Nietzsche s Philosophy as Background to an Examination of Tolkien s The Lord of the Rings

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Nietzsche s Philosophy as Background to an Examination of Tolkien s The Lord of the Rings"

Transcription

1 Nietzsche s Philosophy as Background to an Examination of Tolkien s The Lord of the Rings

2 Friedrich Nietzsche Nietzsche once stated, God is dead. And we have killed him. He meant that no absolute truth / no clear moral code exist. All is relative and depends upon one s perspective. Nietzsche (along with his contemporaries Freud, Darwin, and Marx) brought attention to the deep and burgeoning cultural shift perceived in Europe, already prior to WWI. Nietzsche is one of the philosophers and thinkers who sets the stage for the movement eventually known as Existentialism.

3 The following slides will present some of the defining beliefs described by Nietzsche. They are by no means all-inclusive. Also, please note that they do not purport to be Truth, nor even true. They are merely one philosophical viewpoint embraced during the modern period. Anyway, remember, Truth does not exist in the modern and postmodern periods.

4 We have absolute freedom to create our own values. But, this creates a loss of orientation and results in nihilism, i.e. values emptiness. The crisis of nihilism How do we create meaning in the moral void? (Nietzsche s answer is coming in a few slides!) Nietzsche identified 2 kinds of nihilism Nietzsche and Nihilism

5 Passive Nihilism - Nihilism as an end point. A rejection of all traditional sources of meaning, truth, knowledge and value with no further progress being possible. - Characterized by fatalism, rejection, paralysis, withdrawal, defeat, and suicide (literal or figurative).

6 Active Nihilism - Nihilism as a starting point. A rejection of all traditional sources of meaning, truth, knowledge and value and an embrace of the resulting freedom. - Characterized by the active creation of new sources of meaning, truth, knowledge and value out of the freedom of nothingness.

7 Mortality and Anxiety Existentialists posit that: the human consciousness of death creates anxiety. death is a state of nothingness, of non-being. After WWI, this fear encompasses not only of individual death, but the death of entire cultures. This is premise of Tolkien s The Lord of the Rings.

8 Nietzsche s Ugly Truth According to Nietzsche: Life s meaningless and purposelessness are too ugly for us to bear. Good and Evil do not exist in any measurable form, and any objective morality is pointless and unnatural. Doing good deeds because we believe that God assigns moral value to these things is merely lying to ourselves. Science led us to nihilism, and only art can distract us from that terror. Beauty will save us from truth. Artists affirm life in the midst of great suffering and pain. Technology is dangerous! It denies imagination and creativity, and alienates us from who we really are (from our origins).

9 NIETZSCHE S THEORY OF THE WILL TO POWER Reality is the Will to Power. It is seen in the struggle for survival between species and men, in the exercise of power over others. The highest level is seen in power over oneself, in the self-mastery of artists and geniuses. Domination over another confesses an inability to dominate one s internal conflicts.

10 Nietzsche identifies two types of modern humans: 1) The Slave, made up of the masses = the wretched and the botched, who assign blame and seek sympathy for their suffering. The masses are frightened by the death of God, since it places responsibility for creating values on them. The Slave denies the will to power, and invents afterworlds (life after death). 2) The Master, or noble man = a human capable of overcoming mere humanity, of honestly facing and accepting the meaninglessness of life, of assigning to it whatever values or purposes the Master finds acceptable/responsible. In this way, one can become the mythical hero (Superman, or Übermensch). The Master affirms the will to power. The superior individual assumes this responsibility without fear and also utilizes fear to achieve what he/she believes is right. Master Soul / Slave Soul

11 The Slave Soul Slaves refuse to give up established moral codes/religion. They are nostalgic for a better past. They believe that good still exists, and that the good person is meek and humble, while the bad person is prideful. Nietzsche believes that this inability to accept reality (i.e., no morality, no afterlife, no God, etc.) stems from an unconscious resentment of the weak against the strong (i.e., those who accept and embrace the Will to Power).

12 THE MASTER SOUL The noble man/superman does not require others approval May helps the unfortunate, not out of pity, but rather out of an impulse generated by his immense power and generosity The Master Soul has power over himself (self-will) The Master takes pleasure in subjecting himself to great severity and hardships.

13 Nietzsche, Myth, and Modernism Again, according to Nietzsche: o o o Every vital society has a unifying myth, but rationalism (science) has destroyed every such myth in the West. The rebirth of the West from its present nihilism requires a new myth of the Superman. The Superman lives dangerously, risking himself, renouncing security, exhausting his health in heroic effort. One should die with one s boots on. One should stride forth and embrace one s fate (amor fati).

14 Tolkien s Version of Modernism - A Master/Superman asserts a continual effort of his/her free will to be virtuous in a world without objective virtue. - In more existential (and modern) terms, a Superman chooses the difficult or impossible, but fundamentally virtuous answer to problems, over the easy and personally satisfying solution. - The Lord of the Rings is, in some respects, a response to Nietzsche s call for a new myth of the Superman. Resistance to temptation and indomitable endurance are key concepts. However, in Tolkien s world, personal choice is still based on compassion, pity, preservation, and a conscious pursuit of common good. This is a nostalgic notion. - In other words, some of Tolkien s work is modernist, and some is traditional.

15 Memory and Forgetfulness Memories can come upon us unawares, and lead either to joy or anguish. All memories are not always accessible to us, and memory is therefore beyond our control, beyond our will. Because some memories hurt our ability to live a full and useful life, Nietzsche believes that many humans tend to run from memory, by keeping active and never stopping to think or allow thoughts to come naturally. We flee from our past, which can haunt us, and make us inauthentic beings. Nietzsche believes that we should strive to remember the positive, but forget the harmful, that which will keep us from living an authentic life. (I m pretty sure Freud would disagree! Can you say repression?)

16 History as Memory Nietzsche differentiates three attitudes toward history: 1. Historical (geschichtlich): memory is needed to our survival. We need history to remember the past and stabilize our identity. Remember who you are. 2. Unhistorical (ungeschichtlich): But if it is necessary, we must be able to forget the past for our happiness. Forget what weakens you. 3. Super-historical (übergeschichtlich): history is cyclical, we live our lives over and over again the past can teach us the meaning of the future and anticipate the future.

17 Authentic vs. Inauthentic Life Inauthentic Life: Lived by people who never seriously question themselves or whether or not they are simply being led around by the institutions designed to help them. Are they genuine, or merely acting a part? If humans never know who they really are as individuals, they lead a zombie kind of existence. They forget who they are.

18 Authentic vs. Inauthentic Life Authentic Life: Lived by people who recognize and dissolve the artificial chains that bind us, and that come from outside forces, such as religion. Nietzsche concludes there is no originating force that creates a man, and that this fact "alone is the great liberation" (65). To break free of imposed restraints is to accept responsibility for one s fate, and to affirm life, even in the face of great suffering. People who lead an authentic life remember who they are.

19 This all leads to Existentialism A) Existence precedes essence (hence the name existentialism ): there are no pre-existing conditions that guide or determine man s behavior or essence. B) This leads to the absurd condition man seeks meaning in a meaningless world (universe unconscious of our existence). C) Man is condemned to be free. A lack of external meaning leads to modern despair, due to man s overwhelming sense of responsibility and recognition of his fundamental aloneness in an indifferent universe. D) However, the artist and the existentialist achieve meaningful happiness by facing the pain and still affirming life.

EXISTENTIALISM. Wednesday, April 20, 16

EXISTENTIALISM. Wednesday, April 20, 16 EXISTENTIALISM DEFINITION... Philosophical, religious and artistic thought during and after World War II which emphasizes existence rather than essence, and recognizes the inadequacy of human reason to

More information

Existentialism. And the Absurd

Existentialism. And the Absurd Existentialism And the Absurd A human being is absolutely free and absolutely responsible. Anguish is the result. Jean-Paul Sartre Existentialists are concerned with ontology, which is the study of being.

More information

Introduction to Existentialism

Introduction to Existentialism Introduction to Existentialism Mr. Pogreba, Helena High School 2013-14 Historical Background of Existentialism 01 Historical Background While he never identified himself as an existentialist, the 19th

More information

The Philosophy of. Friedrich Nietzsche The Battle of God vs. Superman

The Philosophy of. Friedrich Nietzsche The Battle of God vs. Superman The Philosophy of Friedrich Nietzsche The Battle of God vs. Superman His Life Born in 1844, Nietzsche came from a long line of Lutheran ministers (father, grandfather) Studied Classics and became a brilliant

More information

CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION. A. Research Background. being as opposed to society as a one organism (Macquarrie, 1973). Existentialism mainly finds

CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION. A. Research Background. being as opposed to society as a one organism (Macquarrie, 1973). Existentialism mainly finds CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION A. Research Background Existentialism believes that philosophical thinking begins with a living, acting human being as opposed to society as a one organism (Macquarrie, 1973). Existentialism

More information

Misfortune: Creating Opportunity, or Impeding Happiness? in accordance with some virtue, good fortune dictates whether we will experience

Misfortune: Creating Opportunity, or Impeding Happiness? in accordance with some virtue, good fortune dictates whether we will experience Kerns 1 Kristine A. Kerns Professor Jonas Cope English 1000H 10 April 2011 Misfortune: Creating Opportunity, or Impeding Happiness? According to Aristotle, there are many requirements for being happy.

More information

SIMONE DE BEAUVOIR: ARE WOMEN COMPLICIT IN THEIR OWN SUBJUGATION, IF SO HOW?

SIMONE DE BEAUVOIR: ARE WOMEN COMPLICIT IN THEIR OWN SUBJUGATION, IF SO HOW? SIMONE DE BEAUVOIR: ARE WOMEN COMPLICIT IN THEIR OWN SUBJUGATION, IF SO HOW? Omar S. Alattas The Second Sex was the first book that I have read, in English, in regards to feminist philosophy. It immediately

More information

Ludwig Feuerbach The Essence of Christianity (excerpts) 1 PHIL101 Prof. Oakes updated: 10/23/13 9:10 AM. Section III: How do I know? Reading III.

Ludwig Feuerbach The Essence of Christianity (excerpts) 1 PHIL101 Prof. Oakes updated: 10/23/13 9:10 AM. Section III: How do I know? Reading III. Ludwig Feuerbach The Essence of Christianity (excerpts) 1 PHIL101 Prof. Oakes updated: 10/23/13 9:10 AM Section III: How do I know? Reading III.6 The German philosopher, Ludwig Feuerbach, develops a humanist

More information

Understanding the burning question of the 1940s and beyond

Understanding the burning question of the 1940s and beyond Understanding the burning question of the 1940s and beyond This is a VERY SIMPLIFIED explanation of the existentialist philosophy. It is neither complete nor comprehensive. If existentialism intrigues

More information

Comparative Philosophical Analysis on Man s Existential Purpose: Camus vs. Marcel

Comparative Philosophical Analysis on Man s Existential Purpose: Camus vs. Marcel Uy 1 Jan Lendl Uy Sir Jay Flores Introduction to Philosophy of the Human Person 1 April 2018 Comparative Philosophical Analysis on Man s Existential Purpose: Camus vs. Marcel The purpose of man s existence

More information

Philosophy Quiz 12 The Age of Descartes

Philosophy Quiz 12 The Age of Descartes Philosophy Quiz 12 The Age of Descartes Name (in Romaji): Student Number: Grade: / 8 (12.1) What is dualism? [A] The metaphysical view that reality ultimately consists of two kinds of things, basically,

More information

Existential Psychoanalysis

Existential Psychoanalysis Existential Psychoanalysis Chapter 14 Chapter 14 Big Ideas Rollo May The Existential Movement Kierkegaard Heidegger Nietzsche Sartre Western philosophy and science vs. Existentialism Intentionality Freedom

More information

The Death of God Friedrich Nietzsche

The Death of God Friedrich Nietzsche chapter 29 The Death of God Friedrich Nietzsche God is dead. These are the most famous words that the German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche (1844 1900) wrote. But how could God die? God is supposed to

More information

VOL. 1 ISSUE 12 MAY 2015 ISSN An International, Peer-Reviewed, Open Access, Monthly, Online Journal of English Language and Literature

VOL. 1 ISSUE 12 MAY 2015 ISSN An International, Peer-Reviewed, Open Access, Monthly, Online Journal of English Language and Literature LITERARY QUEST An International, Peer-Reviewed, Open Access, Monthly, Online Journal of English Language and Literature Existentialism in Albert Camus The Stranger Dr. V. Hema Assistant Professor, Department

More information

SACRAMENTS OF HEALING

SACRAMENTS OF HEALING SACRAMENTS OF HEALING Reconciliation n Supporting Bible story: The Prodigal Son n What it celebrates: Forgiveness n Meaning: Healing of broken relationships with God, yourself, and others n Primary words

More information

Applying the Concept of Choice in the Nigerian Education: the Existentialist s Perspective

Applying the Concept of Choice in the Nigerian Education: the Existentialist s Perspective Applying the Concept of Choice in the Nigerian Education: the Existentialist s Perspective Dr. Chidi Omordu Department of Educational Foundations,Faculty of Education, University of Port Harcourt, Dr.

More information

What Is Existentialism? COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL. Chapter 1. In This Chapter

What Is Existentialism? COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL. Chapter 1. In This Chapter In This Chapter Chapter 1 What Is Existentialism? Discovering what existentialism is Understanding that existentialism is a philosophy Seeing existentialism in an historical context Existentialism is the

More information

WHY BELIEVE? THE END OF THE MEDIEVAL WORLDVIEW

WHY BELIEVE? THE END OF THE MEDIEVAL WORLDVIEW WHY BELIEVE? LECTURE ONE: CHALLENGES TO BELIEF INTRODUCTION THE END OF THE MEDIEVAL WORLDVIEW Gutenberg and the invention of printing press in mid-15 th century. The possibility of reading in one s own

More information

What did Nietzsche think that it was possible to learn from the past?

What did Nietzsche think that it was possible to learn from the past? What did Nietzsche think that it was possible to learn from the past? The central theme to much of Nietzsche s writings was the rejection of most of the ideas and values which had sustained European history.

More information

A Backdrop To Existentialist Thought

A Backdrop To Existentialist Thought A Backdrop To Existentialist Thought PROF. DAN FLORES DEPARTMENT OF PHILOSOPHY HOUSTON COMMUNITY COLLEGE DANIEL.FLORES1@HCCS.EDU Existentialism... arose as a backlash against philosophical and scientific

More information

Debbie Homewood: Kerrybrook.ca *

Debbie Homewood: Kerrybrook.ca * Dealing with Loss: How to Handle the Losses that we Experience Throughout Our Lives. Grief is the pain we experience when there is a LOSS in our lives not just the loss of a loved one, but the loss of

More information

Part 1 NIHILISM: Zero Point. CCW: Jacob Kaufman

Part 1 NIHILISM: Zero Point. CCW: Jacob Kaufman Part 1 NIHILISM: Zero Point CCW: Jacob Kaufman Introduction Nihilism is more a feeling Nihilism is denial Nihilism is the negation of everything Marcel Dunchamp Fountian Introduction But for a growing

More information

September. ~Faith~ Our Daily Prayer for September

September. ~Faith~ Our Daily Prayer for September A Year of Virtues A virtue is a habit or established capability to perform good actions according to a moral standard. In other words, a virtue is a habit that show people and God that I am a good person.

More information

PRESENTATION 13 GUIDE. True Happiness. Age 12 Through Adult Version. From content by: Fr. Robert J. Spitzer, S.J., Ph.D.

PRESENTATION 13 GUIDE. True Happiness. Age 12 Through Adult Version. From content by: Fr. Robert J. Spitzer, S.J., Ph.D. CC CREDIBLE CATHOLIC PRESENTATION 13 GUIDE True Happiness Age 12 Through Adult Version From content by: Fr. Robert J. Spitzer, S.J., Ph.D. Adapted by: Claude R. LeBlanc, M.A. Welcome to CREDIBLE CATHOLIC!

More information

11/23/2010 EXISTENTIALISM I EXISTENTIALISM. Existentialism is primarily interested in the following:

11/23/2010 EXISTENTIALISM I EXISTENTIALISM. Existentialism is primarily interested in the following: EXISTENTIALISM I Existentialism is primarily interested in the following: The question of existence What is it to exist? (what is it to live?) Questions about human existence Who am I? What am I? How should

More information

Going beyond good and evil

Going beyond good and evil Going beyond good and evil ORIGINS AND OPPOSITES Nietzsche criticizes past philosophers for constructing a metaphysics of transcendence the idea of a true or real world, which transcends this world of

More information

2003 Marc Helfer. Marc Helfer. June 10, 2002 PHIL 320. Professor Mills

2003 Marc Helfer. Marc Helfer. June 10, 2002 PHIL 320. Professor Mills 2003 Marc Helfer By Marc Helfer June 10, 2002 PHIL 320 Professor Mills During our class discussions, three major concerns regarding Nietzsche s master morality arose. First, it has been argued that master

More information

Robot como esclavos modernos

Robot como esclavos modernos 68 Robot como esclavos modernos Nevena Georgieva* Abstract - Aristotle is his Politics. Hegel in his Phenomenology of Spirit scrutinizes the master- the consciousness for itself and slaves are consciousness

More information

Spinoza s Ethics. Ed. Jonathan Bennett Early Modern Texts

Spinoza s Ethics. Ed. Jonathan Bennett Early Modern Texts Spinoza s Ethics Ed. Jonathan Bennett Early Modern Texts Selections from Part IV 63: Anyone who is guided by fear, and does good to avoid something bad, is not guided by reason. The only affects of the

More information

GENuiNE ONENESS IN CHRIST ROMANS 8:1-17 (NLT)

GENuiNE ONENESS IN CHRIST ROMANS 8:1-17 (NLT) GENuiNE ONENESS IN CHRIST ROMANS 8:1-17 (NLT) Romans 8:1-4 (NLT) 1 So now there is no condemnation for those who belong to Christ Jesus. 2 And because you belong to him, the power of the life-giving Spirit

More information

Phil 2303 Intro to Worldviews Philosophy Department Dallas Baptist University Dr. David Naugle

Phil 2303 Intro to Worldviews Philosophy Department Dallas Baptist University Dr. David Naugle Phil 2303 Intro to Worldviews Philosophy Department Dallas Baptist University Dr. David Naugle James Sire, The Universe Next Door: A Basic Worldview Catalog Chapter 9: The Vanished Horizon: Postmodernism

More information

Existentialism. Some main points. Mostly Sartre s views. Adapted from Ms. Moon s Existentialism Power Point.

Existentialism. Some main points. Mostly Sartre s views. Adapted from Ms. Moon s Existentialism Power Point. Existentialism Some main points. Mostly Sartre s views. Adapted from Ms. Moon s Existentialism Power Point. Background Popular philosophy between 1940-1965 Reaction to disillusionment felt from WWII After

More information

Tibetan Texts. Taken from the Rosary of Precious Stones by the Guru Gampopa (of the Kadjupa Order in the Spiritual line of Milarepa)

Tibetan Texts. Taken from the Rosary of Precious Stones by the Guru Gampopa (of the Kadjupa Order in the Spiritual line of Milarepa) Tibetan Texts Taken from the Rosary of Precious Stones by the Guru Gampopa (of the Kadjupa Order in the Spiritual line of Milarepa) Source: Studies in Comparative Religion, Vol. 16, No. 3 & 4 (Summer-Autumn,

More information

26. The Overman. Stephen Hicks 71

26. The Overman. Stephen Hicks 71 Stephen Hicks 71 rality is an unhealthy development that must be overcome. 75 The fate of the human species depends upon it. We must go beyond good and evil. 26. The Overman Nietzsche once said that he

More information

Principles of Integral Spiritual Practice: Being and Becoming a Practitioner (A Living and Evolving Document)

Principles of Integral Spiritual Practice: Being and Becoming a Practitioner (A Living and Evolving Document) Principles of Integral Spiritual Practice: Being and Becoming a Practitioner (A Living and Evolving Document) Taking Full Responsibility I choose to presume: That I, like almost everyone, tend to contract

More information

Friedrich Nietzsche ( ) On Beyond Good and Evil 1

Friedrich Nietzsche ( ) On Beyond Good and Evil 1 Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900) On Beyond Good and Evil 1 Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche is one of the most prolific philosophical writers of the 19 th and the 20 th centuries. Though he passed away at the

More information

Existentialism Project Workbook

Existentialism Project Workbook Existentialism Project Workbook Name: Form: 1. Introduction to Existentialism Aim: What is existentialism? Lesson Outcomes:: MUST be able to explain what the existential attitude is SHOULD be able to identify

More information

Breaking the First Rule of Fight Club; An Existential Examination

Breaking the First Rule of Fight Club; An Existential Examination Hussein 1 Alia Hussein Professor Poetker Philosophy B6A 20 November 2013 Breaking the First Rule of Fight Club; An Existential Examination A film with a title like Fight Club naturally leads viewers to

More information

JESUS IN YOU AND LOVING Patterning After the Healthy Christ Part 5 Dr. George O. Wood

JESUS IN YOU AND LOVING Patterning After the Healthy Christ Part 5 Dr. George O. Wood Patterning After the Healthy Christ Part 5 Dr. George O. Wood Today we continue the series, Patterning life after the healthy Christ. This is in the midst of that series the third message on Christ in

More information

Asian Philosophy Timeline. Confucius. Human Nature. Themes. Kupperman, Koller, Liu

Asian Philosophy Timeline. Confucius. Human Nature. Themes. Kupperman, Koller, Liu Confucius Timeline Kupperman, Koller, Liu Early Vedas 1500-750 BCE Upanishads 1000-400 BCE Siddhartha Gautama 563-483 BCE Bhagavad Gita 200-100 BCE 1000 BCE 500 BCE 0 500 CE 1000 CE I Ching 2000-200 BCE

More information

A possible way of saving the human being from the pessimism of the Western philosophical thought

A possible way of saving the human being from the pessimism of the Western philosophical thought 1 Raducu, Catalina-Daniela ("Al. I. Cuza" University, Iasi, Romania) A possible way of saving the human being from the pessimism of the Western philosophical thought Abstract. Our paper analyses the solution

More information

PETER Living A Life Of Humility September 15, 2013

PETER Living A Life Of Humility September 15, 2013 PETER Living A Life Of Humility September 15, 2013 I. I. Be Holy In All Your Behavior With A Holiness Like God s Holiness A. I Peter 5:5-11... You younger men, likewise, be subject to your elders; and

More information

Inimitable Human Intelligence and The Truth on Morality. to life, such as 3D projectors and flying cars. In fairy tales, magical spells are cast to

Inimitable Human Intelligence and The Truth on Morality. to life, such as 3D projectors and flying cars. In fairy tales, magical spells are cast to 1 Inimitable Human Intelligence and The Truth on Morality Less than two decades ago, Hollywood films brought unimaginable modern creations to life, such as 3D projectors and flying cars. In fairy tales,

More information

TRUTH, OPENNESS AND HUMILITY

TRUTH, OPENNESS AND HUMILITY TRUTH, OPENNESS AND HUMILITY Sunnie D. Kidd James W. Kidd Introduction It seems, at least to us, that the concept of peace in our personal lives, much less the ability of entire nations populated by billions

More information

Lecture 4. Simone de Beauvoir ( )

Lecture 4. Simone de Beauvoir ( ) Lecture 4 Simone de Beauvoir (1908 1986) 1925-9 Studies at Ecole Normale Superieure (becomes Sartre s partner) 1930 s Teaches at Lycées 1947 An Ethics of Ambiguity 1949 The Second Sex Also wrote: novels,

More information

Greetings in the Name of the Lord. Blessings for all of you, my friends.

Greetings in the Name of the Lord. Blessings for all of you, my friends. Pathwork Guide Lecture No. 35 1996 Edition August 29, 1958 TURNING TO GOD Greetings in the Name of the Lord. Blessings for all of you, my friends. It is just about a year ago -- as humans measure time

More information

MORALITY ELEMENTARY COURSE OF STUDY GRADES 2, 4, 6, 7

MORALITY ELEMENTARY COURSE OF STUDY GRADES 2, 4, 6, 7 FOUNDATION: THE DIGNITY OF THE HUMAN PERSON The student will: Grade 2 know and respect life as a gift from God. 2 realize and show that, as children of God, we respect ourselves, others, and God s creation.

More information

TEST: Monday Dec. 17, 8:00 10:00 a.m. (can leave if completed after 9:30 a.m.)

TEST: Monday Dec. 17, 8:00 10:00 a.m. (can leave if completed after 9:30 a.m.) PHILOSOPHY Murphy Fall 2012 FINAL STUDY GUIDE TEST: Monday Dec. 17, 8:00 10:00 a.m. (can leave if completed after 9:30 a.m.) FORMAT: 20 Objective Questions 50% re-runs, 50% new = 40 points [15 minutes]

More information

The Hero's Journey - Life's Great Adventure by Reg Harris

The Hero's Journey - Life's Great Adventure by Reg Harris P a g e 1 The Hero's Journey - Life's Great Adventure by Reg Harris (This article was adapted from The Hero's Journey: A Guide to Literature and Life revised May 18, 2007) The Pattern of Human Experience

More information

HOLINESS. (Background and Summary) (Given by a Layperson)

HOLINESS. (Background and Summary) (Given by a Layperson) HOLINESS (Background and Summary) (Given by a Layperson) Background: The heart of the CEW is an exposition of what it is to be a Christian. The weekend stresses the three necessary elements of the Christian

More information

Aging as a Spiritual Journey Unitarian Coastal Fellowship Rev. Sally B. White July 31,

Aging as a Spiritual Journey Unitarian Coastal Fellowship Rev. Sally B. White July 31, 1 Aging as a Spiritual Journey. If we are lucky, every one of us ages. If we are wise, we age well, balancing in the process physical ripening and then decline with spiritual deepening and then ascent.

More information

Friedrich Nietzsche and European Nihilism Paul van Tongeren

Friedrich Nietzsche and European Nihilism Paul van Tongeren Friedrich Nietzsche and European Nihilism Paul van Tongeren (Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, pp. 198, 2018. ISBN: 978-1-5275-0880-4) Kaitlyn Creasy In Friedrich Nietzsche and European

More information

Religious Studies Scheme of Work Yr9 Existentialism

Religious Studies Scheme of Work Yr9 Existentialism Religious Studies Scheme of Work Yr9 Existentialism Lesson title, aim and outcomes Introduction to Existentialism Aim: What is existentialism? MUST be able to explain what the existential attitude is SHOULD

More information

A Multitude of Selves: Contrasting the Cartesian and Nietzschean views of selfhood

A Multitude of Selves: Contrasting the Cartesian and Nietzschean views of selfhood A Multitude of Selves: Contrasting the Cartesian and Nietzschean views of selfhood One s identity as a being distinct and independent from others is vital in order to interact with the world. A self identity

More information

EXAM PREP (Semester 2: 2018) Jules Khomo. Linguistic analysis is concerned with the following question:

EXAM PREP (Semester 2: 2018) Jules Khomo. Linguistic analysis is concerned with the following question: PLEASE NOTE THAT THESE ARE MY PERSONAL EXAM PREP NOTES. ANSWERS ARE TAKEN FROM LECTURER MEMO S, STUDENT ANSWERS, DROP BOX, MY OWN, ETC. THIS DOCUMENT CAN NOT BE SOLD FOR PROFIT AS IT IS BEING SHARED AT

More information

CONTENTS PREFACE

CONTENTS PREFACE CONTENTS PREFACE CHAPTER- I 1. INTRODUCTION 1.1 What is Man... 1-3 1.1.1. Concept of Man in Greek Philosophy... 3-4 1.1.2. Concept of Man in Modern Western Philosophy 1.1.3. Concept of Man in Contemporary

More information

In These Days. (A Catalyst for an Article) Why are we, that is, mankind, existing today? Or are we? Who knows? Why are

In These Days. (A Catalyst for an Article) Why are we, that is, mankind, existing today? Or are we? Who knows? Why are February 2005 Fort Myers, Florida In These Days (A Catalyst for an Article) Why are we, that is, mankind, existing today? Or are we? Who knows? Why are we going shopping in the malls today to buy clothes?

More information

Freedom and servitude: the master and slave dialectic in Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit

Freedom and servitude: the master and slave dialectic in Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit Boston University OpenBU Theses & Dissertations http://open.bu.edu Boston University Theses & Dissertations 2014 Freedom and servitude: the master and slave dialectic in Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit

More information

February 1 st. February 3 rd. February 2 nd. February 4 th

February 1 st. February 3 rd. February 2 nd. February 4 th 2018 by Sarah Youn February 1 st February 2 nd February 3 rd February 4 th Think about what worries you today. Consider that God is guiding you away from those concerns. Trust His guidance, and thank Him

More information

Violence as a philosophical theme

Violence as a philosophical theme BOOK REVIEWS Violence as a philosophical theme Tudor Cosma Purnavel Al.I. Cuza University of Iasi James Dodd, Violence and Phenomenology, New York: Routledge, 2009 Keywords: violence, Sartre, Heidegger,

More information

HarperOne Reading and Discussion Guide for Addiction and Grace. Reading and Discussion Guide for. Addiction & Grace

HarperOne Reading and Discussion Guide for Addiction and Grace. Reading and Discussion Guide for. Addiction & Grace Reading and Discussion Guide for Addiction & Grace Love and Spirituality in the Healing of Addictions by Gerald G. May, M.D. Chapter 1: Desire: Addiction and Human Freedom 1. In the first chapter of Addiction

More information

There are three tools you can use:

There are three tools you can use: Slide 1: What the Buddha Thought How can we know if something we read or hear about Buddhism really reflects the Buddha s own teachings? There are three tools you can use: Slide 2: 1. When delivering his

More information

SUMMARIES AND TEST QUESTIONS UNIT 6

SUMMARIES AND TEST QUESTIONS UNIT 6 SUMMARIES AND TEST QUESTIONS UNIT 6 Textbook: Louis P. Pojman, Editor. Philosophy: The quest for truth. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006. ISBN-10: 0199697310; ISBN-13: 9780199697311 (6th Edition)

More information

Subject ID : Date: Visit: Collected by: SIDES-SR

Subject ID : Date: Visit: Collected by: SIDES-SR Subject ID : Date: Visit: Collected by: SIDES-SR Instructions: What follows are descriptions of difficulties that some people experience. After each statement please indicate: 1) whether it has ever been

More information

Philosophy of Ethics Philosophy of Aesthetics. Ross Arnold, Summer 2014 Lakeside institute of Theology

Philosophy of Ethics Philosophy of Aesthetics. Ross Arnold, Summer 2014 Lakeside institute of Theology Philosophy of Ethics Philosophy of Aesthetics Ross Arnold, Summer 2014 Lakeside institute of Theology Philosophical Theology 1 (TH5) Aug. 15 Intro to Philosophical Theology; Logic Aug. 22 Truth & Epistemology

More information

Vision HOW TO THRIVE IN THE NEW PARADIGM. In this article we will be covering: How to get out of your head and ego and into your heart

Vision HOW TO THRIVE IN THE NEW PARADIGM. In this article we will be covering: How to get out of your head and ego and into your heart Vision HOW TO THRIVE IN THE NEW PARADIGM In this article we will be covering: How to get out of your head and ego and into your heart The difference between the Old Paradigm and New Paradigm Powerful exercises

More information

National Cursillo Movement

National Cursillo Movement National Cursillo Movement National Cursillo Center P.O. Box 799 Jarrell, TX 76537 512-746-2020 Fax 512-746-2030 www.natl-cursillo.org Freedom Source: 1st Conversations of Cala Figuera, Foundation Eduardo

More information

LIFE BEYOND THE GRAVE

LIFE BEYOND THE GRAVE LIFE BEYOND THE GRAVE [I BRO. LEO CAROLAN, 0. P. E look at the bloom of youth with interest, yet with pity; and the more graceful and sweet it is, with pity so much the more; for, whatever be its excellence

More information

Theology of the Body. Chapter One: Created for Love

Theology of the Body. Chapter One: Created for Love Theology of the Body Chapter One: Created for Love Why is there so much pain and suffering in the world? Original sin Concupiscence- tendency to sin Members of a society that is damaged and hurting from

More information

Listening Guide. Worldview Basics. A Comparison of Major Worldviews. WE102 Lesson 03 of 05

Listening Guide. Worldview Basics. A Comparison of Major Worldviews. WE102 Lesson 03 of 05 Worldview Basics A Comparison of Major Worldviews WE102 Lesson 03 of 05 Listening Guide [1] You will explore how various worldviews answer Frankl s two important questions. But before you do so, take a

More information

Dave (name changed to ensure anonymity) was baptized as an infant in a German

Dave (name changed to ensure anonymity) was baptized as an infant in a German Dave (name changed to ensure anonymity) was baptized as an infant in a German Lutheran Church. His family was one of the founding families of a Lutheran church in California in the 1940s. He was raised

More information

Worldview Basics. What are the Major Worldviews? WE102 LESSON 01 of 05

Worldview Basics. What are the Major Worldviews? WE102 LESSON 01 of 05 Worldview Basics WE102 LESSON 01 of 05 Our Daily Bread Christian University This course was developed by Christian University & Our Daily Bread Ministries. Nineteenth-century American poet John Godfrey

More information

SARTRE : MAN IS FREEDOM

SARTRE : MAN IS FREEDOM CHAPTER 3 SARTRE : MAN IS FREEDOM Sartre was born on 21 st June1905, in French. Since his birth, Sartre has to struggle hard. But he immersed himself out of these situations. Later on, he becomes famous

More information

Journal Of Contemporary Trends In Business And Information Technology (JCTBIT) Vol.5, pp.1-6, December Existentialist s Model of Professionalism

Journal Of Contemporary Trends In Business And Information Technology (JCTBIT) Vol.5, pp.1-6, December Existentialist s Model of Professionalism Dr. Diwan Taskheer Khan Senior Lecturer, Business Studies Department Nizwa College of Technology, Nizwa Sultanate of Oman Arif Iftikhar Head of Academic Section, Human Resource Management, Business Studies

More information

Self-Fulfillment. Part 4 of 4 by Eddie Correia Presented to Unitarian Universalist Fellowship of the Rappahannock June 17, 2018

Self-Fulfillment. Part 4 of 4 by Eddie Correia Presented to Unitarian Universalist Fellowship of the Rappahannock June 17, 2018 Self-Fulfillment Part 4 of 4 by Eddie Correia Presented to Unitarian Universalist Fellowship of the Rappahannock June 17, 2018 I. Intro Fourth of series II. What is self-fulfillment? First three steps

More information

Stages And Strategies For Healing Pain And Fear And Learning Authentic Forgiveness

Stages And Strategies For Healing Pain And Fear And Learning Authentic Forgiveness Stages And Strategies For Healing Pain And Fear And Learning Authentic Forgiveness Introduction Make no mistake concerning the importance of learning Authentic Forgiveness. Authentic Forgiveness will awaken

More information

Searching for an Educational Response to Nihilism in Our Time: An Examination of Keiji Nishitani s Philosophy of Emptiness 1

Searching for an Educational Response to Nihilism in Our Time: An Examination of Keiji Nishitani s Philosophy of Emptiness 1 284 Searching for an Educational Response to Nihilism in Our Time: An Examination of 1 Yoshiko Nakama Teachers College, Columbia University INTRODUCTION Many scholars of education consider our age an age

More information

LYING TEACHER S NOTES

LYING TEACHER S NOTES TEACHER S NOTES INTRO Each student has to choose one of the following topics. The other students have to ask questions on that topic. During the discussion, the student has to lie once. The other students

More information

Marx: Marx: Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts in Karl Marx: Selected Writings, L. Simon, ed. Indianapolis: Hackett.

Marx: Marx: Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts in Karl Marx: Selected Writings, L. Simon, ed. Indianapolis: Hackett. Marx: Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts in Karl Marx: Selected Writings, L. Simon, ed. Indianapolis: Hackett. Key: M = Marx [] = my comment () = parenthetical argument made by the author Editor: these

More information

AND TRANSLATION STUDIES (IJELR)

AND TRANSLATION STUDIES (IJELR) Int. J. Eng. INTERNATIONAL Lang. Lit & Trans. Studies JOURNAL (ISSN:2349-9451/2395-2628) OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE, Vol. 4. LITERATURE Issue.1., 2017 (Jan-Mar.) AND TRANSLATION STUDIES (IJELR) A QUARTERLY, INDEXED,

More information

Nietzsche and Existentialism. by: Khail Sims. Eric Matos, Cameron Crosby, and Trevor Nelson

Nietzsche and Existentialism. by: Khail Sims. Eric Matos, Cameron Crosby, and Trevor Nelson Nietzsche and Existentialism by: Khail Sims. Eric Matos, Cameron Crosby, and Trevor Nelson Bio.com. A&E Networks Television. Web. 02 Feb. 2016. Biography German philosopher born on october 15 1844 in Röcken

More information

Man s Interaction With Himself in The Old Man and the Sea With the View of Existentialism. LI Li-juan. Yibin University, Yibin City, China

Man s Interaction With Himself in The Old Man and the Sea With the View of Existentialism. LI Li-juan. Yibin University, Yibin City, China Journal of Literature and Art Studies, July 2016, Vol. 6, No. 7, 785-789 doi: 10.17265/2159-5836/2016.07.009 D DAVID PUBLISHING Man s Interaction With Himself in The Old Man and the Sea With the View of

More information

Jean Jacques Rousseau The Social Contract, or Principles of Political Right (1762)

Jean Jacques Rousseau The Social Contract, or Principles of Political Right (1762) Jean Jacques Rousseau The Social Contract, or Principles of Political Right (1762) Source: http://www.constitution.org/jjr/socon.htm Excerpts from Book I BOOK I [In this book] I mean to inquire if, in

More information

Dwelling vs. Processing: How to Move from Stagnation to Emotional Healing

Dwelling vs. Processing: How to Move from Stagnation to Emotional Healing Dwelling vs. Processing: How to Move from Stagnation to Emotional Healing By JP Sears, Holistic Coach What is the difference between bringing up and dwelling on old painful memories versus processing the

More information

The Influence of Fatalism and absolute Power on Doctor Faustus and The Lord of the Rings

The Influence of Fatalism and absolute Power on Doctor Faustus and The Lord of the Rings The Influence of Fatalism and absolute Power on Doctor Faustus and The Lord of the Rings Christopher Marlowe and J.R.R Tolkien Teacher Yunya Huang ( 黃筠雅老師 ) Book Doctor Faustus and The Lord of the Rings

More information

Outline Lesson 2 - Philosophy & Ethics: Says Who?

Outline Lesson 2 - Philosophy & Ethics: Says Who? Outline Lesson 2 - Philosophy & Ethics: Says Who? I. Introduction Have you been taken captive? - 2 Timothy 2:24-26 A. Scriptural warning against hollow and deceptive philosophy Colossians 2:8 B. Carl Sagan

More information

ETHICAL THEORIES. Review week 6 session 11. Ethics Ethical Theories Review. Socrates. Socrate s theory of virtue. Socrate s chain of injustices

ETHICAL THEORIES. Review week 6 session 11. Ethics Ethical Theories Review. Socrates. Socrate s theory of virtue. Socrate s chain of injustices Socrates ETHICAL THEORIES Review week 6 session 11 Greece (470 to 400 bc) Was Plato s teacher Didn t write anything Died accused of corrupting the youth and not believing in the gods of the city Creator

More information

THE FIFTY FRUITS OF PRIDE

THE FIFTY FRUITS OF PRIDE THE FIFTY FRUITS OF PRIDE Five Things to Know About Pride & Humility 1. Pride Is the Root of All Evil (Genesis 3:5; 1 Timothy 3:6; 1 John 2:15-17) 2. God Hates Pride (Proverbs 8:13; 16:5; Isaiah 23:9;

More information

The Marks of a True Christian. Romans: 12: 1-21

The Marks of a True Christian. Romans: 12: 1-21 The Marks of a True Christian Romans: 12: 1-21 Today, we have a familiar text from the Book of Romans and just by simply hearing and reading these very words from Paul, we know that this text has something

More information

The Six Paramitas (Perfections)

The Six Paramitas (Perfections) The Sanskrit word paramita means to cross over to the other shore. Paramita may also be translated as perfection, perfect realization, or reaching beyond limitation. Through the practice of these six paramitas,

More information

The Agony of Death. The Linacre Quarterly. Peter J. Riga. Volume 70 Number 2 Article 9. May 2003

The Agony of Death. The Linacre Quarterly. Peter J. Riga. Volume 70 Number 2 Article 9. May 2003 The Linacre Quarterly Volume 70 Number 2 Article 9 May 2003 The Agony of Death Peter J. Riga Follow this and additional works at: https://epublications.marquette.edu/lnq Recommended Citation Riga, Peter

More information

017 ocw course materials 1. his critics find him dangerously close to the authoritarian excesses of fascism-- in this class we

017 ocw course materials 1. his critics find him dangerously close to the authoritarian excesses of fascism-- in this class we 017 ocw course materials 1 Why should we read Nietzsche today? relation to other key figures major works main currents of N s thought N wrote about Wagnerian opera his critics find him dangerously close

More information

BLEEDING HEARTS AND BLOODY MINDS REASON IN ACTION IN ALTRUISTIC BENEVOLENCE. Howard Adelman

BLEEDING HEARTS AND BLOODY MINDS REASON IN ACTION IN ALTRUISTIC BENEVOLENCE. Howard Adelman BLEEDING HEARTS AND BLOODY MINDS REASON IN ACTION IN ALTRUISTIC BENEVOLENCE by Howard Adelman Howard Adelman, Professor of Philosophy, Department of Philosophy, York University, 4700 Keele St., Toronto,

More information

Definition: The denial of the possibility of knowledge, philosophy, and value in anything.

Definition: The denial of the possibility of knowledge, philosophy, and value in anything. Christoph Koehler Roundtable of Ideologies Spring 2009 Nihilism 1 Definition: The denial of the possibility of knowledge, philosophy, and value in anything. Prominent Philosophers: Friedrich Nietzsche,

More information

Nietzsche and Aristotle in contemporary virtue ethics

Nietzsche and Aristotle in contemporary virtue ethics Ethical Theory and Practice - Final Paper 3 February 2005 Tibor Goossens - 0439940 CS Ethics 1A - WBMA3014 Faculty of Philosophy - Utrecht University Table of contents 1. Introduction and research question...

More information

Alpha 201 Week 6. Here we go again...the new lens: Making disciples=alpha Molding disciples=alpha 201 Missioning disciples=?

Alpha 201 Week 6. Here we go again...the new lens: Making disciples=alpha Molding disciples=alpha 201 Missioning disciples=? Alpha 201 Week 6 Here we go again...the new lens: Making disciples=alpha Molding disciples=alpha 201 Missioning disciples=? The Omega=becoming saints 1 Thessalonians 4:3 "For this is the will of God: your

More information

Theology of the Body. Part One: Created for Love

Theology of the Body. Part One: Created for Love Theology of the Body Part One: Created for Love Frog in the Pot Desensitized to explicit sexual content in the media. (less sensitive, indifferent, unaware) Warped understanding of marriage and the role

More information

Feuerbach Epiphany When they saw that the star had stopped, they were overwhelmed with joy (Mt. 2).

Feuerbach Epiphany When they saw that the star had stopped, they were overwhelmed with joy (Mt. 2). Malcolm Clemens Young Isaiah 60:1-6 Grace Cathedral, San Francisco CA Z1, T2 Psalm 72:1-7, 10-14 The Feast of the Epiphany 11:00 a.m. Eucharist Ephesians 3:1-12 Sunday 6 January 2019 Matthew 2:1-12 Feuerbach

More information

Root out Vice with VIRTUE

Root out Vice with VIRTUE Root out Vice with VIRTUE For each vice that afflicts us, we can do battle by practicing certain virtues that will counter those bad habits and instill good ones to replace them. It won t be easy, and

More information

Suppose... Kant. The Good Will. Kant Three Propositions

Suppose... Kant. The Good Will. Kant Three Propositions Suppose.... Kant You are a good swimmer and one day at the beach you notice someone who is drowning offshore. Consider the following three scenarios. Which one would Kant says exhibits a good will? Even

More information