2014

THE ANDREW MARR SHOW INTERVIEW: TONY BLAIR FORMER PRIME MINISTER JUNE 14 th 2014 PLEASE NOTE THE ANDREW MARR SHOW MUST BE CREDITED IF ANY PART OF THIS TRANSCRIPT IS USED THE ANDREW MARR SHOW INTERVIEW: TONY BLAIR FORMER PRIME MINISTER JUNE 14 th 2014 Now looking at the violence now

More information

Martha C. Nussbaum (4) Outline:

Martha C. Nussbaum (4) Outline: Another problem with people who fail to examine themselves is that they often prove all too easily influenced. When a talented demagogue addressed the Athenians with moving rhetoric but bad arguments,

More information

February 19, 2017 Sermon: Being Inclusive in an Exclusive World Rev. Dr. Len De Roche For those who didn t experience it: During the Vietnam era our

February 19, 2017 Sermon: Being Inclusive in an Exclusive World Rev. Dr. Len De Roche For those who didn t experience it: During the Vietnam era our February 19, 2017 Sermon: Being Inclusive in an Exclusive World Rev. Dr. Len De Roche For those who didn t experience it: During the Vietnam era our nation was divided. There were those who believed the

More information

PROPOSAL FOR SABBATICAL LEAVE. Submitted to John Mosbo, Dean of the Faculty, and the Faculty Development Committee. March 19, 2003

PROPOSAL FOR SABBATICAL LEAVE. Submitted to John Mosbo, Dean of the Faculty, and the Faculty Development Committee. March 19, 2003 COVER SHEET PROPOSAL FOR SABBATICAL LEAVE Submitted to John Mosbo, Dean of the Faculty, and the Faculty Development Committee March 19, 2003 Dr. Christopher P. Gilbert Associate Professor, Department of

More information

Pastoral Council Prayer for Discernment

Pastoral Council Prayer for Discernment Pastoral Council Prayer for Discernment Almighty and everlasting God, let your Holy Spirit, Source of wisdom and understanding, be present with us as we begin this work, and in the months ahead. Bless

More information

Some Final Thoughts on Rapture Theories Sam A. Smith

Some Final Thoughts on Rapture Theories Sam A. Smith Some Final Thoughts on Rapture Theories Sam A. Smith [This is the fourth in a series of four papers on the problems of pretribulationism. It draws heavily on conclusions presented in the previous three

More information

Tentative Course Outline. The Iranian Revolution in Comparative Perspective

Tentative Course Outline. The Iranian Revolution in Comparative Perspective 1 Tentative Course Outline. History 78000 The Iranian Revolution in Comparative Perspective Professor: Ervand Abrahamian Spring 2012 Mondays: 4.15-6.15 Office Hours: Mondays, 3-4, 6.15-7. The course will

More information

Diane D. Blair Papers (MC 1632)

Diane D. Blair Papers (MC 1632) Special Collections University of Arkansas Libraries 365 N. McIlroy Avenue Fayetteville, AR 72701-4002 (479) 575-8444 1992 Clinton Presidential Campaign Interviews Interview with Paul David Leopoulos Campaign

More information

BACK to BASICS PREACHING

BACK to BASICS PREACHING BACK to BASICS PREACHING A TEN STEP GUIDE TO MASTERING THE ESSENTIALS Steve May Becoming a great preacher, like becoming a great artist, requires a life commitment. Calvin Miller introduction C.S. LEWIS

More information

7th grade Benchmark Study Guide Trimester 3

7th grade Benchmark Study Guide Trimester 3 7th grade Benchmark Study Guide Trimester 3 humanism Renaissance perspective human anatomy indulgences Protestant Inquisition Jesuit Great Schism missionary Terms to Know TERMS PEOPLE scientific rationalism

More information

THE GREAT CATHOLIC PARISHES DISCUSSION GUIDE FOR PARISH LEADERS

THE GREAT CATHOLIC PARISHES DISCUSSION GUIDE FOR PARISH LEADERS THE GREAT CATHOLIC PARISHES DISCUSSION GUIDE FOR PARISH LEADERS Scripture quotations are from the New American Bible (NAB) and New American Bible, Revised Edition (NABRE). Excerpts from the New American

More information

Ottoman Empire ( ) Internal Troubles & External Threats

Ottoman Empire ( ) Internal Troubles & External Threats Ottoman Empire (1800-1914) Internal Troubles & External Threats THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE 19 TH CENTURY AP WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 23A The Ottoman Empire: Sick Man of Europe In the 1800s= the Ottoman Empire went

More information

Tolerance in Discourses and Practices in French Public Schools

Tolerance in Discourses and Practices in French Public Schools Tolerance in Discourses and Practices in French Public Schools Riva Kastoryano & Angéline Escafré-Dublet, CERI-Sciences Po The French education system is centralised and 90% of the school population is

More information

EUROPEAN HISTORY SECTION II Part A (Suggested writing time 45 minutes) Percent of Section II score 45

EUROPEAN HISTORY SECTION II Part A (Suggested writing time 45 minutes) Percent of Section II score 45 EUROPEAN HISTORY SECTION II Part A (Suggested writing time 45 minutes) Percent of Section II score 45 Directions: The following question is based on the accompanying Documents 1-11. The documents have

More information

The Concept and Indices of Political Justice in Imam Khomeini s (PBUH) Political Discourse with an Emphasis on John Rawls Theory of Political Justice

The Concept and Indices of Political Justice in Imam Khomeini s (PBUH) Political Discourse with an Emphasis on John Rawls Theory of Political Justice The Research Jornal on Islamic Revelution Studies 210 The Concept and Indices of Political Justice in Imam Khomeini s (PBUH) Political Discourse with an Emphasis on John Rawls Theory of Political Justice

More information

the Middle East (18 December 2013, no ).

the Middle East (18 December 2013, no ). Letter of 24 February 2014 from the Minister of Security and Justice, Ivo Opstelten, to the House of Representatives of the States General on the policy implications of the 35th edition of the Terrorist

More information

Faith Formation 2020 Envisioning Dynamic, Engaging and Inspiring Faith Formation for the 21 st Century

Faith Formation 2020 Envisioning Dynamic, Engaging and Inspiring Faith Formation for the 21 st Century Faith Formation 2020 Envisioning Dynamic, Engaging and Inspiring Faith Formation for the 21 st Century John Roberto www.lifelongfaith.com u jroberto@lifelongfaith.com Part 1. Eight Significant Driving

More information

This is an EXCELLENT essay. Well thought out and presented. Historical Significance for today's world:

This is an EXCELLENT essay. Well thought out and presented. Historical Significance for today's world: This should be read in every High School, and posted on the "Must Read" bulletin board of every business in this Country. While we still have one. This is an EXCELLENT essay. Well thought out and presented.

More information

Project Hope Importance of Religious Freedom

Project Hope Importance of Religious Freedom Sebastian Libuda Holy Cross High School Flushing, NY Project Hope Importance of Religious Freedom Father Religious freedom is important all over the world, especially in the American society. Jacques-Francois

More information

The Worlds of European Christendom. Chapter 9

The Worlds of European Christendom. Chapter 9 The Worlds of European Christendom Chapter 9 After the Roman Empire By the 4 th Century the Roman Empire gets divided Christian Europe is two parts: 1. Eastern half = The Byzantine Empire 2. Western half

More information

Promoting British Values at St Joseph s Catholic Primary School

Promoting British Values at St Joseph s Catholic Primary School The DfE have recently reinforced the need to create and enforce a clear and rigorous expectation on all schools to promote the fundamental British values of democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty

More information

by Sayyid Muhammad Rizvi

by Sayyid Muhammad Rizvi An Introduction to Islam by Sayyid Muhammad Rizvi In the name of Allãh, the Kind, Merciful. All Praise is due to Allãh, the Lord of the Universe. May God shower His blessings upon Prophet Muhammad & his

More information

A CONVERSATION WITH NOBEL LAUREATE SHIRIN EBADI

A CONVERSATION WITH NOBEL LAUREATE SHIRIN EBADI CARNEGIE ENDOWMENT FOR INTERNATIONAL PEACE A CONVERSATION WITH NOBEL LAUREATE SHIRIN EBADI WELCOME: DANIEL BRUMBERG, ACTING DIRECTOR, U.S. INSTITUTE OF PEACE, MUSLIM WORLD PROGRAM MODERATOR: KARIM SADJADPOUR,

More information

NOT FORGOTTEN: THE TRUE STORY OF MY IMPRISONMENT IN NORTH KOREA BY KENNETH BAE

NOT FORGOTTEN: THE TRUE STORY OF MY IMPRISONMENT IN NORTH KOREA BY KENNETH BAE Read Online and Download Ebook NOT FORGOTTEN: THE TRUE STORY OF MY IMPRISONMENT IN NORTH KOREA BY KENNETH BAE DOWNLOAD EBOOK : NOT FORGOTTEN: THE TRUE STORY OF MY Click link bellow and free register to

More information

History of Islam and the Politics of Terror

History of Islam and the Politics of Terror History of Islam and the Politics of Terror History 4650 2009-2010 Instructor: Marion Boulby Office: Lady Eaton College, S101.1 Tel: 748-1011 (ext.7837) Email: marionboulby@trentu.ca Office hours: Thursday,

More information

Video Summary. The tutors discuss the origins and role of the United Nations. They try to match countries to flags in a guessing game.

Video Summary. The tutors discuss the origins and role of the United Nations. They try to match countries to flags in a guessing game. Speakers Web DVD Video Summary Page No. E1 E2 E3 L1 L2 Richard Corbett MEP 028 Richard discusses the structure and location of the European Parliament. He talks about the history and role of the EU. He

More information

Chapter 10. Byzantine & Muslim Civilizations

Chapter 10. Byzantine & Muslim Civilizations Chapter 10 Byzantine & Muslim Civilizations Section 1 The Byzantine Empire Capital of Byzantine Empire Constantinople Protected by Greek Fire Constantinople Controlled by: Roman Empire Christians Byzantines

More information