THE CRISIS OF THE SCmNCES AS EXPRESSION OF THE RADICAL LIFE-CRISIS OF EUROPEAN HUMANITY

Save this PDF as:
Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "THE CRISIS OF THE SCmNCES AS EXPRESSION OF THE RADICAL LIFE-CRISIS OF EUROPEAN HUMANITY"

Transcription

1 Contents Translator's Introduction / xv PART I THE CRISIS OF THE SCmNCES AS EXPRESSION OF THE RADICAL LIFE-CRISIS OF EUROPEAN HUMANITY I. Is there, in view of their constant successes, really a crisis of the sciences? / 3 2. The positivistic reduction of the idea of science to mere factual science. The "crisis" of science as the loss of its meaning for life. / 5 3. The founding of the autonomy of European humanity through the new formulation of the idea of philosophy in the Renaissance. / 7 4. The failure of the new science after its initial success; the unclarified motive for this failure. / The ideal of universal philosophy and the process of its inner dissolution. / I I 6. The history of modern philosophy as a struggle for the meaning of man. / The project of the investigations of this work. / 16 PART II CLARIFICATION OF THE ORIGIN OF THE MODERN OPPOSITION BETWEEN PHYSICALISTIC OBJECTIVISM AND TRANSCENDENTAL SUBJECTIVISM 8. The origin of the new idea of the universality of science in the reshaping of mathematics. / GalileD's mathematization of nature. / 23 a. "Pure geometry." / 24 b. The basic notion of Galilean physics: nature as a mathematical universe. / 28 c. The problem of the mathematizability of the "plena." / 34 d. The motivation of Galileo's conception of nature. / 37 [ix]

2 x / CONTENTS e. The verificational character of natural science's fundamental hypothesis. I 41 f. The problem of the sense of natural-scientific "formulae." I 43 g. The emptying of the meaning of mathematical natural science through "technization." I 46 h. The life-world as the forgotten meaning-fundament of natural science. I 48 i. Portentous misunderstandings resulting from lack of clarity about the meaning of mathematization. I 53 k. Fundamental significance of the problem of the origin of mathematical natural science. I Characterization of the method of our exposition. I The origin of dualism in the prevailing exemplary role of natural science. The rationality of the world more geometrico. I 60 I I. Dualism as the reason for the incomprehensibility of the problems of reason; as presupposition for the specialization of the sciences; as the foundation of naturalistic psychology. I Over-all characterization of modern physicalistic rationalism. I The first difficulties of physicalistic naturalism in psychology: the incomprehensibility of functioning subjectivity. I Precursory characterization of objectivism and transcendentalism. The struggle between these two ideas as the sense of modern spiritual history. I Reflection on the method of our historical manner of investigation. I Descartes as the primal founder not only of the modern idea of objectivistic rationalism but also of the transcendental motif which explodes it. I Descartes's return to the ego cogito. Exposition of the sense of the Cartesian epoche. I 75 lb. Descartes's misinterpretation of himself. The psychologistic falsification of the pure ego attained through the epoche. I Descartes's obtrusive interest in objectivism as the reason for his self-misinterpretation. I "Intentionality" in Descartes. I Descartes as the starting point of two lines of development, rationalism and empiricism. I Locke's naturalistic-epistemological psychology. I Berkeley. David Hume's psychology as fi,ctionalistic theory of knowledge: the "bankruptcy" of philosophy and science. I The genuine philosophical motif hidden in the absurdity of Hume's skepticism: the shaking of objectivism. I The "transcendental" motif in rationalism: Kant's conception of a transcendental philosophy. I 9I

3 Contents / xi 26. Preliminary discussion of the concept of the "transcendental" which guides us here. / The philosophy of Kant and his followers seen from the perspective of our guiding concept of the "transcendental." The task of taking a critical position. / 98 PART III THE CLARIFICATION OF THE TRANSCENDENTAL PROBLEM AND THE RELATED FUNCTION OF PSYCHOLOGY A. The Way into Phenomenological Transcendental Philosophy by Inquiring back from the Pre given Life World 28. Kant's unexpressed "presupposition": the surrounding world of life, taken for granted as valid. / The life-world can be disclosed as a realm of subjective phenomena which have remained "anonymous." / The lack of an intuitive exhibiting method as the reason for Kant's mythical constructions. / 114 3I. Kant and the inadequacy of the psychology of his day. The opaqueness of the distinction between transcendental subjectivity and soul. / The possibility of a hidden truth in Kant's transcendental philosophy: the problem of a "new dimension." The antagonism between the "life of the plane" and the "life of depth." / The problem of the "life-world" as a partial problem within the general problem of objective science. / Exposition of the problem of a science of the life-world. / 123 a. The difference between objective science and science in general. / 123 b. The use of subjective-relative experiences for the objective sciences, and the science of them. / 125 c. Is the subjective-relative an object for psychology? / 126 d. The life-world as universe of what is intuitable in principle; the "objective-true" world as in principle nonintuitable "logical" substruction. / 127 e. The objective sciences as subjective constructs-those of a particular praxis, namely, the theoretical-logical, which itself belongs to the full concreteness of the life-world. / 129 f. The problem of the life-world not as a partial problem but rather as a universal problem for philosophy. / Analysis of the transcendental epoche. First step: The epoche of objective science. / How can the life-world, after the epoche of the objective sciences, become the subject matter of a science? The distinction in principle between the objective-logical a priori and the a priori of the life-world. / The fonnal and most general structures of the life-world: thing

4 xii / CONTENTS and world on the one side, thing-consciousness on the other. / The two possible fundamental ways of making the life-world thematic: the naive and natural straightforward attitude and the idea of a consistently reflective attitude toward the "houl' of the subjective manner of givenness of life-world and lifeworld objects. / The peculiar character of the transcendental epoche as a total change of the natural attitude of life. / The difficulties surrounding the genuine sense of performing the total epoche. The temptation to misconstrue it as a withholding of all individual validities, carried out step by step. / The genuine transcendental epoche makes possible the "transcendental reduction" -the discovery and investigation of the transcendental correlation between world and world-consciousness. / The task of concretely plotting ways in which the transcendental reduction can actually be carried out. / Characterization of a new way to the reduction, as contrasted with the "Cartesian way." / The life-world as subject matter for a theoretical interest determined by a universal epoche in respect to the actuality of the things of the life-world. / ISS 45. Beginnings of a concrete exposition of what is given in senseintuition purely as such. / The universal a priori of correlation. / Indication of further directions of inquiry: the basic subjective phenomena of kinesthesis, alteration of validity, horizon-consciousness, and the communalization of experience. / Anything that is-whatever its meaning and to whatever region it belongs-is an index of a subjective system of correlations. / Preliminary concept of transcendental constitution as "original formation of meaning." The restricted character of the exemplary analyses carried out so far; an indication of further horizons of exposition. / First ordering of all working problems under the headings ego-cogito-cogitatum. / The task of an "ontology of the life-world." / The emergence of paradoxical enigmas. The necessity of new radical reflections. / The paradox of human subjectivity: being a subject for the world and at the same time being an object in the world. / 178

5 Contents / xiii 54. The resolution of the paradox: / 182 a. We as human beings, and we as ultimately functioningaccomplishing subjects. / 182 b. As primal ego, I constitute my horizon of transcendental others as cosubjects within the transcendental intersubjectivity which constitutes the world. / The correction in principle of our first application of the epoche by reducing it to the absolutely unique, ultimately functioning ego. / 186 PART III B. The Way into Phenomenological Transcendental Philosophy from Psychology 56. Characterization of the philosophical development after Kant from the perspective of the struggle between physicalistic objectivism and the constantly reemerging "transcendental motif." / The fateful separation of transcendental philosophy and psychology. / The alliance and the difference between psychology and transcendental philosophy. Psychology as the decisive field. / Analysis of the reorientation from the psychological attitude into the transcendental attitude. Psychology "before" and "after" the phenomenological reduction. (The problem of "flowing in.") / The reason for the failure of psychology: dualistic and physicalistic presuppositions. / 2II 6x. Psychology in the tension between the (objectivistic-philosophical) idea of science and empirical procedure: the incompatibility of the two directions of psychological inquiry (the psychophysical and that of "psychology based on inner experience"). / Preliminary discussion of the absurdity of giving equal status in principle to souls and bodies as realities; indication of the difference in principle between the temporality, the causality, and the individuation of natural things and those of souls. / The questionable character of the concepts of "outer" and "inner" experience. Why has the experience of the bodily thing in the life-world, as the experience of something "merely subjective," not previously been included in the subject matter of psychology? / Cartesian dualism as the reason for the parallelization. Only the formal and most general features of the schema "descriptive vs. explanatory science" are justified. / Testing the legitimacy of an empirically grounded dualism by familiarizing oneself with the factual procedure of the psychologist and the physiologist. / The world of common experience: its set of regional types and

6 xiv / CONTENTS the possible universal abstractions within it: "nature" as correlate of a universal abstraction; the problem of "complementary abstractions." / The dualism of the abstractions grounded in experience. The continuing historical influence of the empiricist approach (from Hobbes to Wundt). Critique of data-empiricism. / The task of a pure explication of consciousness as such: the universal problem of intentionality. (Brentano's attempt at a reform of psychology.) / The basic psychological method of "phenomenological-psychological reduction" (first characterization: [r] intentional relatedness and the epoche; [2] levels of descriptive psychology; [3] establishing the "disinterested spectator"). / The difficulties of psychological "abstraction." (The paradox of the "intentional object"; the intentional primal phenomenon of "sense." / 241 7r. The danger of misunderstanding the "universality" of the phenomenological-psychological epocm. The decisive significance of the correct understanding. / The relation of transcendental psychology to transcendental phenomenology as the proper access to pure self-knowledge. Definitive removal of the objectivistic ideal from the science of the soul. / 257 APPENDIXES A. The Vienna Lecture I. Philosophy and the Crisis of European Humanity / 269 B. Supplementary Texts II. Idealization and the Science of Reality-The Mathematization III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. of Nature / 301 The Attitude of Natural Science and the Attitude of Humanistic Science. Naturalism, Dualism, and Psychophysical Psychology / 315 Philosophy as Mankind's Self-Reflection; the Self-Realization of Reason / 335 [Objectivity and the World of Experience] / 343 [The Origin of Geometry] / 353 [The Life-World and the World of Science] / 379 Fink's Appendix on the Problem of the "Unconscious" / 385 Denial of Scientific Philosophy. Necessity of Reflection. The Reflection [Must Be] Historical. How Is History Required? / 389 X. Fink's Outline for the Continuation of the Crisis / 397 Index / 401

CONTENTS III SYNTHETIC A PRIORI JUDGEMENTS. PREFACE CHAPTER INTRODUCTldN

CONTENTS III SYNTHETIC A PRIORI JUDGEMENTS. PREFACE CHAPTER INTRODUCTldN PREFACE I INTRODUCTldN CONTENTS IS I. Kant and his critics 37 z. The patchwork theory 38 3. Extreme and moderate views 40 4. Consequences of the patchwork theory 4Z S. Kant's own view of the Kritik 43

More information

CONTENTS A SYSTEM OF LOGIC

CONTENTS A SYSTEM OF LOGIC EDITOR'S INTRODUCTION NOTE ON THE TEXT. SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY XV xlix I /' ~, r ' o>

More information

1/8. Introduction to Kant: The Project of Critique

1/8. Introduction to Kant: The Project of Critique 1/8 Introduction to Kant: The Project of Critique This course is focused on the interpretation of one book: The Critique of Pure Reason and we will, during the course, read the majority of the key sections

More information

FIL 4600/10/20: KANT S CRITIQUE AND CRITICAL METAPHYSICS

FIL 4600/10/20: KANT S CRITIQUE AND CRITICAL METAPHYSICS FIL 4600/10/20: KANT S CRITIQUE AND CRITICAL METAPHYSICS Autumn 2012, University of Oslo Thursdays, 14 16, Georg Morgenstiernes hus 219, Blindern Toni Kannisto t.t.kannisto@ifikk.uio.no SHORT PLAN 1 23/8:

More information

Important dates. PSY 3360 / CGS 3325 Historical Perspectives on Psychology Minds and Machines since David Hume ( )

Important dates. PSY 3360 / CGS 3325 Historical Perspectives on Psychology Minds and Machines since David Hume ( ) PSY 3360 / CGS 3325 Historical Perspectives on Psychology Minds and Machines since 1600 Dr. Peter Assmann Spring 2018 Important dates Feb 14 Term paper draft due Upload paper to E-Learning https://elearning.utdallas.edu

More information

TABLE OF CONTENTS. Comments on Bibliography and References

TABLE OF CONTENTS. Comments on Bibliography and References TABLE OF CONTENTS PREFACE Comments on Bibliography and References xiii xiii CHAPTER I / The Origin and Development of the Lvov- Warsaw School 1 1. The Rise of the Lvov-Warsaw School and the Periods in

More information

CONTENTS. CHAPTER 1. CHAPTER II. THE PROBLEM OF DESCARTES, -

CONTENTS. CHAPTER 1. CHAPTER II. THE PROBLEM OF DESCARTES, - CONTENTS. CHAPTER 1. THE PROBLEM OF DESCARTES, - Aristotle and Descartes, 1. Augustine's treatment of the problem of knowledge, 4. The advance from Augustine to Descartes, 10. The influence of the mathematical

More information

1/12. The A Paralogisms

1/12. The A Paralogisms 1/12 The A Paralogisms The character of the Paralogisms is described early in the chapter. Kant describes them as being syllogisms which contain no empirical premises and states that in them we conclude

More information

Descartes, Husserl, and Derrida on Cogito

Descartes, Husserl, and Derrida on Cogito Descartes, Husserl, and Derrida on Cogito Conf. Dr. Sorin SABOU Director, Research Center for Baptist Historical and Theological Studies Baptist Theological Institute of Bucharest Instructor of Biblical

More information

Qué es la filosofía? What is philosophy? Philosophy

Qué es la filosofía? What is philosophy? Philosophy Philosophy PHILOSOPHY AS A WAY OF THINKING WHAT IS IT? WHO HAS IT? WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN A WAY OF THINKING AND A DISCIPLINE? It is the propensity to seek out answers to the questions that we ask

More information

The British Empiricism

The British Empiricism The British Empiricism Locke, Berkeley and Hume copyleft: nicolazuin.2018 nowxhere.wordpress.com The terrible heritage of Descartes: Skepticism, Empiricism, Rationalism The problem originates from the

More information

Kant Lecture 4 Review Synthetic a priori knowledge

Kant Lecture 4 Review Synthetic a priori knowledge Kant Lecture 4 Review Synthetic a priori knowledge Statements involving necessity or strict universality could never be known on the basis of sense experience, and are thus known (if known at all) a priori.

More information

Epistemology Naturalized

Epistemology Naturalized Epistemology Naturalized Christian Wüthrich http://philosophy.ucsd.edu/faculty/wuthrich/ 15 Introduction to Philosophy: Theory of Knowledge Spring 2010 The Big Picture Thesis (Naturalism) Naturalism maintains

More information

24.01 Classics of Western Philosophy

24.01 Classics of Western Philosophy 1 Plan: Kant Lecture #2: How are pure mathematics and pure natural science possible? 1. Review: Problem of Metaphysics 2. Kantian Commitments 3. Pure Mathematics 4. Transcendental Idealism 5. Pure Natural

More information

Kant and his Successors

Kant and his Successors Kant and his Successors G. J. Mattey Winter, 2011 / Philosophy 151 The Sorry State of Metaphysics Kant s Critique of Pure Reason (1781) was an attempt to put metaphysics on a scientific basis. Metaphysics

More information

Syllabus. Primary Sources, 2 edition. Hackett, Various supplementary handouts, available in class and on the course website.

Syllabus. Primary Sources, 2 edition. Hackett, Various supplementary handouts, available in class and on the course website. Philosophy 203: History of Modern Western Philosophy Spring 2012 Tuesdays, Thursdays: 9am - 10:15am SC G041 Hamilton College Russell Marcus Office: 202 College Hill Road, Upstairs email: rmarcus1@hamilton.edu

More information

1.0 OBJECTIVES. Contents. 1.0 Objectives

1.0 OBJECTIVES. Contents. 1.0 Objectives UNIT 1 Contents 1.0 Objectives PHENOMENOLOGY Phenomenology 1.1 Introducing Phenomenology 1.2 The Story of Phenomenology 1.3 The Method of Phenomenology 1.4 Intentionality of Consciousness 1.5 The Meaning

More information

Ayer on the criterion of verifiability

Ayer on the criterion of verifiability Ayer on the criterion of verifiability November 19, 2004 1 The critique of metaphysics............................. 1 2 Observation statements............................... 2 3 In principle verifiability...............................

More information

1/10. The Fourth Paralogism and the Refutation of Idealism

1/10. The Fourth Paralogism and the Refutation of Idealism 1/10 The Fourth Paralogism and the Refutation of Idealism The Fourth Paralogism is quite different from the three that preceded it because, although it is treated as a part of rational psychology, it main

More information

Introductory Kant Seminar Lecture

Introductory Kant Seminar Lecture Introductory Kant Seminar Lecture Intentionality It is not unusual to begin a discussion of Kant with a brief review of some history of philosophy. What is perhaps less usual is to start with a review

More information

Syllabus. Primary Sources, 2 edition. Hackett, Various supplementary handouts, available in class and on the course website.

Syllabus. Primary Sources, 2 edition. Hackett, Various supplementary handouts, available in class and on the course website. Philosophy 203: History of Modern Western Philosophy Spring 2011 Tuesdays, Thursdays: 9am - 10:15am Benedict 105 Hamilton College Russell Marcus Office: 210 College Hill Road, Room 201 email: rmarcus1@hamilton.edu

More information

ABSTRACT of the Habilitation Thesis

ABSTRACT of the Habilitation Thesis ABSTRACT of the Habilitation Thesis The focus on the problem of knowledge was in the very core of my researches even before my Ph.D thesis, therefore the investigation of Kant s philosophy in the process

More information

Rethinking Knowledge: The Heuristic View

Rethinking Knowledge: The Heuristic View http://www.springer.com/gp/book/9783319532363 Carlo Cellucci Rethinking Knowledge: The Heuristic View 1 Preface From its very beginning, philosophy has been viewed as aimed at knowledge and methods to

More information

1/8. Reid on Common Sense

1/8. Reid on Common Sense 1/8 Reid on Common Sense Thomas Reid s work An Inquiry into the Human Mind on the Principles of Common Sense is self-consciously written in opposition to a lot of the principles that animated early modern

More information

Naturalized Epistemology. 1. What is naturalized Epistemology? Quine PY4613

Naturalized Epistemology. 1. What is naturalized Epistemology? Quine PY4613 Naturalized Epistemology Quine PY4613 1. What is naturalized Epistemology? a. How is it motivated? b. What are its doctrines? c. Naturalized Epistemology in the context of Quine s philosophy 2. Naturalized

More information

Rationalism. A. He, like others at the time, was obsessed with questions of truth and doubt

Rationalism. A. He, like others at the time, was obsessed with questions of truth and doubt Rationalism I. Descartes (1596-1650) A. He, like others at the time, was obsessed with questions of truth and doubt 1. How could one be certain in the absence of religious guidance and trustworthy senses

More information

Kant & Transcendental Idealism

Kant & Transcendental Idealism Kant & Transcendental Idealism HZT4U1 - Mr. Wittmann - Unit 3 - Lecture 4 Empiricists and rationalists alike are dupes of the same illusion. Both take partial notions for real parts. -Henri Bergson Enlightenment

More information

EDMUND HUSSERL. Meditations. Cartesian MARTINUS NIJHOFF PUBLISHERS AN INTRODUCTION TO PHENOMENOLOGY DORION CAIRNS. Translated by

EDMUND HUSSERL. Meditations. Cartesian MARTINUS NIJHOFF PUBLISHERS AN INTRODUCTION TO PHENOMENOLOGY DORION CAIRNS. Translated by EDMUND HUSSERL Cartesian Meditations AN INTRODUCTION TO PHENOMENOLOGY Translated by DORION CAIRNS MARTINUS NIJHOFF PUBLISHERS CONTENTS INTRODUCTION 1. Descartes' Meditations as the prototype of philosophical

More information

A Priori Knowledge: Analytic? Synthetic A Priori (again) Is All A Priori Knowledge Analytic?

A Priori Knowledge: Analytic? Synthetic A Priori (again) Is All A Priori Knowledge Analytic? A Priori Knowledge: Analytic? Synthetic A Priori (again) Is All A Priori Knowledge Analytic? Recap A Priori Knowledge Knowledge independent of experience Kant: necessary and universal A Posteriori Knowledge

More information

Verificationism. PHIL September 27, 2011

Verificationism. PHIL September 27, 2011 Verificationism PHIL 83104 September 27, 2011 1. The critique of metaphysics... 1 2. Observation statements... 2 3. In principle verifiability... 3 4. Strong verifiability... 3 4.1. Conclusive verifiability

More information

Aspects of Western Philosophy Dr. Sreekumar Nellickappilly Department of Humanities and Social Sciences Indian Institute of Technology, Madras

Aspects of Western Philosophy Dr. Sreekumar Nellickappilly Department of Humanities and Social Sciences Indian Institute of Technology, Madras Aspects of Western Philosophy Dr. Sreekumar Nellickappilly Department of Humanities and Social Sciences Indian Institute of Technology, Madras Module - 20 Lecture - 20 Critical Philosophy: Kant s objectives

More information

Neurophilosophy and free will VI

Neurophilosophy and free will VI Neurophilosophy and free will VI Introductory remarks Neurophilosophy is a programme that has been intensively studied for the last few decades. It strives towards a unified mind-brain theory in which

More information

Epistemology for Naturalists and Non-Naturalists: What s the Difference?

Epistemology for Naturalists and Non-Naturalists: What s the Difference? Res Cogitans Volume 3 Issue 1 Article 3 6-7-2012 Epistemology for Naturalists and Non-Naturalists: What s the Difference? Jason Poettcker University of Victoria Follow this and additional works at: http://commons.pacificu.edu/rescogitans

More information

Remarks on the philosophy of mathematics (1969) Paul Bernays

Remarks on the philosophy of mathematics (1969) Paul Bernays Bernays Project: Text No. 26 Remarks on the philosophy of mathematics (1969) Paul Bernays (Bemerkungen zur Philosophie der Mathematik) Translation by: Dirk Schlimm Comments: With corrections by Charles

More information

Immanuel Kant, Analytic and Synthetic. Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics Preface and Preamble

Immanuel Kant, Analytic and Synthetic. Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics Preface and Preamble + Immanuel Kant, Analytic and Synthetic Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics Preface and Preamble + Innate vs. a priori n Philosophers today usually distinguish psychological from epistemological questions.

More information

BEYOND CONCEPTUAL DUALISM Ontology of Consciousness, Mental Causation, and Holism in John R. Searle s Philosophy of Mind

BEYOND CONCEPTUAL DUALISM Ontology of Consciousness, Mental Causation, and Holism in John R. Searle s Philosophy of Mind BEYOND CONCEPTUAL DUALISM Ontology of Consciousness, Mental Causation, and Holism in John R. Searle s Philosophy of Mind Giuseppe Vicari Guest Foreword by John R. Searle Editorial Foreword by Francesc

More information

Ayer s linguistic theory of the a priori

Ayer s linguistic theory of the a priori Ayer s linguistic theory of the a priori phil 43904 Jeff Speaks December 4, 2007 1 The problem of a priori knowledge....................... 1 2 Necessity and the a priori............................ 2

More information

Lecture 18: Rationalism

Lecture 18: Rationalism Lecture 18: Rationalism I. INTRODUCTION A. Introduction Descartes notion of innate ideas is consistent with rationalism Rationalism is a view appealing to reason as a source of knowledge or justification.

More information

PHILOSOPHY IAS MAINS: QUESTIONS TREND ANALYSIS

PHILOSOPHY IAS MAINS: QUESTIONS TREND ANALYSIS VISION IAS www.visionias.wordpress.com www.visionias.cfsites.org www.visioniasonline.com Under the Guidance of Ajay Kumar Singh ( B.Tech. IIT Roorkee, Director & Founder : Vision IAS ) PHILOSOPHY IAS MAINS:

More information

A HOLISTIC VIEW ON KNOWLEDGE AND VALUES

A HOLISTIC VIEW ON KNOWLEDGE AND VALUES A HOLISTIC VIEW ON KNOWLEDGE AND VALUES CHANHYU LEE Emory University It seems somewhat obscure that there is a concrete connection between epistemology and ethics; a study of knowledge and a study of moral

More information

MY PURPOSE IN THIS BOOK IS TO PRESENT A

MY PURPOSE IN THIS BOOK IS TO PRESENT A I Holistic Pragmatism and the Philosophy of Culture MY PURPOSE IN THIS BOOK IS TO PRESENT A philosophical discussion of the main elements of civilization or culture such as science, law, religion, politics,

More information

Moral Objectivism. RUSSELL CORNETT University of Calgary

Moral Objectivism. RUSSELL CORNETT University of Calgary Moral Objectivism RUSSELL CORNETT University of Calgary The possibility, let alone the actuality, of an objective morality has intrigued philosophers for well over two millennia. Though much discussed,

More information

Think by Simon Blackburn. Chapter 7c The World

Think by Simon Blackburn. Chapter 7c The World Think by Simon Blackburn Chapter 7c The World Idealism Despite the power of Berkeley s critique, his resulting metaphysical view is highly problematic. Essentially, Berkeley concludes that there is no

More information

NATURALISED JURISPRUDENCE

NATURALISED JURISPRUDENCE NATURALISED JURISPRUDENCE NATURALISM a philosophical view according to which philosophy is not a distinct mode of inquiry with its own problems and its own special body of (possible) knowledge philosophy

More information

Basic Considerations on Epistemology (1937) Paul Bernays

Basic Considerations on Epistemology (1937) Paul Bernays Bernays Project: Text No.?? Basic Considerations on Epistemology (1937) Paul Bernays (Grundsätzliche Betrachtungen zur Erkenntnistheorie, 1937) Translation by: Volker Peckhaus Comments: 279 The doctrines

More information

Edmund Husserl s Transcendental Phenomenology by Wendell Allan A. Marinay

Edmund Husserl s Transcendental Phenomenology by Wendell Allan A. Marinay Edmund Husserl s Transcendental Phenomenology by Wendell Allan A. Marinay We remember Edmund Husserl as a philosopher who had a great influence on known phenomenologists like Max Scheler, Edith Stein,

More information

Wilhelm Dilthey and Rudolf Carnap on the Foundation of the Humanities. Christian Damböck Institute Vienna Circle University of Vienna

Wilhelm Dilthey and Rudolf Carnap on the Foundation of the Humanities. Christian Damböck Institute Vienna Circle University of Vienna Wilhelm Dilthey and Rudolf Carnap on the Foundation of the Humanities Christian Damböck Institute Vienna Circle University of Vienna This talk is part of an ongoing research project on Wilhelm Dilthey

More information

Aspects of Western Philosophy Dr. Sreekumar Nellickappilly Department of Humanities and Social Sciences Indian Institute of Technology, Madras

Aspects of Western Philosophy Dr. Sreekumar Nellickappilly Department of Humanities and Social Sciences Indian Institute of Technology, Madras Aspects of Western Philosophy Dr. Sreekumar Nellickappilly Department of Humanities and Social Sciences Indian Institute of Technology, Madras Module - 21 Lecture - 21 Kant Forms of sensibility Categories

More information

FOUNDATIONS OF EMPIRICISM

FOUNDATIONS OF EMPIRICISM FOUNDATIONS OF EMPIRICISM Other Books by JAMES K. FEIBLEMAN DEATH OF THE GOD IN MEXICO (1931) CHRISTIANITY, COMMUNISM AND THE IDEAL SOCIETY (1937) IN PRAISE OF COMEDY (1939) POSITIVE DEMOCRACY (1940) THE

More information

1/5. The Critique of Theology

1/5. The Critique of Theology 1/5 The Critique of Theology The argument of the Transcendental Dialectic has demonstrated that there is no science of rational psychology and that the province of any rational cosmology is strictly limited.

More information

The Greatest Mistake: A Case for the Failure of Hegel s Idealism

The Greatest Mistake: A Case for the Failure of Hegel s Idealism The Greatest Mistake: A Case for the Failure of Hegel s Idealism What is a great mistake? Nietzsche once said that a great error is worth more than a multitude of trivial truths. A truly great mistake

More information

Life, Automata and the Mind-Body Problem

Life, Automata and the Mind-Body Problem TEL-AVIV UNIVERSITY LESTER & SALLY ENTIN FACULTY OF HUMANTIES THE SCHOOL OF PHILOSOPHY Life, Automata and the Mind-Body Problem Thesis Submitted for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy by Vered Glickman

More information

Johns Hopkins Center for Talented Youth Introduction to Philosophy

Johns Hopkins Center for Talented Youth Introduction to Philosophy Johns Hopkins Center for Talented Youth Introduction to Philosophy Course Objectives and Student Learning Outcomes: The primary goal of this course is to give students the opportunity to think about philosophical

More information

CONTENTS. INTRODUCTORY Chapter I ETHICAL NEUTRALITY AND PRAGMATISM

CONTENTS. INTRODUCTORY Chapter I ETHICAL NEUTRALITY AND PRAGMATISM The late Professor G. F. Stout Editorial Preface Memoir by]. A. Passmore List of Stout's Works BOOK ONE INTRODUCTORY Chapter I portrait frontispiece page xix ETHICAL NEUTRALITY AND PRAGMATISM xxv I The

More information

Phenomenology, Empiricism, and Science

Phenomenology, Empiricism, and Science Phenomenology, Empiricism, and Science Harald A. Wiltsche Department for Philosophy University of Graz, Austria harald.wiltsche@uni-graz.at 1. Husserl s Critique of Empiricism [E]mpiricist naturalism springs

More information

COURSE GOALS: PROFESSOR: Chris Latiolais Philosophy Department Kalamazoo College Humphrey House #202 Telephone # Offices Hours:

COURSE GOALS: PROFESSOR: Chris Latiolais Philosophy Department Kalamazoo College Humphrey House #202 Telephone # Offices Hours: PROFESSOR: Chris Latiolais Philosophy Department Kalamazoo College Humphrey House #202 Telephone # 337-7076 Offices Hours: 1) Mon. 11:30-1:30. 2) Tues. 11:30-12:30. 3) By Appointment. COURSE GOALS: As

More information

FOREWORD: ADDRESSING THE HARD PROBLEM OF CONSCIOUSNESS

FOREWORD: ADDRESSING THE HARD PROBLEM OF CONSCIOUSNESS Biophysics of Consciousness: A Foundational Approach R. R. Poznanski, J. A. Tuszynski and T. E. Feinberg Copyright 2017 World Scientific, Singapore. FOREWORD: ADDRESSING THE HARD PROBLEM OF CONSCIOUSNESS

More information

UNIVERSITY OF CALICUT SCHOOL OF DISTANCE EDUCATION

UNIVERSITY OF CALICUT SCHOOL OF DISTANCE EDUCATION UNIVERSITY OF CALICUT SCHOOL OF DISTANCE EDUCATION BA PHILOSOPHY CORE COURSE II SEM PY II B 02 METHODOLOGY OF PHILOSOPHY QUESTION BANK Choose the correct answer 1. ------------------- is a vital instrument

More information

III Knowledge is true belief based on argument. Plato, Theaetetus, 201 c-d Is Justified True Belief Knowledge? Edmund Gettier

III Knowledge is true belief based on argument. Plato, Theaetetus, 201 c-d Is Justified True Belief Knowledge? Edmund Gettier III Knowledge is true belief based on argument. Plato, Theaetetus, 201 c-d Is Justified True Belief Knowledge? Edmund Gettier In Theaetetus Plato introduced the definition of knowledge which is often translated

More information

INTENTIONALITY IN HUSSERL AND HEIDEGGER

INTENTIONALITY IN HUSSERL AND HEIDEGGER INTENTIONALITY IN HUSSERL AND HEIDEGGER CONTRIBUTIONS TO PHENOMENOLOGY IN COOPERATION WITH THE CENTER FOR ADVANCED RESEARCH IN PHENOMENOLOGY Volume 11 Editor: William R. McKenna, Miami University Editorial

More information

From the Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy

From the Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy From the Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy Epistemology Peter D. Klein Philosophical Concept Epistemology is one of the core areas of philosophy. It is concerned with the nature, sources and limits

More information

Chapter 18 David Hume: Theory of Knowledge

Chapter 18 David Hume: Theory of Knowledge Key Words Chapter 18 David Hume: Theory of Knowledge Empiricism, skepticism, personal identity, necessary connection, causal connection, induction, impressions, ideas. DAVID HUME (1711-76) is one of the

More information

Intro to Philosophy. Review for Exam 2

Intro to Philosophy. Review for Exam 2 Intro to Philosophy Review for Exam 2 Epistemology Theory of Knowledge What is knowledge? What is the structure of knowledge? What particular things can I know? What particular things do I know? Do I know

More information

I SEMESTER B. A. PHILOSOPHY PHL1B 01- INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY QUESTION BANK FOR INTERNAL ASSESSMENT. Multiple Choice Questions

I SEMESTER B. A. PHILOSOPHY PHL1B 01- INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY QUESTION BANK FOR INTERNAL ASSESSMENT. Multiple Choice Questions I SEMESTER B. A. PHILOSOPHY PHL1B 01- INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY QUESTION BANK FOR INTERNAL ASSESSMENT Multiple Choice Questions 1. The total number of Vedas is. a) One b) Two c) Three d) Four 2. Philosophy

More information

SUMMARIES AND TEST QUESTIONS UNIT David Hume: The Origin of Our Ideas and Skepticism about Causal Reasoning

SUMMARIES AND TEST QUESTIONS UNIT David Hume: The Origin of Our Ideas and Skepticism about Causal Reasoning SUMMARIES AND TEST QUESTIONS UNIT 2 Textbook: Louis P. Pojman, Editor. Philosophy: The quest for truth. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006. ISBN-10: 0199697310; ISBN-13: 9780199697311 (6th Edition)

More information

Philosophy 18: Early Modern Philosophy

Philosophy 18: Early Modern Philosophy Philosophy 18: Early Modern Philosophy Matthew Silverstein Spring 2009 Contact Information Office: 204 Cooper House Office Hours: Wednesday, 2:00 5:00 pm, and by appointment Email: mesilverstein@amherst.edu

More information

The Philosophical Review, Vol. 110, No. 3. (Jul., 2001), pp

The Philosophical Review, Vol. 110, No. 3. (Jul., 2001), pp Review: [Untitled] Reviewed Work(s): Problems from Kant by James Van Cleve Rae Langton The Philosophical Review, Vol. 110, No. 3. (Jul., 2001), pp. 451-454. Stable URL: http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0031-8108%28200107%29110%3a3%3c451%3apfk%3e2.0.co%3b2-y

More information

THE ROLE OF APRIORI, EMPIRICAL, ANALYTIC AND SYNTHETIC IN PHILOSOPHY OF MATHEMATICS.

THE ROLE OF APRIORI, EMPIRICAL, ANALYTIC AND SYNTHETIC IN PHILOSOPHY OF MATHEMATICS. American Journal of Social Issues & Humanities (ISSN: 2276-6928) Vol.1(2) pp. 82-94 Nov. 2011 Available online http://www.ajsih.org 2011 American Journal of Social Issues & Humanities THE ROLE OF APRIORI,

More information

Metaphysics & Consciousness. A talk by Larry Muhlstein

Metaphysics & Consciousness. A talk by Larry Muhlstein Metaphysics & Consciousness A talk by Larry Muhlstein A brief note on philosophy It is about thinking So think about what I am saying and ask me questions And go home and think some more For self improvement

More information

PHILOSOPHICAL RAMIFICATIONS: THEORY, EXPERIMENT, & EMPIRICAL TRUTH

PHILOSOPHICAL RAMIFICATIONS: THEORY, EXPERIMENT, & EMPIRICAL TRUTH PHILOSOPHICAL RAMIFICATIONS: THEORY, EXPERIMENT, & EMPIRICAL TRUTH PCES 3.42 Even before Newton published his revolutionary work, philosophers had already been trying to come to grips with the questions

More information

Christian Evidences. The Verification of Biblical Christianity, Part 2. CA312 LESSON 06 of 12

Christian Evidences. The Verification of Biblical Christianity, Part 2. CA312 LESSON 06 of 12 Christian Evidences CA312 LESSON 06 of 12 Victor M. Matthews, STD Former Professor of Systematic Theology Grand Rapids Theological Seminary This is lecture 6 of the course entitled Christian Evidences.

More information

From Transcendental Logic to Transcendental Deduction

From Transcendental Logic to Transcendental Deduction From Transcendental Logic to Transcendental Deduction Let me see if I can say a few things to re-cap our first discussion of the Transcendental Logic, and help you get a foothold for what follows. Kant

More information

METHODENSTREIT WHY CARL MENGER WAS, AND IS, RIGHT

METHODENSTREIT WHY CARL MENGER WAS, AND IS, RIGHT METHODENSTREIT WHY CARL MENGER WAS, AND IS, RIGHT BY THORSTEN POLLEIT* PRESENTED AT THE SPRING CONFERENCE RESEARCH ON MONEY IN THE ECONOMY (ROME) FRANKFURT, 20 MAY 2011 *FRANKFURT SCHOOL OF FINANCE & MANAGEMENT

More information

WHAT IS HUME S FORK? Certainty does not exist in science.

WHAT IS HUME S FORK?  Certainty does not exist in science. WHAT IS HUME S FORK? www.prshockley.org Certainty does not exist in science. I. Introduction: A. Hume divides all objects of human reason into two different kinds: Relation of Ideas & Matters of Fact.

More information

In The California Undergraduate Philosophy Review, vol. 1, pp Fresno, CA: California State University, Fresno.

In The California Undergraduate Philosophy Review, vol. 1, pp Fresno, CA: California State University, Fresno. A Distinction Without a Difference? The Analytic-Synthetic Distinction and Immanuel Kant s Critique of Metaphysics Brandon Clark Cal Poly, San Luis Obispo Abstract: In this paper I pose and answer the

More information

THE POSSIBILITY OF AN ALL-KNOWING GOD

THE POSSIBILITY OF AN ALL-KNOWING GOD THE POSSIBILITY OF AN ALL-KNOWING GOD The Possibility of an All-Knowing God Jonathan L. Kvanvig Assistant Professor of Philosophy Texas A & M University Palgrave Macmillan Jonathan L. Kvanvig, 1986 Softcover

More information

Lonergan on General Transcendent Knowledge. In General Transcendent Knowledge, Chapter 19 of Insight, Lonergan does several things:

Lonergan on General Transcendent Knowledge. In General Transcendent Knowledge, Chapter 19 of Insight, Lonergan does several things: Lonergan on General Transcendent Knowledge In General Transcendent Knowledge, Chapter 19 of Insight, Lonergan does several things: 1-3--He provides a radical reinterpretation of the meaning of transcendence

More information

Between The Bounds of Experience and Divine Intuition: Kant s Epistemic Limits and Hegel s Ambitions

Between The Bounds of Experience and Divine Intuition: Kant s Epistemic Limits and Hegel s Ambitions Claremont Colleges Scholarship @ Claremont CMC Faculty Publications and Research CMC Faculty Scholarship 1-1-2007 Between The Bounds of Experience and Divine Intuition: Kant s Epistemic Limits and Hegel

More information

Epoché and teleology : the idea of philosophy as 'infinite task' in Husserl

Epoché and teleology : the idea of philosophy as 'infinite task' in Husserl Powered by TCPDF (www.tcpdf.org) Title Sub Title Author Publisher Epoché and teleology : the idea of philosophy as 'infinite task' in Husserl 小手川, 正二郎 (Kotegawa, Shojiro) Centre for Advanced Research on

More information

Philosophy A465: Introduction to Analytic Philosophy Loyola University of New Orleans Ben Bayer Spring 2011

Philosophy A465: Introduction to Analytic Philosophy Loyola University of New Orleans Ben Bayer Spring 2011 Philosophy A465: Introduction to Analytic Philosophy Loyola University of New Orleans Ben Bayer Spring 2011 Course description At the beginning of the twentieth century, a handful of British and German

More information

FROM THE ACT OF JUDGING TO THE SENTENCE

FROM THE ACT OF JUDGING TO THE SENTENCE FROM THE ACT OF JUDGING TO THE SENTENCE The Problem of Truth Bearers from Bolzano to Tarski by ARTUR ROJSZCZAK f Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland Edited by JAN WOLENSKI Jagiellonian University,

More information

CHAPTER III KANT S APPROACH TO A PRIORI AND A POSTERIORI

CHAPTER III KANT S APPROACH TO A PRIORI AND A POSTERIORI CHAPTER III KANT S APPROACH TO A PRIORI AND A POSTERIORI Introduction One could easily find out two most influential epistemological doctrines, namely, rationalism and empiricism that have inadequate solutions

More information

Hume s An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding

Hume s An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding Hume s An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding G. J. Mattey Spring, 2017 / Philosophy 1 After Descartes The greatest success of the philosophy of Descartes was that it helped pave the way for the mathematical

More information

KANT S EXPLANATION OF THE NECESSITY OF GEOMETRICAL TRUTHS. John Watling

KANT S EXPLANATION OF THE NECESSITY OF GEOMETRICAL TRUTHS. John Watling KANT S EXPLANATION OF THE NECESSITY OF GEOMETRICAL TRUTHS John Watling Kant was an idealist. His idealism was in some ways, it is true, less extreme than that of Berkeley. He distinguished his own by calling

More information

The Being of Intentionality

The Being of Intentionality Sean McGovern My limbs moved with a positiveness and precision With which I seemed to have Nothing at all to do. (Gary Snyder, from John Muir on Mt. Ritter) The philosophical relationship between Martin

More information

Contents. How to Use This Book Preface Acknowledgments

Contents. How to Use This Book Preface Acknowledgments Contents How to Use This Book Preface Acknowledgments xiii xv xvii 1 Ethics: Preliminary Theories 1 The Normative Universe 1 Is Morality Just Acting on Principles? 3 Divine Command Theory (Is Morality

More information

Delton Lewis Scudder: Tennant's Philosophical Theology. New Haven: Yale University Press xiv, 278. $3.00.

Delton Lewis Scudder: Tennant's Philosophical Theology. New Haven: Yale University Press xiv, 278. $3.00. [1941. Review of Tennant s Philosophical Theology, by Delton Lewis Scudder. Westminster Theological Journal.] Delton Lewis Scudder: Tennant's Philosophical Theology. New Haven: Yale University Press. 1940.

More information

Kant and the Problem of Metaphysics 1. By Tom Cumming

Kant and the Problem of Metaphysics 1. By Tom Cumming Kant and the Problem of Metaphysics 1 By Tom Cumming Kant and the Problem of Metaphysics represents Martin Heidegger's first attempt at an interpretation of Kant's Critique of Pure Reason (1781). This

More information

1/6. The Second Analogy (2)

1/6. The Second Analogy (2) 1/6 The Second Analogy (2) Last time we looked at some of Kant s discussion of the Second Analogy, including the argument that is discussed most often as Kant s response to Hume s sceptical doubts concerning

More information

Of Skepticism with Regard to the Senses. David Hume

Of Skepticism with Regard to the Senses. David Hume Of Skepticism with Regard to the Senses David Hume General Points about Hume's Project The rationalist method used by Descartes cannot provide justification for any substantial, interesting claims about

More information

Ayer and Quine on the a priori

Ayer and Quine on the a priori Ayer and Quine on the a priori November 23, 2004 1 The problem of a priori knowledge Ayer s book is a defense of a thoroughgoing empiricism, not only about what is required for a belief to be justified

More information

! Jumping ahead 2000 years:! Consider the theory of the self.! What am I? What certain knowledge do I have?! Key figure: René Descartes.

! Jumping ahead 2000 years:! Consider the theory of the self.! What am I? What certain knowledge do I have?! Key figure: René Descartes. ! Jumping ahead 2000 years:! Consider the theory of the self.! What am I? What certain knowledge do I have?! What is the relation between that knowledge and that given in the sciences?! Key figure: René

More information

Descartes to Early Psychology. Phil 255

Descartes to Early Psychology. Phil 255 Descartes to Early Psychology Phil 255 Descartes World View Rationalism: the view that a priori considerations could lay the foundations for human knowledge. (i.e. Think hard enough and you will be lead

More information

LANGUAGE AND ILLUMINATION

LANGUAGE AND ILLUMINATION S. MORRIS ENGEL LANGUAGE AND ILLUMINATION Studies in the History of Philosophy MARTlNUS NIJHOFF I THE HAGUE MARTINUS NIjHOFF - PUBLISHER - THE HAGUE In these essays, written originally in response to certain

More information

PL 406 HISTORY OF MODERN PHILOSOPHY Fall 2009

PL 406 HISTORY OF MODERN PHILOSOPHY Fall 2009 PL 406 HISTORY OF MODERN PHILOSOPHY Fall 2009 DAY / TIME: T & TH 10:30 11:45 A.M. INSTRUCTOR: PROF. JEAN-LUC SOLÈRE OFFICE: DEP. OF PHILOSOPHY, # 390 21 Campanella Way, 3 rd Floor TEL: 2-4670 OFFICE HOURS:

More information

To appear in The Journal of Philosophy.

To appear in The Journal of Philosophy. To appear in The Journal of Philosophy. Lucy Allais: Manifest Reality: Kant s Idealism and his Realism. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015, pp. xi + 329. 40.00 (hb). ISBN: 9780198747130. Kant s doctrine

More information

Philosophy 125 Day 1: Overview

Philosophy 125 Day 1: Overview Branden Fitelson Philosophy 125 Lecture 1 Philosophy 125 Day 1: Overview Welcome! Are you in the right place? PHIL 125 (Metaphysics) Overview of Today s Class 1. Us: Branden (Professor), Vanessa & Josh

More information

Ontology and Phenomenology

Ontology and Phenomenology In: Roberto Poli Johanna Seibt (eds.), Theory and Applications of Ontology Philosophical Perspectives, Springer, Dordrecht 2010, chap. 14, 287-328, Ontology and Phenomenology Abstract The aim is to offer

More information

Philosophy of Science. Ross Arnold, Summer 2014 Lakeside institute of Theology

Philosophy of Science. Ross Arnold, Summer 2014 Lakeside institute of Theology Philosophy of Science Ross Arnold, Summer 2014 Lakeside institute of Theology Philosophical Theology 1 (TH5) Aug. 15 Intro to Philosophical Theology; Logic Aug. 22 Truth & Epistemology Aug. 29 Metaphysics

More information

Philosophy (PHILOS) Courses. Philosophy (PHILOS) 1

Philosophy (PHILOS) Courses. Philosophy (PHILOS) 1 Philosophy (PHILOS) 1 Philosophy (PHILOS) Courses PHILOS 1. Introduction to Philosophy. 4 Units. A selection of philosophical problems, concepts, and methods, e.g., free will, cause and substance, personal

More information