The Oxford Handbook of Epistemology

Save this PDF as:
Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "The Oxford Handbook of Epistemology"

Transcription

1 Oxford Scholarship Online You are looking at 1-10 of 21 items for: booktitle : handbook phimet The Oxford Handbook of Epistemology Paul K. Moser (ed.) Item type: book DOI: / This book includes 19 essays on the theory of knowledge by leading philosophers in the field. Its essays cover all the key areas in the field while making original contributions. Written in a manner accessible to advanced undergraduates as well as graduate students and professionals in philosophy, the book explains the main ideas and problems of contemporary epistemology while avoiding technical detail. Contributing to contemporary debates over the analysis, sources, and limits of human knowledge, the book represents such central topics as the nature of epistemic justification, the Gettier problem, skepticism, epistemic rationality, the internalism externalism debate, scientific knowledge, a priori knowledge, virtues in epistemology, epistemological duties, epistemology and ethics, mind and knowledge, the role of explanation in knowledge, epistemology in the philosophy of religion, and formal problems about knowledge. The various discussions share a concern for conceptual clarity and argumentative rigor in epistemology. The book ends with substantial bibliography on epistemology. Introduction Paul K. Moser DOI: / Page 1 of 5

2 Conditions and Analyses of Knowing Robert K. Shope DOI: / In Conditions and Analyses of Knowledge, Robert Shope focuses on the conditions that must be satisfied for a person to have knowledge, specifically knowledge that something is so. Traditionally, knowledge has been analyzed in terms of justified true belief. Shope addresses philosophers disagreements concerning the truth and belief conditions. After introducing the justification condition, he presents challenges that have provoked several attempts to replace or to supplement the justification condition for knowledge. Shope presents and assesses several of these, including early causal theories, the nonaccidentality requirement, reliable process and conditional analyses, the reliableindicator analysis, the conclusive reasons analysis, defeasibility analyses, analyses in terms of cognitive or intellectual virtues, and proper functionalism as well as his own account of knowledge. The Sources of Knowledge Robert Audi DOI: / In The Sources of Knowledge, Robert Audi distinguishes what he calls the four standard basic sources by which we acquire knowledge or justified belief: perception, memory, consciousness, and reason. With the exception of memory, he distinguishes each of the above as a basic source of knowledge (a source that yields knowledge or justified belief without positive dependence on another source). Audi contrasts basic sources with nonbasic sources, concentrating on testimony. After clarifying the relationship between a source and a ground, or what it is in virtue of which one knows or justifiedly believes, Audi evaluates the basic sources individual and collective autonomy as well as their vulnerability to defeasibility. He also examines the relationship of coherence to knowledge and justification, noting the distinction between a negative dependence on incoherence and a positive dependence on coherence. Page 2 of 5

3 A Priori Knowledge Albert Casullo DOI: / In A Priori Knowledge, Albert Casullo asks whether there is a priori knowledge. He ultimately defines a priori knowledge as true belief with a priori justification, where a belief is a priori justified if it is nonexperientially justified. Armed with this definition, Casullo evaluates several traditional arguments for and against the existence of a priori knowledge. He concludes that the traditional arguments reach an impasse by arguing on a priori grounds that the opposite position is deficient. A successful way to defend a priori knowledge, he argues, would be to find empirical evidence that supports the existence of nonexperiential sources of justification. The Sciences and Epistemology Alvin I. Goldman DOI: / In The Sciences and Epistemology, Alvin Goldman argues that epistemology and the sciences should remain distinct yet cooperative. He presents several examples that illustrate the relevance of science to epistemology. Drawing from work in psychology, he proposes that science can shed light on epistemic achievements by contributing to our understanding of the nature and extent of human cognitive endowments. He suggests, in addition, that psychology can also contribute to our understanding of the sources of knowledge. Finally, Goldman argues that some specific projects in epistemology can receive important contributions from psychology, economics, and sociology. Page 3 of 5

4 Conceptual Diversity in Epistemology Richard Foley DOI: / In Conceptual Diversity in Epistemology, Richard Foley reflects on such central topics in epistemology as knowledge, warrant, rationality, and justification, with the purpose of distinguishing such concepts in a general theory. Foley uses warrant to refer to that which constitutes knowledge when added to true belief and suggests that rationality and justification are not linked to knowledge by necessity. He proceeds to offer a general schema for rationality. This schema enables a distinction between rationality and rationality all things considered. Foley proposes how these concepts can work together in a system that provides the necessary materials for an approach to epistemology that is clarifying, theoretically respectable, and relevant to our actual lives. Theories of Justification Richard Fumerton DOI: / In Theories of Justification, Richard Fumerton begins an overview of several prominent positions on the nature of justification by isolating epistemic justification from nonepistemic justification. He also distinguishes between having justification for a belief and having a justified belief, arguing that the former is conceptually more fundamental. Fumerton then addresses the possibility that justification is a normative matter, suggesting that this possibility has little to offer as a concept of epistemic justification. He also critically examines more specific attempts to capture the structure and content of epistemic justification. These include traditional foundationalism and variants thereof, externalist versions of foundationalism, contextualism, coherentism, and mixed theories which combine aspects of coherentism and foundationalism. Page 4 of 5

5 Internalism and Externalism Laurence Bonjour DOI: / In Internalism and Externalism, Laurence BonJour suggests that the contemporary epistemological debate over internalism and externalism concerns the formulation of the justification or warrant condition in an account of knowledge. The internalist requires that for a belief to meet this condition, all of the necessary elements must be cognitively accessible to the believer, whereas the externalist claims that at least some such elements do not need to be accessible to the believer. BonJour gives an overview of this dispute. He suggests that the opposition between the two views is less straightforward than has usually been thought. He proposes, in addition, that each of them has valuable roles to play in major epistemological issues, even though the internalist approach is more fundamental in an important way. Tracking, Competence, and Knowledge Ernest Sosa DOI: / In Tracking, Competence, and Knowledge, Ernest Sosa notes that in attempting to account for the conditions for knowledge, externalists have proposed that the justification condition be replaced or supplemented by the requirement that a certain modal relation be obtained between a fact and a subject's belief concerning that fact. While assessing attempts to identify such a relation, he focuses on an account labeled Cartesiantracking, which accounts for the relation in the form of two conditionals. (A) If a person S believes a proposition P P (B) P S believes P. Sosa suggests that (B) be abandoned as a requirement, and that (A), equipped with his modifications, can offer promising results in connection with skepticism. He argues that modified (A) coupled with the requirement that S's belief be virtuous can illuminate the nature of propositional knowledge. Page 5 of 5

5AANA009 Epistemology II 2014 to 2015

5AANA009 Epistemology II 2014 to 2015 5AANA009 Epistemology II 2014 to 2015 Credit value: 15 Module tutor (2014-2015): Dr David Galloway Assessment Office: PB 803 Office hours: Wednesday 3 to 5pm Contact: david.galloway@kcl.ac.uk Summative

More information

THE UNIVERSITY OF WESTERN ONTARIO DEPARTMENT OF PHILOSOPHY Undergraduate Course Outline PHIL3501G: Epistemology

THE UNIVERSITY OF WESTERN ONTARIO DEPARTMENT OF PHILOSOPHY Undergraduate Course Outline PHIL3501G: Epistemology THE UNIVERSITY OF WESTERN ONTARIO DEPARTMENT OF PHILOSOPHY Undergraduate Course Outline 2016 PHIL3501G: Epistemology Winter Term 2016 Tues. 1:30-2:30 p.m. Thursday 1:30-3:30 p.m. Location: TBA Instructor:

More information

Paul K. Moser ed. The Oxford Handbook of Epistemology Oxford: Oxford University Press 2002 end p.iii

Paul K. Moser ed. The Oxford Handbook of Epistemology Oxford: Oxford University Press 2002 end p.iii Paul K. Moser ed. The Oxford Handbook of Epistemology Oxford: Oxford University Press 2002 end p.iii Preface Epistemology, also known as the theory of knowledge, will flourish as long as we deem knowledge

More information

What Should We Believe?

What Should We Believe? 1 What Should We Believe? Thomas Kelly, University of Notre Dame James Pryor, Princeton University Blackwell Publishers Consider the following question: What should I believe? This question is a normative

More information

PL 399: Knowledge, Truth, and Skepticism Spring, 2011, Juniata College

PL 399: Knowledge, Truth, and Skepticism Spring, 2011, Juniata College PL 399: Knowledge, Truth, and Skepticism Spring, 2011, Juniata College Instructor: Dr. Xinli Wang, Philosophy Department, Goodhall 414, x-3642, wang@juniata.edu Office Hours: MWF 10-11 am, and TuTh 9:30-10:30

More information

PHIL 3140: Epistemology

PHIL 3140: Epistemology PHIL 3140: Epistemology 0.5 credit. Fundamental issues concerning the relation between evidence, rationality, and knowledge. Topics may include: skepticism, the nature of belief, the structure of justification,

More information

4AANB007 - Epistemology I Syllabus Academic year 2014/15

4AANB007 - Epistemology I Syllabus Academic year 2014/15 School of Arts & Humanities Department of Philosophy 4AANB007 - Epistemology I Syllabus Academic year 2014/15 Basic information Credits: 15 Module Tutor: Clayton Littlejohn Office: Philosophy Building

More information

Epistemology: A Contemporary Introduction to The Theory of Knowledge, by Robert Audi. New York: Routledge, 2011.

Epistemology: A Contemporary Introduction to The Theory of Knowledge, by Robert Audi. New York: Routledge, 2011. Book Reviews Epistemology: A Contemporary Introduction to The Theory of Knowledge, by Robert Audi. New York: Routledge, 2011. BIBLID [0873-626X (2012) 33; pp. 540-545] Audi s (third) introduction to the

More information

Received: 30 August 2007 / Accepted: 16 November 2007 / Published online: 28 December 2007 # Springer Science + Business Media B.V.

Received: 30 August 2007 / Accepted: 16 November 2007 / Published online: 28 December 2007 # Springer Science + Business Media B.V. Acta anal. (2007) 22:267 279 DOI 10.1007/s12136-007-0012-y What Is Entitlement? Albert Casullo Received: 30 August 2007 / Accepted: 16 November 2007 / Published online: 28 December 2007 # Springer Science

More information

PH 1000 Introduction to Philosophy, or PH 1001 Practical Reasoning

PH 1000 Introduction to Philosophy, or PH 1001 Practical Reasoning DEREE COLLEGE SYLLABUS FOR: PH 3118 THEORY OF KNOWLEDGE (previously PH 2118) (Updated SPRING 2016) PREREQUISITES: CATALOG DESCRIPTION: RATIONALE: LEARNING OUTCOMES: METHOD OF TEACHING AND LEARNING: UK

More information

Reason and Explanation: A Defense of Explanatory Coherentism. BY TED POSTON (Basingstoke,

Reason and Explanation: A Defense of Explanatory Coherentism. BY TED POSTON (Basingstoke, Reason and Explanation: A Defense of Explanatory Coherentism. BY TED POSTON (Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014. Pp. 208. Price 60.) In this interesting book, Ted Poston delivers an original and

More information

From the Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy

From the Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy From the Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy Epistemology Peter D. Klein Philosophical Concept Epistemology is one of the core areas of philosophy. It is concerned with the nature, sources and limits

More information

JUSTIFICATION INTRODUCTION

JUSTIFICATION INTRODUCTION RODERICK M. CHISHOLM THE INDISPENSABILITY JUSTIFICATION OF INTERNAL All knowledge is knowledge of someone; and ultimately no one can have any ground for his beliefs which does hot lie within his own experience.

More information

CURRICULUM VITAE STEPHEN JACOBSON. (Title: What's Wrong With Reliability Theories of Justification?)

CURRICULUM VITAE STEPHEN JACOBSON. (Title: What's Wrong With Reliability Theories of Justification?) CURRICULUM VITAE STEPHEN JACOBSON Senior Lecturer Department of Philosophy Georgia State University Atlanta, Georgia 30303 Phone (404) 413-6100 (work) E-mail sjacobson@gsu.edu EDUCATION University of Michigan,

More information

Reliabilism: Holistic or Simple?

Reliabilism: Holistic or Simple? Reliabilism: Holistic or Simple? Jeff Dunn jeffreydunn@depauw.edu 1 Introduction A standard statement of Reliabilism about justification goes something like this: Simple (Process) Reliabilism: S s believing

More information

Against Coherence: Truth, Probability, and Justification. Erik J. Olsson. Oxford: Oxford University Press, Pp. xiii, 232.

Against Coherence: Truth, Probability, and Justification. Erik J. Olsson. Oxford: Oxford University Press, Pp. xiii, 232. Against Coherence: Page 1 To appear in Philosophy and Phenomenological Research Against Coherence: Truth, Probability, and Justification. Erik J. Olsson. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005. Pp. xiii,

More information

Contemporary Epistemology

Contemporary Epistemology Contemporary Epistemology Philosophy 331, Spring 2009 Wednesday 1:10pm-3:50pm Jenness House Seminar Room Joe Cruz, Associate Professor of Philosophy Epistemology is one of the core areas of philosophical

More information

INTRODUCTION: EPISTEMIC COHERENTISM

INTRODUCTION: EPISTEMIC COHERENTISM JOBNAME: No Job Name PAGE: SESS: OUTPUT: Wed Dec ::0 0 SUM: BA /v0/blackwell/journals/sjp_v0_i/0sjp_ The Southern Journal of Philosophy Volume 0, Issue March 0 INTRODUCTION: EPISTEMIC COHERENTISM 0 0 0

More information

Lecture 5 Rejecting Analyses I: Virtue Epistemology

Lecture 5 Rejecting Analyses I: Virtue Epistemology IB Metaphysics & Epistemology S. Siriwardena (ss2032) 1 Lecture 5 Rejecting Analyses I: Virtue Epistemology 1. Beliefs and Agents We began with various attempts to analyse knowledge into its component

More information

PHIL-210: Knowledge and Certainty

PHIL-210: Knowledge and Certainty PHIL-210: Knowledge and Certainty November 1, 2014 Instructor Carlotta Pavese, PhD Teaching Assistant Hannah Bondurant Main Lecture Time T/Th 1:25-2:40 Main Lecture Location East Campus, in Friedl room

More information

Deontological Perspectivism: A Reply to Lockie Hamid Vahid, Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences, Tehran

Deontological Perspectivism: A Reply to Lockie Hamid Vahid, Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences, Tehran Deontological Perspectivism: A Reply to Lockie Hamid Vahid, Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences, Tehran Abstract In his (2015) paper, Robert Lockie seeks to add a contextualized, relativist

More information

ACQUAINTANCE AND THE PROBLEM OF THE SPECKLED HEN

ACQUAINTANCE AND THE PROBLEM OF THE SPECKLED HEN Philosophical Studies (2007) 132:331 346 Ó Springer 2006 DOI 10.1007/s11098-005-2221-9 ACQUAINTANCE AND THE PROBLEM OF THE SPECKLED HEN ABSTRACT. This paper responds to Ernest Sosa s recent criticism of

More information

Experience and Foundationalism in Audi s The Architecture of Reason

Experience and Foundationalism in Audi s The Architecture of Reason Philosophy and Phenomenological Research Vol. LXVII, No. 1, July 2003 Experience and Foundationalism in Audi s The Architecture of Reason WALTER SINNOTT-ARMSTRONG Dartmouth College Robert Audi s The Architecture

More information

1 Sosa 1991, pg. 9 2 Ibid, pg Ibid, pg Ibid, pg. 179

1 Sosa 1991, pg. 9 2 Ibid, pg Ibid, pg Ibid, pg. 179 How does Sosa s Virtue Reliabilist account of knowledge seek to dissolve central problems of epistemology and is his approach credible? Ernest Sosa has over the last number of decades sought to solve several

More information

INTUITION AND CONSCIOUS REASONING

INTUITION AND CONSCIOUS REASONING The Philosophical Quarterly Vol. 63, No. 253 October 2013 ISSN 0031-8094 doi: 10.1111/1467-9213.12071 INTUITION AND CONSCIOUS REASONING BY OLE KOKSVIK This paper argues that, contrary to common opinion,

More information

COHERENTISM AS A FOUNDATION FOR ETHICAL DIALOG AND EVALUATION. Coherentism as a Foundation for Ethical Dialog and Evaluation in School

COHERENTISM AS A FOUNDATION FOR ETHICAL DIALOG AND EVALUATION. Coherentism as a Foundation for Ethical Dialog and Evaluation in School 1 Coherentism as a Foundation for Ethical Dialog and Evaluation in School value communication, assessment and mediation Viktor Gardelli, Anders Persson, Liza Haglund & Ylva Backman Luleå University of

More information

Beyond Virtue Epistemology 1

Beyond Virtue Epistemology 1 Beyond Virtue Epistemology 1 Waldomiro Silva Filho UFBA, CNPq 1. The works of Ernest Sosa claims to provide original and thought-provoking contributions to contemporary epistemology in setting a new direction

More information

Skepticism and Internalism

Skepticism and Internalism Skepticism and Internalism John Greco Abstract: This paper explores a familiar skeptical problematic and considers some strategies for responding to it. Section 1 reconstructs and disambiguates the skeptical

More information

Basic Knowledge and the Problem of Easy Knowledge (Rough Draft-notes incomplete not for quotation) Stewart Cohen

Basic Knowledge and the Problem of Easy Knowledge (Rough Draft-notes incomplete not for quotation) Stewart Cohen Basic Knowledge and the Problem of Easy Knowledge (Rough Draft-notes incomplete not for quotation) Stewart Cohen I It is a truism that we acquire knowledge of the world through belief sources like sense

More information

Epistemology. PH654 Bethel Seminary Winter To be able to better understand and evaluate the sources, methods, and limits of human knowing,

Epistemology. PH654 Bethel Seminary Winter To be able to better understand and evaluate the sources, methods, and limits of human knowing, Epistemology PH654 Bethel Seminary Winter 2009 Professor: Dr. Jim Beilby Office Hours: By appointment AC335 Phone: Office: (651) 638-6057; Home: (763) 780-2180; Email: beijam@bethel.edu Course Info: Th

More information

Can A Priori Justified Belief Be Extended Through Deduction? It is often assumed that if one deduces some proposition p from some premises

Can A Priori Justified Belief Be Extended Through Deduction? It is often assumed that if one deduces some proposition p from some premises Can A Priori Justified Belief Be Extended Through Deduction? Introduction It is often assumed that if one deduces some proposition p from some premises which one knows a priori, in a series of individually

More information

Logic, Truth & Epistemology. Ross Arnold, Summer 2014 Lakeside institute of Theology

Logic, Truth & Epistemology. Ross Arnold, Summer 2014 Lakeside institute of Theology Logic, Truth & Epistemology Ross Arnold, Summer 2014 Lakeside institute of Theology Philosophical Theology 1 (TH5) Aug. 15 Intro to Philosophical Theology; Logic Aug. 22 Truth & Epistemology Aug. 29 Metaphysics

More information

Quine s Naturalized Epistemology, Epistemic Normativity and the. Gettier Problem

Quine s Naturalized Epistemology, Epistemic Normativity and the. Gettier Problem Quine s Naturalized Epistemology, Epistemic Normativity and the Gettier Problem Dr. Qilin Li (liqilin@gmail.com; liqilin@pku.edu.cn) The Department of Philosophy, Peking University Beiijing, P. R. China

More information

Truth as the Epistemic Goal Marian David. From Steup, M Knowledge, Truth, and Duty.

Truth as the Epistemic Goal Marian David. From Steup, M Knowledge, Truth, and Duty. Truth as the Epistemic Goal Marian David From Steup, M. 2001. Knowledge, Truth, and Duty. Epistemologists of all persuasions tend to invoke the goal of obtaining truth and avoiding error. This goal seems

More information

Is there a distinction between a priori and a posteriori

Is there a distinction between a priori and a posteriori Lingnan University Digital Commons @ Lingnan University Theses & Dissertations Department of Philosophy 2014 Is there a distinction between a priori and a posteriori Hiu Man CHAN Follow this and additional

More information

Self-Evidence and A Priori Moral Knowledge

Self-Evidence and A Priori Moral Knowledge Self-Evidence and A Priori Moral Knowledge Colorado State University BIBLID [0873-626X (2012) 33; pp. 459-467] Abstract According to rationalists about moral knowledge, some moral truths are knowable a

More information

Phenomenal Conservatism and the Internalist Intuition

Phenomenal Conservatism and the Internalist Intuition [Published in American Philosophical Quarterly 43 (2006): 147-58. Official version: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20010233.] Phenomenal Conservatism and the Internalist Intuition ABSTRACT: Externalist theories

More information

Reliabilism and the Problem of Defeaters

Reliabilism and the Problem of Defeaters Reliabilism and the Problem of Defeaters Prof. Dr. Thomas Grundmann Philosophisches Seminar Universität zu Köln Albertus Magnus Platz 50923 Köln E-mail: thomas.grundmann@uni-koeln.de 4.454 words Reliabilism

More information

Is There Immediate Justification?

Is There Immediate Justification? Is There Immediate Justification? I. James Pryor (and Goldman): Yes A. Justification i. I say that you have justification to believe P iff you are in a position where it would be epistemically appropriate

More information

3. Knowledge and Justification

3. Knowledge and Justification THE PROBLEMS OF KNOWLEDGE 11 3. Knowledge and Justification We have been discussing the role of skeptical arguments in epistemology and have already made some progress in thinking about reasoning and belief.

More information

In Defense of Radical Empiricism. Joseph Benjamin Riegel. Chapel Hill 2006

In Defense of Radical Empiricism. Joseph Benjamin Riegel. Chapel Hill 2006 In Defense of Radical Empiricism Joseph Benjamin Riegel A thesis submitted to the faculty of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of

More information

Testimony and Moral Understanding Anthony T. Flood, Ph.D. Introduction

Testimony and Moral Understanding Anthony T. Flood, Ph.D. Introduction 24 Testimony and Moral Understanding Anthony T. Flood, Ph.D. Abstract: In this paper, I address Linda Zagzebski s analysis of the relation between moral testimony and understanding arguing that Aquinas

More information

General Philosophy. Stephen Wright. Office: XVI.3, Jesus College. Michaelmas Overview 2. 2 Course Website 2. 3 Readings 2. 4 Study Questions 3

General Philosophy. Stephen Wright. Office: XVI.3, Jesus College. Michaelmas Overview 2. 2 Course Website 2. 3 Readings 2. 4 Study Questions 3 General Philosophy Stephen Wright Office: XVI.3, Jesus College Michaelmas 2014 Contents 1 Overview 2 2 Course Website 2 3 Readings 2 4 Study Questions 3 5 Doing Philosophy 3 6 Tutorial 1 Scepticism 5 6.1

More information

Prof Paul O Grady 16 th January, What is Wisdom?

Prof Paul O Grady 16 th January, What is Wisdom? Prof Paul O Grady 16 th January, 2018 What is Wisdom? Outline What is Wisdom? Some Issues about Wisdom The Virtue Epistemology Context Aquinas on Wisdom: Context Three Kinds of Wisdom Some Problems with

More information

foundationalism and coherentism are responses to it. I will then prove that, although

foundationalism and coherentism are responses to it. I will then prove that, although 1 In this paper I will explain what the Agrippan Trilemma is and explain they ways that foundationalism and coherentism are responses to it. I will then prove that, although foundationalism and coherentism

More information

Intro. The need for a philosophical vocabulary

Intro. The need for a philosophical vocabulary Critical Realism & Philosophy Webinar Ruth Groff August 5, 2015 Intro. The need for a philosophical vocabulary You don t have to become a philosopher, but just as philosophers should know their way around

More information

What is knowledge? How do good beliefs get made?

What is knowledge? How do good beliefs get made? What is knowledge? How do good beliefs get made? We are users of our cognitive systems Our cognitive (belief-producing) systems (e.g. perception, memory and inference) largely run automatically. We find

More information

Epistemic Virtues and their Limits

Epistemic Virtues and their Limits Carlos Augusto Sartori UFSM I. Virtue Epistemology proposes to shift the focus of justification from the properties of beliefs to the believer himself. Sosa has developed a perspectivist virtue theory

More information

Department of Philosophy. Module descriptions 2017/18. Level C (i.e. normally 1 st Yr.) Modules

Department of Philosophy. Module descriptions 2017/18. Level C (i.e. normally 1 st Yr.) Modules Department of Philosophy Module descriptions 2017/18 Level C (i.e. normally 1 st Yr.) Modules Please be aware that all modules are subject to availability. If you have any questions about the modules,

More information

Markie, Speckles, and Classical Foundationalism

Markie, Speckles, and Classical Foundationalism Markie, Speckles, and Classical Foundationalism In Classical Foundationalism and Speckled Hens Peter Markie presents a thoughtful and important criticism of my attempts to defend a traditional version

More information

McDowell and the New Evil Genius

McDowell and the New Evil Genius 1 McDowell and the New Evil Genius Ram Neta and Duncan Pritchard 0. Many epistemologists both internalists and externalists regard the New Evil Genius Problem (Lehrer & Cohen 1983) as constituting an important

More information

RESPECTING THE EVIDENCE. Richard Feldman University of Rochester

RESPECTING THE EVIDENCE. Richard Feldman University of Rochester Philosophical Perspectives, 19, Epistemology, 2005 RESPECTING THE EVIDENCE Richard Feldman University of Rochester It is widely thought that people do not in general need evidence about the reliability

More information

DEFEASIBLE A PRIORI JUSTIFICATION: A REPLY TO THUROW

DEFEASIBLE A PRIORI JUSTIFICATION: A REPLY TO THUROW The Philosophical Quarterly Vol. 58, No. 231 April 2008 ISSN 0031 8094 doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9213.2007.512.x DEFEASIBLE A PRIORI JUSTIFICATION: A REPLY TO THUROW BY ALBERT CASULLO Joshua Thurow offers a

More information

Introduction: Paradigms, Theism, and the Parity Thesis

Introduction: Paradigms, Theism, and the Parity Thesis Digital Commons @ George Fox University Rationality and Theistic Belief: An Essay on Reformed Epistemology College of Christian Studies 1993 Introduction: Paradigms, Theism, and the Parity Thesis Mark

More information

Florida State University Libraries

Florida State University Libraries Florida State University Libraries Electronic Theses, Treatises and Dissertations The Graduate School 2011 A Framework for Understanding Naturalized Epistemology Amirah Albahri Follow this and additional

More information

INFERENTIALIST RELIABILISM AND PROPER FUNCTIONALISM: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS AS DEFENSES OF EXTERNALISM AMY THERESA VIVIANO

INFERENTIALIST RELIABILISM AND PROPER FUNCTIONALISM: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS AS DEFENSES OF EXTERNALISM AMY THERESA VIVIANO INFERENTIALIST RELIABILISM AND PROPER FUNCTIONALISM: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS AS DEFENSES OF EXTERNALISM by AMY THERESA VIVIANO A THESIS SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE

More information

Philosophy Courses-1

Philosophy Courses-1 Philosophy Courses-1 PHL 100/Introduction to Philosophy A course that examines the fundamentals of philosophical argument, analysis and reasoning, as applied to a series of issues in logic, epistemology,

More information

KANT, MORAL DUTY AND THE DEMANDS OF PURE PRACTICAL REASON. The law is reason unaffected by desire.

KANT, MORAL DUTY AND THE DEMANDS OF PURE PRACTICAL REASON. The law is reason unaffected by desire. KANT, MORAL DUTY AND THE DEMANDS OF PURE PRACTICAL REASON The law is reason unaffected by desire. Aristotle, Politics Book III (1287a32) THE BIG IDEAS TO MASTER Kantian formalism Kantian constructivism

More information

Seminary Mission Statement. Course Description. Course Purpose. Core Values Addressed

Seminary Mission Statement. Course Description. Course Purpose. Core Values Addressed New Orleans Baptist Theological Seminary Epistemology PHIL6310 Professor: Robert B. Stewart Office Dodd-112; Phone 282-4455 X3245 Seminary Mission Statement The mission of New Orleans Baptist Theological

More information

Philosophy. Aim of the subject

Philosophy. Aim of the subject Philosophy FIO Philosophy Philosophy is a humanistic subject with ramifications in all areas of human knowledge and activity, since it covers fundamental issues concerning the nature of reality, the possibility

More information

An Empiricist Theory of Knowledge Bruce Aune

An Empiricist Theory of Knowledge Bruce Aune An Empiricist Theory of Knowledge Bruce Aune Copyright 2008 Bruce Aune To Anne ii CONTENTS PREFACE iv Chapter One: WHAT IS KNOWLEDGE? Conceptions of Knowing 1 Epistemic Contextualism 4 Lewis s Contextualism

More information

Knowledge and Authority

Knowledge and Authority Knowledge and Authority Epistemic authority Formally, epistemic authority is often expressed using expert principles, e.g. If you know that an expert believes P, then you should believe P The rough idea

More information

PHILOSOPHY DEPARTMENT

PHILOSOPHY DEPARTMENT PHILOSOPHY DEPARTMENT UNDERGRADUATE HANDBOOK 2013 Contents Welcome to the Philosophy Department at Flinders University... 2 PHIL1010 Mind and World... 5 PHIL1060 Critical Reasoning... 6 PHIL2608 Freedom,

More information

AUTHOR S PREPRINT. Deficiency Arguments Against Empiricism. and the Question of Empirical Indefeasibility

AUTHOR S PREPRINT. Deficiency Arguments Against Empiricism. and the Question of Empirical Indefeasibility Lisa Warenski The Graduate Center of the City University of New York Lwarenski@gc.cuny.edu AUTHOR S PREPRINT Deficiency Arguments Against Empiricism and the Question of Empirical Indefeasibility 1. Introduction

More information

Luck, Rationality, and Explanation: A Reply to Elga s Lucky to Be Rational. Joshua Schechter. Brown University

Luck, Rationality, and Explanation: A Reply to Elga s Lucky to Be Rational. Joshua Schechter. Brown University Luck, Rationality, and Explanation: A Reply to Elga s Lucky to Be Rational Joshua Schechter Brown University I Introduction What is the epistemic significance of discovering that one of your beliefs depends

More information

Naturalized Epistemology

Naturalized Epistemology Trinity University Digital Commons @ Trinity Philosophy Faculty Research Philosophy Department 2010 Naturalized Epistemology Curtis Brown Trinity University, cbrown@trinity.edu Steven Luper Trinity University,

More information

Pollock and Sturgeon on defeaters

Pollock and Sturgeon on defeaters University of Nebraska - Lincoln DigitalCommons@University of Nebraska - Lincoln Faculty Publications - Department of Philosophy Philosophy, Department of 2018 Pollock and Sturgeon on defeaters Albert

More information

Philosophy 5340 Epistemology. Topic 6: Theories of Justification: Foundationalism versus Coherentism. Part 2: Susan Haack s Foundherentist Approach

Philosophy 5340 Epistemology. Topic 6: Theories of Justification: Foundationalism versus Coherentism. Part 2: Susan Haack s Foundherentist Approach Philosophy 5340 Epistemology Topic 6: Theories of Justification: Foundationalism versus Coherentism Part 2: Susan Haack s Foundherentist Approach Susan Haack, "A Foundherentist Theory of Empirical Justification"

More information

NATURALISED JURISPRUDENCE

NATURALISED JURISPRUDENCE NATURALISED JURISPRUDENCE NATURALISM a philosophical view according to which philosophy is not a distinct mode of inquiry with its own problems and its own special body of (possible) knowledge philosophy

More information

Moore s paradoxes, Evans s principle and self-knowledge

Moore s paradoxes, Evans s principle and self-knowledge 348 john n. williams References Alston, W. 1986. Epistemic circularity. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 47: 1 30. Beebee, H. 2001. Transfer of warrant, begging the question and semantic externalism.

More information

Ernest Sosa and virtuously begging the question

Ernest Sosa and virtuously begging the question University of Windsor Scholarship at UWindsor OSSA Conference Archive OSSA 9 May 18th, 9:00 AM - May 21st, 5:00 PM Ernest Sosa and virtuously begging the question Michael Walschots University of Windsor

More information

Internalism and Properly Basic Belief. Matthew Davidson, CSUSB Gordon Barnes, SUNY-Brockport

Internalism and Properly Basic Belief. Matthew Davidson, CSUSB Gordon Barnes, SUNY-Brockport 1 Internalism and Properly Basic Belief Matthew Davidson, CSUSB (md@fastmail.net) Gordon Barnes, SUNY-Brockport (gbarnes@brockport.edu) To appear in: Philosophy and the Christian Worldview : Analysis,

More information

Nozick and Scepticism (Weekly supervision essay; written February 16 th 2005)

Nozick and Scepticism (Weekly supervision essay; written February 16 th 2005) Nozick and Scepticism (Weekly supervision essay; written February 16 th 2005) Outline This essay presents Nozick s theory of knowledge; demonstrates how it responds to a sceptical argument; presents an

More information

Mark Schroeder. Slaves of the Passions. Melissa Barry Hume Studies Volume 36, Number 2 (2010), 225-228. Your use of the HUME STUDIES archive indicates your acceptance of HUME STUDIES Terms and Conditions

More information

REASON AND PRACTICAL-REGRET. Nate Wahrenberger, College of William and Mary

REASON AND PRACTICAL-REGRET. Nate Wahrenberger, College of William and Mary 1 REASON AND PRACTICAL-REGRET Nate Wahrenberger, College of William and Mary Abstract: Christine Korsgaard argues that a practical reason (that is, a reason that counts in favor of an action) must motivate

More information

Rationalism of a moderate variety has recently enjoyed the renewed interest of

Rationalism of a moderate variety has recently enjoyed the renewed interest of EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FOR RATIONALISM? [PENULTIMATE DRAFT] Joel Pust University of Delaware 1. Introduction Rationalism of a moderate variety has recently enjoyed the renewed interest of epistemologists.

More information

Interest-Relativity and Testimony Jeremy Fantl, University of Calgary

Interest-Relativity and Testimony Jeremy Fantl, University of Calgary Interest-Relativity and Testimony Jeremy Fantl, University of Calgary In her Testimony and Epistemic Risk: The Dependence Account, Karyn Freedman defends an interest-relative account of justified belief

More information

MSc / PGDip / PGCert Epistemology (online) (PHIL11131) Course Guide

MSc / PGDip / PGCert Epistemology (online) (PHIL11131) Course Guide Image courtesy of Surgeons' Hall Museums The Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh 2016 MSc / PGDip / PGCert Epistemology (online) (PHIL11131) Course Guide 2018-19 Course aims and objectives The course

More information

Philosophy 335: Theory of Knowledge

Philosophy 335: Theory of Knowledge Philosophy 335: Theory of Knowledge Spring 2010 Mondays and Wednesdays, 11am-12:15pm Prof. Matthew Kotzen kotzen@email.unc.edu Office Hours Wednesdays 1pm-3pm 1 Course Description This is an advanced undergraduate

More information

Externalism and Skepticism

Externalism and Skepticism The Philosophical him.,, Vol. 109, No. 2 (April 2000) Externalism and Skepticism Michael Bergmann Internalists and externalists in epistemology continue to disagree about how best to understand epistemic

More information

Sosa on Human and Animal Knowledge

Sosa on Human and Animal Knowledge Ernest Sosa: And His Critics Edited by John Greco Copyright 2004 by Blackwell Publishing Ltd 126 HILARY KORNBLITH 11 Sosa on Human and Animal Knowledge HILARY KORNBLITH Intuitively, it seems that both

More information

Is Truth the Primary Epistemic Goal? Joseph Barnes

Is Truth the Primary Epistemic Goal? Joseph Barnes Is Truth the Primary Epistemic Goal? Joseph Barnes I. Motivation: what hangs on this question? II. How Primary? III. Kvanvig's argument that truth isn't the primary epistemic goal IV. David's argument

More information

Understanding and its Relation to Knowledge Christoph Baumberger, ETH Zurich & University of Zurich

Understanding and its Relation to Knowledge Christoph Baumberger, ETH Zurich & University of Zurich Understanding and its Relation to Knowledge Christoph Baumberger, ETH Zurich & University of Zurich christoph.baumberger@env.ethz.ch Abstract: Is understanding the same as or at least a species of knowledge?

More information

Review of Steven D. Hales Book: Relativism and the Foundations of Philosophy

Review of Steven D. Hales Book: Relativism and the Foundations of Philosophy Review of Steven D. Hales Book: Relativism and the Foundations of Philosophy Manhal Hamdo Ph.D. Student, Department of Philosophy, University of Delhi, Delhi, India Email manhalhamadu@gmail.com Abstract:

More information

Philosophy Courses-1

Philosophy Courses-1 Philosophy Courses-1 PHL 100/Introduction to Philosophy A course that examines the fundamentals of philosophical argument, analysis and reasoning, as applied to a series of issues in logic, epistemology,

More information

the aim is to specify the structure of the world in the form of certain basic truths from which all truths can be derived. (xviii)

the aim is to specify the structure of the world in the form of certain basic truths from which all truths can be derived. (xviii) PHIL 5983: Naturalness and Fundamentality Seminar Prof. Funkhouser Spring 2017 Week 8: Chalmers, Constructing the World Notes (Introduction, Chapters 1-2) Introduction * We are introduced to the ideas

More information

WEEK 1: WHAT IS KNOWLEDGE?

WEEK 1: WHAT IS KNOWLEDGE? General Philosophy Tutor: James Openshaw 1 WEEK 1: WHAT IS KNOWLEDGE? Edmund Gettier (1963), Is Justified True Belief Knowledge?, Analysis 23: 121 123. Linda Zagzebski (1994), The Inescapability of Gettier

More information

Warrant, Proper Function, and the Great Pumpkin Objection

Warrant, Proper Function, and the Great Pumpkin Objection Warrant, Proper Function, and the Great Pumpkin Objection A lvin Plantinga claims that belief in God can be taken as properly basic, without appealing to arguments or relying on faith. Traditionally, any

More information

STEPHANIE LEARY CURRICULUM VITAE

STEPHANIE LEARY CURRICULUM VITAE STEPHANIE LEARY CURRICULUM VITAE DEPARTMENT OF PHILOSOPHY MCGILL UNIVERSITY Leacock Building, Room 942 855 Sherbrooke Street West Montreal, Quebec H3A 2T7 www.stephanie-leary.com stem.leary@gmail.com AREAS

More information

Epistemology for Naturalists and Non-Naturalists: What s the Difference?

Epistemology for Naturalists and Non-Naturalists: What s the Difference? Res Cogitans Volume 3 Issue 1 Article 3 6-7-2012 Epistemology for Naturalists and Non-Naturalists: What s the Difference? Jason Poettcker University of Victoria Follow this and additional works at: http://commons.pacificu.edu/rescogitans

More information

I guess I m just a good-old-fashioned internalist. A prominent position in philosophy of religion today is that religious experience can

I guess I m just a good-old-fashioned internalist. A prominent position in philosophy of religion today is that religious experience can Internalism and Properly Basic Belief Matthew Davidson (CSUSB) and Gordon Barnes (SUNY Brockport) mld@csusb.edu gbarnes@brockport.edu In this paper we set out and defend a view on which properly basic

More information

THE DEBATE ON EPISTEMIC AND ETHICAL NORMATIVITY

THE DEBATE ON EPISTEMIC AND ETHICAL NORMATIVITY THE DEBATE ON EPISTEMIC AND ETHICAL NORMATIVITY Dalibor Reni} 165.15 17.023 Epistemology uses some concepts which are usually understood as normative and evaluative. We talk about what a person should

More information

Apriority in Naturalized Epistemology: Investigation into a Modern Defense

Apriority in Naturalized Epistemology: Investigation into a Modern Defense Georgia State University ScholarWorks @ Georgia State University Philosophy Theses Department of Philosophy 11-28-2007 Apriority in Naturalized Epistemology: Investigation into a Modern Defense Jesse Giles

More information

INTRODUCTION. This week: Moore's response, Nozick's response, Reliablism's response, Externalism v. Internalism.

INTRODUCTION. This week: Moore's response, Nozick's response, Reliablism's response, Externalism v. Internalism. GENERAL PHILOSOPHY WEEK 2: KNOWLEDGE JONNY MCINTOSH INTRODUCTION Sceptical scenario arguments: 1. You cannot know that SCENARIO doesn't obtain. 2. If you cannot know that SCENARIO doesn't obtain, you cannot

More information

1 What is conceptual analysis and what is the problem?

1 What is conceptual analysis and what is the problem? 1 What is conceptual analysis and what is the problem? 1.1 What is conceptual analysis? In this book, I am going to defend the viability of conceptual analysis as a philosophical method. It therefore seems

More information

Acquaintance and assurance

Acquaintance and assurance Philos Stud DOI 10.1007/s11098-011-9747-9 Acquaintance and assurance Nathan Ballantyne Ó Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011 Abstract I criticize Richard Fumerton s fallibilist acquaintance theory

More information

WHY NATURALISM? 179 DAVID COPP WHY NATURALISM?

WHY NATURALISM? 179 DAVID COPP WHY NATURALISM? WHY NATURALISM? 179 WHY NATURALISM? ABSTRACT. My goal in this paper is to explain what ethical naturalism is, to locate the pivotal issue between naturalists and non-naturalists, and to motivate taking

More information

Of Skepticism with Regard to the Senses. David Hume

Of Skepticism with Regard to the Senses. David Hume Of Skepticism with Regard to the Senses David Hume General Points about Hume's Project The rationalist method used by Descartes cannot provide justification for any substantial, interesting claims about

More information

COURSE SYLLABUS. Course Description

COURSE SYLLABUS. Course Description COURSE SYLLABUS Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary South Hamilton Campus Fall Semester 2009 Tuesdays, 1:15 PM 4:15 PM Phone: (978) 468 7111 Email: ptsmith@gcts.edu Course Description This course is an

More information

Four Varieties of Character-Based Virtue Epistemology

Four Varieties of Character-Based Virtue Epistemology Digital Commons@ Loyola Marymount University and Loyola Law School Philosophy Faculty Works Philosophy 1-1-2008 Four Varieties of Character-Based Virtue Epistemology Jason Baehr Loyola Marymount University,

More information