AN ANALYSIS OF THE IMPLICATURES IN A SELECTED SPECIAL EDITION OF OPRAH WINFREY SHOW: THE BIGGEST INTERVIEW WITH JUSTIN BIEBER

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1 AN ANALYSIS OF THE IMPLICATURES IN A SELECTED SPECIAL EDITION OF OPRAH WINFREY SHOW: THE BIGGEST INTERVIEW WITH JUSTIN BIEBER Based on Pragmatic Approach THESIS Submitted as a Partial Fulfillment of Requirements for Sarjana Degree in English Department Faculty of Cultural Sciences Sebelas Maret University By: Septian Raditya Prasetyo C ENGLISH DEPARTMENT FACULTY OF CULTURAL SCIENCES SEBELAS MARET UNIVERSITY 2015

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5 MOTTO Work to become, not to acquire- Alan Kulwicki

6 DEDICATION I whole heartedly dedicate this thesis to: My beloved mom and dad My beloved Brother and Sister My beloved Girlfriend My beloved friends ED Non Regular and Regular

7 ACKNOWLEDGMENT My biggest praise is just for Allah SWT, the Almighty and the All Merciful God for His blessing that I can complete this thesis as one of the requirements for accomplish the Undergraduate Degree of Sarjana Sastra. There are many people who were very supportive and contributed a lot tothe completion of this thesis. That is why in this opportunity, I would like to show my gratitude to: 1. Drs. Riyadi Santosa, M.Ed, Ph.D, as the dean of Faculty of Cultural Sciences Sebelas Maret University, for approving my thesis. 2. Drs. Agus Hari Wibowo, M.A, Ph.D, as the Head of English Department of Faculty of Cultural Sciences, Sebelas Maret University. 3. Dr. Sri Marmanto, M.Hum, as my thesis consultant. Thank you very much for guidance, patience, concern, and advices so that I can finish my thesis. 4. Dr. Sri Marmanto, M.Hum, as my academic consultant. I am very thankful for the time and the support to me. 5. All the lecturers of English Department for all the knowledge which have been shared for me. 6. My family, my beloved mother and father, thanks for everything you have given to me: attention, prayers, love, and caring. My elder sister and elder brother, thanks for cheerful. 7. My lovely friends in English Department : Jiryan, Ika, Yuda Krisna, Reo, Ichwan, Ludmi, Sari Mustika, Aditya Kawir, Lukman Aji, Stefania Noni,

8 Henok, Indra, Yan Riski and others. I miss our togetherness and all the memories of it; and thank you all for supporting while doing my thesis. 8. The owner of MOMMILK and all the staff and crews. Thank you for the kindness and for your understanding. 9. For everyone who I cannot mention, thanks for all support in doing my thesis. I believe that this thesis is far from being perfect, therefore, constructive criticism and suggestion are humbly accepted. Hopefully this thesis will be beneficial as it is purposively written. Thanks. Surakarta, 23 April 2015 Septian Raditya Prasetyo

9 TABLE OF CONTENTS TITLE... i APPROVAL BY THE SUPERVISOR... ii APPROVAL BY THE BOARD OF EXAMINER... iii PRONOUNCEMENT... iv MOTTO... v DEDICATION... vi ACKNOWLEDGMENT... vii TABLE OF CONTENTS... ix LIST OF TABLES... xi ABSTRACT... xii CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the Study Research Problems Scope of Study Objectives of the Study Significance of the Study... 8 CHAPTER II LITERATURE REVIEW 2.1 Pragmatics Speech Acts Implicature...12 a. Conversational Implicature...13

10 CHAPTER III RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 3.1. Type of Research Location of Research Data and Source of Data Sampling and Technique of Sampling Technique of Collecting Data Analysis of Data Procedure of Research.28 CHAPTER IV ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION 4.1 Introduction Analysis Discussion 53 CHAPTER V CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION 5.1. Conclusion Suggestion BIBLIOGRAPHY APPENDICES

11 LIST OF TABLES Table 3.1 Type of Implicature 27 Table 3.2 The relationship of type of implicature, the intended meaning of implicature and the effectiveness of the use of implicature in the dialogue.28 Table 4.1 Type of implicature found in the talk show Oprah Winfrey Show: The Biggest Interview with Justin Bieber

12 ABSTRACT Septian Raditya Prasetyo. C An Analysis of the Implicatures in A Selected Special Edition of Oprah Winfrey Show: The Biggest Interview with Justin Bieber (Pragmatic Approach). Thesis: English Department, Faculty Of Cultural Sciences, Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta. This research was conducted to map the types of implicature in the talk show the selected edition of Oprah Winfrey Show: The Biggest Interview with Justin Bieber. It was also done to unfold the intended meaning or message of every single utterance that contains implicature in the talk show. In addition this research was to determine if the implicatures found in the talk show were used effectively in the conversation. This research is a descriptive qualitative research that takes purposive sampling technique. The data of this research were taken from the dialogue containing utterance of implicature in the talk show entitled Oprah Winfrey Show: The Biggest Interview with Justin Bieber. They were classified by using Horn s notion of implicature and Searle s theory of speech acts. The findings of the research show that there are four major types of implicature found in the talk show. They are Assertives, Directives, Commissives and Expressives. Each of them consists of more concrete types of implicature or speech act. Assertive type found in the talk show consists of asserting, stating and claiming implicature. Directive type comprises of questioning and requesting implicature. Commissive type consists of offering and refusing implicature. Expressive type is manifested in the form of praising implicature. The study concludes that stating Assertive implicatures is the type of implicature that is found the most in the talk. It is due to its nature in the conversation which functions as the manifestation of the exchange of information. Next, the study also unfolds that all utterances that contain implicature that are found in the talk show fulfill the two criteria to be categorized for being effective in the usage in the conversation. First, they serve the purpose of the use of the implicature. Secnd, they are well understood by the partner of the conversation, which is deemed by the response of the partner of conversation.