Templates for Research Paper

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Templates for Research Paper"

Transcription

1 Templates for Research Paper Templates for introducing what they say A number of have recently suggested that. It has become common today to dismiss. In their recent work, have offered harsh critiques of for. Templates for introducing standard views Americans have always believed that. Conventional wisdom has it that. Common sense seems to dictate that. The standard way of thinking about is that. It is often said that. Many people assume that. Templates for introducing something implied or assumed Although none of them have ever said so directly, have often given the impression that. One implication of treatment of is that. apparently assumes that. While they rarely admit as much, often take for granted that. Templates for Introducing Ongoing debates. In discussions of, one controversial issue has been. On the one hand, argues. On the other hand, contends. Others even maintain. My own view is. When it comes to the topic of, most of us will readily agree that. Where this agreement usually ends, however, is on the question of. Whereas some are convinced that, others maintain that. Templates for Introducing Summaries and Quotations advocates celebrate the fact that., he admits. Verbs for introducing Summaries and Quotations Verbs for making a claim: Argue Assert Believe Claim Emphasize Insist Observe Remind us Report suggest

2 Verbs for Expressing Agreement: Acknowledge Admire Agree Celebrate the fact that Corroborate Do not deny Endorse Extol Praise Reaffirm Support Verify Verbs for Questioning or Disagreeing: Complain Complicate Contend Contradict Deny Deplore the tendency to Qualify Question Refute Reject Renounce Repudiate Verbs for Making Recommendations Advocate Implore Call for Demand Encourage Exhort Plead Recommend Urge warn Templates for Introducing Quotations (the author) states,. As the prominent philosopher (name) puts it,. According to (name),. (Name) himself writes,. In her book, (title), (author) maintains that. Writing in the journal (title), (author) complains that. In (name s) view,. (Name) disagrees when he writes,. (Name) complicates matters further when she writes,.

3 Templates for Explaining Quotations Basically, (name) is warning that. In other words, (name) believes. In making this comment, (name) urges us to. (Name) is corroborating the age-old adage that. (Name s) point is that. The essence of (name s) argument is that. Templates for Disagreeing, with Reasons is mistaken because she overlooks. claims that rests upon the questionable assumption that. I disagree with view that because, as recent research has shown,. contradicts herself/can t have it both ways. On the one hand, she argues. On the other hand, she also says. By focusing on, overlooks the deeper problem of. Templates for Agreeing I agree that because my experience. is surely right about because, as she may not be aware, recent studies have shown that. theory of is extremely useful because it sheds light on the difficult problem of. Those unfamiliar with this school of thought may be interested to know that it basically boils down to. Templates for Agreeing and Disagreeing Simultaneously Although I agree with up to a point, I cannot accept his overriding assumption that. Although I disagree with much that says, I fully endorse his final conclusion that. Though I concede that, I still insist that. is right that, but she seems on more dubious ground when she claims that. While is probably wrong when she claims that she is right that Whereas provides ample evidence that, research on and convinces me that instead. Templates for Agreeing and Disagreeing Simultaneously (Mixed Feelings) I m of two minds about claim that. On the one hand, I agree that. On the other hand, I m not sure if. My feelings on the issue are mixed. I do not support position that, but I find argument about and research on to be equally persuasive. Templates for Signaling Who Is Saying What in your Own Writing Although makes the best possible case for, I. My view, however, contrary to what has argued, is that. Adding to argument, I would point out that. According to both and, Politicians, argues, should. Most athletes will tell you that. Templates for Embedding Voice Markers overlooks what I consider an important point about. My own view is that what insists is a is in fact a. I wholeheartedly endorse what calls. These conclusions, which discuss in, add weight to the argument that.

4 Templates for Entertaining Objections At this point I would lit to raise some objections that have been inspired by the skeptic in me. He feels that I have been ignoring. Yet some readers may challenge my view by insisting that. Of course, many will probably disagree on the grounds that. Templates for Naming your Naysayers Here many would probably object that. But would certainly take issue with the argument., of course, may want to question whether. Templates for Naming Your Naysayers Although not all Christians think alike, some of them will probably dispute my claim that. Non-native English speakers are so divers in their views that it s hard to generalize about them, but some are likely to object on the grounds that. Templates for Making Concessions While Still Standing Your Ground Although I grant that the book is poorly organized, I still maintain that it raises an important issue Proponents of are right to argue that. But they exaggerate when they claim that. While it is true that, it does not necessarily follow that. On the one hand, I agree with that. But on the other hand, I still insist that. Templates for Indicating Who Cares used to think. But recently suggest that. This interpretation challenges the work of those critics who have long assumed that. These findings challenge the work of earlier researchers, who tend to assume that. Recent studies like these shed light on, which previous studies had not addressed. Researchers have long assumed that. For instance, one eminent scholar of cell biology,, assumed in, his seminal work on cell structures and functions, that fat cells. As herself put it, (2007). Another leading scientist,, argued that fat cells (2006). Ultimately, when it came to the nature of fat, the basic assumption was that. But a new body of research shows that fat cells are far more complex and that. If sports enthusiasts stopped to think about it, many of them might simply assume that the most successful athletes. However, new research shows. These findings challenge neoliberals common assumption that. At first glance, teenagers might say. But on closer inspection. Templates for Establishing Why Your Claim Matters In a world increasingly dominated by, these attempts to appear. matters/is important because. Although may seem trivial, it is in fact crucial in terms of today s concern over. Ultimately, what is at stake here is. These findings have important implications for the broader domain of. If we are right about, then major consequences follow for. Although may seem of concern to only a small group of, it should in fact concern anyone who cares about.

5 Common Transitions to Show Addition Also And Besides Further In addition Indeed In fact Moreover So too Common Transitions to Show Example After all As an illustration For example For instance Specifically Consider Common Transitions to Show Elaboration Actually By extension In short That is In other words To put it another way To put it bluntly To put it succinctly Ultimately Common Transitions to Show Comparison Along the same lines In the same way Likewise similarly Common Transitions to Show Contrast Although But By contrast Conversely Despite Even though However In contrast Nevertheless

6 Nonetheless On the contrary On the other hand Regardless Whereas While yet Common Transitions to Show Cause and Effect Accordingly As a result Consequently Hence Since So Then Therefore thus Common Transitions to Show Concession Admittedly Although it is true Granted Naturally Of course To be sure Common Transitions to Show Summary As a result Consequently Hence In conclusion In short In sum Therefore Thus So sum up To summarize.

Sentence Starters from They Say, I Say

Sentence Starters from They Say, I Say Sentence Starters from They Say, I Say Introducing What They Say A number of have recently suggested that. It has become common today to dismiss. In their recent work, Y and Z have offered harsh critiques

More information

ACADEMIC SKILLS PROGRAM STUDENT SERVICES AND DEVELOPMENT

ACADEMIC SKILLS PROGRAM STUDENT SERVICES AND DEVELOPMENT TEMPLATES FOR ACADEMIC CONVERSATION (Balancing sources and your own thoughts) *The following templates and suggestions are taken from the text They Say, I Say by Gerald Graff and Cathy Birkenstein, published

More information

Index of Templates from They Say, I Say by Gerald Graff and Cathy Birkenstein. Introducing What They Say. Introducing Standard Views

Index of Templates from They Say, I Say by Gerald Graff and Cathy Birkenstein. Introducing What They Say. Introducing Standard Views Index of Templates from They Say, I Say by Gerald Graff and Cathy Birkenstein. Introducing What They Say A number of sociologists have recently suggested that X s work has several fundamental problems.

More information

Templates for Introducing Standard Views (what everybody thinks) Templates for Making what they say something you Say

Templates for Introducing Standard Views (what everybody thinks) Templates for Making what they say something you Say Templates for Introducing Standard Views (what everybody thinks) Americans today tend to believe that.. Conventional wisdom has it that Common sense seems to dictate that.. The standard way of thinking

More information

THEY SAY: Discussing what the sources are saying

THEY SAY: Discussing what the sources are saying School of Liberal Arts University Writing Center Because writers need readers Cavanaugh Hall 427 University Library 2125 (317)274-2049 (317)278-8171 www.iupui.edu/~uwc Academic Conversation Templates:

More information

Three Ways to Respond

Three Ways to Respond FOUR YES / NO / OKAY, BUT Three Ways to Respond OUR FIRST THREE chapters discuss the they say stage of writing, in which you devote your attention to the views of some other person or group. In this chapter

More information

Adapted from The Academic Essay: A Brief Anatomy, for the Writing Center at Harvard University by Gordon Harvey. Counter-Argument

Adapted from The Academic Essay: A Brief Anatomy, for the Writing Center at Harvard University by Gordon Harvey. Counter-Argument Adapted from The Academic Essay: A Brief Anatomy, for the Writing Center at Harvard University by Gordon Harvey Counter-Argument When you write an academic essay, you make an argument: you propose a thesis

More information

PLATO: PLATO CRITICIZES HIS OWN THEORY OF FORMS, AND THEN ARGUES FOR THE FORMS NONETHELESS (PARMENIDES)

PLATO: PLATO CRITICIZES HIS OWN THEORY OF FORMS, AND THEN ARGUES FOR THE FORMS NONETHELESS (PARMENIDES) PLATO: PLATO CRITICIZES HIS OWN THEORY OF FORMS, AND THEN ARGUES FOR THE FORMS NONETHELESS (PARMENIDES) Socrates, he said, your eagerness for discussion is admirable. And now tell me. Have you yourself

More information

40 Useful Words and Phrases for Top-Notch Essays

40 Useful Words and Phrases for Top-Notch Essays 40 Useful Words and Phrases for Top-Notch Essays 25 August, 2014 The secret to a successful essay doesnʼt just lie in the clever things you talk about and the way you structure your points. To be truly

More information

Truth and Molinism * Trenton Merricks. Molinism: The Contemporary Debate edited by Ken Perszyk. Oxford University Press, 2011.

Truth and Molinism * Trenton Merricks. Molinism: The Contemporary Debate edited by Ken Perszyk. Oxford University Press, 2011. Truth and Molinism * Trenton Merricks Molinism: The Contemporary Debate edited by Ken Perszyk. Oxford University Press, 2011. According to Luis de Molina, God knows what each and every possible human would

More information

Ask Yourself: Which points have the best supporting information? For which points can I make the best case? In which points am I most interested?

Ask Yourself: Which points have the best supporting information? For which points can I make the best case? In which points am I most interested? Writing a Thesis Statement 7 th Grade English Argument Essay Ask Yourself: Which points have the best supporting information? For which points can I make the best case? In which points am I most interested?

More information

1/9. Locke on Abstraction

1/9. Locke on Abstraction 1/9 Locke on Abstraction Having clarified the difference between Locke s view of body and that of Descartes and subsequently looked at the view of power that Locke we are now going to move back to a basic

More information

2 Stay Focused. Hebrews 2:1-4

2 Stay Focused. Hebrews 2:1-4 2 Stay Focused Hebrews 2:1-4 1 Therefore we must pay much closer attention to what we have heard, lest we drift away from it. 2 For since the message declared by angels proved to be reliable, and every

More information

In Epistemic Relativism, Mark Kalderon defends a view that has become

In Epistemic Relativism, Mark Kalderon defends a view that has become Aporia vol. 24 no. 1 2014 Incoherence in Epistemic Relativism I. Introduction In Epistemic Relativism, Mark Kalderon defends a view that has become increasingly popular across various academic disciplines.

More information

Essay Discuss Both Sides and Give your Opinion

Essay Discuss Both Sides and Give your Opinion Essay Discuss Both Sides and Give your Opinion Contents: General Structure: 2 DOs and DONTs 3 Example Answer One: 4 Language for strengthening and weakening 8 Useful Structures 11 What is the overall structure

More information

-- The search text of this PDF is generated from uncorrected OCR text.

-- The search text of this PDF is generated from uncorrected OCR text. Citation: 21 Isr. L. Rev. 113 1986 Content downloaded/printed from HeinOnline (http://heinonline.org) Sun Jan 11 12:34:09 2015 -- Your use of this HeinOnline PDF indicates your acceptance of HeinOnline's

More information

Journal of Philosophy, Inc.

Journal of Philosophy, Inc. Journal of Philosophy, Inc. Time and Physical Geometry Author(s): Hilary Putnam Source: The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 64, No. 8 (Apr. 27, 1967), pp. 240-247 Published by: Journal of Philosophy, Inc.

More information

1/10. Space and Time in Leibniz and Newton (1)

1/10. Space and Time in Leibniz and Newton (1) 1/10 Space and Time in Leibniz and Newton (1) Leibniz enters into a correspondence with Samuel Clarke in 1715 and 1716, a correspondence that Clarke subsequently published in 1717. The correspondence was

More information

Video: How does understanding whether or not an argument is inductive or deductive help me?

Video: How does understanding whether or not an argument is inductive or deductive help me? Page 1 of 10 10b Learn how to evaluate verbal and visual arguments. Video: How does understanding whether or not an argument is inductive or deductive help me? Download transcript Three common ways to

More information

Ayer and Quine on the a priori

Ayer and Quine on the a priori Ayer and Quine on the a priori November 23, 2004 1 The problem of a priori knowledge Ayer s book is a defense of a thoroughgoing empiricism, not only about what is required for a belief to be justified

More information

Topics and Activities for Critical Response

Topics and Activities for Critical Response Topics and Activities for Critical Response The following connects to p. 222 of Acting on Words, which completes the Chapter 14 introduction to critical thinking and analysis. Note: Many of the following

More information

AN OUTLINE OF CRITICAL THINKING

AN OUTLINE OF CRITICAL THINKING AN OUTLINE OF CRITICAL THINKING LEVELS OF INQUIRY 1. Information: correct understanding of basic information. 2. Understanding basic ideas: correct understanding of the basic meaning of key ideas. 3. Probing:

More information

THE REFORMED ROAD AND THE SIGNIFICANCE SUPRALAPSARIANISM FOR CALVINISM

THE REFORMED ROAD AND THE SIGNIFICANCE SUPRALAPSARIANISM FOR CALVINISM THE REFORMED ROAD AND THE SIGNIFICANCE OF SUPRALAPSARIANISM FOR CALVINISM How far have you gone down the Reformed road? How far are you willing to go? It is no secret that I believe that Calvinism (in

More information

The Illusion of Scientific Realism: An Argument for Scientific Soft Antirealism

The Illusion of Scientific Realism: An Argument for Scientific Soft Antirealism The Illusion of Scientific Realism: An Argument for Scientific Soft Antirealism Peter Carmack Introduction Throughout the history of science, arguments have emerged about science s ability or non-ability

More information

DEFEASIBLE A PRIORI JUSTIFICATION: A REPLY TO THUROW

DEFEASIBLE A PRIORI JUSTIFICATION: A REPLY TO THUROW The Philosophical Quarterly Vol. 58, No. 231 April 2008 ISSN 0031 8094 doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9213.2007.512.x DEFEASIBLE A PRIORI JUSTIFICATION: A REPLY TO THUROW BY ALBERT CASULLO Joshua Thurow offers a

More information

Replies to Hasker and Zimmerman. Trenton Merricks. Molinism: The Contemporary Debate edited by Ken Perszyk. Oxford University Press, I.

Replies to Hasker and Zimmerman. Trenton Merricks. Molinism: The Contemporary Debate edited by Ken Perszyk. Oxford University Press, I. Replies to Hasker and Zimmerman Trenton Merricks Molinism: The Contemporary Debate edited by Ken Perszyk. Oxford University Press, 2011. I. Hasker Here is how arguments by reductio work: you show that

More information

Section 1 of chapter 1 of The Moral Sense advances the thesis that we have a

Section 1 of chapter 1 of The Moral Sense advances the thesis that we have a Extracting Morality from the Moral Sense Scott Soames Character and the Moral Sense: James Q. Wilson and the Future of Public Policy February 28, 2014 Wilburn Auditorium Pepperdine University Malibu, California

More information

The Critical Mind is A Questioning Mind

The Critical Mind is A Questioning Mind criticalthinking.org http://www.criticalthinking.org/pages/the-critical-mind-is-a-questioning-mind/481 The Critical Mind is A Questioning Mind Learning How to Ask Powerful, Probing Questions Introduction

More information

2 FREE CHOICE The heretical thesis of Hobbes is the orthodox position today. So much is this the case that most of the contemporary literature

2 FREE CHOICE The heretical thesis of Hobbes is the orthodox position today. So much is this the case that most of the contemporary literature Introduction The philosophical controversy about free will and determinism is perennial. Like many perennial controversies, this one involves a tangle of distinct but closely related issues. Thus, the

More information

3. Detail Example from Text this is directly is where you provide evidence for your opinion in the topic sentence.

3. Detail Example from Text this is directly is where you provide evidence for your opinion in the topic sentence. Body Paragraphs Notes W1: Argumentative Writing a. Claim Statement Introduce precise claim Paragraph Structure organization that establishes clear relationships among claim(s), counterclaims, reasons,

More information

Some Templates for Beginners: Template Option 1 I am analyzing A in order to argue B. An important element of B is C. C is significant because.

Some Templates for Beginners: Template Option 1 I am analyzing A in order to argue B. An important element of B is C. C is significant because. Common Topics for Literary and Cultural Analysis: What kinds of topics are good ones? The best topics are ones that originate out of your own reading of a work of literature. Here are some common approaches

More information

TOBY BETENSON University of Birmingham

TOBY BETENSON University of Birmingham 254 BOOK REVIEWS AND NOTICES TOBY BETENSON University of Birmingham Bradley Monton. Seeking God in Science: An Atheist Defends Intelligent Design. Peterborough, Ont.: Broadview, 2009. Bradley Monton s

More information

WRITING AN ESSAY. Introduction. Argument 1. Argument 2. Argument 3. Argument 4. Conclusion

WRITING AN ESSAY. Introduction. Argument 1. Argument 2. Argument 3. Argument 4. Conclusion WRITING AN ESSAY I. Structure Typical structure of an essay: Introduction Argument 1 Argument 2 Argument 3 Argument 4 Conclusion II. Writing an introduction The first few sentences should explain and introduce

More information

Tara Smith s Ayn Rand s Normative Ethics: A Positive Contribution to the Literature on Objectivism?

Tara Smith s Ayn Rand s Normative Ethics: A Positive Contribution to the Literature on Objectivism? Discussion Notes Tara Smith s Ayn Rand s Normative Ethics: A Positive Contribution to the Literature on Objectivism? Eyal Mozes Bethesda, MD 1. Introduction Reviews of Tara Smith s Ayn Rand s Normative

More information

RECENT WORK THE MINIMAL DEFINITION AND METHODOLOGY OF COMPARATIVE PHILOSOPHY: A REPORT FROM A CONFERENCE STEPHEN C. ANGLE

RECENT WORK THE MINIMAL DEFINITION AND METHODOLOGY OF COMPARATIVE PHILOSOPHY: A REPORT FROM A CONFERENCE STEPHEN C. ANGLE Comparative Philosophy Volume 1, No. 1 (2010): 106-110 Open Access / ISSN 2151-6014 www.comparativephilosophy.org RECENT WORK THE MINIMAL DEFINITION AND METHODOLOGY OF COMPARATIVE PHILOSOPHY: A REPORT

More information

WALKING IN THE LIGHT?

WALKING IN THE LIGHT? WALKING IN THE LIGHT? By Denver Cheddie What happens to Christians who sin and die before they get a chance to confess their sin or repent? Do they go to heaven or hell? It really boils down to this. We

More information

PART FOUR: CATHOLIC HERMENEUTICS

PART FOUR: CATHOLIC HERMENEUTICS PART FOUR: CATHOLIC HERMENEUTICS 367 368 INTRODUCTION TO PART FOUR The term Catholic hermeneutics refers to the understanding of Christianity within Roman Catholicism. It differs from the theory and practice

More information

Argument Writing. Whooohoo!! Argument instruction is necessary * Argument comprehension is required in school assignments, standardized testing, job

Argument Writing. Whooohoo!! Argument instruction is necessary * Argument comprehension is required in school assignments, standardized testing, job Argument Writing Whooohoo!! Argument instruction is necessary * Argument comprehension is required in school assignments, standardized testing, job promotion as well as political and personal decision-making

More information

Selections from Aristotle s Prior Analytics 41a21 41b5

Selections from Aristotle s Prior Analytics 41a21 41b5 Lesson Seventeen The Conditional Syllogism Selections from Aristotle s Prior Analytics 41a21 41b5 It is clear then that the ostensive syllogisms are effected by means of the aforesaid figures; these considerations

More information

PLANTINGA ON THE FREE WILL DEFENSE. Hugh LAFoLLETTE East Tennessee State University

PLANTINGA ON THE FREE WILL DEFENSE. Hugh LAFoLLETTE East Tennessee State University PLANTINGA ON THE FREE WILL DEFENSE Hugh LAFoLLETTE East Tennessee State University I In his recent book God, Freedom, and Evil, Alvin Plantinga formulates an updated version of the Free Will Defense which,

More information

Effective Academic Writing: The Argument

Effective Academic Writing: The Argument THE WRITING CENTER Academic Services Phone: 962-7710 www.unc.edu/depts/wcweb/ Effective Academic Writing: The Argument What this handout is about... This handout will define what an argument is and why

More information

Moral Argument. Jonathan Bennett. from: Mind 69 (1960), pp

Moral Argument. Jonathan Bennett. from: Mind 69 (1960), pp from: Mind 69 (1960), pp. 544 9. [Added in 2012: The central thesis of this rather modest piece of work is illustrated with overwhelming brilliance and accuracy by Mark Twain in a passage that is reported

More information

Writing an Argumentative Essay Counter-Arguments

Writing an Argumentative Essay Counter-Arguments Writing an Argumentative Essay Counter-Arguments Objectives By the end of today s lesson you will be able to: Make a counter-argument to a view that has been expressed, addressing weaknesses in the argument

More information

English Language Arts: Grade 5

English Language Arts: Grade 5 LANGUAGE STANDARDS L.5.1 Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking. L.5.1a Explain the function of conjunctions, prepositions, and interjections

More information

WHY SIMPLE FOREKNOWLEDGE IS STILL USELESS (IN SPITE OF DAVID HUNT AND ALEX PRUSS) william hasker* i. introduction: the first argument

WHY SIMPLE FOREKNOWLEDGE IS STILL USELESS (IN SPITE OF DAVID HUNT AND ALEX PRUSS) william hasker* i. introduction: the first argument JETS 52/3 (September 2009) 537 44 WHY SIMPLE FOREKNOWLEDGE IS STILL USELESS (IN SPITE OF DAVID HUNT AND ALEX PRUSS) william hasker* i. introduction: the first argument The doctrine of simple divine foreknowledge

More information

ON THE TRUTH CONDITIONS OF INDICATIVE AND COUNTERFACTUAL CONDITIONALS Wylie Breckenridge

ON THE TRUTH CONDITIONS OF INDICATIVE AND COUNTERFACTUAL CONDITIONALS Wylie Breckenridge ON THE TRUTH CONDITIONS OF INDICATIVE AND COUNTERFACTUAL CONDITIONALS Wylie Breckenridge In this essay I will survey some theories about the truth conditions of indicative and counterfactual conditionals.

More information

Same-Sex Marriage, Just War, and the Social Principles

Same-Sex Marriage, Just War, and the Social Principles Same-Sex Marriage, Just War, and the Social Principles Grappling with the Incompatible 1 L. Edward Phillips Item one: The United Methodist Church does not condone the practice of homosexuality and considers

More information

Philosophical Issues, vol. 8 (1997), pp

Philosophical Issues, vol. 8 (1997), pp Philosophical Issues, vol. 8 (1997), pp. 313-323. Different Kinds of Kind Terms: A Reply to Sosa and Kim 1 by Geoffrey Sayre-McCord University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill In "'Good' on Twin Earth"

More information

Lawrence Brian Lombard a a Wayne State University. To link to this article:

Lawrence Brian Lombard a a Wayne State University. To link to this article: This article was downloaded by: [Wayne State University] On: 29 August 2011, At: 05:20 Publisher: Routledge Informa Ltd Registered in England and Wales Registered Number: 1072954 Registered office: Mortimer

More information

Wittgenstein and Moore s Paradox

Wittgenstein and Moore s Paradox Wittgenstein and Moore s Paradox Marie McGinn, Norwich Introduction In Part II, Section x, of the Philosophical Investigations (PI ), Wittgenstein discusses what is known as Moore s Paradox. Wittgenstein

More information

It doesn t take long in reading the Critique before we are faced with interpretive challenges. Consider the very first sentence in the A edition:

It doesn t take long in reading the Critique before we are faced with interpretive challenges. Consider the very first sentence in the A edition: The Preface(s) to the Critique of Pure Reason It doesn t take long in reading the Critique before we are faced with interpretive challenges. Consider the very first sentence in the A edition: Human reason

More information

Rules for NZ Young Farmers Debates

Rules for NZ Young Farmers Debates Rules for NZ Young Farmers Debates All debaters must be financial members of the NZYF Club for which they are debating at the time of each debate. 1. Each team shall consist of three speakers. 2. Responsibilities

More information

GUIDING PRINCIPLES FOR THE USE OF

GUIDING PRINCIPLES FOR THE USE OF ,_....,.,._,..,,~,-"'""'',_...,,._.,.,_,~"""'""""""' ~-""""""'"""""--- ------.-_...,..,~,,...,..1~~-...,.,..,~'-_.~~-v- ~."""""'~-- ~ -~, 1-t --...,...--- -"-...-""""'""""'-'--'"' GUIDING PRINCIPLES FOR

More information

Wolterstorff on Divine Commands (part 1)

Wolterstorff on Divine Commands (part 1) Wolterstorff on Divine Commands (part 1) Glenn Peoples Page 1 of 10 Introduction Nicholas Wolterstorff, in his masterful work Justice: Rights and Wrongs, presents an account of justice in terms of inherent

More information

Human Nature & Human Diversity: Sex, Love & Parenting; Morality, Religion & Race. Course Description

Human Nature & Human Diversity: Sex, Love & Parenting; Morality, Religion & Race. Course Description Human Nature & Human Diversity: Sex, Love & Parenting; Morality, Religion & Race Course Description Human Nature & Human Diversity is listed as both a Philosophy course (PHIL 253) and a Cognitive Science

More information

LODGE VEGAS # 32 ON EDUCATION

LODGE VEGAS # 32 ON EDUCATION Wisdom First published Mon Jan 8, 2007 LODGE VEGAS # 32 ON EDUCATION The word philosophy means love of wisdom. What is wisdom? What is this thing that philosophers love? Some of the systematic philosophers

More information

Against the Vagueness Argument TUOMAS E. TAHKO ABSTRACT

Against the Vagueness Argument TUOMAS E. TAHKO ABSTRACT Against the Vagueness Argument TUOMAS E. TAHKO ABSTRACT In this paper I offer a counterexample to the so called vagueness argument against restricted composition. This will be done in the lines of a recent

More information

Homiletics. A Course on How to Preach and Teach the Bible. Facilitated By. Bishop Dr. Willie J. Moore

Homiletics. A Course on How to Preach and Teach the Bible. Facilitated By. Bishop Dr. Willie J. Moore Homiletics A Course on How to Preach and Teach the Bible Facilitated By Bishop Dr. Willie J. Moore Course Syllabus I. Course Description The purpose of this course is to introduce a range of concepts,

More information

Benjamin Morison, On Location: Aristotle s Concept of Place, Oxford University Press, 2002, 202pp, $45.00, ISBN

Benjamin Morison, On Location: Aristotle s Concept of Place, Oxford University Press, 2002, 202pp, $45.00, ISBN Benjamin Morison, On Location: Aristotle s Concept of Place, Oxford University Press, 2002, 202pp, $45.00, ISBN 0199247919. Aristotle s account of place is one of the most puzzling chapters in Aristotle

More information

This is a longer version of the review that appeared in Philosophical Quarterly Vol. 47 (1997)

This is a longer version of the review that appeared in Philosophical Quarterly Vol. 47 (1997) This is a longer version of the review that appeared in Philosophical Quarterly Vol. 47 (1997) Frege by Anthony Kenny (Penguin, 1995. Pp. xi + 223) Frege s Theory of Sense and Reference by Wolfgang Carl

More information

THE FREGE-GEACH PROBLEM AND KALDERON S MORAL FICTIONALISM. Matti Eklund Cornell University

THE FREGE-GEACH PROBLEM AND KALDERON S MORAL FICTIONALISM. Matti Eklund Cornell University THE FREGE-GEACH PROBLEM AND KALDERON S MORAL FICTIONALISM Matti Eklund Cornell University [me72@cornell.edu] Penultimate draft. Final version forthcoming in Philosophical Quarterly I. INTRODUCTION In his

More information

Since the publication of the first volume of his Old Testament Theology in 1957, Gerhard

Since the publication of the first volume of his Old Testament Theology in 1957, Gerhard Von Rad, Gerhard. Old Testament Theology, Volume I. The Old Testament Library. Translated by D.M.G. Stalker. Philadelphia: Westminster, 1962; Old Testament Theology, Volume II. The Old Testament Library.

More information

5 A Modal Version of the

5 A Modal Version of the 5 A Modal Version of the Ontological Argument E. J. L O W E Moreland, J. P.; Sweis, Khaldoun A.; Meister, Chad V., Jul 01, 2013, Debating Christian Theism The original version of the ontological argument

More information

2. Public Forum Debate seeks to encourage the development of the following skills in the debaters: d. Reasonable demeanor and style of presentation

2. Public Forum Debate seeks to encourage the development of the following skills in the debaters: d. Reasonable demeanor and style of presentation VI. RULES OF PUBLIC FORUM DEBATE A. General 1. Public Forum Debate is a form of two-on-two debate which ask debaters to discuss a current events issue. 2. Public Forum Debate seeks to encourage the development

More information

Hume's Representation Argument Against Rationalism 1 by Geoffrey Sayre-McCord University of North Carolina/Chapel Hill

Hume's Representation Argument Against Rationalism 1 by Geoffrey Sayre-McCord University of North Carolina/Chapel Hill Hume's Representation Argument Against Rationalism 1 by Geoffrey Sayre-McCord University of North Carolina/Chapel Hill Manuscrito (1997) vol. 20, pp. 77-94 Hume offers a barrage of arguments for thinking

More information

IN DEFENSE OF AN ANIMAL S RIGHT TO LIFE. Aaron Simmons. A Dissertation

IN DEFENSE OF AN ANIMAL S RIGHT TO LIFE. Aaron Simmons. A Dissertation IN DEFENSE OF AN ANIMAL S RIGHT TO LIFE Aaron Simmons A Dissertation Submitted to the Graduate College of Bowling Green State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR

More information

Common Logical Fallacies

Common Logical Fallacies Common Logical Fallacies Effective arguments rely on logic and facts for support, yet speakers and authors, whether intentionally or unintentionally, can mislead an audience with a flaw in reasoning. Readers

More information

THE ALLYN & BACON GUIDE TO WRITING

THE ALLYN & BACON GUIDE TO WRITING THE ALLYN & BACON GUIDE TO WRITING SEVENTH EDITION JOHN D. RAMAGE, JOHN C. BEAN, AND JUNE JOHNSON PART 2: WRITING PROJECTS CHAPTER 13 WRITING A CLASSICAL ARGUMENT Chapter 13 Learning Objectives In this

More information

Logic: A Brief Introduction

Logic: A Brief Introduction Logic: A Brief Introduction Ronald L. Hall, Stetson University PART III - Symbolic Logic Chapter 7 - Sentential Propositions 7.1 Introduction What has been made abundantly clear in the previous discussion

More information

At Last 1 John 4:16b-21

At Last 1 John 4:16b-21 At Last 1 John 4:16b-21 Today, we will listen to God s Word with our ears and with our hearts as we hear it in several ways. We will begin with God s Word as it comes to us in 1 John 4:16b-21. Then, we

More information

Van Fraassen s Appreciated Anti-Realism. Lane DesAutels. I. Introduction

Van Fraassen s Appreciated Anti-Realism. Lane DesAutels. I. Introduction 1 Van Fraassen s Appreciated Anti-Realism Lane DesAutels I. Introduction In his seminal work, The Scientific Image (1980), Bas van Fraassen formulates a distinct view of what science is - one that has,

More information

Originalism, the Why and the What

Originalism, the Why and the What Fordham Law Review Volume 82 Issue 2 Article 6 2013 Originalism, the Why and the What Larry Alexander University of San Diego Recommended Citation Larry Alexander, Originalism, the Why and the What, 82

More information

On Humanity and Abortion;Note

On Humanity and Abortion;Note Notre Dame Law School NDLScholarship Natural Law Forum 1-1-1968 On Humanity and Abortion;Note John O'Connor Follow this and additional works at: http://scholarship.law.nd.edu/nd_naturallaw_forum Part of

More information

6. Obedient Believers Added Together in the Church: Acts 2:42-47

6. Obedient Believers Added Together in the Church: Acts 2:42-47 6. Obedient Believers Added Together in the Church: Acts 2:42-47 Acts 2:42-47 chronicles the establishment of the church, including details of worship and fellowship. Prior to this point, the scriptures

More information

Faults and Mathematical Disagreement

Faults and Mathematical Disagreement 45 Faults and Mathematical Disagreement María Ponte ILCLI. University of the Basque Country mariaponteazca@gmail.com Abstract: My aim in this paper is to analyse the notion of mathematical disagreements

More information

Received: 30 August 2007 / Accepted: 16 November 2007 / Published online: 28 December 2007 # Springer Science + Business Media B.V.

Received: 30 August 2007 / Accepted: 16 November 2007 / Published online: 28 December 2007 # Springer Science + Business Media B.V. Acta anal. (2007) 22:267 279 DOI 10.1007/s12136-007-0012-y What Is Entitlement? Albert Casullo Received: 30 August 2007 / Accepted: 16 November 2007 / Published online: 28 December 2007 # Springer Science

More information

Nathaniel Goldberg. McTAGGART ON TIME

Nathaniel Goldberg. McTAGGART ON TIME Logic and Logical Philosophy Volume 13 (2004), 71 76 Nathaniel Goldberg McTAGGART ON TIME Abstract. Contemporary discussions on the nature of time begin with McTaggart, who introduces the distinction between

More information

5: Preliminaries to the Argument

5: Preliminaries to the Argument 5: Preliminaries to the Argument In this chapter, we set forth the logical structure of the argument we will use in chapter six in our attempt to show that Nfc is self-refuting. Thus, our main topics in

More information

EXTERNALISM AND THE CONTENT OF MORAL MOTIVATION

EXTERNALISM AND THE CONTENT OF MORAL MOTIVATION EXTERNALISM AND THE CONTENT OF MORAL MOTIVATION Caj Strandberg Department of Philosophy, Lund University and Gothenburg University Caj.Strandberg@fil.lu.se ABSTRACT: Michael Smith raises in his fetishist

More information

Island Civilization. Reading Rhetorically. Developed by Chris Street. Reading Selection for This Module: Prereading

Island Civilization. Reading Rhetorically. Developed by Chris Street. Reading Selection for This Module: Prereading Island Civilization Developed by Chris Street STUDENT VERSION Reading Selection for This Module: Nash, Roderick. Island Civilization: A Vision for Human Occupancy of Earth in the Fourth Millennium. A Presentation

More information

Weighing The Consequences. Lying, Chapter 4 Sissela Bok Contemporary Moral Problems Professor Douglas Olena

Weighing The Consequences. Lying, Chapter 4 Sissela Bok Contemporary Moral Problems Professor Douglas Olena Weighing The Consequences Lying, Chapter 4 Sissela Bok Contemporary Moral Problems Professor Douglas Olena Chapter Preface What harm would it do, if a man told a good strong lie for the sake of the good

More information

"Can We Have a Word in Private?": Wittgenstein on the Impossibility of Private Languages

Can We Have a Word in Private?: Wittgenstein on the Impossibility of Private Languages Macalester Journal of Philosophy Volume 14 Issue 1 Spring 2005 Article 11 5-1-2005 "Can We Have a Word in Private?": Wittgenstein on the Impossibility of Private Languages Dan Walz-Chojnacki Follow this

More information

ROMANS 12:1-2 MAY 20, 2018 TEACHING PLAN

ROMANS 12:1-2 MAY 20, 2018 TEACHING PLAN TEACHING PLAN MAY 20, 2018 GOD SAYS I AM A LIVING SACRIFICE! ROMANS 12:1-2 MAY 20, 2018 TEACHING PLAN PREPARATION > Spend the week reading through and studying Romans 12:1-2. Consult the commentary provided

More information

Denis Seron. Review of: K. Mulligan, Wittgenstein et la philosophie austro-allemande (Paris: Vrin, 2012). Dialectica

Denis Seron. Review of: K. Mulligan, Wittgenstein et la philosophie austro-allemande (Paris: Vrin, 2012). Dialectica 1 Denis Seron. Review of: K. Mulligan, Wittgenstein et la philosophie austro-allemande (Paris: Vrin, 2012). Dialectica, Volume 70, Issue 1 (March 2016): 125 128. Wittgenstein is usually regarded at once

More information

Review of Goldsworthy s Gospel and Kingdom

Review of Goldsworthy s Gospel and Kingdom Review of Goldsworthy s Gospel and Kingdom Goldsworthy attended Union Theological Seminary for his ThM and PhD degrees. This seminary is affiliated with the Presbyterian USA church, a liberal denomination

More information

Quantificational logic and empty names

Quantificational logic and empty names Quantificational logic and empty names Andrew Bacon 26th of March 2013 1 A Puzzle For Classical Quantificational Theory Empty Names: Consider the sentence 1. There is something identical to Pegasus On

More information

BOOK REVIEW. Thielman, Frank, Ephesians (BECNT; Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2010). xxi pp. Hbk. $185 USD.

BOOK REVIEW. Thielman, Frank, Ephesians (BECNT; Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2010). xxi pp. Hbk. $185 USD. [JGRChJ 9 (2013) R61-R65] BOOK REVIEW Thielman, Frank, Ephesians (BECNT; Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2010). xxi + 520 pp. Hbk. $185 USD. The Baker Exegetical Commentary series is a fairly recent compendium

More information

Fourfold Communication as a Way to Cooperation

Fourfold Communication as a Way to Cooperation 1 Fourfold Communication as a Way to Cooperation Ordinary conversation about trivial matters is often a bit careless. We try to listen and talk simultaneously, although that is very difficult. The exchange

More information

Kingdom, Covenants & Canon of the Old. Testament?

Kingdom, Covenants & Canon of the Old. Testament? 1 Kingdom, Covenants & Canon of the Old Testament Study Guide LESSON ONE WHY STUDY THE OLD TESTAMENT? For videos, manuscripts, and Lesson other resources, 1: Why Study visit the Third Old Millennium Testament?

More information

The Problem of Induction and Popper s Deductivism

The Problem of Induction and Popper s Deductivism The Problem of Induction and Popper s Deductivism Issues: I. Problem of Induction II. Popper s rejection of induction III. Salmon s critique of deductivism 2 I. The problem of induction 1. Inductive vs.

More information

Generic truth and mixed conjunctions: some alternatives

Generic truth and mixed conjunctions: some alternatives Analysis Advance Access published June 15, 2009 Generic truth and mixed conjunctions: some alternatives AARON J. COTNOIR Christine Tappolet (2000) posed a problem for alethic pluralism: either deny the

More information

Are human rights ethnocentric? Cultural bias and theories of moral development

Are human rights ethnocentric? Cultural bias and theories of moral development Paper delivered at 34 th Annual Meeting of the Jean Piaget Society, Toronto, 5 th June 2004 Are human rights ethnocentric? Cultural bias and theories of moral development C.R.Hallpike Although I am a cultural

More information

How persuasive is this argument? 1 (not at all). 7 (very)

How persuasive is this argument? 1 (not at all). 7 (very) How persuasive is this argument? 1 (not at all). 7 (very) NIU should require all students to pass a comprehensive exam in order to graduate because such exams have been shown to be effective for improving

More information

The Search for Meaning

The Search for Meaning The Search for Meaning Ecclesiastes 9 INTERACTIVE BIBLE STUDIES FOR SMALL GROUPS & INDIVIDUALS The Search for Meaning Ecclesiastes by Tim McMahon The Search for Meaning Tim McMahon 2001 Matthias Media

More information

Review of Who Rules in Science?, by James Robert Brown

Review of Who Rules in Science?, by James Robert Brown Review of Who Rules in Science?, by James Robert Brown Alan D. Sokal Department of Physics New York University 4 Washington Place New York, NY 10003 USA Internet: SOKAL@NYU.EDU Telephone: (212) 998-7729

More information

7 Good Job. 6 Adequate. 5 Inadequate. 8 Stellar Job. Total Points /54

7 Good Job. 6 Adequate. 5 Inadequate. 8 Stellar Job. Total Points /54 8 Stellar Job 7 Good Job 6 Adequate 5 Inadequate MLA Formatting: Typed, 12 pt. font, Creative Title, Double-spaced, Indented Paragraphs, Proper Heading, Header, Parenthetical Citations Organization: Clear

More information

EDEN, A MODERN MYTH. Anthony Mountain

EDEN, A MODERN MYTH. Anthony Mountain Anthony Mountain EDEN, A MODERN MYTH Jacques Ellul says some extremely interesting things in his article on "Modern Myths". 1 Instead of following many thinkers in this area and asserting, for example,

More information

FINAL PAPER. CSID Sixth Annual Conference Democracy and Development: Challenges for the Islamic World Washington, DC - April 22-23, 2005

FINAL PAPER. CSID Sixth Annual Conference Democracy and Development: Challenges for the Islamic World Washington, DC - April 22-23, 2005 FINAL PAPER CSID Sixth Annual Conference Democracy and Development: Challenges for the Islamic World Washington, DC - April 22-23, 2005 More than Clothing: Veiling as a Cultural, Social, Political and

More information

Spinoza, the No Shared Attribute thesis, and the

Spinoza, the No Shared Attribute thesis, and the Spinoza, the No Shared Attribute thesis, and the Principle of Sufficient Reason * Daniel Whiting This is a pre-print of an article whose final and definitive form is due to be published in the British

More information

Of course, it s not just in the realm of material possessions that we wonder about essentials. We do this with our religious convictions as well.

Of course, it s not just in the realm of material possessions that we wonder about essentials. We do this with our religious convictions as well. SERMON TITLE: Seek Peace Through Love TEXT: Mark 12:28-34 PREACHED AT: Lethbridge Mennonite Church BY: Ryan Dueck DATE: July 22, 2012/8 th Sunday After Pentecost I want to begin with a familiar thought

More information