1 Absolute truth or relative terms? Apologetics to believe 1
2 On an Airline flight...
3 What have we become? 3
5 And What is Truth? 5
6 Absolute truth or relative terms? And what is truth? 6
7 Absolute truth or relative terms? And what is truth? Jesus answered, My kingdom is not of this world: if my kingdom were of this world, then would my servants fight, that I should not be delivered to the Jews: but now is my kingdom not from hence.! Pilate therefore said unto him, Art thou a king then? Jesus answered, Thou sayest that I am a king. To this end was I born, and for this cause came I into the world, that I should bear witness unto the truth. Every one that is of the truth heareth my voice.! Pilate saith unto him, What is truth? And when he had said this, he went out again unto the Jews, and saith unto them, I find in him no fault at all. 7 John 18:36-38 Truth can be measured by (4) four areas:!! Logical Consistency -! Experiential Relevance-! Empirical Adequacy-! Existential Facts-
8 Absolute truth or relative terms? And what is truth? Logical Consistency! Experiential Relevance! Empirical Adequacy! Existential Facts Origin- Logical Consistency-Is there a logical consistency in what is stated?! Meaning- Experiential Relevance-Does it apply meaningfully to my life?! Morality- Empirical Adequacy-based on, concerned with, or verifiable by observation or experience rather than theory or pure logic : they provided considerable empirical evidence to support their argument.! Destiny-Existential Facts- Existentially undeniable. That means I cannot deny my existence without affirming it at the same time.
9 Absolute truth or relative terms? And what is truth? *Two Truths:!! Ice Cream! 2+2=6? 9 *Relativism: Feet Firmly Planted in Mid-Air- Beckwith & Koukl Haagen-Dazs butter pecan ice cream is absolutely delicious, I have said something true, because this statement accurately reflects my personal tastes. Notice, however, that what I have said is not really about ice cream. I have not made a claim about an object outside of me. Rather I have said something about the subject me. My statement about the taste of Haagen-Dazs ice cream is a subjective truth. The ice cream doesn t taste ; I taste. The experience of flavor pertains to me as a subject, not to the ice cream as an object. That s why when I comment on the flavor, I m talking about something true about me, not about the ice cream--subjective, not objective.!! Tastes are personal. They re private. They re individual. If you didn t like butter pecan and favored chocolate instead, it would be strange to say that you were wrong. You should not be faulted, it seem, for having different subjective tastes about desserts than someone else.!! However, what if the claim was not about ice cream and its flavors, but about numbers? If I say that the sum of is 4, I m making a different sort of claim than stating my taste in ice cream. As a subject, I m communicating a belief that I hold about an external, objective truth.! If you disagreed and said that is 6, I could claim you were wrong without being accused of impropriety.! Subjective truths (or in here), are based on internal preferences and change according to our whims. Objective truths, in contrast, are realities in the external world that we discover and cannot be changed by our internal feelings. External facts are what they are, regardless of how we feel about them.
10 Absolute truth or relative terms? Moral Relativism defined? Moral Relativism teaches that when is comes to morals, that which is right and wrong, people do their own thing. Ethical truths depend on the individuals and groups who hold them. 10 *Relativism: Feet Firmly Planted in Mid-Air- Beckwith & Koukl Believing that ethical truth is subjective, moral relativists therefore react to moral judgments about sexual behavior, for example, much as if someone said they were wrong because of their choice of desserts. Who are you to tell me what I ought to prefer?
11 Absolute truth or relative terms? Seven fatal Flaws of Moral Relativism 11 *Relativism: Feet Firmly Planted in Mid-Air- Beckwith & Koukl
12 Absolute truth or relative terms? Seven fatal Flaws of Moral Relativism 1. Relativists can t accuse others of wrongdoing 12 Relativism makes it impossible to criticize the behavior of others, because relativism ultimately denies such a thing as wrongdoing. If you believe morality is a matter of personal definition, then you surrender the possibility of making moral judgments about others actions, no matter how offensive they are to your intuitive sense of right or wrong. You may express your emotions, tastes, and personal preferences, but you can t say they are wrong.
13 Absolute truth or relative terms? Seven fatal Flaws of Moral Relativism 2. Relativists can t complain about the problem of evil. 13 The reality of evil in the world is one of the first objections raised against the existence of God. The common argument says that if God is absolutely powerful and ultimately good, he would deal with evil. But since evil exists, God appears too frail to oppose it.!! The entire objection hinges on the observation that true evil exists. The only way one can have this complaint about God is if evil is out there as an objective feature of the world. Evil can't be real if morals are relative to the subject.!! If relativism is true, the objection against God based on evil vanishes. There is no true evil to discuss, only differing opinions about what is pleasant or unpleasant, desired or not desired.!! Ex. If evil exist, then there must be good. If there is good, then there must morals. If there are morals then there must be a moral law giver.
14 Absolute truth or relative terms? Seven fatal Flaws of Moral Relativism 3. Relativists can t place blame or accept praise 14 Relativism renders that concepts of praise and blame meaningless, because no external standard of measurement defines what should be applauded or condemned.!! Without absolutes, nothing is ultimately bad, deplorable, tragic, or worthy of blame. Neither is anything ultimately good, honorable, noble, or worthy of praise. It s all lost in a twilight zone of moral nothingness.
15 Absolute truth or relative terms? Seven fatal Flaws of Moral Relativism 4. Relativists can t make charges of unfairness or injustice 15 Justice and fairness are two more concepts that don t make sense in a world devoid of moral absolutes. Under relativism, these notions are incoherent for two reasons.!! 1. How can there be justice or fairness if there are no moral requirements to be just or fair?!! 2. There is no possibility of true moral guilt. Justice entails, among other things, punishing those who are guilty. Guilt, however, depends on blame, which we have seen cannot exist. If nothing is ultimately immoral, there is no blame and subsequently no guilt worthy of punishment.
16 Absolute truth or relative terms? Seven fatal Flaws of Moral Relativism 5. Relativists can t improve their morality 16 With moral relativism, moral improvement or reform is impossible. Relativists can change their personal ethics, but they can never become better people.!! How can one get better? Moral reform implies an objective rule of conduct as the standard to which we ought to aspire. But this rule is exactly what relativists deny. If there is no better way, there can be no improvement.
17 Absolute truth or relative terms? Seven fatal Flaws of Moral Relativism 6. Relativists can t hold meaningful moral discussions 17 Relativism makes it impossible to discuss morality. What s there to talk about? A meaningful ethical dialogue can be held only when moral principles are seen as universal action guides.!! Ethical discourse involves comparing the merits of one view with another to find what is best. But if morals are entirely relative and all views are equal, then no way of thinking is better than another. No moral position can be judged adequate or deficient, unreasonable, unacceptable, or even barbaric.
18 Absolute truth or relative terms? Seven fatal Flaws of Moral Relativism 7. Relativists can t promote the obligation of tolerance! 18 Finally, there is no tolerance in relativism, because the relativists moral obligation to be tolerant is self-refuting.!! The principle of tolerance is considered one of the key virtues of relativism. Morals are individual, relativists argue, and therefore we ought to tolerate the viewpoints of others and not pass judgment on their behavior and attitudes.!! It should be obvious that this attempt fails though contradiction. To relativists, tolerance means, I (morally) ought to tolerate the moral opinions and behavior of others who disagree with me. I (morally) should not try to interfere with their opinions or behavior.!! If there are no objective moral rules, however, there can be no rule that requires tolerance as a moral principle that applies equally to all. In fact, if there are no moral absolutes, why be tolerant at all?!! Relativists violate their own principle of tolerance when they do not tolerate the views of those whose morality is non-relativistic. They only tolerate those who hold their ethical viewpoint. They are, therefore, just as intolerant as any objectivist appears to be.!
19 The Atheistic Argument
20 Atheism *Atheism comes from, literally, the Greek word a-, the negative ; and theism, the word theos for god negative God or there is no God. It is affirming the non-existence of God. It affirms a negative. 20 *Can Man Live without God? Ravi Zacharias Anyone with an introductory course in philosophy recognizes that it is a logical contradiction. It would be like me saying to you, There is no such thing as a white stone with black dots anywhere in all of the galaxies of this universe. The only way I can affirm that is if I have unlimited knowledge of this universe. So to affirm an absolute negative is self-defeating, because what you are saying is, I have infinite knowledge in order to say to you, There is nobody with infinite knowledge. Atheism, as a system, is self-defeating.
21 Atheist and morality How does the atheist deal with morals? God is Dead Results:! Lenin! Hitler! Fredrich Nietzsche! German philosopher 21
22 Atheist and morality How does the atheist deal with morals? The atheist deals with good and bad by feelings.! The problem with this is whose feelings are correct?! In some cultures they love their neighbors; in other cultures they eat them, both on the basis of feeling. 22
23 Atheist and morality How does the atheist deal with morals? The Scriptures teach that the problem with human unbelief is not the absence of evidence; rather, it is the suppression of it. (Hosea 4:6; John 3:16-21)! To explain truth to him who loves it not is to give more plentiful material for misinterpretation. George MacDonald, author 19th century 23
24 Absolute truth or relative terms? Seven reasons to believe 24
25 Absolute truth or relative terms? Seven reasons to believe 1. Moral Weakness! It identifies my moral weakness and inconsistency. The sense of guilt that I feel from doing wrong. This guilt cannot be explained away by social theory or psychology. The sense of relief from confession and the desire to atone for wrongs done. 25
26 Absolute truth or relative terms? Seven reasons to believe Romans 3:10-23! Jeremiah 17:9; Isaiah 1:5,6! Romans 7:14-18; John 16:8! Psalms 51:1-6! Ephesians 2:1-3 26
27 Absolute truth or relative terms? Seven reasons to believe 2. Fulfilled Prophecies! The probability of all Messianic prophecies being fulfilled in one man is mathematically impossible. (Probability of One man fulfilling all these prophecies = 1 in )!! The prediction of history in Daniel 2,7,8 & 9 The prediction on cities as Tyre, Babylon, Petra. These cities are now 27
28 Absolute truth or relative terms? Seven reasons to believe Luke 24:27,44; Micah 5:2! 28 Isaiah 9:6; 7:14! Psalm 22:1-10;! Isaiah 46:9,10! Ezekiel 26:7-14! Jeremiah 49:17,18! Isaiah 13:20,21
29 Absolute truth or relative terms? Seven reasons to believe 3. Archaeological Record!! The more archaeologists dig, the more the Bible is! confirmed to be true. Such finds as the Rosetta! stone, the Cyrus cylinder and numerous other! artifacts have silenced the cries of the critics.! History confirms the Biblical record. 29
30 Absolute truth or relative terms? Seven reasons to believe Deut 29:29! Isa. 40:8 30
31 Absolute truth or relative terms? Seven reasons to believe 4. Explanation of Origins!! It takes more faith to believe in evolution than in intelligent design. Neither the evolutionist nor creationist have first hand accounts. It boils down to faith based on the environment now impacting upon our senses. Also the explanation of the universal seven day week. 31
32 Absolute truth or relative terms? Seven reasons to believe Genesis 1:1-31; 2:1-3! Exodus 20:8-11;! Psalm 33:6,9;! Romans 1:20;! Hebrews 11:3;2! Peter 3:5 32
33 Absolute truth or relative terms? Seven reasons to believe 5. The Realms of Time & Space! Trying to conceive an endless time and space hurts your brain. We can t get our minds around it. This points to the evidence of our finite nature and the awesome majesty of God who created all things. 33
34 Absolute truth or relative terms? Seven reasons to believe Psalms 19:1! Isaiah 46:9,10! Romans 11:
35 Absolute truth or relative terms? Seven reasons to believe 6. The Gospel Story! From a comparison of salvation stories, Christianity alone offers salvation as a free gift. It alone portrays God giving His Son to die for His enemies children. This defies human reason and could not be invented. 35
36 Absolute truth or relative terms? Seven reasons to believe Romans 5:7,8;! 1 Timothy 3:16;! Romans 1:16;! John 3:16 36
37 Absolute truth or relative terms? Seven reasons to believe 7. Change in My Life!! While it is sometimes possible to change life habits by will power, nothing can explain the joy and peace and power that come from a personal relationship with Jesus Christ.! This is the personal testimony of the life of a sinner. 37
38 Absolute truth or relative terms? Seven reasons to believe John 10:10! Isaiah 26:3,4! 1 John 1:4,9! Romans 15:13! 38
39 Why I m not an Atheist! Questions? 39
40 Sources cited Relativism: Feet Firmly Planted in Mid-Air, Beckwith & Koukl! Can Man Live Without God, Ravi Zacharias! Jesus Among Other Gods, Ravi Zacharias! Searching for Truth, Joe Boot! Mere Christianity, C.S. Lewis! Holy Bible, KJV! Christ Object Lesson, E.G.White
41 THE UNIQUENESS OF CHRIST 5 Reasons To Believe
42 1. Testimony of Jesus Himself who sent Me John 5:22-23 vs. 30" vs. 36" vs. 37
43 1. Testimony of Jesus Himself (Ex. 3:14) John 8:58; Rev. 1:18- I am " 10:30- are one " vs. 15- so I know the Father " 14:6- the way, the truth, the life " Not a way, or a truth or a life " CS Lewis Mere Christianity CS Lewis- Either Christ is a liar, a lunatic or The Son of God.
44 2. Testimony of the Disciple Those closest to Jesus Matt. 16:13-16" John 20:30-31
45 3. Testimony of His Enemies John 7:45-46" 18:38- I find no fault in Him " Matt. 27: Truly this was the Son of God " Mark 1:24-Demons would confess" 5:7; - Son of God " Acts 6:7 -Priest believe
46 4. Testimony of History The Rise of Christianity Just needed to produce the body and the priest would prove that He was not Divine (Show the body)" Person of Jesus- Has it increased or decreased" The evangelism drive that happened after the resurrection-disciple were willing to die for their belief
47 5. Personal Testimony Everyone has to answer these Questions:" Origin-Where am I from god created me (Gen. 1:27; 2:7,8)" Meaning-Why am I here glorify God (Ps. 34:1)" Morality-How should I live heart, mind & soul (Matt. 22:36-40; Deut. 6:5; Lev. 19:18)" Destiny-Where am I going------heaven- (John 14:1-7)
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